Force per unit area.

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3
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1answer
285 views

Why can I see my breath after I pop my ears?

I have this weird but reproducible thing that I can see my breath for less than a second even in hot/humid weather. The key to do that is to pop my ears - I have to do that often, it's like I'm on a ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Why does an increase in pressure raise melting point?

I've heard that if you increase pressure in a system that has ice in it, then its melting point will increase. However, I would've thought that it would decrease the melting point as the ice would ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

pressure drop in venturi [on hold]

Recently was taught Bernoulli's principle and am confused about visualizing how pressure drops in the venturi. It seems a reduction in the diameter of the pipe causes static pressure to increase ...
1
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3answers
3k views

What is the difference between air pressure and atmospheric pressure?

I know that air pressure and temperature are inversely proportional. Now I saw in a book that "Atmospheric pressure decreases as we go higher and higher." But at greater heights the temperature ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is negative 20 psi / 1.5 bar possible?

If I understand correctly, negative pressure usually means relative pressure: the difference between inside and outside. If outside is normal (1 bar, 15 psi, 100 kPa etc), how low can the (relative) ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Do different density objects in liquids affect net weight [duplicate]

I would test this but I have no tools to test it with. If I have a beaker of water and weigh it on a measure. Then I stick my fingers in the water (it doesn't over flow) does the weight change or ...
3
votes
1answer
521 views

Question on the hydrostatic paradox

The hydrostatic paradox, states that the height of the water in any container is independent of the shape of the container. This does make sense since it is only the height of the fluid ...
8
votes
6answers
231 views

Jumping sewer lid - WHY?

Intro: Few hours ago, there was a storm. We heard some constant banging which couldn't be explained by thundering. Then we found out, it was a sewer lid jumping. Maybe it's normal in other parts of ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How do I enforce the no-slip boundary condition in time dependent incompressible pipe flow?

This is a technical problem which must have been solved already. It won't be in beginners textbooks but there should be a solution somewhere. I welcome reading suggestions. Maybe someone with ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Race Car Tire Pressure Change Due To Temperature Change [on hold]

I need a simple calculation for a race car tire pressure change. I have a 33" diameter x 16" width tire mounted on a 15" diameter x 16" width wheel. If I have 8 psi at 75° what psi will I have at ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to compute Pressure, if acceleration is not given on the Force? [closed]

I just need clarification on this if my theory is right. This to acquire the pressure applied on a foot of a person. Supposed that the measured mass or weight in the right foot is 50kgs when the ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Simple gas in cylinder modeling

I want to do a simple (physically plausible but not physically accurate) simulation of a gas in a cylinder as it works on or is worked on by a piston. Wikipedia gives a good example of an adiabatic ...
2
votes
2answers
302 views

Calculating Air Density Lapse With Altitude (Specifically, pressures)

This might be a bit more of an engineering question, but I'm calculating air density drop-off with altitude, and I'm having some problems calculating the pressure (I'll run through my method). This ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Definition of pressure in Bernoulli's principle

I have a difficulty to understand Bernoulli's Principle which states increased fluid speed decreases the pressure. But in a wind tunnel when we measure the pressure with a pitot tube, both the ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
9
votes
2answers
497 views

When blowing air through a tube, why does it act differently if I press the tube against my mouth, or hold it an inch away?

So I have a tube of wrapping paper. It's at least a couple of feet long and maybe two inches wide. If I press one end of the tube firmly against my mouth and blow, I barely feel warm air come out ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Sound pressure and velocity pressure concepts vs loudness

Here is my understanding and question: Atmospheric pressure is around 101325 Pa. Our ear drum is exposed to this pressure from both sides so total pressure is zero. But when we hear sound, ear drum ...
4
votes
6answers
18k views

Why are volume and pressure inversely proportional to each other?

It makes sense, that if you have a balloon and press it down with your hands, the volume will decrease and the pressure will increase. This confirms Boyle's Law, $ pV=k=nRT $. But what if the ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Pressure and Buoyancy [closed]

It is well known that you can trap water in a drinking straw by placing the tip of your finger over the top while the straw is in the water, and then lifting it out. The inner diameter of the straw is ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

How would water drain out of a sealed pipe?

While hiking through the Grand Canyon, I started wondering. Say we have a pipe for the purpose of transporting water across a canyon, with the bottom submerged in a pool of water. Like the blue line ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

U.S. Standard Atmosphere

My textbook states that "Ideally, we would like to have measurements of pressure versus altitude over the specific range for the specific conditions (temperature, reference pressure) for which the ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is airplane moving slower when air is less dense? [closed]

Is airplane moving slower at higher altitude ? If air is less compressed shouldn't propeller move less air ?
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Why there is no pressure regulator on helium/hydrogen tanks?

