Force per unit area.

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1answer
38 views

Fluid pressure when it is not vertically placed

The pressure of a point in a fluid is the sum of the external pressure and $pgh$. However, when the fluid is not placed perpendicular to the ground, then what is $h$ here? For example, a cup of water ...
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0answers
20 views

Is lossless storage of cryo liquids practically possible due to pressure?

All cryogenic liquid storage tanks I've seen in labs are equipped with pressure relief valves, which will eventually vent all of the liquid when the tank is stored at room temperature. I am wondering ...
0
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2answers
90 views

What is the air pressure in a bubble of air trapped in an upturned beaker?

If I trap some air in an upturned beaker like this: What will be the air pressure inside the beaker? If I introduce say 10cm3 at atmospheric pressure via a pipe, I guess it will take up a smaller ...
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0answers
136 views

Vacuum pressure equivalent in a siphon hose filled with water?

So, I was thinking about how siphons worked today, and no matter how high or low the tube goes, as long as the end is lower than the start, water will flow. So, if you took a hose, ran it up 50 ...
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1answer
37 views

How can I interpret $P(t) = \frac{1}{Q(t)} \frac{dW(t)}{dt}$ physically?

Generally speaking, one can calculate the work, $W$ (energy) required to compress a volume, $V$ of gas by integrating the pressure-volume 'loop' in a phase-space as $$W=\oint PdV$$ where $P$ is the ...
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0answers
52 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
26
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4answers
6k views

Is a bomb's shockwave strong enough to kill? [closed]

I'm watching a movie, The Hurt Locker, and the first scene shows an IED explosion which kills a soldier. Of course movies don't depict explosions with maximum realism, but I noticed the debris and ...
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2answers
691 views

How do suction cups work?

My roommate and I are having trouble agreeing on how suction cups work. Presumably, the ambient air pressure is the only thing which keeps the suction cup attached to the object. When lifting an ...
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0answers
48 views

Pressure profile and output of a coil heated burner

In a hot air balloon burner (and probably lots of other burners) liquid gas is passing through a heating coil before it exits at a hose. I realize that the point of having a heating coil is to ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Can you blow bubbles on top of Mount Everest?

Can you blow bubbles on top of Mount Everest? How would they be different in low temperatures and pressures?
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1answer
626 views

How do I keep the temperature constant in a Boyle's Law experiment?

I'm trying to get a head start on our lab experiment next week about Boyle's Law. The set-up is we have an air chamber can immersed in a pot of boiling water (which is kept boiling over an electric ...
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0answers
93 views

What is the meaning of the point of inflection in this?

Consider the following flow velocity profiles near a boundary, and the boundary profile point of inflection,PI Regarding the effect of pressure gradient on boundary-layer profiles does the point of ...
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1answer
165 views

Calculate pressure from partition function with separated volume geometric parameters?

How does one calculate the pressure from the partition function if it is specified in terms of three parameters defining the space of which the gas occupies, but all three parameters are not always ...
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2answers
123 views

Why can't liquid nitrogen be sealed in gas cylinders?

By observing the phase diagram of nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide, I discovered the supercritical region. I can easily buy a gas tank of carbon dioxide at 250 Bars. However I never saw any ...
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2answers
41 views

Constant RPM of Gas Compressor

I would like to improve my understanding of gas compressors. If the compressor is moving at constant RPM, does it mean that it can only allow the same volumetric flow rate at all times? So the power ...
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2answers
82 views

Barrel length, not PSI, determines acceleration?

In 5:49 in this MythBusters video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74K3IYOM7Lg, the MythBusters Jamie and Adam believe that barrel length is the deciding factor in acceleration, more so than PSI. Why ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Origin of pressure gradient in Navier-Stokes integral

I am not understanding the origin of the second term on RHS of momentum conservation equation (cf. the Wiki page), $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial t}\int_V\rho\mathbf u\,dV=-\oint_S\left(\rho\mathbf ...
4
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2answers
132 views

Is there a phase transition for degenerate matter?

