Force per unit area.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
87 views

How to solve state parameters using these givens for an ideal gas?

In a thermodynamic turbine using air as an ideal gas, given that you have a known inlet temperature value $T_i$, a known exit pressure value $P_e$, a known inlet and exit velocity $V_i$ and $V_e$, a ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

pressure required for displacing a single electron off a crystal

I need to know this for my project- "power generation using the pressure applied on a keypad of a mobile electronic device". How much pressure does it take to displace a single electron off its ...
10
votes
2answers
266 views

What if the lid of a pressure cooker was suddenly released?

My dad and I have tried to calculate the strength of the explosion if the lid was suddenly freed. We took some measures: Lid mass: $0.7 \textrm{kg}$ Lid surface: $0.415 \textrm{m}^2$ Internal ...
0
votes
0answers
381 views

pressure loss in a syringe

I'm currently working on a problem which is really giving me some issues. The problem concerns the force required to expel water from a syringe. We have a 20ml syringe (which is $2\times10^{-5}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Radiation Pressure [closed]

How much radiation pressure would be required from the sun for a carbon atom on the surface of the Earth to reach an acceleration of 1G? Can you show all the math required for the answer...thanks
0
votes
2answers
52 views

One Particle in a Vacuum

I recently watch a lecture by Neil Tyson where he said the closest thing we have to a vacuum is interstellar space. I believe he said there will be one atom per 1 cubic meter or something close to ...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

Pumping water from a closed column. Will the column get empty or just circualte?

As a picture is worth a thousand words, here is my problem: It is a closed water column with a bit of air in the top section. If I run the pump and make the water flow from IN to OUT, Will the ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

The equal opposite reaction of radiation pressure

If the photons of a laser would produce a radiation pressure upon whatever it shown upon wouldn't it be accurate to say that the laser would be propelled in the opposite direction of its beam?
2
votes
0answers
146 views

Internal moment in the hull of a pressure vessel

This question is related to the course structural analysis. As part of our exam grade every student has been given different multiple homework assignments which we have to solve. One of the problems ...
1
vote
2answers
620 views

Is it possible to calculate atmospheric pressure if given temperature (F) and elevation?

I am working on a report at work and need to determine the atmospheric pressure for small intervals over a 24 hour period. Searching Google, I've found charts which give a base pressure of 14.65 psia ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Do I need to have an airtight container to siphon boiling water?

I'm attempting to siphon boiling water into another container for a school project. I have researched the physics of a siphon but I can't seem to make my boiling water siphon out of its initial pot. ...
-1
votes
2answers
254 views

A simple logical problem regarding pressure and force

Suppose a 2 meter long pipe, with area of cross section is $1 m^2$. The pipe is vertically placed, with the bottom end closed. Inside the pipe, at the closed bottom end, there is $1 m^3$ of air, ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Compressible fluid flow through a branched pipe junctions

Backdrop: Designing a dust extraction system (LEV) with a branched junction. What principles allow for the calculation of volume flow rate and pressure at the inlets if the volume flow rate and ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

How should holes in a Tesla turbine look like?

I think of building a Tesla turbine out of old hard drives. Now I wonder how to cut ventilation holes in the platters. On the internet there are a lot of different attempts on that matter. A lot of ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

How do I calculate the energy balance of a trompe?

I was quite fascinated by the concept of an ancient type of air compressor, called a trompe. It entrains air bubbles into a falling stream of water via the Venturi effect, and extracts the air at a ...
0
votes
0answers
333 views

How much pressure is needed to break an egg if applied from top and bottom?

Everybody knows that you can't break an egg with our fingers when pushing from top and bottom. I assume if we could squeeze hard enough the egg would break?
3
votes
2answers
695 views

With ideal gases, varying quantity of moles, and having a constant volume how do temperature and pressure behave?

I'm trying to build a simulation of gases so I ended-up trying to use law of ideal gases ($PV = nRT$). In my scenario: volume is constant ($V=1\rm{m}^3$); a known quantity of moles are being added ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Difference between Diamond anvil cell and Bridgman cell

In high pressure physics what is the difference between diamond anvil cells (DAC) and Bridgman cells? My understanding is that they are both forms of anvil cell but in the scientific literature I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Does the Earth have a semi-solid body at its core because of lower pressure at the center of the Earth?

I have read that the Earth has a semi-solid iron body at its core, even though that object is surrounded by liquid magma.... I'm wondering if this is because of a pressure (and resulting temperature) ...
0
votes
1answer
310 views

thought experiment involving water pressure

If I were to move the syringe up, and cause it to be stationary, how does that effect the pressure at the bottom of the pipe? How does the movement of this water effect the system setup and ...
4
votes
3answers
359 views

How can I keep a smaller water reservoir's water level at half available when being fed from a larger reservoir? [closed]

I'm trying to create my own ultrasonic humidifier. I ordered the misting part which works great but it only functions correctly in shallow water. So I'd like to feed from a large water reservoir to a ...
13
votes
3answers
620 views

Why don't I feel pressure on my body when swimming under water?

If I put a couple of lead bricks on my foot, there would be a definite sensation of a heavy, perhaps even painful, force. Calculating the pressure for $20 kg$ of lead over a $100 cm^2$ area of my ...
7
votes
2answers
337 views

At what velocity does sea water leave a pipe run into a fresh water lake (for equal surface levels)?

