Force per unit area.

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4answers
231 views

Pressure in fluid mechanics of incompressible liquid

Most liquids can be approximated to be incompressible, since the Mach-number is much smaller than 1. That means that the density variations are negligible and from the relation between pressure p and ...
22
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16answers
7k views

Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and ...
1
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2answers
103 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the difference between air pressure and atmospheric pressure?

I know that air pressure and temperature are inversely proportional. Now I saw in a book that "Atmospheric pressure decreases as we go higher and higher." But at greater heights the temperature ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Measuring the pressure in a container without changing it [on hold]

Let's say I have a closed, non-transparent metal container with pressurized gas and I'd like to measure the pressure inside without changing that pressure (or changing it as little as possible). The ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
0
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1answer
565 views

Pressure loss in a syringe

I'm currently working on a problem which is really giving me some issues. The problem concerns the force required to expel water from a syringe. We have a 20 ml syringe (which is $2\times10^{-5}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Pressure coefficient on fluid mechanics

I have to solve numerically a fluid mechanics problem. I have an airfoil with a flap deployed downwards, under the airfoil I have set a mesh with some nodes. I have already computed stream function ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Would an airtight box filled with air act the same way to 1 bar of water pressure as the same box vacuum-sealed at atmospheric pressure?

Pressure On average, a column of air one square centimeter in cross-section, measured from sea level to the top of the atmosphere, has a mass of about 1.03 kg and weight of about 10.1 N (2.28 lbf) ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

How much pressure would be needed to contain a 1 gigaton nuclear bomb explosion within a sphere of one meter radius?

How much pressure would be needed to contain the largest human exploitable nuclear bomb within a sphere of one radius? Also would it be possible to create a magnetic field that controlled some ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, then close it and come back to earth and open it one last time, what would happen?

I was reading this post, but no one seem to go further as say what would happen if you brought the bottle back to Earth? Guess what another thing I'm wanting got know is, what would now be in the ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Does pressure drop across pipe affect flow rate?

Let's say there is a main pipe containing $100\: \mathrm{m^3/hr}$ a fluid of density $750\: \mathrm{kg/m^3}$ and it's gonna be branched into 2 pipes (Pipe A and Pipe B) of the same diameter. If Pipe A ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Avalance diode -looking symbols with two triangles in the case of backpressure pump? [closed]

I cannot understand the symbols where you have some q terms, some arrows and white triangles. It is related to managed pressure drilling (MPD) of the system where the system is different to ...
1
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0answers
15 views

Nitrogen generator maximum flow check

We have a N2 PSA unit with following specs Now I have done some calculations as shown in the image. Assuming 0.8% of the air is (N2+inerts) rest being O2 can someone tell me that how 160CFM air ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Loud, low-frequency “booming” sound in car [duplicate]

I drive a Scion XD, and I've noticed that whenever I drive at about 40mi/hr or so with just the back windows rolled down, I get a loud "booming" effect at roughly 10Hz. What causes this? I assume it ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Need more details on How to Make a Water Bottle Cap Pop Off With Air Pressure [closed]

i have been assigned the topic air pressure in physics presentations,so i decided to do the above experiment but the teacher has asked for a technical report on the experiment.I am a bit confused on ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
15
votes
2answers
899 views

Why is stress a tensor quantity?

Why is stress a tensor quantity? Why is pressure not a tensor? According to what I know pressure is an internal force whereas stress is external so how are both quantities not tensors? I am ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How high will the Ball Jump? [closed]

A small ball of density $\rho$ is immersed in a liquid of density $\sigma$, ($\sigma>\rho$) to the depth $h$ and released. How can we find the height above surface of the liquid up to which the ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

How much pressure does the earth's central atom experience?

If mass is distributed evenly about it: "central atom", then it should be weightless right? If reasonably so, does it still experience the pressure? I would like to calculate, but I'm not so ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Value of Pressure Gradient in a static Fluid [closed]

How can we prove that the value of Pressure Gradient in the horizontal direction represented by $\frac{\partial p}{\partial z}=-dg$ ; { $z$ direction is vertically upwards and $d$ is the density of ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Why do some carbonated drinks fizz more than others?