Does electron or neutron degenerate matter undergo a phase transition? Are there any thermodynamic quantities that are discontinuous?
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0answers
106 views

Magnus effect, Coanda effect, and the Bernoulli principle: What is balancing gravity on a spinning sphere vs. a stationary screwdriver?

I've seen videos of golf balls and screwdrivers levitated by a focused air stream. Reading the comments of these videos (and others), I see explanations of the machanics at work and their cause and ...
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3answers
214 views

Would a person gain or lose weight after expelling a flatus?

Considering the chemical composition, mass, and pressure range of typical human flatulence, would a person gain or lose weight after passing gas?
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1answer
231 views

How do I calculate the maximum pressure a container can withhold?

Say I have a spherical container with a certain gas inside, heated to a very high temperature, and thus a very high pressure. The gas will exert a force radially outwards onto the container, and at ...
0
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3answers
817 views

Pressure change with a pipe diameter change

I have a question regarding a water line from the street to a house. What happens to the pressure in a water line if it goes from a 1" diameter pipe (at street) and increases to a 1.5" diameter pipe ...
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2answers
127 views

Atmospheric pressure on a flat object

Consider a 10 inch by 10 inch sheet of paper lying flat on the ground. If atmospheric pressure is 15 pounds per square inch (sea level), then there is 1500 pounds of force acting downwards on the ...
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1answer
51 views

How long will pressure exist in this case?

I'm currently fabricating my project, which currently exists only on paper, and there's one question to which I have stumbled today. Suppose, that I have a pressure vessel capable of holding upto ...
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3answers
138 views

Does a gas in a container lose kinetic energy?

When a gas is in a container, it frequently collides with the container wall, exerting pressure. However, with a collision, kinetic energy ought to be transferred from the gas molecule to the ...
-1
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2answers
113 views

If you place a filled water bottle at the bottom of the Mariana Trench, how does the bottle stand the enormous pressure?

The pressures are akin to an entire train pressing down on you. How does the water bottle stand this pressure? And yes, the water bottle will stand: How else do the creatures at the very bottom of ...
0
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1answer
63 views

If you brought a hollow one-inch cube of steel filled with air into space, would the air exert a pressure of 14.7 psi on the cube?

In my thought experiment, since air exerts $14.7$ psi at sea level, the air within the cube of steel should exert the same pressure outward, $14.7$ psi. Right? The whole thing about balanced air ...
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0answers
50 views

What happens if you blow at a paper wad sitting at the doorway of an airtight room?

Sounds like a hilarious scenario, but this is why it got me thinking: A common experiment demonstrating air pressure is to put a paper wad at the mouth of a bottle, and then blow into the bottle. The ...
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1answer
1k views

Could a vacuum airship be possible? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia, a vacuum airship is a hypothetical airship that is evacuated instead of using a lighter gas. Really, once I first saw this, I thought, "Why did I never think about this ...
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0answers
28 views

Pressure gradient - derivation for air stream

I need help clarifying the statement made here that $$dp = l\frac{dp}{dx}$$ $\frac{dp}{dx}$ is an infinitely small change in pressure at some point x. $dp$ is the total change in pressure between ...
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2answers
723 views

How do I calculate the weight that PSI can lift?

Imagine that there's a force that is given to you in $psi$, say $1450\ psi$. And there's some body of weight say, $100\ kg$. What I want to know is that, how much $psi$ will I need to lift the "body" ...
-1
votes
1answer
31 views

what is the pressure that a sonic wave actually creates?

We know that sonic waves across atmosphere are basically areas of high and low pressure. But I couldn't find how much is that pressure. There are online calculators to calculate the sound pressure, ...
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2answers
56 views

what is the effect of a sound wave at the opposite side of its direction?

