Force per unit area.

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What are the calculations specifically needed for High Altitude Ballooning?

I want to know the lifting gas needed to launch the vehicle including the positive lift I want to predict the possible retrieval site I want to know the burst altitude AND MAYBE ALL WITHOUT ...
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1answer
18 views

seeking an intuitive way to apply/understand Laplace's law in surface tension

[question edited] The question I encountered is as follows- Two bubbles/balloons of different sizes but with the same surface tension are filled with air and connected by a valve. If the valve gets ...
3
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3answers
68 views

Physical explanation of Pascal’s Law

I have a problem with physical explanation of Pascal’s Law. For example, when I was teaching my sister (a high school student) about force transmitting by a rope, I said her: “In a very simplified ...
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1answer
30 views

Atmospheric pressure question [on hold]

I'm asked to find at what altitude atmospheric pressure falls to 10% of the mean sea level value. I have found the expression for the variation of pressure with altitude to be $$p = p_0e^{-h \over ...
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1answer
217 views

How to calculate fluid(oil / hydrocarbon) loss under pressure

I'm trying to calculate the amount of fluid that would flow through an area dependant on the amount of pressure that there is. I'd also like to know the rate at which it would flow. Essentially I ...
5
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2answers
167 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
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0answers
26 views

Would it be possible to kill a flea or mosquito with a high probability using high pressure and low volume? [on hold]

I was thinking about how to kill off some bugs in the house and it dawned on me that part of the ritual of spraying down insects is the spray itself - they don't seem to handle the pressure well, and ...
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0answers
17 views

How heated air moves [on hold]

Ok so how does air move when heated up inside a tube or cone? I am working on a wood stove and curious on how I can get air to flow faster or easier into the burn chambers to fuel the wood. Heat ...
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1answer
25 views

Thermofluid mechanics, calculating load on a steel water tank

An open cylindrical water tank 2.4m diameter rests on three legs evenly positioned around the periphery of its circular base. The base and sides of the tank are made from steel with relative density ...
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0answers
19 views

Approximating the pressure drop for a centrifugal fan/blower

Is it possible to approximate the pressure drop for a centrifugal fan by using the fan's characteristics, the airflow, and the speed at which the fluid is being ejected? Would it be possible to adapt ...
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0answers
15 views

Rankine Cycle Reheat Mass Flow Rate

Having worked through many examples on the rankine cycle both non-reheat and reheat, i just have one question. Can the mass flow rate of steam be calculated given only the data below? Boiler ...
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3answers
39 views

Do you need to increase pressure to pump a fluid from a large pipe through a small pipe?

The application of this question is towards clogged arteries and blood flow. I am wondering why people with clogged arteries have high blood pressure if a smaller artery (assuming it is smooth and ...
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1answer
22 views

If an unsealed water bottle has three holes at a different heights, why would the lower hole give out the most water? Is it because of air pressure?

If an unsealed water bottle has three holes at a different heights, why would the lower hole give out the most water? Is it because of air pressure? I am guessing it's because air pressure pushed on ...
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3answers
2k views

Pressure change with a pipe diameter change

I have a question regarding a water line from the street to a house. What happens to the pressure in a water line if it goes from a 1" diameter pipe (at street) and increases to a 1.5" diameter pipe ...
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3answers
77 views

Velocity of water from a certain depth

I was curious to know does water come out of a certain depth when there is a difference in pressure, and also if it does come out of a certain depth, at what velocity does it travel at? So, ...
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2answers
55 views

velocity of water exiting a 20 m hole at the bottom of water column 5000 m in height

What would be the velocity of water exiting a tube that has a height of 5000 m from a hole with a diameter of 20 m at the bottom, if the height of the water remains constant at 5000 m? Would it be ...
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3answers
40k views

Explanation for different boiling points of water on different altitudes

I understand water boils at different temperatures depending on altitude. I am seeking to get an illustrative explanation for this, including a diagram if possible.
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0answers
19 views

rising temperatur in compressed solids

I'd like to understand why a solid body is heating up (rising Tempertur) when submitted to external pressure. The pressure will only change the volume minimally, how are the lattice molecules caused ...
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2answers
57 views

How much Oxygen is in ζ-phase metallic Oxygen?

I am playing with a sci-fi idea of Oxygen storage for breathing. I wonder how do some compressed forms of Oxygen compare to human-breath-Oxygen (room temperature, room pressure) in terms of density. ...
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2answers
49 views

Submerged water jet

I am trying to calculate at what pressure and speed water from a high pressure water jet will hit an object 100 millimeters away from the nozzle opening, but i can't figure it out. The nozzle will ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does the higher pressure of air underneath an aeroplane wing keep it flying?

With aeroplane flight, the wings are shaped so that the air that goes over the top of the wing has to travel faster than the air that goes below the wing. This means that the air below the wing has ...
2
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2answers
76 views

Boyle's Law-$ PV= nRT.$ What equation should be used to find pressure if n is not constant, like in an elastic system?

When air is added to an elastic system, like a balloon, the volume and pressure change. Would use Boyle's Law- $PV=nRT,$ but n does not remain constant in this situation. Known: $V_1$ is at ...
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4answers
5k views

Why does squeezing a water bottle make the water come out?

