Force per unit area.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
10 views

What is the pressure equation of an ionized gas?

I have $N$ ${\rm H}^+$ gas molecules in a sealed, electrically insulated container. What equation can I use to accurately calculate the pressure of the gas? It seems to me that $PV = nRT$ will not ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Why does Bernoulli's principle work?

So, if we have a large pipe which is constricted in the middle, the fluid in the middle section will move faster. Why is it so? What dictates that liquid that an X amount of it must pass on the other ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Looking for equation that explains empiric data of tire pressure change due to load

I did some measurements on how tire pressure changes due to different loads in a car. There are still some open questions I can't seem to solve on my own, even though I could already use parts of ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How do i calculate the amount of fluid flowing through a tube?

If I have a tube with an internal diameter of 3.5mm in inside diameter and 30cm in length with a viscosity of 1.77cp, and a pressure of 200kpa, how fast will the liquid flow through? It the tube is in ...
13
votes
2answers
421 views

Definition of stress at the microscale

Take, for simplicity, a Lennard-Jones fluid below the critical temperature, which is to say that there is a phase separation into fluid and gas and thus an interface is formed. The macroscale picture ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

wind speed and vaccume

1994 as a volunteer fire fighter we were fighting a stucture fire it was a church. the sanctuary had been built over a 1oo year old one room school building. we did not know at the time we were ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

water fountain with a pipette

if you get some hot water in a pipette an put the pick of it on the top the water will jump out f pipette and make a fountain.I wondered if any one could tell me what is the reason?
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

water pressure for various pipe diameter if water tank pressure is known [on hold]

can anyone help me out please.. I have a water tank which is 20ft from the outlet and the capacity is 1000lt. pressure from this water tank is 8.66psi. Now how to calculate the water pressure for ...
0
votes
3answers
65 views

why use sparks on engines? [on hold]

When the piston compresses the fuel air mixture, it heats up due to high pressure until in some point it combusts the mixture with the spark plug. What if engines dont have spark plugs, the piston ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Aerodynamic noise created by cooling fan

What is the reason behind the noise created by fan blades while moving? Some paper says that it is because of the Kármán vortex street but it can be formed in static bodies only. Most of the ...
2
votes
3answers
138 views

Why do unused tires lose their pressure?

I have two tires, and I filled both with air at the same pressure. I used one for one month and kept the other one unused. Surprisingly, at the end of first month I found that the first tire had ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

The pressure in a container of water is based on depth. So what happens if I remove the bottom of the container?

So I understand that if we have a system that involves a container of water the pressure will equal atmospheric pressure at the top and as we go further down the container the pressure will increase ...
1
vote
2answers
26 views

Greater pressure perceived when wearing waders

A few days ago I went for a hike in the waters of a river. I was wearing waders like the ones you see in the following picture: I don't understand why the pressure I perceived on my legs when the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How is pressure an intensive coordinate?

Most textbooks explain intensive coordinates by asking us to consider a system and divide it into two parts. The properties which remain the same will be called intensive and the properties that ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Specific heat capacity at constant volume VS constant pressure

For an ideal gas, why is the specific heat capacity at constant volume lower than the specific heat capacity at constant pressure?
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Wanted: simple physical representation of the influence of payload onto car tires [duplicate]

From measurements I can tell that weight, as a function of tire pressure increase, is not linear but more something like this: 50kg = 1 change in pressure 100kg = more than 2 changes in pressure, ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Does ice melt slower in space?

If you have an ice block in the International Space Station would it melt more slowly than on Earth at the same temperature and pressure. The reason I ask is that ice can melt due to pressure. The ice ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Finger snapping: Maximum fingertip speed and generated pressure change

The wikipedia page for finger-snapping (or finger-clicking) describes the physics thus: There are three components to the snapping finger sound: (1) The "friction" or "sliding" sound between the ...
1
vote
3answers
995 views

A question on Bernoulli's principle

Which is more appropriate regarding Bernoulli's principle fast moving air causes low pressure or lower pressure causes fast moving air.
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How to compute this change of Gibbs energy for a Van der Waals gas?

The change of Gibbs energy at constant temperature and species numbers, $\Delta G$, is given by an integral $\int_{p_1}^{p_2}V\,{\mathrm d}p$. For the ideal gas law $$p\,V=n\,RT,$$ this comes down to ...
0
votes
5answers
48 views

How to increase pressure in a bottle? [closed]

Imagine a plastic bottle half full of water, what are some cheap ways to increase pressure? I'm trying to dissolve carbon dioxide in water, it doesn't happen very well at normal atmospheric pressure. ...
2
votes
4answers
42k views

Freezing point of water with respect to pressure.

I know when the pressure is reduced, the boiling point of water is reduced as well. But how does the pressure affect the freezing point of water ? In a low pressure environment is the freezing point ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is stress a tensor quantity?

