Force per unit area.

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2
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0answers
19 views

Why does the perforated tin foil on a shisha pipe rise when smoking?

Imagine this setup (just without the windguard): When applying negative pressure at the hose, I can observe the perforated tin foil separating the charcoal from the bowl rise a few millimeters, ...
21
votes
7answers
2k views

Does car tire pressure change with weight of car load?

Does tire pressure measured by a meter on tire gauge change with load? (I am not interested in pressure produced by car tires onto the road). Car spec usually says "inflate to 220kPa normal load, ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Why does a microphone membrane only measure pressure and not particle velocity?

Microphones (e.g. condenser microphone) are assumed to have a voltage output proportional to the sound pressure at the diaphragm. If the operating principle is that the voltage output is proportional ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

How does a pierced vacuum move?

If a can of compressed air is pierced on the right, air pushes out, and the can moves to the left. If a vacuum container is pierced on the right, which way does it move? Right? Left? Not at all? ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Time to inflate paddleboard given compressor output [on hold]

So I just bought an inflatable standup paddle board. The dimensions (inflated) equate to an approximate volume of 9 cubic feet. (This is a slight over approximation, but close enough for my purposes) ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

How does one interpret the 'per unit area' in numbers like tensile strength?

How does one interpret the numbers when reading data about tensile strength, yield strength, and the likes? Say for example reinforcing bars. Grade 40 Rebars are rated at 70,000 PSI for its ultimate ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

How to calculate pressure loss due to water leakage from a hole in a pressurized unit

I am trying to develop a method for calculting the rate of pressure loss from a small hole in a pressurized vessel full of water (small air pocket likely at top of vessel). I've found a formula for ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Does pressure drop across pipe affect flow rate?

Let's say there is a main pipe containing $100\: \mathrm{m^3/hr}$ a fluid of density $750\: \mathrm{kg/m^3}$ and it's gonna be branched into 2 pipes (Pipe A and Pipe B) of the same diameter. If Pipe A ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Variable area manometer duct

How does one measure the pressure at the end of the manometer tube when the manometer tube itself is having a variable area?
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

How to calculate fluid(oil / hydrocarbon) loss under pressure

I'm trying to calculate the amount of fluid that would flow through an area dependant on the amount of pressure that there is. I'd also like to know the rate at which it would flow. Essentially I ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Gauge pressure clarification

Is gauge pressure always zero-referenced against ambient air pressure? Or is it referenced against the sum of all pressures acting on a fluid, which usually just happens to be ambient air pressure? ...
3
votes
4answers
17k views

Why are volume and pressure inversely proportional to each other?

It makes sense, that if you have a balloon and press it down with your hands, the volume will decrease and the pressure will increase. This confirms Boyle's Law, $ pV=k=nRT $. But what if the ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Titanic Question

I was reading this question: Was Titanic's captain's decision correct? @oakad commented about a Russian vessel keeping itself afloat by going in reverse, using hydrodynamic pressure to keep ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Breathing Air Underwater From A Car Tyre

I've seen in many movies and programs the event where a car plummets off the road and in to a body of water, sinking rapidly. The car slowly fills with water as it sinks and the occupant(s) don't ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Simple expression for transitional pressure force

Consider a simple, circular orifice with an upstream, high gas pressure and downstream, normal atmospheric pressure. Consider also a flat circular plate that can be positioned anywhere along the ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Calculate flow rate of air through a pressurized hole

I was wondering about this: If there is a pressurized container, like a tank of compressed air at some pressure that is greater than the ambient air pressure, and this tank of air has a hole in it, ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

Is there a material with non-monotone density dependence on pressure?

Is there a material with such non-linear effects (including chemical reactions, phase transitions etc ...) so that there would be range where pressure increase would yield density decrease? What ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

Calculating Air Density Lapse With Altitude (Specifically, pressures)

This might be a bit more of an engineering question, but I'm calculating air density drop-off with altitude, and I'm having some problems calculating the pressure (I'll run through my method). This ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the effect of an increase in pressure on latent heat of vaporization?

What is latent heat of vaporization ($L_v$) in the first place? Wikipedia seems to indicate that it is the energy used in overcoming intermolecular interactions, without taking into account at all any ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Pressure at a bend in a pipe

This is a question from a study guide for a military officer exam: I have fluid flowing through an elbow in a pipe (the elbow is in the shape of an upside down and backwards "J") and the flow goes ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is the pressure inside a soap bubble higher than outside?

