Force per unit area.

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33 views

Pressure inside a typical white dwarf

Does any one know the order of magnitude of pressure inside a typical white dwarf (better with reference)? Thanks! I think it should be $m_e^4c^5/h^3$ (may be multiplied by $\pi$), which is $10^{22} ...
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60 views

sound propagation at low pressure

I am curious about the properties of sound at low atmospheric pressure. Not the speed of sound, I want to know how lower pressure will affect the distance sound will carry and the frequency range. For ...
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75 views

Superconductivity: how does the critical temperature depend on the pressure?

This question is inspired by a recent publication, in which researchers managed to boost the record critical temperature at which a substance becomes superconducting by applying an enormous pressure ...
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239 views

How would water drain out of a sealed pipe?

While hiking through the Grand Canyon, I started wondering. Say we have a pipe for the purpose of transporting water across a canyon, with the bottom submerged in a pool of water. Like the blue line ...
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33 views

Is there a material with non-monotone density dependence on pressure?

Is there a material with such non-linear effects (including chemical reactions, phase transitions etc ...) so that there would be range where pressure increase would yield density decrease? What ...
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244 views

Second derivative of vapor pressure from a cubic equation of state

It is quite easy to compute the first derivative of vapor pressure with respect to temperature from a cubic equation of state at least at the critical point since there is a continuity with the ...
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23 views

Ratio of Stagnation to Normal Flow Properties in Incompressible Flows

I know in compressible flows the ratio of stagnation to normal flow variables is a function of the Mach number and usually the specific heat ratio. Does this ratio mean anything for incompressible ...
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88 views

Suction from flowing water

My memory from physics says yes but I want to check. Our pool is dirty and our vacuum is broken. If I were to stick the vacuum hose into the pool drain, would the flow of water going into the drain ...
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106 views

Finger snapping: Maximum fingertip speed and generated pressure change

The wikipedia page for finger-snapping (or finger-clicking) describes the physics thus: There are three components to the snapping finger sound: (1) The "friction" or "sliding" sound between the ...
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47 views

Fluid flowing into small pores

I have some open porous foams with pore sizes ranging from 50-100nm. I want to flow water into this structure but even at 30 atmospheres it would NOT go in. I am looking for a way to calculate the ...
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243 views

How to calculate the strength of a silicon joint in an aquarium?

I'm building an aquarium, and i'm trying to answer the question "Will it catastrophically fail?" by reading the datasheet of the Silicon glue and doing a bit of calculation for worst-case scenario. ...
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221 views

Calculating PSI generated by water entraining air as it flows down a pipe

This is the concept used in a trompe. Basically, the idea is that if we allow water to flow down a pipe and if that pipe has inclined air intake orifices near the top where the water enters, then the ...
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175 views

Simple gas in cylinder modeling

I want to do a simple (physically plausible but not physically accurate) simulation of a gas in a cylinder as it works on or is worked on by a piston. Wikipedia gives a good example of an adiabatic ...
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64 views

Why does the perforated tin foil on a shisha pipe rise when smoking?

Imagine this setup (just without the windguard): When applying negative pressure at the hose, I can observe the perforated tin foil separating the charcoal from the bowl rise a few millimeters, ...
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259 views

Modeling Syringes e.g. with the ideal gas law

Gentlemen I have a similar yet very practical problem that might provide further insight. I'm trying to model a moving plunger in a syringe (something like a piston in a cylinder). At time zero the ...
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198 views

Internal moment in the hull of a pressure vessel

This question is related to the course structural analysis. As part of our exam grade every student has been given different multiple homework assignments which we have to solve. One of the problems ...
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282 views

How do I calculate the energy balance of a trompe?

I was quite fascinated by the concept of an ancient type of air compressor, called a trompe. It entrains air bubbles into a falling stream of water via the Venturi effect, and extracts the air at a ...
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70 views

Amount of Breathable Air in a Depressurized Scuba Tank

The question: How long could a person survive in an airless chamber using only the oxygen released from a 100ft^3 tank containing 32% oxygen? Long version: I'm doing a story on a man who allegedly ...
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41 views

Bernoulli principle and falling object

Consider the following situation, also depicted in the picture bellow (and please excuse my lack of Paint skills): A helicopter is flying at a constante altitude, and hovering the same ground spot. ...
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23 views

How does air density affect corona discharge?

I'm wondering how local air pressure and density affect the amount of ionizations occurring in a corona discharge. Also, does the threshold voltage required for a corona discharge vary with air ...
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22 views

Noise created due to change in Air Pressure

Background : My blower in one of the experiments is generating noise due the a short airflow path to atmosphere. The reason is due to a sudden change in pressure (high to low) the high noise is ...
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49 views

Is it possible to consider PV diagrams without the equations of state?

Suppose that we have the equations of state for a particular system, or equivalently, that we have the fundamental relation $S = S(U,V,N)$. If we want to write down a PV diagram it will be quite ...
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60 views

In enthalpy, is PV the pressure energy?

In the case of a fluid, does the $PV$ contribution to the enthalpy correspond to the pressure energy in fluid mechanics? (Related: What is Pressure Energy?)
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22 views

Pressure vessel analysis of transversely isotropic multilayer material

Suppose I have a transversely isotropic, hyperelastic material with known strain energy that is a fibrous composite. I am interested in an explicit formula for the displacements (so I can get the ...
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18 views

Measurements of the pressure drop across wind turbines?