If I took a fresh water lake* whose surface is exactly as sea level, and connect it to the sea with a pipe filled with sea water, with both ends of the pipe at exactly the same depth from the surface, ...
4
votes
3answers
149 views

Effect variable cylinder radius has on airflow

Can someone shed some light on the following problem? I'm unable to get any traction on it as I know nothing about fluid dynamics (I'm a computer engineer). It's a problem I made up over a lunch ...
2
votes
1answer
649 views

Pump pressure required to fill water tower

I have a water pump at a distance of x meters from a water tower located h meters above the pump through a pipe with diameter d. I am not concerned with the exact value just want to make sure my pump ...
4
votes
2answers
236 views

What happens to the vapor pressure when I expel the liquid phase from the vessel?

Suppose I put water in a closed vessel and heat it, so the vessel becomes pressurized above ambient pressure. Now, there should be liquid and gaseous water inside the vessel. Since it's under ...
0
votes
0answers
313 views

What is the pressure in a vertical pipe that has moving fluid through it?

I have a system like this When the valve is closed, pressure along any point along the thin tube may be found thru pgh. 1. What about when the valve is opened? 2. Does the top of the jar need to be ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Can I use computer fans and tubes to lower the air temperature below dew point?

I suppose to build a small dehumidifier, but I am narrowing the question down into its logics. I have relatively powerful computer fans, water cooling radiator and some metal tubings. With the idea ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Determining Water Level

Given a cylinder of a constant shape and size, how can the water level be calculated using the inside surface of the container? For instance, could the inside lining of the container be a pressure ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Does a magnet's field become stronger or weaker in a vacuum?

This article seems to indicate that a magnet (atleast magnetite, it may not apply to rare earth magnets) weakens when subjected to extremes of pressure. This is purportedly the result of a decrease in ...
0
votes
1answer
462 views

Calculate pressure of air trapped underwater

Seal top end of straw, partially submerge straw in water, how do I calculate the air pressure inside the straw? Bonus points for compensating for any secondary factors like temp, humidity or flex of ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Cosmology constant as a negative pressure?

It seems a positive cosmology constant behaves like a negative pressure. However, the positive cosmology constant cause a expanding universe. So I am puzzling about this: A negative pressure cause a ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Determine the maximum height a pump can suck up water

I am working on a homework problem that presents the scenario of trying to raise water from a small reservoir of depth 8 m whose surface is 25 m below a pump that can maintain a pressure differential ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

Why is a hole in a ball?

I wanted to know why there is a hole in the ball (basketball, volleyball, handball) to fill the ball with air. Why can't the ball come with filled in air and fully sealed so that there is no loss of ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

If 1 screw can support 120 lbs, how much weight can 25 screws support?

While this is mainly about my personal home improvement project, I figure this would be a good opportunity for some of you to apply your physics skills to a real-world situation. My situation is ...
3
votes
1answer
900 views

Area under a $pV$ diagram

What does the area under a Pressure volume diagram equal? I read in my textbook it equals 'external' work done, but why is this? First of all, what exactly is external work? Can you get it ...
3
votes
2answers
571 views

Jupiter Core is Solid Hydrogen

I was watching a show on the science channel about gas giants; there is something I do not understand. I am not a scientist, so this may be obvious to some. I learned that there a three states of an ...
3
votes
1answer
396 views

Does the magnitude of pressure on the sides (not the top and bottom) of a volume depend on depth?

I understand that at a point in a fluid, such as water, the fluid will be in equilibrium as the sum of the pressure from all directions will equal to zero. For a volume of water, the reasoning should ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does the balloon pop?

When we pierce a balloon with a sharp needle, it pops and produce a great sound. But, It doesn't pop when we open the mouth of the balloon (through which we have blown air)... So, Why doesn't the gas ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

What is the pressure on an empty pneumatic tube?

At the residence I'm constructing a kitchen digester. The gas is to be collected into an old bicycle/scooter tube - initially as empty as may be after wringing it out.. Will the digester (total ...
1
vote
2answers
233 views

Opposing forces on an air cylinder — half force each or full force each?

If an air cylinder is pushing two platens apart with a force of $100\: \mathrm{lbs}$, do the platens need to push back at $100\: \mathrm{lbs}$ or $50\: \mathrm{lbs}$ each to keep the cylinder from ...
2
votes
2answers
564 views

Will the siphoning effect help a system pump water upwards if the water's entry and exit points are at the same height?

I am looking to pump water from a pool up to a roof for solar heating (black plastic tubing) and then back into the pool with the original source water. Does the gravitational force of the water ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

How can I estimate relative humidity ($e/e_s$) from temperature and dewpoint?

Background my goal is to estimate vapor pressure deficit ($vpd$) from Relative Humidity ($rh = \frac{e}{e_s}$): $$vpd = \frac{100 - \frac{e}{e_s}}{100} e_s$$ (from Hartmann "Global Physical ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

Necessary air pressure in flexible vessel to lift a certain mass

I have the following situation in mind: A big airtight bag of arbitrary shape with a person standing on it. The bag gets inflated with air to lift the person. Assuming that the bag is much larger ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Relationship between balloon size and pressure

I see numerous websites talking about how a small balloon is at higher pressure than a big balloon. This is a fun counter-intuitive factoid... unless it isn't a fact at all. Young-Laplace gives $$T ...
4
votes
1answer
810 views

Flow of momentum is pressure

In the diagonal terms of the energy-momentum tensor, the flow of $x$-momentum in the $x$-direction is the $x$-pressure. Why the flow of momentum is pressure?
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Which heated, partially filled bottle will explode first?

This is in reference to a pasteurization discussion on a homebrewing forum. I have four closed bottles which will explode if containing too much pressure. Two of them are 50% full (A and B), and two ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

How much work is needed to compress a certain volume of gas?

I want to know the formula (and what does the symbols stand for) for how much work is needed to compress a certain volume of gas?
3
votes
1answer
406 views

Pascal law with two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends

If I have two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends (pressing both ends of the water) how much weight do I need to add on one side so that one of the stones reach ...