Force per unit area.

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22 views

Gas Pressure in Industrial processes

Can anybody please help with the following? Ammonia is produced by the Haber process where nitrogen and hydrogen combine to form ammonia according to the equation: N2 + 3H2 == 2NH3 If 1 mole of N2 is ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Radiation pressure (Jackson exercise)

Here's an exercise from Jackson: A plane wave is incident normally on a perfectly absorbing flat screen. From the law of conservation of linear momentum show that the pressure exerted from the ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Would an undersea reverse osmosis station work?

According to Wikipedia, saltwater reverse osmosis occurs at 600-1200 PSI. Saltwater adds .455 PSI per foot, so 900 PSI would be at a depth of about 1980 ft or 603 meters. This is about halfway ...
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0answers
12 views

Why can I feel the air inside the pump pressing against my finger when it is at 1 bar (atmospheric pressure)? [duplicate]

Atmospheric pressure is approximately 1 bar, but when I cover my bike pump with my finger and increase the pressure to 1 bar I can feel it pushing my finger away - how come? I'm guessing that what ...
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0answers
26 views

How does force transmit through a solid block?

If you take a solid block, say, a cube of side length $l$ with density $\rho$, you place it upon a solid floor, and you apply an external pressure of $p(x,y)$ on the upper face ($x$ and $y$ define a ...
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2answers
39 views

Any general method of determining changes in speed of sound with pressure?

I need to correct speed of sound measurements in various gases for changes in ambient pressure, typically 700-1100 mBar. Is there any general theoretical model available for this? Especially something ...
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1answer
34 views

Equation involving; elastic modulus, poisson ratio, radius and pressure of a sphere [on hold]

I am trying to determine the expansion of a spherical pressure vessel. I am certain that an equation exist that will define the change of radius of the sphere as the pressure increases. The vessel ...
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0answers
24 views

Determine the pressure on the low-pressure side of a gas flowing through an orifice [closed]

A gas flows through a small orifice in a pipe as shown above. On the higher pressure side, the gas is at 1Mpa and temperature of 300K. The pressure reduces to 1kPa after it flows through the ...
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1answer
27 views

Explanation of relationship between pressure and poiling point of water [on hold]

Explain how an increase in pressure elevates the boiling point of water, while reducing the pressure depresses the boiling point?
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1answer
13 views

What are pressure threshold patches called in professional terminology?

I am making a small combustion chamber, and need to measure the pressure when a combustion occurs. This is a hobby project, so I don't have enough money to buy a dP cell with a remote membrane for ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Partial pressures - beyond the concept of point masses

Imagine that I have 100 atoms of oxygen and 100 atoms of lead put together in a container. By kinetic theory of gases, they should be considered as point masses thus the partial pressure of oxygen ...
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0answers
37 views

How does a balloon deflate?

I've a question: do balloons deflate like shown in the picture below?
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0answers
20 views

Expected value, Fluid Mechanics and Momentum balance

I've been doing some problems on Fluid Mechanics involving the balance of Matter and Momentum and I have a question I've been wondering about. Suppose the following: We have a (viscous and ...
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1answer
23 views

How to find the force due to fluid pressure over a surface?

The question is about sphere like surfaces, like the hemispherical base of a cylinder as shown. The cylinder is filled with fluid till the given height $h$, and the density of the fluid is $\rho$ ...
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2answers
47 views

Negative pressure

How is negative pressure created in a fluid system?Isn't it counter intuitive that we are reducing the pressure of a system containing no molecules(zero pressure) to a lower value?
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0answers
33 views

Self-made air pump - What does it take to pump up a balloon?

We are building a simple altitude-controlled balloon (idea borrowed from Google Loons). As part of that, we need an air pump to inflate a balloon acting as ballast (which is called a Ballonet in ...
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0answers
26 views

How much does barometric pressure change over minutes?

I have to correct an ongoing experiment for atmospheric pressure. This means that during the experiment I must read a chip that measures barometric pressure. The question becomes one of how rapidly I ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Can sound frequency create more ideal conditions for fire?

You may have seen the recent story of a device that engineers claim can extinguish flames using sound frequency. An older article loosely explains the theory behind how this works: Sound travels ...
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2answers
29 views

Air leaking out of a tire

My bike was not used for over 7 months, It has no holes on it. Yet I found it empty, is there a specific reason why air leaks out of objects without any "force" acting upon the tire to force the air ...
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0answers
9 views

Altitude altimeter application

What is the most precise formula to calculate altitude and what parameters should i considet such as pressure, temperature, dew point, ... I am developing an altimeter app and i don't know what the ...
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1answer
15 views

Difference between hydrostatic and uniaxial pressure

I'm confused with these two terminologies. Does 'hydrostatic' means every direction while 'uniaxial' means one direction? What're they usually used for?
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1answer
50 views

When to use h = Cp∆T or u = Cv∆T

I'm getting myself confused on when to use h = cp∆T or u = cv∆T where cp is the specific ...
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0answers
9 views

Comparing work required at compressing gas & pumping liquid

In one of online lectures comparing Vapour compression cycles (conventional refrigerators) with Thermal compression cycles (absorption chillers) it was said that former required more 'high quality' ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Can I blow soap bubbles (of air) inside a vacuum chamber?

When I blow soap bubbles from a liquid dish soap mixed with distilled water at atmospheric pressure at ground level both internal and external air pressure nullify and the tension of the bubbles ...
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1answer
22 views

How does water pressure manifest itself on the molecular level?

Second, related question: does water density relate to, or cause, water pressure? Everyone I talk to dismisses the idea that water density substantially affects pressure, and emphasizes that water is ...
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3answers
2k views

What if you opened a door in a spaceship without a spacesuit?

