Force per unit area.

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4answers
2k views

Why does filling a compressed air cylinder produces heat?

And the opposite follow-up question: why does opening the air cylinder makes the air cooler? What I know is that I can't find these answers using the ideal gas law, because that is an equation of ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Sound pressure and velocity pressure concepts vs loudness

Here is my understanding and question: Atmospheric pressure is around 101325 Pa. Our ear drum is exposed to this pressure from both sides so total pressure is zero. But when we hear sound, ear drum ...
3
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3answers
5k views

How to calculate pressure loss due to water leakage from a hole in a pressurized unit

I am trying to develop a method for calculting the rate of pressure loss from a small hole in a pressurized vessel full of water (small air pocket likely at top of vessel). I've found a formula for ...
3
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3answers
795 views

Water Level and Pipe Widths

I ran into a bit of physics yesterday, and couldn't understand the physics at work. I've been scouring the Internet, but haven't found the answer yet. I'm guessing there's a basic principle I'm ...
3
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1answer
163 views

How does pressure relate to cosmological expansion?

In my cosmology class, we've been talking about pressure in the Friedmann Equation for acceleration: $$ \frac{\ddot{a}}{a}=-\frac{4 \pi G}{3} \left(\rho+\frac{3p}{c^2} \right) $$ In particular, I've ...
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1answer
388 views

Why was the conversion factor of the metric unit bar chosen the way it was?

The unit bar for pressure is clearly a metric unit, but its order of magnitude is a bit strange. In the centimeter–gram–second system of units we have: ...
3
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2answers
602 views

Pumping water from a closed column. Will the column get empty or just circualte?

As a picture is worth a thousand words, here is my problem: It is a closed water column with a bit of air in the top section. If I run the pump and make the water flow from IN to OUT, Will the ...
3
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1answer
614 views

Cosmology constant as a negative pressure?

It seems a positive cosmology constant behaves like a negative pressure. However, the positive cosmology constant cause a expanding universe. So I am puzzling about this: A negative pressure cause a ...
3
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1answer
517 views

Which heated, partially filled bottle will explode first?

This is in reference to a pasteurization discussion on a homebrewing forum. I have four closed bottles which will explode if containing too much pressure. Two of them are 50% full (A and B), and two ...
3
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1answer
748 views

Pascal law with two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends

If I have two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends (pressing both ends of the water) how much weight do I need to add on one side so that one of the stones reach ...
3
votes
1answer
630 views

What kind of curve would describe the rate of air coming out of a balloon?

If one graphed the volume per time of air being expelled from a common elastic balloon out of a hole of constant size relative to the balloon's surface area, would the curve of the graph be ...
3
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1answer
587 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
3
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1answer
174 views

Inexplicable Results in a Vacuum Experiment

We've been doing the following experiment in our Physics Lab course and are coming up with some strange results which we're at a loss to explain. The purpose of the experiment is to determine the ...
3
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1answer
394 views

Pressure at a bend in a pipe

This is a question from a study guide for a military officer exam: I have fluid flowing through an elbow in a pipe (the elbow is in the shape of an upside down and backwards "J") and the flow goes ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Force to stop a moving rope vs. stagnation pressure of a fluid

Let $\lambda$ be a linear density of a rope which is moving into a scale at velocity v. The additional force on the scale due to the collision is given as $\frac{d p}{d t} = v\frac{d m}{d t} = ...
3
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1answer
175 views

Pressure difference between 2 side of wings of aircraft

I understand why the pressure is reduced above the wings of aircraft, but when I read books and look for information, it says that the air is compressed below the wings, I do not understand why it is? ...
3
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3answers
458 views

What exactly is “pressure”, and what's its relation to force?

I have looked around, and I will admit that I'm a bit lost on the definitions. Wikipedia's opening reads: Pressure (symbol: P or p) is the ratio of force to the area over which that force is ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Diffusion of gas in a liquid with changing pressure and solubility (chemical potential)

Modelling the diffusion of a gas dissolved in water in a vertical column of water, several meters deep. Also assuming the water is completely still, so only diffusion plays a role. (Actually a model ...
3
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1answer
523 views

Deflection of a membrane

I am currently working on a project which is described as the deflection of a circular membrane. What I am trying to model is the deflection of a piece of plastic film (E=200MPa,v=0.5) when placed ...
3
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1answer
145 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
3
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1answer
339 views

How should holes in a Tesla turbine look like?

I think of building a Tesla turbine out of old hard drives. Now I wonder how to cut ventilation holes in the platters. On the internet there are a lot of different attempts on that matter. A lot of ...
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2answers
2k views

Pump pressure required to fill water tower

I have a water pump at a distance of x meters from a water tower located h meters above the pump through a pipe with diameter d. I am not concerned with the exact value just want to make sure my pump ...
3
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4answers
894 views

Water to ice expansion in $1\textrm{mm}^3$ pit - pressure on the pit walls?

[EDITED] by mistake, the subject was regarding 1m^3 instead of 1mm^3. There should be a significant difference between the two... A 1x1x1mm pit filled with water is frozen at a slow rate (1K/minute). ...
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2answers
517 views

Burning alcohol vapor

Let's imagine a plastic container, sealed closed. We fill half of it with alcohol, then we generate a spark. The question is: can the mixture of alcohol and air burn, or do we need a hole to let air ...
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0answers
22 views

Pressure inside a typical white dwarf

Does any one know the order of magnitude of pressure inside a typical white dwarf (better with reference)? Thanks! I think it should be $m_e^4c^5/h^3$ (may be multiplied by $\pi$), which is $10^{22} ...
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0answers
47 views

sound propagation at low pressure

I am curious about the properties of sound at low atmospheric pressure. Not the speed of sound, I want to know how lower pressure will affect the distance sound will carry and the frequency range. For ...
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0answers
49 views

Bottle cap burst phenomenon [closed]

There is a trick you can do with a simple plastic water bottle: After putting the cap on as tight as you can, you twist the body of the bottle a few times so that it compresses the air in the bottle. ...
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0answers
61 views

Superconductivity: how does the critical temperature depend on the pressure?

