Force per unit area.

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1answer
20 views

Pressure and force of ideal gas in a leaking container?

Let's imagine you have a container that has a pressure of 10 Pascals inside and a vacuum outside. The container has a volume of a cubic meter and I'm not sure if the temperature matters but lets say ...
2
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1answer
39 views

How does a hovercraft hover, if it has low pressure underneath it?

I've read a few different explanations of how hovercrafts hover, and they all mention a low-pressure cushion of air. This confuses me though: If there is low pressure under the hovercraft, why doesn't ...
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1answer
39 views

Why does Bernoulli's principle work?

So, if we have a large pipe which is constricted in the middle, the fluid in the middle section will move faster. Why is it so? What dictates that liquid that an X amount of it must pass on the other ...
2
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1answer
42 views

why does the temperature of spray cans always feel cooler than the temperature of the environment? [duplicate]

I know why sprayed gas is cooler due to evaporation thru different pressures, but I can't understand why is the can temperature always lower than environment?
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1answer
41 views

Determining the components of the force on a curved surface due to pressure

I have a cross section of a half-tube with a pressure gradient across it causing a force outwards. I am attempting to extract the vertical component (in relation to diagram) of the force on this ...
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1answer
7 views

How do I find out the excess pressure of the gas supply?

I have to find out the value of the excess pressure of the gas supply in a manometer. I'm not sure how to do this so it would be great is someone could help me. I also have to write my answer in ...
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3answers
27 views

Does atmosphere pressure affect the reading of a submerged barometer?

Suppose that: Temperature is stable. Atmosphere pressure at mean sea level is 1013hpa. I have a water proof barometer. Would the barometer reading be different between the following two scenarios? ...
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2answers
36 views

How to calculate radius of a sphere of Ideal gas?

The problem I am faced with is approximating the mass of the sun, and I thought that a fancy approach would be to approximate the sun as being made up entirely of hydrogen atoms, finding the resulting ...
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1answer
39 views

Will this balloon rise?

A helium balloon contains mostly helium which is an inert gas that is less dense than the air around it, suppose I drained all the air molecules from the balloon and note that this special balloon can ...
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2answers
67 views

Why do unused tires lose their pressure?

I have two tires, and I filled both with air at the same pressure. I used one for one month and kept the other one unused. Surprisingly, at the end of first month I found that the first tire had ...
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1answer
63 views

Why doesn't atmospheric pressure crush thick walled structures?

There is one thing that puzzles me: common explanation of why don't structures collapse under the enormous atmospheric pressure (~101300N/m^2) is that the force pushing from inside balances out the ...
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1answer
22 views

Relationship of the volume of a plumbing system to pressure

How does the volume of water a plumbing system holds vary with water pressure? I know the ratio would include the modulus of elasticity of the plumbing material, the total surface area of the plumbing ...
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1answer
27 views

How to derive velocity pressure in English units?

I know that velocity pressure can be calculated from dynamic pressure according to the potential energy of pressure (from Bernoulli's equation): $$ P = \frac{1}{2} \rho \overline{V}^2 $$ where P = ...
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1answer
45 views

Why does plugging a hole in an airplane's fuselage result in a huge (10x) atmospheric pressure spike?

While reading about uncontrolled decompression, I came across one famous airline incident, Aloha Airlines Flight 243, where the article I was reading discussed a 1-square-foot hole created in the ...
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1answer
40 views

Why is the melting point of an object inversly proportional to pressure?

In my science book it is written that as the pressure increases the melting point of a solid decreases but i think that it is wrong as the pessure will make the molecules stick together instead of ...
2
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3answers
154 views

Where does air pressure come from?

Where does air pressure come from? I thought it was from gravity or the speed of the gas resulting from its heat. However, analyzing my own hypotheses, I think that my 'heat conjecture' is probably ...
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5answers
4k views

Why don't things get destroyed by gas molecules flying around?

