Force per unit area.

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4answers
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Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
6
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3answers
811 views

The physics behind Balloons lifting objects?

Apologies for the super basic question, but we all have to start somewhere right? Can somebody please explain exactly how you would calculate the number of helium balloons it would take to lift an ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Why does deodorant always feel cold?

We all use deodorant and they always feel cold, why is that? Is it because it is liquid inside the bottle and a gas when it is released?
6
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2answers
220 views

Why don't forces on two surfaces of a fluid need to balance?

In my textbook (Resnick Halliday Krane), the derivation for pressure in a fluid at a given depth is done assuming that the fluid is homogeneous. Thus, the book concludes that the pressure in a fluid ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Why are popcorn seeds soft after popping?

When a seed of popcorn is heated up in oil, it pops like this: You can take one of these popped pieces and eat it with little to no problem. However, if you get an un-popped seed and sink your ...
6
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3answers
4k views

Why did my frozen water bottle explode when I opened it after it defrosted a bit?

Last night I filled a 20 fl oz bottle (http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/soft-drinks/boylans-mash.asp) with lukewarm water from my tap. I filled the bottle pretty much to the brim, ...
6
votes
1answer
341 views

Water flushed down, water pumped up (in buildings)

I live in a tall building (20 floors) on a mountain. Because the water pressure from the water company is not enough, there is a water pump at the last floor which is activated each time someone is ...
6
votes
2answers
630 views

Hydrostatic pressure on a teapot spout

The phenomenon where water flows on the outside side of a teapot spout is named "The teapot effect", and occurs due to a difference in pressure between water and the atmosphere. Consider the image of ...
6
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2answers
125 views

Why can I move through air?

Forgive me if this a simple question with an obvious answer I can't see. I was thinking about pressure and air pressure and how we have thousands of pounds of air pressing down on us. What I'm ...
6
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1answer
51 views

Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
6
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2answers
426 views

Keeping air in a giant gravitationally-bound space balloon

Let's say a space-faring society wants to make a space station that has a large volume filled with air (or other gas), but no gravity. Using normal pressure tanks will require gathering an amount of ...
6
votes
1answer
193 views

What is the cause of noise generation at my bike helmet

I am looking for anexplanation of this phenomenon: I was riding my bike, (not driving it, was sitting on the back seat) with the helmet on. While the glass of the helmet was intact, I could hear ...
6
votes
1answer
654 views

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed?

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed to derive hydrogen and oxygen? Does the dielectric constant of water, which which lowers as pressure increases, have an effect on ...
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2answers
689 views

Why can, or can not, a perfectly incompressible fluid exist?

Water is normally assumed to be an incompressible fluid - for example in the context of calculations involving water pressure. I wondered whether that is strictly true, or an approximation? Later I ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is negative 20 psi / 1.5 bar possible?

If I understand correctly, negative pressure usually means relative pressure: the difference between inside and outside. If outside is normal (1 bar, 15 psi, 100 kPa etc), how low can the (relative) ...
5
votes
1answer
365 views

Bowling Ball Sinking Rate - Variable or Constant?

In today's (Jan. 16, 2014) xkcd What If?, Randall Munroe discusses how fast a bowling ball will sink to the bottom of the Mariana Trench. He calculates the drag on the ball, and then plugging in the ...
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3answers
841 views

Get an intuition for pressure values

I am currently working with pressure differences in the milibar range. However I do not have a good feeling for pressure differences. In every day life: Where does a pressure of say 100 mbar over ...
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3answers
782 views

Why is Avogadro's hypothesis true?

Why is the number of molecules in a standard volume of gas at a standard temperature and pressure a constant, regardless of the molecule's composition or weight? Let's say I have a closed box full of ...
5
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3answers
376 views

Home experiment question

I want to make a home experiment where I roughly explain the phenomenon of water remaining in a straw if you close one end of the straw. So I'm thinking that the weight of the water is pulling it ...
5
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3answers
362 views

Will an air-filled tire normally gravitate toward being nitrogen-filled just by refilling with air?

A big argument by the nitrogen-in-the-tire crowd is that: Nitrogen atoms are bigger and thus less likely to escape the tire, bringing stability to your tire pressure. If Earth's atmosphere is ...
5
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2answers
364 views

How does train back draft work

Quoting platforms and stations : Fast trains can create a vacuum called a ‘back draft’ that can blow you over or suck you under a train. How does that work ? I thought that the volume of air ...
5
votes
3answers
130 views

Will a drop of liquid flow from from the wide opening to the narrow opening of a thin funnel by the effect of air pressure?

We have a funnel that is thin enough to keep a drop of liquid inside it as shown in this figure. Assuming that the funnel is placed on a horizontal table, will the drop flow from the left side to ...
5
votes
2answers
575 views

Can water pressure ever be high enough to trap gas bubbles or keep them from surfacing?

Can water pressure ever become high enough to trap gas bubbles and/or keep them from surfacing?
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3answers
566 views

A book sits on a table. What is the net force of air pressure?

An elementary problem asks, A book is at rest on a table top. In what direction is the net force of air pressure on the book? Is this a meaningful question, and if so, what's the answer? If ...
5
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3answers
524 views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
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3answers
5k views

Atmospheric pressure experiment using a cup with a fluid to hold a glass plate

When I was in high school, my teacher did an experiment to show the power of atmospheric pressure. Experiment: Prepare a glass bottle, fill with water, put a glass plate on the bottle, make sure ...
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1answer
198 views

What pressure or tension occurs in a glass jar when I pour boiling water inside?

