Force per unit area.

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Pressure and Phase Experiment Questions

Consider the experiment where a test tube filled with water is inverted in a beaker of water . (The following figures are not to scale of actual apparatus.) At time t=0, the instantaneous snapshot is ...
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36 views

Pressure equation working to get units kg m/s$^2$, but stuck?

Why does $kg/m^3 \cdot m/s^2 \cdot m$ become $kg\,m/s^2$ (i.e. one newton) When I do the working, I get $kg/(s^2 m)$ (i.e. metres is on the bottom rather than the top) My working is: \begin{align} ...
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1answer
121 views

What is the differential equation for pressure in a container with an orifice?

I've seen similar problems all over physics.SE and other sites. Most of the time it is about non-compressible fluids, or not about the differential equations. The physical system of interest is ...
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14 views

only one material (meta)stable at extreme pressures?

Is the pressure at the center of a neutron star so high that everything is crushed into neutronium, no matter what the original elements were? What is the highest pressure (at low/moderate ...
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1answer
34 views

Closed system, gas change in time

I'm trying to find out how to determine how a pressure of gas changes in time, but I can't find a way. I have a system with constant volume $V$ (closed system, exchanges heat with environment through ...
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5answers
73 views

Do particles always flow from high to low pressure?

In a recent question, it was stated that particles in high pressure air always flow to lower pressure. In a pipe with a constriction, fluid flows from from low to high pressure after the ...
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31 views

How is optical depth (opacity) related with gas pressure?

In stellar atmospheres, if we are given the gas pressure on the surface level of a star $P_{0}$ and we are expected to calculate the gas pressure on a deeper level (say 10000km) of the star, what kind ...
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64 views

The Bernoulli equation: positive and negative sign problem

According to bernoulli equation $$ P_1+1/2 \rho v_1^2+ \gamma h_1= P_2+1/2 \rho v_2^2+ \gamma h_2. $$ Because $$ v_1=0\quad h_1=0 $$ So $$ 0= 1/2 \rho V^2+ \gamma h. $$ It is wrong I know, but ...
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51 views

Can high osmotic in nerve, intracellular concentration, lead to 'pumping up' nerve cells, strongly increase internal pressure, myelin sheath broken?

On: http://biology.stackexchange.com/questions/6916/can-in-the-case-of-multiple-sclerosis-ms-a-too-high-osmotic-pressure-in-the-n I read a question: Can in the case of multiple sclerosis (MS), ...
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2answers
144 views

Where would a perfect sphere break under pressure?

My roommate who studies physics once showed me the leftovers of an interesting experiment: They filled up those metal balls with water and then froze it. The water expanded and with all of its ...
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28 views

Effects of pressure rate of change on the temperature of a fixed amount of gas

In Vol I,Chap 1-2 of the Feynman lectures on Physics,Feynman talks about how a change in pressure of a fixed amount of gas enclosed in a piston can cause its temperature to increase/decrease. He ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the interpretation of pressure times volume as energy?

I know that pressure times volume has units of energy, but is there an intuitive explanation of how the pressure contributes to the total energy? It seems clear for ideal gases using the $PV=nRT$ ...
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0answers
36 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
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1answer
59 views

Measuring the pressure in a container without changing it [closed]

Let's say I have a closed, non-transparent metal container with pressurized gas and I'd like to measure the pressure inside without changing that pressure (or changing it as little as possible). The ...
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1answer
43 views

Pressure coefficient on fluid mechanics

I have to solve numerically a fluid mechanics problem. I have an airfoil with a flap deployed downwards, under the airfoil I have set a mesh with some nodes. I have already computed stream function ...
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2answers
46 views

Would an airtight box filled with air act the same way to 1 bar of water pressure as the same box vacuum-sealed at atmospheric pressure?

Pressure On average, a column of air one square centimeter in cross-section, measured from sea level to the top of the atmosphere, has a mass of about 1.03 kg and weight of about 10.1 N (2.28 lbf) ...
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102 views

How much pressure would be needed to contain a 1 gigaton nuclear bomb explosion within a sphere of one meter radius?

How much pressure would be needed to contain the largest human exploitable nuclear bomb within a sphere of one radius? Also would it be possible to create a magnetic field that controlled some ...
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1answer
83 views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, then close it and come back to earth and open it one last time, what would happen?

I was reading this post, but no one seem to go further as say what would happen if you brought the bottle back to Earth? Guess what another thing I'm wanting got know is, what would now be in the ...
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1answer
34 views

Avalance diode -looking symbols with two triangles in the case of backpressure pump? [closed]

I cannot understand the symbols where you have some q terms, some arrows and white triangles. It is related to managed pressure drilling (MPD) of the system where the system is different to ...
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0answers
19 views

Nitrogen generator maximum flow check

We have a N2 PSA unit with following specs Now I have done some calculations as shown in the image. Assuming 0.8% of the air is (N2+inerts) rest being O2 can someone tell me that how 160CFM air ...
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0answers
19 views

Loud, low-frequency “booming” sound in car [duplicate]

I drive a Scion XD, and I've noticed that whenever I drive at about 40mi/hr or so with just the back windows rolled down, I get a loud "booming" effect at roughly 10Hz. What causes this? I assume it ...
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2answers
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Why is stress a tensor quantity?