Gas molecules go at an insane velocity, and though they are miniscule, yet there is a LOT of them. Of course, because of all these molecules hurtling around, there is air pressure; yet if you envision ...
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2answers
34 views

In the Ideal Gas Law, what does “fixed amount” of gas mean?

Does it mean mass? If so, wouldn't Pressure/Temperature basically represent its density?
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2answers
48 views

What is the pressure of falling water?

Imagine a breaking wave 10m high. The wave breaks onto a beach. What is the maximum pressure created by the wave on the beach, ignoring effects such as might be cause by air?
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1answer
82 views

Radiation pressure (Jackson exercise)

Here's an exercise from Jackson: A plane wave is incident normally on a perfectly absorbing flat screen. From the law of conservation of linear momentum show that the pressure exerted from the ...
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1answer
43 views

Would an undersea reverse osmosis station work?

According to Wikipedia, saltwater reverse osmosis occurs at 600-1200 PSI. Saltwater adds .455 PSI per foot, so 900 PSI would be at a depth of about 1980 ft or 603 meters. This is about halfway ...
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0answers
12 views

Why can I feel the air inside the pump pressing against my finger when it is at 1 bar (atmospheric pressure)? [duplicate]

Atmospheric pressure is approximately 1 bar, but when I cover my bike pump with my finger and increase the pressure to 1 bar I can feel it pushing my finger away - how come? I'm guessing that what ...
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0answers
34 views

How does force transmit through a solid block?

If you take a solid block, say, a cube of side length $l$ with density $\rho$, you place it upon a solid floor, and you apply an external pressure of $p(x,y)$ on the upper face ($x$ and $y$ define a ...
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2answers
49 views

Any general method of determining changes in speed of sound with pressure?

I need to correct speed of sound measurements in various gases for changes in ambient pressure, typically 700-1100 mBar. Is there any general theoretical model available for this? Especially something ...
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1answer
38 views

Equation involving; elastic modulus, poisson ratio, radius and pressure of a sphere [closed]

I am trying to determine the expansion of a spherical pressure vessel. I am certain that an equation exist that will define the change of radius of the sphere as the pressure increases. The vessel ...
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1answer
29 views

Explanation of relationship between pressure and poiling point of water [closed]

Explain how an increase in pressure elevates the boiling point of water, while reducing the pressure depresses the boiling point?
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1answer
13 views

What are pressure threshold patches called in professional terminology?

I am making a small combustion chamber, and need to measure the pressure when a combustion occurs. This is a hobby project, so I don't have enough money to buy a dP cell with a remote membrane for ...
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1answer
24 views

Partial pressures - beyond the concept of point masses

Imagine that I have 100 atoms of oxygen and 100 atoms of lead put together in a container. By kinetic theory of gases, they should be considered as point masses thus the partial pressure of oxygen ...
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0answers
37 views

How does a balloon deflate?

I've a question: do balloons deflate like shown in the picture below?
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0answers
27 views

Expected value, Fluid Mechanics and Momentum balance

I've been doing some problems on Fluid Mechanics involving the balance of Matter and Momentum and I have a question I've been wondering about. Suppose the following: We have a (viscous and ...
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1answer
29 views

How to find the force due to fluid pressure over a surface?

The question is about sphere like surfaces, like the hemispherical base of a cylinder as shown. The cylinder is filled with fluid till the given height $h$, and the density of the fluid is $\rho$ ...
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2answers
51 views

Negative pressure

How is negative pressure created in a fluid system?Isn't it counter intuitive that we are reducing the pressure of a system containing no molecules(zero pressure) to a lower value?
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0answers
45 views

Self-made air pump - What does it take to pump up a balloon?

We are building a simple altitude-controlled balloon (idea borrowed from Google Loons). As part of that, we need an air pump to inflate a balloon acting as ballast (which is called a Ballonet in ...
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0answers
28 views

How much does barometric pressure change over minutes?