This question is inspired by a recent publication, in which researchers managed to boost the record critical temperature at which a substance becomes superconducting by applying an enormous pressure ...
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3answers
288 views

How does vasoconstriction/vasodilation of arterioles change blood pressure?

Background: I am coming at this question from an electrical engineering background, and I feel like I am missing certain assumptions that are going into the statement found in my physiology textbook, ...
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0answers
189 views

How would water drain out of a sealed pipe?

While hiking through the Grand Canyon, I started wondering. Say we have a pipe for the purpose of transporting water across a canyon, with the bottom submerged in a pool of water. Like the blue line ...
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0answers
33 views

Is there a material with non-monotone density dependence on pressure?

Is there a material with such non-linear effects (including chemical reactions, phase transitions etc ...) so that there would be range where pressure increase would yield density decrease? What ...
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0answers
226 views

Second derivative of vapor pressure from a cubic equation of state

It is quite easy to compute the first derivative of vapor pressure with respect to temperature from a cubic equation of state at least at the critical point since there is a continuity with the ...
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2answers
139 views

Expression for Atmospheric Pressure with Altitude, including Tidal Forces

Is this simple to obtain? I've tried to modify the constant-gravity model to use the $GM/r^2$ form instead, but my result was shown to be wrong with some testing. Constant Gravity Model You can ...
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3answers
16k views

About an upside down cup of water against atmosphere pressure

There is an experiment we learned from high school that demonstrated how atmosphere pressure worked. Fill a cup of water and put a cardboard on top of it, then turn it upside-down, the water will not ...
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3answers
244 views

Why does the system move until equal temperatures are obtained?

In my college level thermodynamics class, the teacher gave us the example of a closed system which consisted of a box thermally insulated. A piston fully divides the box in two parts, and each is ...
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4answers
3k views

Balloons and lifting gases

Hydrogen is the lightest element, so it's cable of lifting the most weight in out atmosphere (probably not the best terminology there, but you get the picture) Would hot hydrogen (in the same sense ...
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2answers
6k views

How can I calculate the pressure against the sides of a container? [closed]

While answering this question on DIY.SE, I wanted to calculate the amount of pressure (in psi) that would be exerted on the walls of the container. However, I don't know much about how to calculate ...
2
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2answers
267 views

Why is a hole in a ball?

I wanted to know why there is a hole in the ball (basketball, volleyball, handball) to fill the ball with air. Why can't the ball come with filled in air and fully sealed so that there is no loss of ...
2
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2answers
635 views

Do we hear sounds differently on the highest mountains?

Some searching gives that above 6,000 meter altitude the air density is less than half of that at sea level. Speed of sound is about 15-20% slower and "acoustic impedance" seems to change too. Do ...
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3answers
214 views

Would a person gain or lose weight after expelling a flatus?

Considering the chemical composition, mass, and pressure range of typical human flatulence, would a person gain or lose weight after passing gas?
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4answers
289 views

Mathematical Reasoning for Fluid Pressure as a Scalar

This question from a while ago and answers/comments to this question from earlier today both make heavy mention of the fact that fluid pressure is a scalar. Although this information was surprising ...
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2answers
4k views

How can sound waves propagate through air?

We know that the sound waves propagate through air, and it can't travel through vacuum. so the thing that help it doing that is the air's molecules pressure. So my question how can that happens? I ...
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1answer
272 views

Is there a way to measure atmosperic pressure without an instrument?

Just that . I am not too much concerned about the accuracy of measurements .
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3answers
214 views

Making a “heavier-than-air” craft float

How big would a hollow rigid object need to be to float, (not in water but in air) if all of the air was vacuumed out and the container sealed?
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3answers
77 views

How does inhalation work?

In school, we learn that during inhalation, the diaphragm expands, causing air to get sucked into our lungs. You can feel this suction by putting your hand over your mouth while inhaling. Why is ...
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2answers
61 views

while travelling in a bus or train, air comes inside the vehicle but it seems it goes nowhere

I have been amazed observing that while travelling in a train or bus , we feel air comming into the vehicle. I know this is due to difference in pressure but my question is that we dont feel air going ...
2
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1answer
208 views

How is pressure an intensive coordinate?

Most textbooks explain intensive coordinates by asking us to consider a system and divide it into two parts. The properties which remain the same will be called intensive and the properties that ...
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2answers
338 views

Existence of gusts of wind, an anomaly?

Enthusiast + Student, not a pro, so pardon my ignorance. How can wind possibly flow in gusts? The way I understand it, a gust is a pocket of air which hits you at slightly higher speed. But how ...
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3answers
123 views

How can Denver offer Hot Air Balloon rides?

So the air density in Denver is 1.0 kg/m^3. And heated air has the density of 0.95 kg/m^3. So adding the weight of the basket and balloon I don't understand how a hot air balloon could get off the ...
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2answers
204 views

How much pressure does the earth's central atom experience?

If mass is distributed evenly about it: "central atom", then it should be weightless right? If reasonably so, does it still experience the pressure? I would like to calculate, but I'm not so ...