Force per unit area.

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4
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2answers
129 views
+50

Static vs Dynamic pressure

According to Bernoulli's law, the narrower the tube where the fluid is flowing the lower its static pressure and the higher its dynamic pressure. Does this make any difference? If the dynamic pressure ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Behaviour of Altimeter at different temperatures

I have realized that the Altimeter of my bike computer (it uses Air Pressure to determine altitude and needs to be calibrated every start) is not consistent at different temperatures. At the Start ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Concentration change due to different pumping efficiency

I send a mixture of two gases (5% (v/v) initial concentration) into a chamber. The chamber is pumped to a low pressure, but the efficiency of the pumping for both gases is not the same (because of ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Find the required power by specific time to reduce volume in an air filled cylinder that have a hole? [on hold]

How to calculate the required power by specific time to reduce volume in an air filled cylinder(or to push piston in air filled cylinder) that have an orifice? Another side of orifice is world ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Inflating a balloon (expansion resistance)

I am doing a quick calculation on how to calculate the pressure needed to inflate a perfectly spherical balloon to a certain volume, however I have difficulties with the fact that the balloon (rubber) ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Force of water hitting a wall [on hold]

If you had a 8" pipe with 500psi stream of water exiting it and hitting a wall at 90 degrees 8 feet away, what would the force of the water on the wall be? Thank you all. Non-mathematician.
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Bernoulli equation and pumps [on hold]

I have a doubt on the use of Bernoulli equation for pumps. Consider the situation in the picture. I marked different points: $1$ on the surface of first tank, $2$ in the exit from first tank, $3$ ...
1
vote
3answers
71 views

Pressure just before the hole in a draining tank

I get extremely confused in fluid dynamics problem where the pressure in some points is required. Consider the ideal fluid in the tank in the following picture. I would like to understand what is the ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

A fan is connected to a pipe, what happens to the airflow after the pressure drop?

Overview I am trying to find out what happens to the air flow within a pipe if a fan cannot generate the required pressure to overcome the friction within the pipe. After much research I am aware ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

How do suction cups work?

My roommate and I are having trouble agreeing on how suction cups work. Presumably, the ambient air pressure is the only thing which keeps the suction cup attached to the object. When lifting an ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Why does pressure decrease as velocity increases?

Bernoulli's principle states that as velocity increase pressure decreases. But higher the velocity, greater is the temperature and pressure must be high. Can you explain the situation in both the ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Rankine Cycle pressure

I don't understand why in (Ideal) Rankine Cycle we assume that pressure remains constant at the boiler and the condenser. Shouldn't water pressure change, when water goes from liquid to vapor (boiler) ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Using the ideal gas law to figure final pressure [closed]

I'm studying for the GRE and I'm happy with Charles', Boyle's and Gay-Lussac's laws. I'm doing some questions on the ideal gas law. Please hear me out. This may come across as a homework style ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

How can matter be squeezed extremely dense [duplicate]

I'm fairly new to physics and currently reading A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking. Hawking is talking about black holes being the size of a few miles containing the mass of multiple times the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Matching Bernoulli equation and Hagen Poiseuille law for viscous fluid motion

I thought that Bernoulli equation could be used only in the case of non viscous fluid. But doing exercises on 2500 Solved Problems In Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics (Schaum's Solved Problems Series) ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

Balancing forces on a liquid [closed]

My reasoning is as follows Atmospheric pressure = $P_{0}$; Spring stretch = $x$; Pressure under top piston = $P$ Balancing forces on top piston $kx + P S_1 = P_0 S_1$ Balancing forces on bottom piston ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

Compressed air in a volume: Can I determine its temperature?

Using a compressor, I augment the pressure in a volume (using atmospheric air). I only measure the pressure inside. I now that the density will increase however, the temperature decreases. Can any one ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Reversible processes in which mechanical or thermal equilibrium is not reached

The definition of a reversible thermodynamic process requires in any instant the mechanical equilibrium (equal pressures) and thermal equilibrium (equal temperatures) of the system in a quasi-static ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

What is the difference between real value and abs value? [closed]

I am confused here, though I have been reading about it for years. What is the difference between a real value and an absolute value? For example, when do we take the absolute value of pressure or the ...
0
votes
4answers
145 views

Velocity of a leak in a closed water tank

Bernoulli's equation states $P_1+{1\over2}\rho v_1^2+\rho g h_1 = P_2+{1\over2}\rho v_2^2+\rho g h_2$ In a classic "water tank with an open top and a leak" scenario, "point 1" is the surface water ...
1
vote
3answers
10k views

How does a plunger (toilet plunger) work?

I don't quite understand the physic involved in operating a plunger. I thought that using a plunger on a clogged sink, for example, would create a difference in pressure inside the tube so that, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

general formula for water pressure

In a Sears & Zemansky Physics text, a general formula for fluid pressure is introduced. An infinitesimal element is created in the fluid with thickness $\mathrm dy$ and surface area $A$ at a ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Weight Distribution of granular piles

I was recently at a farm watching piles of grain being formed in the shape of enormous cones. Each of these grain stacks weighs in excess of 50 tonnes. I am not a physicist but I am very curious as to ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

How to compute this change of Gibbs energy for a Van der Waals gas?

