Force per unit area.

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5
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1answer
2k views

Why is pressure in a liquid the same in all directions?

I'd like answers both in the more intuitive side an on the more precise side. Thinking of water as "cubes" of water, for example, would allow pressure in the z axis to be independent of the y or x ...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

How would this rapid depressurization of water really behave?

An in-development game(Starbound) recently released a demo of their water physics. At about 39 seconds into the video, a volume of water in a container is released when the cap on the container is ...
1
vote
2answers
673 views

How is energy transferred from one incompressible fluid to another?

When you apply pressure to an incompressible fluid the pressure is transferred. If you stop applying the pressure there is no motion. Volume and density are integral parts of calculating how much ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How can sound waves propagate through air?

We know that the sound waves propagate through air, and it can't travel through vacuum. so the thing that help it doing that is the air's molecules pressure. So my question how can that happens? I ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Is there a way to measure atmosperic pressure without an instrument?

Just that . I am not too much concerned about the accuracy of measurements .
3
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3answers
3k views

Why did my frozen water bottle explode when I opened it after it defrosted a bit?

Last night I filled a 20 fl oz bottle (http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/soft-drinks/boylans-mash.asp) with lukewarm water from my tap. I filled the bottle pretty much to the brim, ...
4
votes
6answers
6k views

Why does a gas inside a closed container experience atmosperic pressure when the gas itself is not in contact with the atmosphere?

I know this is a very basic (and probably stupid) question, but I have been confused about this for a long time.
3
votes
4answers
527 views

Water to ice expansion in $1\textrm{mm}^3$ pit - pressure on the pit walls?

[EDITED] by mistake, the subject was regarding 1m^3 instead of 1mm^3. There should be a significant difference between the two... A 1x1x1mm pit filled with water is frozen at a slow rate (1K/minute). ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Heat of vaporization of water - dependence on relative humidity?

Does the heat of vaporization of water depend strongly on the relative humidity of the gas into which it evaporates? Some context: If we want to calculate the dew point of water, we find the ...
0
votes
1answer
377 views

How is external pressure transmitted when a fluid is not enclosed?

Pascal's principle states that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid. How is the pressure transmitted in the case where the fluid is not ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

If I lift a submerged hose over 35 feet above the water's surface, what's in the top foot?

I've been arguing with a friend about the whole "perfect vacuum" concept. He and I agree that the most powerful vacuum pump in the world couldn't pump water more than ~34 feet above the surface of a ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Pressure of sealed in liquid nitrogen

If you take a container of great strength, fill it to the brim with liquid nitrogen, seal the container, and heat it to room temperature. What will the pressure be inside? Bonus: The same with ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Electrostatic Pressure Concept

There was a Question bothering me. I tried solving it But couldn't So I finally went up to my teacher asked him for help . He told me that there was a formula for Electrostatic pressure ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of pressure of a solid?

Currently I'm taking an introductory course on thermodynamics. I've got a problem with understanding what is the meaning of pressure of a solid body. The question arose when I looked at phase diagram ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

What could I test for in a guillotine? [closed]

I'm doing a school assignment project and I need to investigate something of my choice. I was thinking of doing something about how the height and angle the blade of a guillotine is dropped from ...
1
vote
3answers
37k views

Relation between water flow and pressure

Is there any equation that states the relation between pressure and water flow. I.e. Let's say that in 1 hour with 8mca (water collum meters) pressure I obtain 50m3. What if (giving the same ...
6
votes
1answer
190 views

What is the cause of noise generation at my bike helmet

I am looking for anexplanation of this phenomenon: I was riding my bike, (not driving it, was sitting on the back seat) with the helmet on. While the glass of the helmet was intact, I could hear ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

Why does the bubbling of a soda bottle pulsate?

If I take a bottle of carbonated water and open the cap slightly to allow the gas to escape, there will be a sudden rush of bubbles foaming to the top of the liquid for a few seconds, then a partial ...
-2
votes
2answers
593 views

Why does the higher pressure of air underneath an aeroplane wing keep it flying?

With aeroplane flight, the wings are shaped so that the air that goes over the top of the wing has to travel faster than the air that goes below the wing. This means that the air below the wing has ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is there a 90˚ phase angle between particle velocity and sound pressure in spherical waves?

My text says that in a plane sound wave (or in the far field), particle velocity and pressure is in phase. As we move closer to the sound source (to near field and more spherical waves), the phase ...
4
votes
6answers
21k views

Why are volume and pressure inversely proportional to each other?

It makes sense, that if you have a balloon and press it down with your hands, the volume will decrease and the pressure will increase. This confirms Boyle's Law, $ pV=k=nRT $. But what if the ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside?

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside? I mean the density of air is $1.26 kg/m^3$, so with $100 km$ above us, it exerts much pressure on you when you walk ...
9
votes
5answers
7k views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, where does it go?

It seems to me that space doesn't have any/much air, and if my bottle is full of air, when I open it, where does the air go?
6
votes
1answer
322 views

Water flushed down, water pumped up (in buildings)

I live in a tall building (20 floors) on a mountain. Because the water pressure from the water company is not enough, there is a water pump at the last floor which is activated each time someone is ...
0
votes
0answers
493 views

Hydraulic System in a Simulation

A simulation project we are on, we have a machine with hydraulics that are powered (They don't just look like they move something, they are the only thing moving/turning/lifting something) - However, ...
-2
votes
1answer
345 views

For how long can we make an air balloon stay flying via remotely controlled heat system?

