Force per unit area.

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2answers
2k views

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside?

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside? I mean the density of air is $1.26 kg/m^3$, so with $100 km$ above us, it exerts much pressure on you when you walk ...
9
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5answers
6k views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, where does it go?

It seems to me that space doesn't have any/much air, and if my bottle is full of air, when I open it, where does the air go?
6
votes
1answer
318 views

Water flushed down, water pumped up (in buildings)

I live in a tall building (20 floors) on a mountain. Because the water pressure from the water company is not enough, there is a water pump at the last floor which is activated each time someone is ...
0
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0answers
478 views

Hydraulic System in a Simulation

A simulation project we are on, we have a machine with hydraulics that are powered (They don't just look like they move something, they are the only thing moving/turning/lifting something) - However, ...
-2
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1answer
335 views

For how long can we make an air balloon stay flying via remotely controlled heat system?

I wonder how a function $$f=f(h, m_{\mathrm empty}, V_{max}, T_{h}), $$ with the top height $h$, the empty mass $m$, the maximum volume $V_{max}$, and the temperature of the heater $T_{h}$ would look ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the physical or mathematical meaning of the Gibbs-Duhem equation?

The Gibbs-Duhem equation states $$0~=~SdT-VdP+\sum(N_i d\mu_i),$$ where $\mu$ is the chemical potential. Does it have any mathematical (about intensive parameters) or physical meaning?
1
vote
1answer
264 views

what will happen when I continuously heat a closed heavy iron box half-filled with water?

I mean what will be the situation inside? All water vaporized, Equilibrium, Temperature-pressure situation.. boiling point increase/decrease? Thanks for your time.
4
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2answers
281 views

What's the classical limit of the pressure of the ultrarelativistic Bose gas

The pressure for the ultrarelativistic Bose gas is $$p~=~U/(3V) ~\propto~ (kT)^4/(hc)^3.$$ It looks to me like it diverges for $h \to 0$. Looking at the derivation, it diverges because $h$ is the ...
2
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3answers
560 views

Simple home pressure experiment: how to understand the dependence on the glass opening?

Suppose you put a drinking glass under water such that it is completely filled with water. Then hold it upside down and slowly raise the drinking glass out of the water. The water in the drinking ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

In a Sterling Engine, does heat from the hot side transfer to the cold side?

A Sterling Engine is a closed system. The "hot" side oscillates between higher temperature with higher pressure and lower temperature with lower pressure. Does Nature switch back and forth between ...
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1answer
4k views
5
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2answers
365 views

Keeping air in a giant gravitationally-bound space balloon

Let's say a space-faring society wants to make a space station that has a large volume filled with air (or other gas), but no gravity. Using normal pressure tanks will require gathering an amount of ...
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2answers
151 views

Amount of material required for a pressure tank

I read the answer for the question Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”? and thought something sounded ridiculous. My engineering requirement is that the walls be strong enough. Here $T$ will be the ...
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3answers
2k views

How does the Dyson air multiplier fan create negative pressure?

I'm curious as to how the Dyson air multiplier fan works. So far I understand that it creates negative air pressure that causes air behind and around the device to be sucked into the air stream and ...
1
vote
2answers
464 views

Atmospheric pressure inside a rigid vessel

On a macroscopic scale one can explain the atmospheric pressure by the weight of the column of air over a given small area. If you enclose this air in rigid vessel (for example by pressing together ...
0
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6answers
219k views

Gauge pressure vs. absolute pressure? [closed]

What are the key differences between Gauge pressure and absolute pressure? Are there any other forms of pressure?
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3answers
2k views

When a gas expands against an external pressure of 0, must the stopper on the cylinder be massless?

Basically, I need to conceptually understand why the work a gas does is the integral $\int p_\mathrm{external}dv$ and is 0 when pressure external is 0. I understand why $\mathrm{d}w = - ...
7
votes
2answers
467 views

At the molecular level, how is the pressure at the bottom of a lake higher than at the top?

Surely the temperature of the molecules is the same throughout the water. Using $p = \rho g h$ seems to assume a constant density as well. But then how is it that the force per unit area on an object ...
1
vote
1answer
464 views

Given two boiling temperatures and pressures, how can I find the latent heat?

I am given the fact that at a certain pressure a liquid boils at a corresponding temperature, at a different pressure it boils at a different temperature, and then I am asked to find the latent heat ...
0
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1answer
9k views

To calculate pressure at point in a vertical water pipe of given diameter

Is it possible to calculate pressure at a point in a pipe, where a solenoid valve shall be placed, given that the pipe carries water (utility supplied, regular water) from an overhead tank (at a ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

How to calculate pressure at altitude when there is 0 temperature lapse?

To calculate pressure at a given altitude, the following formula is used: $p = p_0 \cdot \left(1 - \frac{L \cdot h}{T_0} \right)^\frac{g \cdot M}{R \cdot L}$ (the values can be found here) This ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Define Pressure at A point. Why is it a Scalar?

I have a final exam tomorrow for fluid mechanics and I was just looking over the practice exam questions. They do not provide solutions. But pretty much I have to define pressure at a point and also ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the meaning of pressure of a gas

I understand the meaning of pressure on a surface to be force acting per unit area. But when it comes to understanding pressure in the context of fluids in motion or at rest I think I am having some ...
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2answers
218 views

Fuel Tank Question

Could some one please help me with this question as my physics knowledge does not extend this far. I have a large fuel tank with a capacity of 21000L. The tank currently is holding 2000L of fuel. On ...
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0answers
83 views

What is approximately critical Q for the space shuttle? [closed]

Everything is in the title, I wonder what was approximately the critical dynamic pressure the space shuttle (RIP) could handle, as I am trying to create a simple space flight simulator. I don't need a ...
8
votes
1answer
816 views

Ping-pong ball pontoon

Imagine a vertical pipe (both ends opened) in the water. Drop several ping-pong balls into pipe and cover them with a cylinder. When you have enough balls, the cylinder will float. Now start adding ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does my refrigerator door resist opening?

