Force per unit area.

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2answers
7k views

Why do particles in high pressure air always flow to lower pressure?

The title really says it all: Why is this case? A "Feynman type" answer would be really appreciated as I'm more of a layman that a physicist.
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5answers
11k views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, where does it go?

It seems to me that space doesn't have any/much air, and if my bottle is full of air, when I open it, where does the air go?
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1answer
1k views

Ping-pong ball pontoon

Imagine a vertical pipe (both ends opened) in the water. Drop several ping-pong balls into pipe and cover them with a cylinder. When you have enough balls, the cylinder will float. Now start adding ...
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4answers
3k views

Water pressure in free fall

The increasing water pressure as you go deeper is generally explained in terms of the weight of the water column above the observation point pressing down. The question, then, is what would happen if ...
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3answers
1k views

The physics behind Balloons lifting objects?

Apologies for the super basic question, but we all have to start somewhere right? Can somebody please explain exactly how you would calculate the number of helium balloons it would take to lift an ...
6
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4answers
3k views

Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
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2answers
1k views

Why can, or can not, a perfectly incompressible fluid exist?

Water is normally assumed to be an incompressible fluid - for example in the context of calculations involving water pressure. I wondered whether that is strictly true, or an approximation? Later I ...
4
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2answers
176 views

Could Dust Equation of State have some negative pressure?

Traditionally the cosmological equation of state of cold matter (so-called dust) is simply: $$p = 0.$$ But, in Newtonian terms, each particle is gravitationally attracting every other particle. ...
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2answers
435 views

How to calculate the highest theoretical artificial hill?

The biggest peak in the world is Mount Everest. Imagine someone starting to make an artificial hill (like pyramide) from soil (earth). So, when starting with an 200x200 Km base area, with 45degree ...
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0answers
1k views

Inflating a balloon (expansion resistance)

I am doing a quick calculation on how to calculate the pressure needed to inflate a perfectly spherical balloon to a certain volume, however I have difficulties with the fact that the balloon (rubber) ...
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2answers
1k views

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop?

If I put a ping pong ball in a vacuum, would it pop? If so, at what point would it happen? Any standard table ping pong ball is acceptable.
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4answers
5k views

Calculate water flow rate through orifice

I'm not very good with fluid physics, and need some help. Imagine the following setup with water contained in-front of a wall with an opening on the bottom: How do I calculate the water flow $Q$?. ...
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1answer
573 views

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them?

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them? I know that they don't actually travel, the question is how far do they oscillate or what is the physical amplitude of the ...
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3answers
6k views

What is the relation of sound propagation to air pressure?

I am wondering, air makes sound propagate. So in a vacuum there is no sound, but what is the relation of pressure to sound volume? Is it linear? If I have a source of sound and let's say I am in a ...
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2answers
329 views

Existence of gusts of wind, an anomaly?

Enthusiast + Student, not a pro, so pardon my ignorance. How can wind possibly flow in gusts? The way I understand it, a gust is a pocket of air which hits you at slightly higher speed. But how ...
2
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1answer
360 views

Why is the dynamic pressure not a vector quantity? [duplicate]

I understand that static pressure is a scalar quantity as it acts equally in all directions, then by the same reasoning dynamic pressure should be a vector quantity as it only can be measured by ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Heat of vaporization of water - dependence on relative humidity?

Does the heat of vaporization of water depend strongly on the relative humidity of the gas into which it evaporates? Some context: If we want to calculate the dew point of water, we find the ...
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1answer
69 views

Pressure coefficient on fluid mechanics

I have to solve numerically a fluid mechanics problem. I have an airfoil with a flap deployed downwards, under the airfoil I have set a mesh with some nodes. I have already computed stream function ...
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1answer
111 views

How does pressure influence temperature in liquids?

Lets say we have a tank with a fixed mass of liquid at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. How do we influence the temperature when we exert pressure (e. g., with a piston) on the liquid? Are ...
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2answers
921 views

Water pressure on slanted wall

Water pressure is simply $pgh/2$ for a vertical wall parallel to the depth of the water at exactly the half the water's depth. Suppose the wall is tapered (angled) slightly at around 2 degrees from ...
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3answers
183 views

How do we measure pressure above a liquid column?

Consider this point $A$, just at the surface of any liquid exposed to atmosphere. The hydrostatic pressure exerted by this liquid of height $h$ is $h\rho g$. My confusion is tha that this pressure ...
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1answer
854 views

Accelerated liquid in a U-tube

Consider a U-tube containing some liquid. The two ends of the tube are connected to closed volumes of air with different initial pressures, such that there is some difference in the liquid levels ...
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5answers
8k views

Why does my refrigerator door resist opening?

After closing my refrigerator's door I noticed that it's much harder to reopen it immediately, as if there's an underpressure. Only after a minute or so it opens normally. How can this be explained?
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5answers
1k views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
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3answers
4k views

Why does deodorant always feel cold?

We all use deodorant and they always feel cold, why is that? Is it because it is liquid inside the bottle and a gas when it is released?
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3answers
395 views

Home experiment question

I want to make a home experiment where I roughly explain the phenomenon of water remaining in a straw if you close one end of the straw. So I'm thinking that the weight of the water is pulling it ...
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3answers
641 views

A book sits on a table. What is the net force of air pressure?