The change of Gibbs energy at constant temperature and species numbers, $\Delta G$, is given by an integral $\int_{p_1}^{p_2}V\,{\mathrm d}p$. For the ideal gas law $$p\,V=n\,RT,$$ this comes down to ...
0
votes
3answers
46 views

Work done on gas problem with movable set

I found two different version of an exercise where the work is considered in a different way. Consider a gas in a tank divided in two parts by a movable set. The set in $B$ is also movable. If a ...
25
votes
17answers
9k views

Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and B...
2
votes
2answers
296 views

Relationship of the volume of a plumbing system to pressure

How does the volume of water a plumbing system holds vary with water pressure? I know the ratio would include the modulus of elasticity of the plumbing material, the total surface area of the plumbing ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Given a slanted pipe

Question: I have a pipeline that is tilted. I know the length of the pipeline, and the pressure (90psi) that is felt at the very bottom. I'm trying to find out how much liquid has leaked out if the ...
2
votes
2answers
814 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I have to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but, I don't have one. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

Fluid mechanics paradox: The force needed to 'balance' a fluid using a piston

We know that the pressure in a fluid (like water) is dependent on the depth. Consider this example: For the first setup, solving the pressure at the bottom yields $P_1 = \rho gh = 1000kg/m^3 \bullet ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Why is it not possible to use the ideal gas law to determine if the pressure changed in this situation?

I was given this question for my homework: A cylinder with a valve at the bottom is filled with an ideal gas. The vale is now opened and some of the gas escapes slowly. The valve is then closed, ...
0
votes
3answers
27 views

Application of Bernoullis identity for problem concerning hole in a container

Consider the following problem: We have a container of water with a hole on the side, and we want to determine the velocity of the stream coming out of the hole (at $S_2$): If we suppose $S_1>&...
2
votes
7answers
29k views

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Inverted U manometer

I have some doubts on inverted U manometer. In the picture there is one U inverted manometer, the space above the liquid in the manometer is filled with air which can be admitted or expelled through ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Is it possible to make iron shavings to be dust? [closed]

I'm considering how to separate iron shavings from iron. In the picture, there are some iron chunk and iron shavings. The problem is iron shavings are not dust. I want to make the iron shavings to be ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

A dead body floats with its head immersing in water . Why?

I found this question in my practice book . I want to know about it .
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Pressure, Momentum and Energy: A 'Peculiar' Relation

Is the following possible? $$ P = \frac{p^2}{3E} $$ where $P$ is pressure, $p$ is momentum and $E$ is energy. In what convention is the above relation acceptable? EDIT: The source paper can be found ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

How to calculate the amout of time for oil to get out from a pneumatic cylinder?

I have a system. You can assume it is just a 1" diameter steel pneumatic cylinder (1 foot long). Assume we ignore the bore size issue at this point. One chamber is filled up by oil (6" of volume), ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Is 0.1 bar (hydrostatic pressure) equivalent to 0.1 bar vacuum pressure (absolute pressure)?

Suppose we would like to test the ability of an object to withstand the pressure under 1 meter of water. I would like to understand how to simulate this situation using vacuum. Is the 0.1 bar (for 1 ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How does it come that a soda still sparkles out of the bottle, even after I can squeeze it allready?

Just noticed this right now. I have known for long time that of course, shaking a sparkled soda causes it to harden and build up pressure. When one now carefully opens the bottle it starts to ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

What is the physical fundamentals of Pascal's law

Pascal's law or the principle of transmission of fluid-pressure (also Pascal's Principle) is a principle in fluid mechanics that states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined incompressible ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Air pressure equalisation

I'm programming a physics simulation and have the air pressure impact the movement of rigid bodies in the system. I know how to (approximately, both for simplicity and performance) specify bodies' ...
-2
votes
1answer
40 views

Space vacuum power

How strong is the vacuum in space? If possible in mph, or other easy to understand measurements...as someone else asked, "if you took a bottle of air into space and opened it, where would it go?" I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

How to calculate fluid(oil / hydrocarbon) loss under pressure

I'm trying to calculate the amount of fluid that would flow through an area dependant on the amount of pressure that there is. I'd also like to know the rate at which it would flow. Essentially I ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

How to calculate air flow from a pressurized tank?

I am writing an app that deals with simulated air brakes, and I need to simulate the release of air from one container of a given pressure into another container of a lower pressure. It doesn't have ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How can one calculate the drop in air temperature associated with a rise in its humidity?

Background: I wish to model the effect of an evaporative cooling system in a humid, tropical environment to be used as a feasibility study. Anecdotally, such a system would be ineffective, but I would ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Law of Floatation [duplicate]

We know, law of Floatation states that A body floats in a liquid if it can displace the liquid equal to its weight. But how can we derive this mathematically. Can anyone help me for this; Derive ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Where Does the Energy Come From in this Example?

I can't figure out where the energy comes from for the work in a video I found about how the pyramids could have been made. (I do not have enough rep to post the link of it as well as the picture but ...
2
votes
3answers
562 views

Silicone tube with three holes, flow rate, pressure

I have a silicone tube -- a saline solution flows in from one end, and then flows out of three holes of equal diameter and equal distance from each other that are along the side of the tube. What can ...
2
votes
3answers
34 views

The effect of surface area on the pressure exerted by gases

In a video about the relation between pressure and volume on Khanacademy, Sal says that on increase in volume the particles hit the wall less often because the volume has increased and the surface ...