After closing my refrigerator's door I noticed that it's much harder to reopen it immediately, as if there's an underpressure. Only after a minute or so it opens normally. How can this be explained?
4
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1answer
202 views

Can i use coils with compressed air to make a superconductor?

What im saying is inside pipes i am going to use compressing so that that in the places with low pressure they cool the superconducotor. is this possible? Can i use this concept to make ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

Pressure Inside an Ideal Gas

A non-relativistic ideal gas exerts a pressure at the surface of its container $p = \frac13 \rho \langle v^2 \rangle$ where $\rho$ is the mass density of the gas and $\langle v^2 \rangle$ is the ...
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2answers
339 views

simulations at constant pressure-volume and constant volume-temperature

I have read some papers where the authors perform simulations at constant pressure and constant volumen or sometimes constant volume constant temperature. My question is when is it better to use one ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Water under high pressure

If you were to sink a container to the bottom of a deep ocean and seal it there, then bring it up to the surface, would it retain its pressure? The answer for a gas is obviously yes, but what about ...
2
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1answer
6k views

Best way to solve P-V-T Question

Typically in an exam or problem set we have a problem that's like this: Determine the specified property at the indicated state of water. Locate the state on a sketch of the T-v and P-v diagram. p= 3 ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Why does the aorta spray blood when atmospheric pressure is higher than blood pressure?

Atmospherical pressure is around 760 mmHg, while blood pressure is on average 100 mmHg. Then why do you bleed from cuts, and why does a cut aorta spray blood? The atmosphere should press the blood ...
3
votes
1answer
444 views

What kind of curve would describe the rate of air coming out of a balloon?

If one graphed the volume per time of air being expelled from a common elastic balloon out of a hole of constant size relative to the balloon's surface area, would the curve of the graph be ...
2
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2answers
4k views

Pressure at a given altitude?

I am trying to find out the pressure at a given altitude but have been disappointed to find the following equation does not work at all: (h = height in meters) Where sea level standard ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How does a pressure difference cause a force?

One more thing that's bothering me, could somebody clarify a little bit? I think it has something to do with being in the state of lowest energy state, what instigates that change? Perhaps even ...
3
votes
4answers
377 views

$P=ρgh$ - intuitive understanding of the equation?

I've come across this equation recently which relates pressure with the product of density, gravitational acceleration and height difference in a medium. I understand that $P = ρgh$ expands to ...
8
votes
8answers
12k views

Why does the gas get cold when I spray it?

When you spray gas from a compressed spray, the gas gets very cold, even though, the compressed spray is in the room temperature. I think, when it goes from high pressure to lower one, it gets cold, ...
0
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1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the terms flammable, inflammable, and non-flammable? [closed]

This question should perhaps go in Chemistry, to which I am committed, but since the Chemistry Stack Exchange forum is not yet in beta, I am wondering if you can help me from a physics perspective. ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

determine temperature at which pita bread will expand in a toaster

suppose you have a pita pocket of radius 5cm or .05m. We will model the pita pocket as consisting of disk with a layer of air of volume V which is contained by the surface of the bread. We will ...
0
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1answer
266 views

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure?

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure? if I was in a plane with a cabin pressure equal to 8000 feet would the volume drop be noticable?
4
votes
2answers
354 views

How to calculate the highest theoretical artificial hill?

The biggest peak in the world is Mount Everest. Imagine someone starting to make an artificial hill (like pyramide) from soil (earth). So, when starting with an 200x200 Km base area, with 45degree ...
0
votes
3answers
223 views

What is the volume of a parcel of air of a giving weight at average sea level pressure

I know this is probably some basic math once you have the figures, but my Google-fu is failing me. Say I have 5 pounds of air. Air meaning, the typical composition of the atmosphere of Earth. And by ...
5
votes
3answers
751 views

Get an intuition for pressure values

I am currently working with pressure differences in the milibar range. However I do not have a good feeling for pressure differences. In every day life: Where does a pressure of say 100 mbar over ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Non-Dimentionalization of equations

I am trying to understand a paper in which they mention; " We non-dimentionalize the problem hereafter by selecting mass, length and time units such that the fluid density $\rho\equiv1$ the ...
4
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0answers
1k views

Inflating a balloon (expansion resistance)

I am doing a quick calculation on how to calculate the pressure needed to inflate a perfectly spherical balloon to a certain volume, however I have difficulties with the fact that the balloon (rubber) ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Is acoustic pressure a statistical term?

Is acoustic pressure a statistical term? Also, what about pressure in a liquid or a gas?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Why do some carbonated drinks fizz more than others?

Wired magazine ran an article this month on carbonation in soft drinks. If all soft drinks are manufactured effectively identically, why do some types fizz more than others? For example, root beer ...
1
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1answer
171 views

In a low pressure (near vacuum), -20°C vessel, would sublimated moisture rise to the top or fall to the bottom?

If I have a strong vessel that I've cooled to say -20°C, and lowered the pressure below 0.006 atmospheres, the water in food placed inside will sublimate and freeze dry the food. But what happens to ...
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3answers
2k views

Maxiumum weight a buoy can float [closed]

I have a buoy that can hold 2943.02 cubic millimeters of non-pressurized air, I need and equation to work out the maximum weight that the buoy can float.