Force per unit area.

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1answer
255 views

What could I test for in a guillotine? [closed]

I'm doing a school assignment project and I need to investigate something of my choice. I was thinking of doing something about how the height and angle the blade of a guillotine is dropped from ...
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2answers
2k views

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside?

Why the pressure of atmosphere doesn't crush you when you e.g. walk outside? I mean the density of air is $1.26 kg/m^3$, so with $100 km$ above us, it exerts much pressure on you when you walk ...
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1answer
11k views

To calculate pressure at point in a vertical water pipe of given diameter

Is it possible to calculate pressure at a point in a pipe, where a solenoid valve shall be placed, given that the pipe carries water (utility supplied, regular water) from an overhead tank (at a ...
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1answer
25 views

How to calculate the increased pressure drop due to a restriction?

Assume I have a straight pipe with diameter D1 and a volumetric flow, Q flowing through it. The inlet pressure is P1 and the outlet pressure is P2. Now, assume I've added a restriction in the middle ...
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1answer
15 views

What is an expression/physical law that relates high frequency thermal fluctuations to gas pressure?

When a gas is compressed the 'ideal gas law' can predict what the increase in gas temperature will be. But that's just a mean temperature, right? At a quantum level the frequency of molecular ...
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1answer
29 views

Height dependancy when adding volume from below to a fluid column

Suppose there is a fluid column of height H and there is a screw already inserted from outside the column entering through the bottom of the column. The screw has a total length L and only 0.1*L is ...
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1answer
24 views

What forces act on an object submerged in flowing fluid in an enclosed environment (i.e pipe)?

Let's say we have a pipe with water flowing through it and obstacle is inserted into the pipe and is rigidly fixed to the inner wall so that it does not get washed away. What forces are exerted by ...
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1answer
54 views

Properties of Fluids-theoritical confusion

I am having a very basic confusion on how we calculate the height of atmosphere when we assume that the density does not change with altitude(density remains 1.29 kg/m$^3$). I want to know why we say ...
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1answer
64 views

The Bernoulli equation: positive and negative sign problem

According to bernoulli equation $$ P_1+1/2 \rho v_1^2+ \gamma h_1= P_2+1/2 \rho v_2^2+ \gamma h_2. $$ Because $$ v_1=0\quad h_1=0 $$ So $$ 0= 1/2 \rho V^2+ \gamma h. $$ It is wrong I know, but ...
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1answer
83 views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, then close it and come back to earth and open it one last time, what would happen?

I was reading this post, but no one seem to go further as say what would happen if you brought the bottle back to Earth? Guess what another thing I'm wanting got know is, what would now be in the ...
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2answers
33 views

About using screw in air compression and air Engine [closed]

I want to use screw to build compressed air engine, as following image As I designed, this screw rotate in a tube My Question is: How successful this idea? Note: If this question not related to ...
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2answers
64 views

Possible solutions to the crown problem of Archimedes [closed]

My teacher was talking about the crown problem, possibly solved by Archimedes using skills about density, weight and other properties that he studied. In the original publication, by Vitruvius in a ...
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1answer
46 views

How much pressure do wheels exert on the ground?

I would like to know how much pressure 4 "rigid" wheels (as opposed to tyres) would exert on the ground; I've been on the case for hours now and the best I've come across to calculate this was the ...
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3answers
90 views

How do we measure pressure above a liquid column?

Consider this point $A$, just at the surface of any liquid exposed to atmosphere. The hydrostatic pressure exerted by this liquid of height $h$ is $h\rho g$. My confusion is tha that this pressure ...
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1answer
86 views

Pressure inside a plastic bottle filled with water and squeezed by X weight?