Apparently, the air inside a soap bubble is under higher pressure than the surrounding air. This is for instance apparent in the sound bubbles make when they burst. Why is the pressure inside the ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Relations between pressure and temperature

I have several questions concerning thermodynamics and I order them in 4 points that may be related: What's the difference between heat and work at the atomic level? Isn't heat simply work between ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
0
votes
1answer
447 views

Pressure loss in a syringe

I'm currently working on a problem which is really giving me some issues. The problem concerns the force required to expel water from a syringe. We have a 20 ml syringe (which is $2\times10^{-5}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Why do some pressure cookers initially leak

Why do some pressure cookers initially leak steam from the sides and after a while settle down and don't leak? Is it a positive feedback mechanism from the building steam which makes the sealing ...
6
votes
2answers
77 views

Why can I move through air?

Forgive me if this a simple question with an obvious answer I can't see. I was thinking about pressure and air pressure and how we have thousands of pounds of air pressing down on us. What I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Why do liquids boil when their vapor pressure equals the ambient pressure?

Given that the boiling point of a liquid is the temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the ambient (surrounding) pressure, what significance does a liquid's vapor pressure have in the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Calculation of pressure from flow rate of water

Anybody kindly help me to find how to calculate pressure in bar from flow rate. I have a pipe and from that I am transferring water at a constant flow rate of 5ml/min. At this flow rate, with a 0.5 cm ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Initial pressure of explosion

I would like to know, if given a TNT equivalent of explosive (or its Energy) is it possible to determine what would be the initial pressure that will be the result of that explosion ? To be more ...
7
votes
1answer
763 views

Do we breathe air by creating a vacuum?

How do we suck air into our lungs, are we generating a vacuum?
6
votes
1answer
63 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Do we hear sounds differently on the highest mountains?

Some searching gives that above 6,000 meter altitude the air density is less than half of that at sea level. Speed of sound is about 15-20% slower and "acoustic impedance" seems to change too. Do ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Balloons and lifting gases

Hydrogen is the lightest element, so it's cable of lifting the most weight in out atmosphere (probably not the best terminology there, but you get the picture) Would hot hydrogen (in the same sense ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Microscopic source of pressure in an incompressible fluid

The pressure of a fluid can be explained microscopically in terms of molecules bouncing off the walls of a container. The molecules have a certain mass and speed, so when they bounce they transfer a ...
0
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1answer
35 views

hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How can sound waves propagate through air?

We know that the sound waves propagate through air, and it can't travel through vacuum. so the thing that help it doing that is the air's molecules pressure. So my question how can that happens? I ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Why doesn't water in water barometer boil?

I have read that the pressure in a water barometer at the top of the water column is around 0.5 psi and at such low pressures water should boil at around ~26°C (Room temperature). [1] [2] How ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Water under high pressure

If you were to sink a container to the bottom of a deep ocean and seal it there, then bring it up to the surface, would it retain its pressure? The answer for a gas is obviously yes, but what about ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Force to stop a moving rope vs. stagnation pressure of a fluid

Let $\lambda$ be a linear density of a rope which is moving into a scale at velocity v. The additional force on the scale due to the collision is given as $\frac{d p}{d t} = v\frac{d m}{d t} = ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Difference between weight of water and pressure of water

(I didn't even have a basic formal education in physics. I'm learning through the internet out of my own interest, so if there are any silly mistakes, kindly bear with and guide me through.) ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

Does the entropy of an adiabatically isolated system stays the same after we decrease/increase the pressure?

Even if the system is isolated and there is no heat exchange with surroundings, shouldn't the decrease/increase of pressure result in increase/decrease of entropy? Does this property of an ...
3
votes
4answers
201 views

Calculate water flow rate through orifice

I'm not very good with fluid physics, and need some help. Imagine the following setup with water contained in-front of a wall with an opening on the bottom: How do I calculate the water flow $Q$?. ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Effect of aircraft speed on barometer

Many aircrafts depend on several types of static pressure sensors (barometers) to find the altitude. I assume this sensor need to be located outside the aircraft main body, so that it has a contact ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
28
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible to “cook” pasta at room temperature with low enough pressure?

It is known fact, that boiling point of water decreases by decreasing of pressure. So there is a pressure at which water boils at room temperature. Would it be possible to cook e.g. pasta at room ...