In movies/cartoons you see astronauts and people in spaceships opening doors and closing them again with no suits on. Is it possible in "real life" or would you die immediately? Because consider this: ...
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2answers
25 views

Microscopic definition of dynamic pressure of fluids

So we have a moving fluid and we know from Bernouli's equation that there is a term called dynamic pressure(not to be confused with the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid). So,what exactly is it and ...
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0answers
16 views

Practical nozzle question / mass of finger?

A spray bottle i own broke off its compressor tip so i fashioned another one from a rubber tube, a pen lid, an ear plug and a 1 mm radius tube from a computer cleaning duster. The opening of the ...
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0answers
26 views

Does spin degeneracy affect ideal Fermi gases in any way as T->Infinity?

In other words, given any system comprised of an ideal Fermi gas, in the high-temperature (classical) limit, are there any observable thermodynamic quantities (pressure, volume, energy, density, etc.) ...
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3answers
220 views

Why does the system move until equal temperatures are obtained?

In my college level thermodynamics class, the teacher gave us the example of a closed system which consisted of a box thermally insulated. A piston fully divides the box in two parts, and each is ...
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0answers
14 views

Can a volume of N2 be more negative than -14.7 psi?

Ok. I’m getting -30 PSI on a gauge calibrated at 0 for 1 ATM. Let’s say I have a chamber with a volume of 20L of N2 at 1 ATM. A vacuum pump that can pump to absolute vacuum let’s say 1X10^-10mTORR. ...
3
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1answer
58 views

How much atmospheric pressure (CO2) is required to carry iron oxide dust in the wind?

It is common knowledge that there are dust devils and dust storms on Mars. But can we demonstrate that the atmospheric pressure on Mars, which is 0.6% of the pressure we experience on Earth, provides ...
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1answer
38 views

Work needed to pump the balloons

Let's suppose that we want to pump the balloons underwater from the initial volume $V_0$ to the volume $V_1$. The pressure there equals $p_1$ and the atmospheric pressure is $p_0$. It is claimed ...
0
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1answer
41 views

How does the Cross section of a toy hovercraft affect on the time that it hovers? [duplicate]

My question is about a toy hovercraft - a balloon connected to a CD. I need to know about something. How does cross section of the pipe affect the time that the toy hovercraft hovers above the ...
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1answer
63 views

How pressure effects on the time that a toy hovercraft hovers?

I'm working on a project and I have a question. How does the volume and pressure of the balloon affect the time the hovercraft hovers above ground? This relates to my earlier question where I ...
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1answer
28 views

Is the pressure * volume a constant in a balloon? [closed]

I'm having a question about balloons. I want to know that is the P*V of a balloon always a constant or no?
2
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0answers
28 views

How to calculate the strength of a silicon joint in an aquarium?

I'm building an aquarium, and i'm trying to answer the question "Will it catastrophically fail?" by reading the datasheet of the Silicon glue and doing a bit of calculation for worst-case scenario. ...
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1answer
17 views

what’s the water pressure at the surface of earth in Kpa? [closed]

I need to know this to solve a problem, but cannot find information on it.
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1answer
56 views

why doesn't liquid metal vaporize in a vacuum?

I am wondering why molten metal in a vacuum of electron beam and machines never turns to gas like liquid water does when exposed to a vacuum.
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1answer
67 views

If we dropped an object into the Pacific Ocean, would it completely sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or not?

Obviously if the density of the object is smaller than the density of water it would not sink at all. But I was thinking that, even if the density of the object is greater than the density of water, ...
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1answer
26 views

Capacitive pressure gauge under a change of pressure

I have seen in an article, that a capacitive pressure gauge made of two parallel plates with a dielectric material between with constant $K$ under an increase of pressure $\Delta P$, a Young´s modulus ...
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2answers
44 views

physical meaning of pressure derivatives

Is there any physical meaning of the first and second derivatives of pressure with respect to time? If this helps, I am considering ideal gases.
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5answers
292 views

Negative pressure, tension, and energy conditions

We have lots of common everyday experience with positive pressure, the canonical example is a gas. But other examples of positive pressure are easy to imagine: for instance, a solid that gets ...
2
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2answers
327 views

Existence of gusts of wind, an anomaly?

Enthusiast + Student, not a pro, so pardon my ignorance. How can wind possibly flow in gusts? The way I understand it, a gust is a pocket of air which hits you at slightly higher speed. But how ...
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2answers
35 views

Pressure-Velocity relation at a point in a flow

How can we relate pressure and velocity at the same point in a fluid flow? Why does pressure decrease with increase in velocity?
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2answers
56 views

hydrostatic pressure on a plane surface

I've been trying to calculate the amount of pressure on a wall of a rectangular structure, that is under sea watter. For example a dam. I can't come to see any example to be able to locate the ...
0
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1answer
76 views

How to calculate the increased pressure drop due to a restriction?

Assume I have a straight pipe with diameter D1 and a volumetric flow, Q flowing through it. The inlet pressure is P1 and the outlet pressure is P2. Now, assume I've added a restriction in the middle ...
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0answers
28 views

Regelation, ice cutting, and snowballs

Pressure decreases the melting point of ice, and applying pressure then releasing it will allow ice blocks to weld together by melting them and letting them freeze. See this video. The detractors of ...
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1answer
17 views

What is an expression/physical law that relates high frequency thermal fluctuations to gas pressure?

When a gas is compressed the 'ideal gas law' can predict what the increase in gas temperature will be. But that's just a mean temperature, right? At a quantum level the frequency of molecular ...
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0answers
69 views

How does a heated constant volume flow behave, for an expanding flow tube leading into the free atmosphere

I have a helium gas flow with a flow rate that has been set to a constant value ($0.3\,m^3/h$). It's streaming upwards in the picture, and beyond the upper big red dot position, it meets the ...