Force per unit area.

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2
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1answer
21 views

Will changing the pipe diameter reduce the pressure head loss?

I have this system installed in my house (fig 1), and I'm having problems with the shower. I want to know whether, if I change the pipe shown in red from 1/2" to 1" as shown in fig 2, I will have more ...
11
votes
9answers
3k views

How to emulate 40ft of water

I am part of an underwater robotics team, and our next year's challenge requires us to compete at a depth of 40ft. We don't have any pools nearby to test in, so I want to emulate this 40ft of pressure ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Is 0.1 bar (hydrostatic pressure) equivalent to 0.1 bar vacuum pressure (absolute pressure)?

Suppose we would like to test the ability of an objec to withstand the pressure under 1 meter of whater. I would like to understand how to simulate this situation using vacuum. Is the 0.1 bar (for 1 ...
-2
votes
0answers
23 views

Density and Pressure [on hold]

Suppose there is a U-shaped tube on a table: In which right arm is shorter than the left arm.The open end of the right arm is 10cm above the table.The radius throughout the tube is 1.5cm. Water is ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Are there limits for the speed of sound? A maximum or a minimum only?

The speed of sound in materials of various states of matter differs a lot. But does it have fundamental limits? Is there a maximal possible speed of sound? Is there a minimal possible speed of ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Proving $-\frac{\partial P}{\partial V}|_{T,N}\geq0$ [on hold]

I have obtained the following condition from the entropy maximum principle: $$\left.\frac{\partial^2U}{\partial V^2}\right|_{S,N}\left.\frac{\partial^2U}{\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Density and pressure of the earth core [duplicate]

According to some sources the density of the earth core is about 9.5kg / m^3 and the pressure: 4*10^11 Pa I know the gravitational force decreases, if you get closer the center of the earth, ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Few doubts about saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour pressure

I have some sort of confusions towards saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour pressure.. So let me give you those. What is exactly saturated vapour pressure and unsaturated vapour ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Pressure - How much fluid can void support?

Please refer to the attached (terrible) drawing while reading the post ! After watching some videos about the U-tube effect in drilling, a question came to me. Imagine one fluid of heavy density ...
0
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2answers
31 views

Does atmospheric pressure have a net contribution to this FBD (free body diagram)?

Pressure acting on the left and right sides of the block counteract
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Water pressure on a floodlight in a swimming pool [closed]

I have a circular swimming pool with a diameter of $4.5\;\text{m}$. The water height usually is about 1m. Somewhere in this pool is a single floodlight, circular aswell, diameter $25\;\text{cm}$. I ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Forces of suction in WIllie Wonka's Chocolate Factory (filmed 2005 starring Johnny Depp) [closed]

Before I begin the question: I am in no way judging this movie, just happened to be casually watching it and saw the scene (referred to below) and thought to post this question. The scene: Boy falls ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Measuring variation of saturated vapour pressure with temperature

Is it possible to measure variation of saturated vapour pressure of water with time.I just hesitate about it.My suggested procedure which is incomplete is given below Procedure that I would like to ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Pressure and humidity

Does pressure/vacuum affect water vapor differently than other gases and hence humidity? For example, imagine I have a vacuum bell at atmospheric (mean sea level) pressure and the air in it is 50% ...
1
vote
3answers
36 views

Direction of pressure forces on a control volume (surface)

According to http://www.mne.psu.edu/cimbala/Learning/Fluid/Pressure/pressure_basics.htm, "Pressure always acts inward normal to any surface (even imaginary surfaces as in a control volume).". ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is dP in pressure?

I'm reading a textbook, chapter entitled "Fluid Mechanics". This section is entirely devoted to fluid statics. Assuming an element of fluid in equilibrium, Consider a thin element of fluid with ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What is an isostatic gas?

I'm learning about Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP), but I don't understand what an isostatic gas is. Can someone help me?
16
votes
3answers
404 views

Swimming in a ball of water in space

What would I feel if I went swimming in a ball of water in space? Would I feel greater pressure as I went deeper into the sphere? What would it be like to swim in something like that? Also, let's say ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

How does an airlock depressurization damage a docking vessel in space?

Can someone explain the science behind this? also i feel like in movies the ship always crumples inward, but shouldn't the only force at work be the pressure from the molecules of air in one connected ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

unchanged temperature of balloon inside freezer

I'd tried to put a balloon in the freezer and after enough time (several hours), I took it out and noticed that as I touch it that it's temperature did not drop down . I took an empty balloon ( not ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Impact Force/Pressure of a wave on a vertical wall given PIV velocity field

I have PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) data of liquid sloshing on a rectangular tank which produces a wave impacting one of the vertical walls. In the picture below you can see the wave about to hit ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

The pressure profile of a static heap of granular substances

The following is the pressure profile of a pile of sand. Note that there is a pressure minimum at the center. A possible explanation for this is: Due to the close packing of the grains, any grain ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the pressure at this height? [closed]

The height of a mercury barometer is h when the atmospheric pressure is 100,000 Pa. At height h/5, what is the pressure? The choices given are 20,000 80,000 120,000 180,000 The answer given is: ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Can pressure be negative? [duplicate]

From Wiki and from physics fundamentals lections I received info that pressure is scalar value. But in definition you have relation between projections of two vector values to normal axe-force and ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

What is the change in PSI of a football with 13.5 at a temperature of 77 degrees F when placed in a 23 degree environment? [duplicate]

The internal pressure of a regulation football is 13-14 lbs/square inch at 77 degrees (Fahrenheit). What pressure will it become when taken out of that 77 degree environment and placed in a 23 degree ...
-1
votes
2answers
50 views

If pressure inside a container is lesser than atmospheric pressure, how long can the vessel resist deformation? [closed]

Is the strain caused by stress (due to the pressure difference) is negligible?
0
votes
3answers
63 views

Why do our ears pop?