I have to correct an ongoing experiment for atmospheric pressure. This means that during the experiment I must read a chip that measures barometric pressure. The question becomes one of how rapidly I ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Can sound frequency create more ideal conditions for fire?

You may have seen the recent story of a device that engineers claim can extinguish flames using sound frequency. An older article loosely explains the theory behind how this works: Sound travels ...
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2answers
32 views

Air leaking out of a tire

My bike was not used for over 7 months, It has no holes on it. Yet I found it empty, is there a specific reason why air leaks out of objects without any "force" acting upon the tire to force the air ...
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0answers
11 views

Altitude altimeter application

What is the most precise formula to calculate altitude and what parameters should i considet such as pressure, temperature, dew point, ... I am developing an altimeter app and i don't know what the ...
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1answer
28 views

Difference between hydrostatic and uniaxial pressure

I'm confused with these two terminologies. Does 'hydrostatic' means every direction while 'uniaxial' means one direction? What're they usually used for?
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1answer
68 views

When to use h = Cp∆T or u = Cv∆T

I'm getting myself confused on when to use h = cp∆T or u = cv∆T where cp is the specific ...
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0answers
12 views

Comparing work required at compressing gas & pumping liquid

In one of online lectures comparing Vapour compression cycles (conventional refrigerators) with Thermal compression cycles (absorption chillers) it was said that former required more 'high quality' ...
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2answers
121 views

Can I blow soap bubbles (of air) inside a vacuum chamber?

When I blow soap bubbles from a liquid dish soap mixed with distilled water at atmospheric pressure at ground level both internal and external air pressure nullify and the tension of the bubbles ...
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1answer
26 views

How does water pressure manifest itself on the molecular level?

Second, related question: does water density relate to, or cause, water pressure? Everyone I talk to dismisses the idea that water density substantially affects pressure, and emphasizes that water is ...
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3answers
2k views

What if you opened a door in a spaceship without a spacesuit?

In movies/cartoons you see astronauts and people in spaceships opening doors and closing them again with no suits on. Is it possible in "real life" or would you die immediately? Because consider this: ...
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2answers
28 views

Microscopic definition of dynamic pressure of fluids

So we have a moving fluid and we know from Bernouli's equation that there is a term called dynamic pressure(not to be confused with the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid). So,what exactly is it and ...
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0answers
17 views

Practical nozzle question / mass of finger?

A spray bottle i own broke off its compressor tip so i fashioned another one from a rubber tube, a pen lid, an ear plug and a 1 mm radius tube from a computer cleaning duster. The opening of the ...
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0answers
27 views

Does spin degeneracy affect ideal Fermi gases in any way as T->Infinity?

In other words, given any system comprised of an ideal Fermi gas, in the high-temperature (classical) limit, are there any observable thermodynamic quantities (pressure, volume, energy, density, etc.) ...
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3answers
222 views

Why does the system move until equal temperatures are obtained?

In my college level thermodynamics class, the teacher gave us the example of a closed system which consisted of a box thermally insulated. A piston fully divides the box in two parts, and each is ...
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0answers
18 views

Can a volume of N2 be more negative than -14.7 psi?

Ok. I’m getting -30 PSI on a gauge calibrated at 0 for 1 ATM. Let’s say I have a chamber with a volume of 20L of N2 at 1 ATM. A vacuum pump that can pump to absolute vacuum let’s say 1X10^-10mTORR. ...
4
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1answer
69 views

How much atmospheric pressure (CO2) is required to carry iron oxide dust in the wind?

It is common knowledge that there are dust devils and dust storms on Mars. But can we demonstrate that the atmospheric pressure on Mars, which is 0.6% of the pressure we experience on Earth, provides ...
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1answer
39 views

Work needed to pump the balloons

Let's suppose that we want to pump the balloons underwater from the initial volume $V_0$ to the volume $V_1$. The pressure there equals $p_1$ and the atmospheric pressure is $p_0$. It is claimed ...