Wired magazine ran an article this month on carbonation in soft drinks. If all soft drinks are manufactured effectively identically, why do some types fizz more than others? For example, root beer ...
9
votes
2answers
109 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

If barometer length is 10 meter long, would mercury still be 77 cm? [closed]

The barometer length is around 1 meter and length to Hg column tells the pressure in room. Suppose if we have 10 meter long barometer with diameter of regular barometer, would it still show 77 cm? ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I've to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but... I don't have. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Pressure Question

I have a question that relates to an arrangement of natural gas pipelines but for simplicity I will be describing a less complex problem. Imagine that I have two large pressure vessels connected by a ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

How does a pierced vacuum move?

If a can of compressed air is pierced on the right, air pushes out, and the can moves to the left. If a vacuum container is pierced on the right, which way does it move? Right? Left? Not at all? ...
6
votes
1answer
34 views

Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How constant volume gas thermomether keeps the volume constant?

So the level of mercury on the left is being kept down by the pressure of the gas, correct? When the temperature rises, shouldn't the mercury level on the left go down? And when the mercury level go ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Why does plastic wrap grow, then shrink, then grow again when microwaved?

The other night I was reheating a bowl of leftovers in the microwave. There was a fair amount of liquid in the bowl, so I covered the bowl with plastic wrap when I put it in the microwave. When I put ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

About using screw in air compression and air Engine [closed]

I want to use screw to build compressed air engine, as following image As I designed, this screw rotate in a tube My Question is: How successful this idea? Note: If this question not related to ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How does a bowl of hot water move by itself?

I think everyone should have seen a bowl of hot water moving by itself on a flat surface such as glass(seems like it is moving by itself but maybe there are some external force applied to it when it ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Define Pressure at A point. Why is it a Scalar?

I have a final exam tomorrow for fluid mechanics and I was just looking over the practice exam questions. They do not provide solutions. But pretty much I have to define pressure at a point and also ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

Initial pressure of explosion

I would like to know, if given a TNT equivalent of explosive (or its Energy) is it possible to determine what would be the initial pressure that will be the result of that explosion ? To be more ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

How to calculate fluid(oil / hydrocarbon) loss under pressure

I'm trying to calculate the amount of fluid that would flow through an area dependant on the amount of pressure that there is. I'd also like to know the rate at which it would flow. Essentially I ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Possible solutions to the crown problem of Archimedes [closed]

My teacher was talking about the crown problem, possibly solved by Archimedes using skills about density, weight and other properties that he studied. In the original publication, by Vitruvius in a ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Fluid flow through an orifice

Forgive me for my ignorance. What would be the method to determine the pressure a non compressible fluid creates when forced though an orifice? Keep in mind this orifice does not have a constant ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

inertial pressure on in a rotating syringe

First question on stackexchange. Hopefully somebody can help me out. I'm struggling to express the following eloquently. I have a rotating syringe tipped with a needle. rotation speed w, with radius ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why liquids in hydrostatic equilibrium stay at the same height? (open tubes)

This part of the book says that, because the two liquids have the same pressure at the same height (that's true), then if a liquid has a higher height, the liquid would have more pressure at a ...
-1
votes
2answers
9k views

How to calculate gauge pressure at water depth? [closed]

I am creating a program that will calculate danger at water depths for sensitive equipment and maybe humans. How do I calculate the gauge pressure at a depth $D$. Lets say $D = 5000$ meters. My ...
0
votes
1answer
386 views

thought experiment involving water pressure

If I were to move the syringe up, and cause it to be stationary, how does that effect the pressure at the bottom of the pipe? How does the movement of this water effect the system setup and ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How thick does steel have to be to be able to withstand 300 bar (sphere)

How thick does the material in a sphere have to be to withstand the (inner)pressure of 300 bar if the material is steel? (With an inner-radius of 2cm) Atmosphere pressure = same as 0 meter above sea ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Pressure and variation in pressure due to depth

In my class, we were shown the following problem: Using the equation $P_1$ = $P_0$ + $\displaystyle\rho$gh, where $P_1$ is the pressure at Superman's mouth and $P_0$ is the pressure at the surface ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Does the pressure in a pressure tank depend on the amount of air?

I have a pressure tank which is filled with water and air. What want to know is: if I change the ammount of air in the tank would the ammount of water that leaves the tank, when pressurized, change? ...