I'd like to know how it'd be possible to calculate the pressure inside a plastic bottle filled with water and squeezed by say 20 kg sitting on the bottle, which is lying on its side (so that ...
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2answers
151 views

Definition of pressure in Bernoulli's principle

I have a difficulty to understand Bernoulli's Principle which states increased fluid speed decreases the pressure. But in a wind tunnel when we measure the pressure with a pitot tube, both the ...
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1answer
111 views

Hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
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3answers
584 views

Does the entropy of an adiabatically isolated system stays the same after we decrease/increase the pressure?

Even if the system is isolated and there is no heat exchange with surroundings, shouldn't the decrease/increase of pressure result in increase/decrease of entropy? Does this property of an ...
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1answer
33 views

Convert pressure to energy [closed]

I read a little about electricity being created from pressure, Piezoelectricity. I'm still pretty newbie about it though. Let's say I want to charge a battery from that technique, using my hands to ...
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1answer
44 views

(air pressure and displacement) Isn't this image wrong?

Isn't this figure wrong? P(x,t) = -B(dy/dx) . If the derivative of air displacement has a maximum, then this is where the pressure is minimum, not maximum as this figure suggests. Could someone ...
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1answer
136 views

wall thickness for a very large, low-pressure vessel?

I'm working on a space colony simulation, and I'm at the point where I need to calculate the thickness of the habitat walls, as a function of air pressure and geometry (and assuming some common ...
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1answer
31 views

What is the purpose of sensors and pumps with less than 1 ATM pressure?

This question is not directly a physics questions, though related a little. Previously for sensors, and currently for air pumps, I am doing some research. I have found a digital pressure sensor on ...
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1answer
27 views

Change in volume of air held at the top of a tube with upper end closed and holding some liquid [closed]

Consider a tube both end open.dip one end in a container with water..close the top with your thumb..(make sure some air remains between your thumb and the liquid in the tube)..now take the tube out of ...
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2answers
193 views

Can a submerged capsized vessel be turned into a sort of diving bell and propelled forward like a submarine?

I am writing a story set in the 17th century and have read accounts of such early submarines, however, not much detail is available. If some kid of weights/plummets are attached to the sides of the ...
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1answer
2k views

Compressed air in a volume: Can I determine its temperature?

Using a compressor, I augment the pressure in a volume (using atmospheric air). I only measure the pressure inside. I now that the density will increase however, the temperature decreases. Can any one ...
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1answer
682 views

Accelerated liquid in a U-tube

Consider a U-tube containing some liquid. The two ends of the tube are connected to closed volumes of air with different initial pressures, such that there is some difference in the liquid levels ...
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1answer
897 views

What is the basic difference between absolute pressure and gauge pressure? [duplicate]

What is the basic difference between absolute pressure and gauge pressure? I have a great confusion regarding these two pressures. Please someone explain it to me
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1answer
593 views

Forces in a balloon popping?

How much difference between internal and external pressure can a balloon withstand? how would the value be calculated? I found an equation: ...
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1answer
75 views

Determining if a solution will boil

A piston compresses a solution of 40% $HNO_3$ in $H_2O$. If the piston breaks and the pressure is reduced from 12.0 atm to 1.0 atm: a) If the temperature of the solution is 110 degrees C, will the ...
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1answer
78 views

the physical properties of leak testing.

Description: To test for leaks a pressure bubble test is performed. This is adding a specified pressure and submerging the test object under water to see if air leaks emerge. The requirement is that ...
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1answer
641 views

Pressure experienced due to magnetic force?

A current $I$ flows in a long thin walled cylinder(parallel to the axis) of radius $R$. What pressure do the walls experience? This is the 263rd problem in Section III from the book 'Problems In ...
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1answer
122 views

What happens (in terms of pressure) when there is a leakage in a horizontal pipe? [closed]

Consider a horizontal pipe that has water being pumped continuously through it, with a leak at a given point. What will the leak's effect be on the pressure in the pipe, both above and below it in the ...
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2answers
519 views

Force and Area are proportional to each other, but [closed]

I have read on book the next following sentence: The force is proportional to the area, for if we increase the area but keep the number of molecules per cubic centimeter the same, we increase the ...
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1answer
188 views

Derivation of Pressure/Kinetic Therory problem involving hole in box

A box of volume $V_0$ has a small hole of area $A_0$. The box initially has one mole of an ideal gas at $t = 0$, which is at an initial temperature $T (t = 0)$. Find the rate of energy flow through ...
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1answer
47 views

What portion of impulse is received by the cylinder?