This seems natural, but I can't wrap my head around it when I think about it. When I squeeze an open bottle filled with water, the water will spill out. When I squeeze a bottle, the material ...
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0answers
40 views

Air preasure vs temperature [closed]

Suppose you have a container of 1 liter of air at sea level with an initial pressure of 1 atmosphere. How high could the pressure get by only raising the temperature. Is there a point (providing the ...
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2answers
48 views

Atmospheric pressure changes on plastic bottle containing a liquid

We have a problem at work and I need some help on a theory. We ship a liquid in plastic bottles using a pump closure. Recently some of the bottles have been arriving to customers having leaked. The ...
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0answers
39 views

Bernoulli principle and falling object

Consider the following situation, also depicted in the picture bellow (and please excuse my lack of Paint skills): A helicopter is flying at a constante altitude, and hovering the same ground spot. ...
2
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2answers
713 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I have to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but, I don't have one. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
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0answers
35 views

Why does the lack of pressure in outer space affect what's inside our bodies?

I have read multiple similar questions on this site, but none answer specifically the thing I am having trouble understanding. I have read repeatedly that a lack of pressure will cause the fluids ...
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0answers
11 views

Rarefaction/compression events detection using time resolved sound measurement

I had a question about sound measurement in air using a B&K condenser microphone. In the acquired time resolved sound measurement signal I can see both negative and positive voltages/ pressure ...
4
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1answer
55 views

Explaining the shape of a raindrop and a drop of mercury

I saw on wikipedia that the shape of a raindrop is explained by using Laplace pressure. But why? Since the drop is in motion, we shouldn't be able to use an hydrostatic law, am I wrong? ...
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2answers
40 views

Atmospheric pressure

What is the significance of atmospheric pressure being referenced as 100 kPa ? Does that really mean 10000 kg/m$^2$ acting upon us ? If we are measuring only collision force on the surface and not ...
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0answers
22 views

Refrigeration copper tubing

Recently I have seen few kinks and dents in the copper tubing refrigeration line of my air conditioner.Could anyone give a possible reason for this.
0
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1answer
19 views

Phase diagrams and critical pressure

If a solid substance is pressurized past its critical pressure, what happens? Is the critical pressure only a factor when a substance is over the critical temperature also? On another note what makes ...
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2answers
34 views

Why does an ideal gas not consist of identical molecules? [closed]

since the mass , temperature , and number of particles are the same , shouldn't the molecules be the same so that the pressure of the gad is inversely proportional to the volume.
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0answers
23 views

effect of opening the barrier between a tube with one side pressurized and the other side a vacuum

What would happen when a tube with an air space pressurized to 500 atm by the water exerted at 5 km below the surface was opened into a vacuum chamber rising up 5 km to the surface? The bottom of the ...
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2answers
129 views

physical meaning of pressure derivatives

Is there any physical meaning of the first and second derivatives of pressure with respect to time? If this helps, I am considering ideal gases.
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1answer
68 views

Statistical Physics: How do we derive this equation?

I'm reading through Statistical Physics by F. Mandl and there is a step in arriving at an equation that I don't follow. He uses $$P = \sum_r p_r \left(-\frac{\mathrm dE_r}{\mathrm dV} \right) ...
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1answer
31 views

Surface tension in a balloon wtih water [duplicate]

Imagine such situation: We have an empty balloon. We put a long, narrow tube into this balloon and we fill it with water. Then, the volume (and surface) of the balloon will start to increase. The ...
3
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2answers
132 views

How does the Moon influence atmospheric pressure?

I have just read in the Telegraph an article entitled Moon overhead makes rainfall lighter, scientists conclude. In that article there is the following statement: When the moon is overhead, its ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Bulk modulus of supercrtical air

For gaseous state air has bulk modulus of ~pressure, but what about bulk modulus values about the supercritical pressure treshold, are these still pretty much same as the pressure or does this ...
7
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5answers
3k views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
0
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2answers
157 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

What is the difference between pressure in water droplet and that in an air bubble?

The question is at least supposed to be simple but yeah, I need some detailed answers. I have tried thinking about it in the lines of surface tension but it seems what is required of me is more than ...
0
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0answers
15 views

In a flowing fluid, why the particles are gathering together under critic distance and separating above this distance?

In a flowing fluid has an inner pressure which gives it some abilities. So this fluid is flowing from narrow gates, the speed of flow is increasing while the pressure of fluid is decreasing. If we ...
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0answers
8 views

Does the rate of pressure change matter when measuring the strength of a closed container?

If I had a container that could hold 100 psi, and I increased the pressure to 100 psi instantly would I cause any excess stress on the container, or would it not make a difference from doing it over ...
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3answers
52 views

Pressure or confusion

We all know that pressure is force per unit area. for example we have a pressure of $5N/m^2$, so is the load of $5 N$ acts on the entire area or it acts just at a point i.e. is the load a point load ...
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1answer
156 views

What is the physical fundamentals of Pascal's law

Pascal's law or the principle of transmission of fluid-pressure (also Pascal's Principle) is a principle in fluid mechanics that states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined incompressible ...
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0answers
20 views

pressure inside a fluid

If we have a fluid in a container at a specific pressure, is the pressure in every point inside that fluid the same and equal to the pressure of the fluid in the walls of the container?
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0answers
22 views

Pressure in a balloon as a function of its diameter [duplicate]

Premise #1: Balloon is a perfect sphere Premise #2: We add water in order to increase the diameter of the balloon Is there an equation allowing us to find the pressure in the balloon, as the diameter ...
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1answer
60 views

Static fluid pressure does *not* depend on the shape, mass, or surface area of the liquid. Huh?

I came across this figure that I'm currently unable to accept. I've come up with a thought experiment. Please point out my error: Assume zero atmospheric pressure and no boundary effects of the ...