So I've had people filling party balloons for me with helium tanks which had no regulators. Lately I've also seen local meteorologists filling large weather balloons from hydrogen cylinders (180 atm) ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How to measure the pressure on the walls of a potential box by a particle inside?

Consider a quantum particle inside a 3D potential box. One can compute the pressure that it exerts on the walls, it's OK. But what puzzles me is how do we actually measure such a pressure? If we take ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
0
votes
1answer
467 views

Pressure loss in a syringe

I'm currently working on a problem which is really giving me some issues. The problem concerns the force required to expel water from a syringe. We have a 20 ml syringe (which is $2\times10^{-5}$ ...
1
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2answers
97 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Why is water vapor released when an empty water bottle is squeezed?

I recently came across this tutorial and wondered why vapor will come out when the cap comes off. Heres the Tutorial
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Static,total and velocity pressure at a point

I have a past exam question that I am stuck on. $200$m$^3/s$ of air is entering a shaft of $5m$ diameter, the density is $1.18$kg/m$^3$, and I have shock loss of factor $X=.5$ I want static, ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How to get the pressure? [closed]

A system of solar panels are fixed on top of a large water tank of height $40m$ and area $10m^2$. Atmospheric pressure is $100kPa$. What is the pressure at the bottom of the tank? The density of water ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

25 cm of vacuum correspond to what pressure?

I the following (american) test Vacuum testing consists of placing samples from the packiging operation into a jar filled with water. A lid is placed over the samples to fully immerse them in the ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Initial pressure of explosion

I would like to know, if given a TNT equivalent of explosive (or its Energy) is it possible to determine what would be the initial pressure that will be the result of that explosion ? To be more ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Does the pressure in a pressure tank depend on the amount of air?

I have a pressure tank which is filled with water and air. What want to know is: if I change the ammount of air in the tank would the ammount of water that leaves the tank, when pressurized, change? ...
6
votes
2answers
80 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
21
votes
7answers
3k views

Does car tire pressure change with weight of car load?

Does tire pressure measured by a meter on tire gauge change with load? (I am not interested in pressure produced by car tires onto the road). Car spec usually says "inflate to 220kPa normal load, ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Microscopic source of pressure in an incompressible fluid

The pressure of a fluid can be explained microscopically in terms of molecules bouncing off the walls of a container. The molecules have a certain mass and speed, so when they bounce they transfer a ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Why does the perforated tin foil on a shisha pipe rise when smoking?

Imagine this setup (just without the windguard): When applying negative pressure at the hose, I can observe the perforated tin foil separating the charcoal from the bowl rise a few millimeters, ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Why does a microphone membrane only measure pressure and not particle velocity?

Microphones (e.g. condenser microphone) are assumed to have a voltage output proportional to the sound pressure at the diaphragm. If the operating principle is that the voltage output is proportional ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

How does a pierced vacuum move?

If a can of compressed air is pierced on the right, air pushes out, and the can moves to the left. If a vacuum container is pierced on the right, which way does it move? Right? Left? Not at all? ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

How does one interpret the 'per unit area' in numbers like tensile strength?

How does one interpret the numbers when reading data about tensile strength, yield strength, and the likes? Say for example reinforcing bars. Grade 40 Rebars are rated at 70,000 PSI for its ultimate ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

How to calculate pressure loss due to water leakage from a hole in a pressurized unit

I am trying to develop a method for calculting the rate of pressure loss from a small hole in a pressurized vessel full of water (small air pocket likely at top of vessel). I've found a formula for ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Does pressure drop across pipe affect flow rate?

Let's say there is a main pipe containing $100\: \mathrm{m^3/hr}$ a fluid of density $750\: \mathrm{kg/m^3}$ and it's gonna be branched into 2 pipes (Pipe A and Pipe B) of the same diameter. If Pipe A ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Variable area manometer duct

How does one measure the pressure at the end of the manometer tube when the manometer tube itself is having a variable area?
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

How to calculate fluid(oil / hydrocarbon) loss under pressure

I'm trying to calculate the amount of fluid that would flow through an area dependant on the amount of pressure that there is. I'd also like to know the rate at which it would flow. Essentially I ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Gauge pressure clarification

Is gauge pressure always zero-referenced against ambient air pressure? Or is it referenced against the sum of all pressures acting on a fluid, which usually just happens to be ambient air pressure? ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Titanic Question

I was reading this question: Was Titanic's captain's decision correct? @oakad commented about a Russian vessel keeping itself afloat by going in reverse, using hydrodynamic pressure to keep ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Breathing Air Underwater From A Car Tyre

I've seen in many movies and programs the event where a car plummets off the road and in to a body of water, sinking rapidly. The car slowly fills with water as it sinks and the occupant(s) don't ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Simple expression for transitional pressure force

Consider a simple, circular orifice with an upstream, high gas pressure and downstream, normal atmospheric pressure. Consider also a flat circular plate that can be positioned anywhere along the ...