Condition: A cylinder with a piston are situated along Y axis. Piston receives an impulse (P1) along Y axis and transmits it to the cylinder through a gas medium with which cylinder is filled. The ...
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1answer
188 views

Using Thrust from Air Pressure [closed]

Alright, so I've been messing around with turning air pressure into thrust, however I'm only a sophomore in high school, so my physics knowledge is fairly limited. (I've studied higher level physics, ...
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1answer
429 views

Calculating the amount of dissolved gases in a liquid?

The most basic situation, water at room temperature, has dissolved oxygen, CO2, and more. Why is this? How would one calculate how much gas should be dissolved in any given liquid?
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1answer
53 views

Is this a correct interpretation of pressure?

So I am told that pressure = Force per Area --> F/A.. When considering the units of Force I find that force = kg * m/s^2 When considering the units of Area I find that area = m^2 Thus the units of ...
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1answer
848 views

Real world usage; pump flow vs pressure vs pump head, what is more useful in this situation?

I am currently making a water cooling system for my computer and decided to see if I could get some better help here than what people think they know on the computer forums. So for my cooling system ...
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1answer
627 views

Calculate pressure of air trapped underwater

Seal top end of straw, partially submerge straw in water, how do I calculate the air pressure inside the straw? Bonus points for compensating for any secondary factors like temp, humidity or flex of ...
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1answer
2k views

Determine the maximum height a pump can suck up water

I am working on a homework problem that presents the scenario of trying to raise water from a small reservoir of depth 8 m whose surface is 25 m below a pump that can maintain a pressure differential ...
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2answers
4k views

Ideal gas law, pressure increase and temperature

If I had a container, full with air, and I suddenly decreased the volume of the container, forcing the air into a smaller volume, will it be considered as compression, will it result in an increase in ...
0
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1answer
414 views

How is external pressure transmitted when a fluid is not enclosed?

Pascal's principle states that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid. How is the pressure transmitted in the case where the fluid is not ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the terms flammable, inflammable, and non-flammable? [closed]

This question should perhaps go in Chemistry, to which I am committed, but since the Chemistry Stack Exchange forum is not yet in beta, I am wondering if you can help me from a physics perspective. ...
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1answer
198 views

determine temperature at which pita bread will expand in a toaster

suppose you have a pita pocket of radius 5cm or .05m. We will model the pita pocket as consisting of disk with a layer of air of volume V which is contained by the surface of the bread. We will ...
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1answer
289 views

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure?

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure? if I was in a plane with a cabin pressure equal to 8000 feet would the volume drop be noticable?
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2answers
3k views

If you put a latex balloon in a vacuum, how much would it expand?

If you put a latex balloon in a vacuum, how much would it expand? And would it pop? Assume it doesn't leak. EDIT: Some numbers: Ambient pressure is 100 KPa, balloon is perfectly spherical with a ...
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1answer
18 views

Negative Pressure, Tension, and Energy conditions

We have lots of common everyday experience with positive pressure, the canonical example is a gas. But other examples of positive pressure are easy to imagine: for instance, a solid that gets ...
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0answers
12 views

Can super heated air be used to drive a turbine driven engine? [on hold]

Air a mixture of gases is ever trying to expand. By accelerating this property can air be used as a fuel in a turbine driven engine which can give sufficient output to be used in an automobile.
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0answers
13 views

hydrostatic pressure on a plane surface

I've been trying to calculate the amount of pressure on a wall of a rectangular structure, that is under sea watter. For example a dam. I can't come to see any example to be able to locate the ...