Why is stress a tensor quantity? Why is pressure not a tensor? According to what I know pressure is an internal force whereas stress is external so how are both quantities not tensors? I am ...
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1answer
74 views

How high will the Ball Jump? [closed]

A small ball of density $\rho$ is immersed in a liquid of density $\sigma$, ($\sigma>\rho$) to the depth $h$ and released. How can we find the height above surface of the liquid up to which the ...
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0answers
25 views

Value of Pressure Gradient in a static Fluid [closed]

How can we prove that the value of Pressure Gradient in the horizontal direction represented by $\frac{\partial p}{\partial z}=-dg$ ; { $z$ direction is vertically upwards and $d$ is the density of ...
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2answers
135 views

How much pressure does the earth's central atom experience?

If mass is distributed evenly about it: "central atom", then it should be weightless right? If reasonably so, does it still experience the pressure? I would like to calculate, but I'm not so ...
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104 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
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1answer
65 views

If barometer length is 10 meter long, would mercury still be 77 cm? [closed]

The barometer length is around 1 meter and length to Hg column tells the pressure in room. Suppose if we have 10 meter long barometer with diameter of regular barometer, would it still show 77 cm? ...
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16answers
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Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and ...
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1answer
30 views

How constant volume gas thermomether keeps the volume constant?

So the level of mercury on the left is being kept down by the pressure of the gas, correct? When the temperature rises, shouldn't the mercury level on the left go down? And when the mercury level go ...
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1answer
31 views

Why does plastic wrap grow, then shrink, then grow again when microwaved?

The other night I was reheating a bowl of leftovers in the microwave. There was a fair amount of liquid in the bowl, so I covered the bowl with plastic wrap when I put it in the microwave. When I put ...
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1answer
51 views

Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
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2answers
33 views

About using screw in air compression and air Engine [closed]

I want to use screw to build compressed air engine, as following image As I designed, this screw rotate in a tube My Question is: How successful this idea? Note: If this question not related to ...
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1answer
136 views

How does a bowl of hot water move by itself?

I think everyone should have seen a bowl of hot water moving by itself on a flat surface such as glass(seems like it is moving by itself but maybe there are some external force applied to it when it ...
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2answers
63 views

Possible solutions to the crown problem of Archimedes [closed]

My teacher was talking about the crown problem, possibly solved by Archimedes using skills about density, weight and other properties that he studied. In the original publication, by Vitruvius in a ...
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1answer
24 views

inertial pressure on in a rotating syringe

First question on stackexchange. Hopefully somebody can help me out. I'm struggling to express the following eloquently. I have a rotating syringe tipped with a needle. rotation speed w, with radius ...
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1answer
32 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
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2answers
71 views

Why liquids in hydrostatic equilibrium stay at the same height? (open tubes)

This part of the book says that, because the two liquids have the same pressure at the same height (that's true), then if a liquid has a higher height, the liquid would have more pressure at a ...
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0answers
31 views

Is work done on a fluid in a communicating vessel necessarily equal to work done by the fluid inside it?

During the explanation of Pascal's law the argument that work done by a force to move the fluid inside communicating vessel is equal to the work done by the fluid at the other end of the vessel was ...
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1answer
64 views

Could fish in plastic bags filled with water float like that?

I saw this gif earlier and it bothered me how the plastic water bags with fish in it are not submerged in water like they would if we don't do anything special with the water inside and outside the ...
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1answer
58 views

How to convert cc to bar?

In astronomy/astrophysics, medium density is often given in cc, particles per cubic centimeter. Also, the temperature of the medium is usually given, in Kelvins. For some materials the melting point ...
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1answer
46 views

How much pressure do wheels exert on the ground?

I would like to know how much pressure 4 "rigid" wheels (as opposed to tyres) would exert on the ground; I've been on the case for hours now and the best I've come across to calculate this was the ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Inexplicable Results in a Vacuum Experiment

We've been doing the following experiment in our Physics Lab course and are coming up with some strange results which we're at a loss to explain. The purpose of the experiment is to determine the ...
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1answer
193 views

how does air pressure affect the speed of sound

How does air pressure affect the speed of sound in relation to its kinetic theory etc? I have tried searching this but i have not found a suitable answer as other websites simply related to air ...
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3answers
76 views

Why is the required tire pressure inversely proportional to the volume/size of the tire?

I once noticed a tire pressure table on a farm recommended a tire pressure of around 1.0 bar (I don't remember the exact number, but it was definitely below 1.9) for the rear tire of farm tractors. ...
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1answer
119 views

Why is the dynamic pressure not a vector quantity? [duplicate]

I understand that static pressure is a scalar quantity as it acts equally in all directions, then by the same reasoning dynamic pressure should be a vector quantity as it only can be measured by ...
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1answer
39 views

Calculating velocity from a pressure distribution

Using computational fluid dynamics I have calculated the pressure distribution over a streamlined body. I have access to the static, dynamic and total pressure seperately and assume that I can use ...
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1answer
76 views

Pressure Question

I have a question that relates to an arrangement of natural gas pipelines but for simplicity I will be describing a less complex problem. Imagine that I have two large pressure vessels connected by a ...
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2answers
86 views

How many psi's are in one bar?

6894.7573 bar = 100000.0 psi according to google 6894.7573 bar = 100000.0001 psi according to wolfram alpha which is it? How many psis are in one ...
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3answers
90 views

How do we measure pressure above a liquid column?

Consider this point $A$, just at the surface of any liquid exposed to atmosphere. The hydrostatic pressure exerted by this liquid of height $h$ is $h\rho g$. My confusion is tha that this pressure ...
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122 views

Calculating pressure under water

Say I were calculating the pressure under 1 foot of water, in psi. I'm thinking the pressure is force per unit area, and should be equal to the force exerted by the column of water standing over ...