Mathematical analyses of wind turbines show that a discontinuous pressure drop happens at the rotor plane. I am looking for measurements of this effect, but I could not find any. Do you know any ...
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20 views

Minimum amount of water to pressurize pressure cooker

What is the minimum amount of water to create enough steam to pressurize a 6qt electric pressure cooker to 11psi( above atmospheric pressure) ? I am not wanting the recommended volume of water to ...
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11 views

Capillary bridge force function given volume and distance

Given two surfaces and a fluidic glue with sufficient adhesion, what is the force provided by the capillary bridge provided the cohesive properties of the glue, volume, and distance between the ...
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60 views

Which property do the word Pressure refer to in General Theory of Relativity?

In this course by MIT Alan Guth while delivering the lecture stated " Both Pressure and Energy densities can produce gravitational fields. Negative pressure creates repulsive gravity and positive ...
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87 views

Air flow through a tube

During a discussion, a friend explained to me that the volume of air flowing through a tube could be increased up to the point where the air reached supersonic velocity. Presumably the pressure ...
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29 views

Atmospheric Tides effect on atmospheric pressure

Regarding the atmospheric tides effect on the pressure, this answer (and the referenced sources) seem to point that such effect is very small. However, this pressure prediction graph for my hometown ...
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248 views

Does the “luk” space suit in Seveneves make sense?

Tiny spoiler of the book Seveneves ahead. Early in the book, the Russian space agency develops an onion-like space suit called the "luk" (the Russian word for onion). It works like this: A ...
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92 views

Looking for equation that explains empiric data of tire pressure change due to load

I did some measurements on how tire pressure changes due to different loads in a car. There are still some open questions I can't seem to solve on my own, even though I could already use parts of ...
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78 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
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97 views

Connection between gas flow rate and diameter of tubing

First time poster, long time troller and curious student. I have a bit of a conundrum that I would love some input on... Here's the problem. I have an air flow system is under constant pressure of ...
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78 views

Measuring variation of saturated vapour pressure with temperature

Is it possible to measure variation of saturated vapour pressure of water with time.I just hesitate about it.My suggested procedure which is incomplete is given below Procedure that I would like to ...
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91 views

Impact Force/Pressure of a wave on a vertical wall given PIV velocity field

I have PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) data of liquid sloshing on a rectangular tank which produces a wave impacting one of the vertical walls. In the picture below you can see the wave about to hit ...
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116 views

Internal pipe flow - Pressure Drop

Let's say I have internal flow at some flow rate in a pipe that is 10 ft long and there are 2 straight sections and 2 bends. I am trying to determine pressure drop due to friction in the pipe. My ...
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22 views

Practical nozzle question / mass of finger?

A spray bottle i own broke off its compressor tip so i fashioned another one from a rubber tube, a pen lid, an ear plug and a 1 mm radius tube from a computer cleaning duster. The opening of the ...
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206 views

Regelation, ice cutting, and snowballs

Pressure decreases the melting point of ice, and applying pressure then releasing it will allow ice blocks to weld together by melting them and letting them freeze. See this video. The detractors of ...
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50 views

molecular explanation of pressure in water at depth

At 10 m under water, pressure is 2 atmospheres. As temperature is not different, and density is minimally different, how does pressure increase at the molecular level (collisions per unit area)?
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93 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
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44 views

Nitrogen generator maximum flow check

We have a N2 PSA unit with following specs Now I have done some calculations as shown in the image. Assuming 0.8% of the air is (N2+inerts) rest being O2 can someone tell me that how 160CFM air ...
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120 views

Is work done on a fluid in a communicating vessel necessarily equal to work done by the fluid inside it?

During the explanation of Pascal's law the argument that work done by a force to move the fluid inside communicating vessel is equal to the work done by the fluid at the other end of the vessel was ...
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53 views

Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
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63 views

Functional relationship of pressure and position(1d)

so today I started doing my research on oscillations in a course on advanced mechanics. The experiment was to mathematically model the speed of sound in air and experimentally prove the usability of ...
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245 views

What is the physical explanation for the phase relationship between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in plane and spherical waves?

I've been looking around for a decent physical explanation of the differences in the phase relationships between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in different types of waves. Mathematical ...
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162 views

Static,total and velocity pressure at a point

I have a past exam question that I am stuck on. $200$m$^3/s$ of air is entering a shaft of $5m$ diameter, the density is $1.18$kg/m$^3$, and I have shock loss of factor $X=.5$ I want static, ...
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103 views

Pressures in multiple hydraulic drive system circuits when driving common drive shaft

Assume that there are two 'idealised' and identical hydraulic drive system circuits each consisting of a connected positive displacement pump and hydraulic motor where both motors (from each ...
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148 views

Bernoulli's equation

So there's a pipe filled with water that has 4 other pipes with same radii connected to it. The question is to arrange heights from the smallest to the biggest level in it. $A_1$ and $A_2$ are ...
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72 views

If air was significantly compressed, and then the force compressing it suddenly disappeared (no container), what would happen?

Question: If air was significantly compressed, and then the force compressing it suddenly disappeared (no container), what would happen? Side Question: I'm imagining significantly compressed, but ...