Sometimes it happens that when you pour a boiling water into a glass jar, it cracks. Since glass is very hard material and resilient to pressure, the tension must be very high. Is it possible to ...
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4answers
75 views

why is the force on the side of a very narrow tank independent of the volume of water?

I building a tank for water 2ft high, 2ft wide (front to back), 8 feet long (left to right) Common formulas dictate the total force on the long sides is approx 1000lbs (w x h x .43). Where .43 is psi ...
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2answers
364 views

Difference between weight of water and pressure of water

(I didn't even have a basic formal education in physics. I'm learning through the internet out of my own interest, so if there are any silly mistakes, kindly bear with and guide me through.) ...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

Why is the pressure on top of a slab of water greater than the pressure on the bottom?

In the image below, my book seems to be saying that if you have a cup of water in complete equilibrium, then if you have a small cube of water inside the cup given by $dm=ρAdy$ there is a downward ...
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1answer
12k views

How is formula for converting pressure from mmHg to Pa derived?

Today my younger brother asked me from where does the 1 Pa = 0.00750061683 mmHg formula for mercury barometer come. He needs a way to derive it, or an academic source which can be cited. After ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Why do some pressure cookers initially leak

Why do some pressure cookers initially leak steam from the sides and after a while settle down and don't leak? Is it a positive feedback mechanism from the building steam which makes the sealing ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

If 1 screw can support 120 lbs, how much weight can 25 screws support?

While this is mainly about my personal home improvement project, I figure this would be a good opportunity for some of you to apply your physics skills to a real-world situation. My situation is ...
5
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2answers
11k views

Why does the balloon pop?

When we pierce a balloon with a sharp needle, it pops and produce a great sound. But, It doesn't pop when we open the mouth of the balloon (through which we have blown air)... So, Why doesn't the gas ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is pressure in a liquid the same in all directions?

I'd like answers both in the more intuitive side an on the more precise side. Thinking of water as "cubes" of water, for example, would allow pressure in the z axis to be independent of the y or x ...
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2answers
1k views

Water under high pressure

If you were to sink a container to the bottom of a deep ocean and seal it there, then bring it up to the surface, would it retain its pressure? The answer for a gas is obviously yes, but what about ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Why do some carbonated drinks fizz more than others?

Wired magazine ran an article this month on carbonation in soft drinks. If all soft drinks are manufactured effectively identically, why do some types fizz more than others? For example, root beer ...
5
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1answer
104 views

Titanic Question

I was reading this question: Was Titanic's captain's decision correct? @oakad commented about a Russian vessel keeping itself afloat by going in reverse, using hydrodynamic pressure to keep ...
5
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3answers
233 views

Microscopic source of pressure in an incompressible fluid

The pressure of a fluid can be explained microscopically in terms of molecules bouncing off the walls of a container. The molecules have a certain mass and speed, so when they bounce they transfer a ...
5
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3answers
98 views

Why do tropical cyclones not tear themselves apart?

A tropical cyclone is the generic term for a hurricane, typhoon, or tropical storm. Tropical cyclones derive their energy from evaporation of water at the ocean surface which ultimately recondenses ...
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6answers
8k views

Why does a gas inside a closed container experience atmosperic pressure when the gas itself is not in contact with the atmosphere?

I know this is a very basic (and probably stupid) question, but I have been confused about this for a long time.
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2answers
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How deep in the ocean can a ping-pong ball go before it collapses due to pressure?

Stimulated by the calculation showing that a ping-pong ball does not pop in vacuum, I'm driven to ask how deep in the ocean a ping-pong ball can be brought before it collapses due to pressure. This ...
4
votes
1answer
595 views

Why can I see my breath after I pop my ears?

I have this weird but reproducible thing that I can see my breath for less than a second even in hot/humid weather. The key to do that is to pop my ears - I have to do that often, it's like I'm on a ...
4
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3answers
167 views

Can one pump water without providing an external source of energy? [closed]

I have a farm situated right beside a canal through which we use to get water for our crops. I am not financially sound to buy an electric motor. The water is 15ft below the ground level. So can ...
4
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2answers
6k views

Pressure of sealed in liquid nitrogen

If you take a container of great strength, fill it to the brim with liquid nitrogen, seal the container, and heat it to room temperature. What will the pressure be inside? Bonus: The same with ...
4
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6answers
24k views

Why are volume and pressure inversely proportional to each other?

It makes sense, that if you have a balloon and press it down with your hands, the volume will decrease and the pressure will increase. This confirms Boyle's Law, $ pV=k=nRT $. But what if the ...
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2answers
1k views

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop?

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop? If so, at what point would it happen? Any standard table ping pong ball is acceptable.
4
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1answer
105 views

How much pressure would be needed to contain a 1 gigaton nuclear bomb explosion within a sphere of one meter radius?

How much pressure would be needed to contain the largest human exploitable nuclear bomb within a sphere of one radius? Also would it be possible to create a magnetic field that controlled some ...
4
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3answers
850 views

Does the weight of fluid in a conical container act entirely on the base?

Scenario description Lets assume both containers have a capacity of 300 litres. One is a vertical tube as shown in pic 1 Other one is more or less a V shaped containers as shown in pic 2 Both are ...
4
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1answer
590 views

Does the pressure increase under an upturned glass?

During my children's bath time we were playing with an upturned plastic jug filled with water and making some plastic divers float up inside the jug - see image. If one of the divers swam from A to ...