Why is stress a tensor quantity? Why is pressure not a tensor? According to what I know pressure is an internal force whereas stress is external so how are both quantities not tensors? I am ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Why does plastic wrap grow, then shrink, then grow again when microwaved?

The other night I was reheating a bowl of leftovers in the microwave. There was a fair amount of liquid in the bowl, so I covered the bowl with plastic wrap when I put it in the microwave. When I put ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

What is the physical fundamentals of Pascal's law

Pascal's law or the principle of transmission of fluid-pressure (also Pascal's Principle) is a principle in fluid mechanics that states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined incompressible ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Fluid pressure when it is not vertically placed

The pressure of a point in a fluid is the sum of the external pressure and $pgh$. However, when the fluid is not placed perpendicular to the ground, then what is $h$ here? For example, a cup of water ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Is lossless storage of cryo liquids practically possible due to pressure?

All cryogenic liquid storage tanks I've seen in labs are equipped with pressure relief valves, which will eventually vent all of the liquid when the tank is stored at room temperature. I am wondering ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

What is the air pressure in a bubble of air trapped in an upturned beaker?

If I trap some air in an upturned beaker like this: What will be the air pressure inside the beaker? If I introduce say 10cm3 at atmospheric pressure via a pipe, I guess it will take up a smaller ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How can I interpret $P(t) = \frac{1}{Q(t)} \frac{dW(t)}{dt}$ physically?

Generally speaking, one can calculate the work, $W$ (energy) required to compress a volume, $V$ of gas by integrating the pressure-volume 'loop' in a phase-space as $$W=\oint PdV$$ where $P$ is the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Vacuum pressure equivalent in a siphon hose filled with water?

So, I was thinking about how siphons worked today, and no matter how high or low the tube goes, as long as the end is lower than the start, water will flow. So, if you took a hose, ran it up 50 ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
26
votes
4answers
5k views

Is a bomb's shockwave strong enough to kill? [closed]

I'm watching a movie, The Hurt Locker, and the first scene shows an IED explosion which kills a soldier. Of course movies don't depict explosions with maximum realism, but I noticed the debris and ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

Pressure in Fluids,in particular horizontal pressure

I am not sure about the pressure existing in fluids.If the vertical pressure acts due to gravity and the atmospheric pressure since it also changes due to height also acts due to gravity then why is ...
1
vote
1answer
781 views

Pressure loss in a syringe

I'm currently working on a problem which is really giving me some issues. The problem concerns the force required to expel water from a syringe. We have a 20 ml syringe (which is $2\times10^{-5}$ ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

How do suction cups work?

My roommate and I are having trouble agreeing on how suction cups work. Presumably, the ambient air pressure is the only thing which keeps the suction cup attached to the object. When lifting an ...
0
votes
4answers
123 views

Why do our ears pop?

Have you ever been on a train going through a tunnel or plane and your ears pop?I was wondering why this happens and I know it relates to pressure but don't know exactly the reason
4
votes
2answers
116 views

Is there a phase transition for degenerate matter?

Does electron or neutron degenerate matter undergo a phase transition? Are there any thermodynamic quantities that are discontinuous?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Pressure profile and output of a coil heated burner

In a hot air balloon burner (and probably lots of other burners) liquid gas is passing through a heating coil before it exits at a hose. I realize that the point of having a heating coil is to ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Can you blow bubbles on top of Mount Everest?

Can you blow bubbles on top of Mount Everest? How would they be different in low temperatures and pressures?
0
votes
1answer
62 views

How do I keep the temperature constant in a Boyle's Law experiment?

I'm trying to get a head start on our lab experiment next week about Boyle's Law. The set-up is we have an air chamber can immersed in a pot of boiling water (which is kept boiling over an electric ...
1
vote
2answers
168 views

Silicone tube with three holes, flow rate, pressure

I have a silicone tube -- a saline solution flows in from one end, and then flows out of three holes of equal diameter and equal distance from each other that are along the side of the tube. What can ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air [closed]

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Difference between pressure and stress tensor

What is the difference between hydrostatic pressure and stress tensor?
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the meaning of the point of inflection in this?

Consider the following flow velocity profiles near a boundary, and the boundary profile point of inflection,PI Regarding the effect of pressure gradient on boundary-layer profiles does the point of ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Calculate pressure from partition function with separated volume geometric parameters?

How does one calculate the pressure from the partition function if it is specified in terms of three parameters defining the space of which the gas occupies, but all three parameters are not always ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Why can't liquid nitrogen be sealed in gas cylinders?

By observing the phase diagram of nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide, I discovered the supercritical region. I can easily buy a gas tank of carbon dioxide at 250 Bars. However I never saw any ...