An elementary problem asks, A book is at rest on a table top. In what direction is the net force of air pressure on the book? Is this a meaningful question, and if so, what's the answer? If ...
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1answer
2k views

Flow of momentum is pressure

In the diagonal terms of the energy-momentum tensor, the flow of $x$-momentum in the $x$-direction is the $x$-pressure. Why the flow of momentum is pressure?
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4answers
3k views

Dyson Air Blade as a propulsion system?

I've read from many sources that Dyson Air Multipliers are more efficient and quieter than normal fans. Now, with the proof of concept, is it possible to use its principles as a propulsion system for, ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is there a 90˚ phase angle between particle velocity and sound pressure in spherical waves?

My text says that in a plane sound wave (or in the far field), particle velocity and pressure is in phase. As we move closer to the sound source (to near field and more spherical waves), the phase ...
4
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2answers
3k views

How deep in the ocean can a ping-pong ball go before it collapses due to pressure?

Stimulated by the calculation showing that a ping-pong ball does not pop in vacuum, I'm driven to ask how deep in the ocean a ping-pong ball can be brought before it collapses due to pressure. This ...
3
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2answers
151 views

Why doesn't water in water barometer boil?

I have read that the pressure in a water barometer at the top of the water column is around 0.5 psi and at such low pressures water should boil at around ~26°C (Room temperature). [1] [2] How ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Why doesn't soda fizz at high pressure?

In this video, a can of soda is opened in an underwater station at 2.5 atm. The demonstration is that shaking the soda doesn't cause it to explode like it would at normal pressures. Why does this ...
2
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1answer
311 views

What is the pressure at the top of a sealed tube being drawn out of water?

Is the atmospheric pressure in a closed container the same as that of the surroundings (1 bar at sea level)? Consider a tube with both ends open with one end dipped into water (like a pipette in ...
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1answer
1k views

Drinking juice through a straw

Why we are able to suck more drink through a larger diameter straw than a smaller diameter straw if $p_1 v_1 = p_2 v_2 = Q$ as per Bernoulli's Principle. The pressure difference I create in mouth ...
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1answer
80 views

Determining the components of the force on a curved surface due to pressure

I have a cross section of a half-tube with a pressure gradient across it causing a force outwards. I am attempting to extract the vertical component (in relation to diagram) of the force on this ...
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2answers
100 views

How to calculate radius of a sphere of Ideal gas?

The problem I am faced with is approximating the mass of the sun, and I thought that a fancy approach would be to approximate the sun as being made up entirely of hydrogen atoms, finding the resulting ...
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2answers
54 views

Will a cloud form in a depressurized room?

If a room is depressurized will a visible cloud or mist form? I would expect it would, but when I apply a vacuum to a flask I see no cloud form inside the flask. Would a room behave differently than ...
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4answers
2k views

Relation between temperature and pressure?

I was just working on a special question but I ignored the effect of temperature on it and now it becomes very important to me. What is the relation between Pressure and Temperature? Suppose we ...
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0answers
34 views

molecular explanation of pressure in water at depth

At 10 m under water, pressure is 2 atmospheres. As temperature is not different, and density is minimally different, how does pressure increase at the molecular level (collisions per unit area)?
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1answer
350 views

How does air escape from a pneumatic tire?

Obviously, it is caused by the difference in pressure between the inside of the tire and its surrounding environment; but how specifically is the air escaping?
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0answers
43 views

Bulk transport of an aerosol by a blast wave

I'm trying to model the behaviour of aerosols in response to blast waves. (This is for visual effects.) Intuitively, if a flare left a smoke trail above a field and then a bomb detonated elsewhere ...
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2answers
185 views

Amount of material required for a pressure tank

I read the answer for the question Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”? and thought something sounded ridiculous. My engineering requirement is that the walls be strong enough. Here $T$ will be the ...
0
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1answer
45 views

The significance of the pressure term within the momentum-energy tensor [duplicate]

EDIT: this question is based around my notion regarding the possible role of potential energy in the momentum energy tensor T$_{\mu\nu}$, The answer below resolves the question and I have deleted ...
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2answers
88 views

Negative pressure

How is negative pressure created in a fluid system?Isn't it counter intuitive that we are reducing the pressure of a system containing no molecules(zero pressure) to a lower value?
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2answers
278 views

Direction of pressure in fluids

ok so my friend told me that in a container, the pressure exerted by the walls on the liquid in the container act in the upward direction.Is he correct ? so what I am imagining is a cylindrical ...
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5answers
987 views

Does the pressure inside a tire equal to its average ground pressure?

On one hand, I think they should be equal since the external force and internal force are equal in equilibrium. On the other hand, I don't see anything related between them, the inside pressure is ...
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2answers
1k views

Difference between pressure and stress tensor

What is the difference between hydrostatic pressure and stress tensor?
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3answers
97 views

How does pressurized gas constantly push?

If a gas, such as hydrogen, is pressurized into an air tight container, a force in terms of pascals (or whatever unit you want to use) is exerted, correct? That is what pushes against every surface ...
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1answer
930 views

Forces in a balloon popping?

How much difference between internal and external pressure can a balloon withstand? how would the value be calculated? I found an equation: ...