I wonder how a function $$f=f(h, m_{\mathrm empty}, V_{max}, T_{h}), $$ with the top height $h$, the empty mass $m$, the maximum volume $V_{max}$, and the temperature of the heater $T_{h}$ would look ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What is the physical or mathematical meaning of the Gibbs-Duhem equation?

The Gibbs-Duhem equation states $$0~=~SdT-VdP+\sum(N_i d\mu_i),$$ where $\mu$ is the chemical potential. Does it have any mathematical (about intensive parameters) or physical meaning?
1
vote
1answer
275 views

what will happen when I continuously heat a closed heavy iron box half-filled with water?

I mean what will be the situation inside? All water vaporized, Equilibrium, Temperature-pressure situation.. boiling point increase/decrease? Thanks for your time.
4
votes
2answers
293 views

What's the classical limit of the pressure of the ultrarelativistic Bose gas

The pressure for the ultrarelativistic Bose gas is $$p~=~U/(3V) ~\propto~ (kT)^4/(hc)^3.$$ It looks to me like it diverges for $h \to 0$. Looking at the derivation, it diverges because $h$ is the ...
2
votes
3answers
568 views

Simple home pressure experiment: how to understand the dependence on the glass opening?

Suppose you put a drinking glass under water such that it is completely filled with water. Then hold it upside down and slowly raise the drinking glass out of the water. The water in the drinking ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

In a Sterling Engine, does heat from the hot side transfer to the cold side?

A Sterling Engine is a closed system. The "hot" side oscillates between higher temperature with higher pressure and lower temperature with lower pressure. Does Nature switch back and forth between ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Keeping air in a giant gravitationally-bound space balloon

Let's say a space-faring society wants to make a space station that has a large volume filled with air (or other gas), but no gravity. Using normal pressure tanks will require gathering an amount of ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Amount of material required for a pressure tank

I read the answer for the question Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”? and thought something sounded ridiculous. My engineering requirement is that the walls be strong enough. Here $T$ will be the ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How does the Dyson air multiplier fan create negative pressure?

I'm curious as to how the Dyson air multiplier fan works. So far I understand that it creates negative air pressure that causes air behind and around the device to be sucked into the air stream and ...
1
vote
2answers
475 views

Atmospheric pressure inside a rigid vessel

On a macroscopic scale one can explain the atmospheric pressure by the weight of the column of air over a given small area. If you enclose this air in rigid vessel (for example by pressing together ...
0
votes
6answers
231k views

Gauge pressure vs. absolute pressure? [closed]

What are the key differences between Gauge pressure and absolute pressure? Are there any other forms of pressure?
1
vote
3answers
2k views

When a gas expands against an external pressure of 0, must the stopper on the cylinder be massless?

Basically, I need to conceptually understand why the work a gas does is the integral $\int p_\mathrm{external}dv$ and is 0 when pressure external is 0. I understand why $\mathrm{d}w = - ...
7
votes
2answers
483 views

At the molecular level, how is the pressure at the bottom of a lake higher than at the top?

Surely the temperature of the molecules is the same throughout the water. Using $p = \rho g h$ seems to assume a constant density as well. But then how is it that the force per unit area on an object ...
1
vote
1answer
471 views

Given two boiling temperatures and pressures, how can I find the latent heat?

I am given the fact that at a certain pressure a liquid boils at a corresponding temperature, at a different pressure it boils at a different temperature, and then I am asked to find the latent heat ...
0
votes
1answer
10k views

To calculate pressure at point in a vertical water pipe of given diameter

Is it possible to calculate pressure at a point in a pipe, where a solenoid valve shall be placed, given that the pipe carries water (utility supplied, regular water) from an overhead tank (at a ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

How to calculate pressure at altitude when there is 0 temperature lapse?

To calculate pressure at a given altitude, the following formula is used: $p = p_0 \cdot \left(1 - \frac{L \cdot h}{T_0} \right)^\frac{g \cdot M}{R \cdot L}$ (the values can be found here) This ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Define Pressure at A point. Why is it a Scalar?

I have a final exam tomorrow for fluid mechanics and I was just looking over the practice exam questions. They do not provide solutions. But pretty much I have to define pressure at a point and also ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the meaning of pressure of a gas

I understand the meaning of pressure on a surface to be force acting per unit area. But when it comes to understanding pressure in the context of fluids in motion or at rest I think I am having some ...
-1
votes
2answers
224 views

Fuel Tank Question

Could some one please help me with this question as my physics knowledge does not extend this far. I have a large fuel tank with a capacity of 21000L. The tank currently is holding 2000L of fuel. On ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

What is approximately critical Q for the space shuttle? [closed]

Everything is in the title, I wonder what was approximately the critical dynamic pressure the space shuttle (RIP) could handle, as I am trying to create a simple space flight simulator. I don't need a ...
8
votes
1answer
847 views

Ping-pong ball pontoon

Imagine a vertical pipe (both ends opened) in the water. Drop several ping-pong balls into pipe and cover them with a cylinder. When you have enough balls, the cylinder will float. Now start adding ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does my refrigerator door resist opening?

After closing my refrigerator's door I noticed that it's much harder to reopen it immediately, as if there's an underpressure. Only after a minute or so it opens normally. How can this be explained?
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Can i use coils with compressed air to make a superconductor?

What im saying is inside pipes i am going to use compressing so that that in the places with low pressure they cool the superconducotor. is this possible? Can i use this concept to make ...
3
votes
2answers
323 views

Pressure Inside an Ideal Gas

A non-relativistic ideal gas exerts a pressure at the surface of its container $p = \frac13 \rho \langle v^2 \rangle$ where $\rho$ is the mass density of the gas and $\langle v^2 \rangle$ is the ...