We know that a sound source produces a sound wave and a high pressure area is followed by a low pressure area, while they travel with 300m/s. My question is, if the sound source travels with 50m/s in ...
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0answers
37 views

Slow sustained liquid movement in a vacuum

Can water or any other liquid be made to “simmer” or “low boil” (slow sustained liquid movement) in a vacuum as opposed to go from liquid to all out boil when the vapor pressure is equal to the ...
1
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1answer
34 views

sound waves and atmospheric pressure

Is it possible to use sound waves (ultrasound/infrasound or whatever) in order to make some space have lower atmospheric pressure? Or maybe another way to achieve this? I was thinking that maybe sound ...
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0answers
86 views

Connection between gas flow rate and diameter of tubing

First time poster, long time troller and curious student. I have a bit of a conundrum that I would love some input on... Here's the problem. I have an air flow system is under constant pressure of ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

Determine fan sound (dB) based on its rotational speed (RPM)

I am trying to find the sound amplitude or level produced by a fan, knowing its RPM. Is there a simple formula for it? What other parameters does it depend on? Assume I have all the fan properties, ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Question about pistons and how their volume is affected by particles?

I can't find an answer to this anywhere. When pressure is maintained in a piston and an ideal gas is injected into it (again, with no change in pressure as it is injected) the piston is displaced ...
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0answers
19 views

is there any element or material that ionized when pressure is applied to it?

I want to know if there is any material, that produce free electrons and ions when it undergoes to high pressure.
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3answers
184 views

Calculate pressure with the ideal gas law or $\rho gh$?

In a container the pressure on the walls due to a gas can be calculated using the ideal gas law $\bigl(pV=NRT\bigr)$. However, for a column of water, or the pressure at earth's surface due to a ...
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0answers
62 views

Is surface tension the result of a pressure drop over the air-water interface or visa versa, for a two sphere system?

For a liquid bridge between two spheres the Young-Laplace equation states that: $\vartriangle p= \gamma\bigl(\frac{1}{R_1}+\frac{1}{R_2}\bigr)$ where $\vartriangle p$ is the capillary pressure ...
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2answers
115 views

Is this a case of the “venturi effect”? What's behind the “Venturi effect” actually?

Some dinghy sailboats have a hole in the bottom of their deck used to automatically bail out water after a capsize. bailer of the laser sailoat The mechanism only works if the boat is moving. The ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Will changing the pipe diameter reduce the pressure head loss?

I have this system installed in my house (fig 1), and I'm having problems with the shower. I want to know whether, if I change the PEX tubes shown in red from 1/2" to 1" as shown in fig 2, I will have ...
14
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9answers
4k views

How to emulate 40ft (12 m) of water? [closed]

I am part of an underwater robotics team, and our next year's challenge requires us to compete at a depth of 40ft. We don't have any pools nearby to test in, so I want to emulate this 40ft of pressure ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Is 0.1 bar (hydrostatic pressure) equivalent to 0.1 bar vacuum pressure (absolute pressure)?

Suppose we would like to test the ability of an objec to withstand the pressure under 1 meter of whater. I would like to understand how to simulate this situation using vacuum. Is the 0.1 bar (for 1 ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Are there limits for the speed of sound? A maximum or a minimum only?

The speed of sound in materials of various states of matter differs a lot. But does it have fundamental limits? Is there a maximal possible speed of sound? Is there a minimal possible speed of ...
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0answers
17 views

Density and pressure of the earth core [duplicate]

According to some sources the density of the earth core is about 9.5kg / m^3 and the pressure: 4*10^11 Pa I know the gravitational force decreases, if you get closer the center of the earth, ...
0
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1answer
413 views

Few doubts about saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour pressure

I have some sort of confusions towards saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour pressure.. So let me give you those. What is exactly saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour ...
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2answers
85 views

Pressure - How much fluid can void support?

Please refer to the attached (terrible) drawing while reading the post ! After watching some videos about the U-tube effect in drilling, a question came to me. Imagine one fluid of heavy density ...
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2answers
93 views

Does atmospheric pressure have a net contribution to this FBD (free body diagram)?

Pressure acting on the left and right sides of the block counteract