Have you ever been on a train going through a tunnel or plane and your ears pop?I was wondering why this happens and I know it relates to pressure but don't know exactly the reason
0
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1answer
25 views

Force exerted by pressure on projectile

Imagine a free cylindrical body around a pipe that is pressurized with air. How does one find the force exerted on the cylindrical free body at the moment this body becomes a projectile? *air ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Heating suprecritical water in a closed water tank

How does the pressure of water in a closed tank evolve in the following setting: - closed tank of 2 liters (filled up with water) - water initially at 25°C and pressurized to 3 bars The water is now ...
0
votes
4answers
75 views

Could atmospheric pressure provide a torque to turn a wheel?

Imagine a smooth wheel. Now imagine it is divided up into four "pizza slices". We came up with an idea where you would put the bottom two "slices" along with the top left "slice" in a very low ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Can gas return back into a sparkling beverage on cooldown?

We all know that if a sparkling beverage (let's say, CocaCola) spends some time outside of the fridge and gets warm, the gas comes out of the liquid, rises the inner pressure and makes the bottle ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Nozzle vs Orifice Water Jug Draining

why is this happening? Water jug draining So why does the water drain faster when you drain a jug through a funnel compared to the hole you make at the bottom of a jug( the hole is the same size as ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Fluid flowing into small pores

I have some open porous foams with pore sizes ranging from 50-100nm. I want to flow water into this structure but even at 30 atmospheres it would NOT go in. I am looking for a way to calculate the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

The significance of the pressure term within the momentum-energy tensor [duplicate]

EDIT: this question is based around my notion regarding the possible role of potential energy in the momentum energy tensor T$_{\mu\nu}$, The answer below resolves the question and I have deleted ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Balloon aerodynamics

In this recent anime that I have seen, there is a part where an atomic bomb is sent to the stratosphere in a box, by a helium balloon. As you can see in this picture of the set-up, there is a tube ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Finding volume of water that emerges from opening per unit time [closed]

A rectangular opening (width w and height h2-h1) is cut into the side of an open tank. The water doesn't emerge in a uniform velocity. Assume that SA of tank >> area of opening. I'm trying to study ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the pressure at the center of the Earth? (Or a neutron star)

The center of the Earth has microgravity and is thought to be solid and almost 6000 degrees hot. What is the pressure like there? The confusing thing, for the common man I suppose, is that there's no ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How does the bulk modulus of air change with rising pressure?

I can't seem to find the answer to what should be a trivial question: I have a rigid air-tight container of fixed volume and I am pumping air inside. The pressure is increasing (very slowly) from ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Internal pipe flow - Pressure Drop

Let's say I have internal flow at some flow rate in a pipe that is 10 ft long and there are 2 straight sections and 2 bends. I am trying to determine pressure drop due to friction in the pipe. My ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How to get the pressure amplitude at any spatial point?

Working on the pressure equation from the linearized euler equations, I stumble across a very simple problem : How, from the pressure solution of the specific equation (see ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Static pressure in ducts and its dependency on speed flow and density

I know that depending on the duct circuit (bends, complex geometries...etc), the static pressure will be defined. If we assume air is flowing in the circuit with varying speed and/or varying density. ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Why is the temperature of the ice/water bath not dependent on the barometer pressure, as was the temperature of the boiling-water bath?

Part of a laboratory experiment question set. Why is it that the known temperature of the boiling bath can be accurately determined from the days atmospheric pressure but the atmospheric pressure is ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Deriving pressure from a given partition function

If the partition function for some system is given as $e^{\text{$\alpha $T}^3V}$; please note note that $\alpha$ is a constant. I have computed $$\left[\frac{\text{$\delta $Z}}{\text{$\delta ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

The contact pressure on a solid surface by a rod connected to a solid piston?

Below I have two pictures, one of which is single piston (blue) made of a solid material inside of a chamber (black) and the rod (magenta) is in contact with a rigid surface (teal). The second picture ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

what force pump is needed to power [closed]

Im studying design have not got a good grasp on maths, but understand the working principles of pressure and water! my problem hopefully has included all necessary info in the image. Please help. ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Pressure and force of ideal gas in a leaking container?

Let's imagine you have a container that has a pressure of 10 Pascals inside and a vacuum outside. The container has a volume of a cubic meter and I'm not sure if the temperature matters but lets say ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

How does a hovercraft hover, if it has low pressure underneath it?

I've read a few different explanations of how hovercrafts hover, and they all mention a low-pressure cushion of air. This confuses me though: If there is low pressure under the hovercraft, why doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Why does Bernoulli's principle work?

So, if we have a large pipe which is constricted in the middle, the fluid in the middle section will move faster. Why is it so? What dictates that liquid that an X amount of it must pass on the other ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

why does the temperature of spray cans always feel cooler than the temperature of the environment? [duplicate]

I know why sprayed gas is cooler due to evaporation thru different pressures, but I can't understand why is the can temperature always lower than environment?
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Determining the components of the force on a curved surface due to pressure

I have a cross section of a half-tube with a pressure gradient across it causing a force outwards. I am attempting to extract the vertical component (in relation to diagram) of the force on this ...