Force per unit area.

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6 views

Calculate water flow through orifice

I'm not very good with fluid physics, and need some help. Imagine the following setup with water contained in-front of a wall with an opening on the bottom: How do I calculate the water flow ...
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1answer
23 views

Calculation of Pressure from flow rate of water

Anybody kindly help me to find how to calculate pressure in barr from flow rate. I have a pipe and from that I am transferring water at a constant flow rate of 5ml/min so at this flow rate with 0.5 cm ...
14
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3answers
2k views

Pool in a submarine

A common theme in aquatic science fiction is the submarine pool/access to the ocean. That terrible TV show Seaquest had it, The Deep & Deep Blue Sea (Samuel L Jackson is standing in front of it ...
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1answer
51 views

How does pressure influence temperature in liquids?

Lets say we have a tank with a fixed mass of liquid at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. How do we influence the temperature when we exert pressure (e. g., with a piston) on the liquid? Are ...
19
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3answers
2k views

Why is the pressure inside a soap bubble higher than outside?

Apparently, the air inside a soap bubble is under higher pressure than the surrounding air. This is for instance apparent in the sound bubbles make when they burst. Why is the pressure inside the ...
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1answer
37 views

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
4
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2answers
71 views

Jumping sewer lid - WHY?

Intro: Few hours ago, there was a storm. We heard some constant banging which couldn't be explained by thundering. Then we found out, it was a sewer lid jumping. Maybe it's normal in other parts of ...
14
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4answers
2k views

Why do bubbles make a sound?

I have an understanding of how bubbles work. They encapsulate air (or other fluids) in a membrane caused by surface tension. When they pop, there is often a sound. Sound is a type of energy, kinetic ...
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0answers
21 views

States that Wave-length, Pressure and Temperature describe [on hold]

I have two doubts : 1 - Can wave-length of light emited by some light-source ( like a black-body ) take arbitrary distance values ( any value in the set of real numbers ) ? 2 - Pressure is the name ...
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2answers
12 views

Time to inflate paddleboard given compressor output

So I just bought an inflatable standup paddle board. The dimensions (inflated) equate to an approximate volume of 9 cubic feet. (This is a slight over approximation, but close enough for my purposes) ...
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2answers
36 views

Why doesn't the entropy of an isolated system of ideal gas change during isothermal compression/expansion?

Even if the system is isolated and there is no heat exchange with surroundings, shouldn't the decrease/increase of pressure result in increase/decrease of entropy ??? Does this property of an ...
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1answer
52 views

Force to stop a moving rope vs. stagnation pressure of a fluid

Let $\lambda$ be a linear density of a rope which is moving into a scale at velocity v. The additional force on the scale due to the collision is given as $\frac{d p}{d t} = v\frac{d m}{d t} = ...
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0answers
20 views

Pressures in multiple hydraulic drive system circuits when driving common drive shaft

Assume that there are two 'idealised' and identical hydraulic drive system circuits each consisting of a connected positive displacement pump and hydraulic motor where both motors (from each ...
4
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3answers
452 views

Does the weight of fluid in a conical container act entirely on the base?

Scenario description Lets assume both containers have a capacity of 300 litres. One is a vertical tube as shown in pic 1 Other one is more or less a V shaped containers as shown in pic 2 Both are ...
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1answer
20 views

Gauge pressure clarification

Is gauge pressure always zero-referenced against ambient air pressure? Or is it referenced against the sum of all pressures acting on a fluid, which usually just happens to be ambient air pressure? ...
3
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2answers
88 views

Difference between weight of water and pressure of water

(I didn't even have a basic formal education in physics. I'm learning through the internet out of my own interest, so if there are any silly mistakes, kindly bear with and guide me through.) ...
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2answers
64 views

How can a gas support tensile stresses?

In working through a rigorous derivation of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, I find that the momentum flux in the X-direction should be driven not only by the normal pressure gradient ...
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1answer
51 views

Compression vs Rarefaction in Sound Waves

I am currently looking into solutions for Sound Classification, and I came across Ludvigsen's methodology (if anyone wishes to refer to it). The problem is that a sample graph of amplitudes in one of ...
2
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1answer
49 views

If a window in a plane cabin breaks will a bunch of water vapor form?

If a plane has some windows broken mid-flight (ie open) will the plane suddenly be full of water vapor because of the difference of pressure?
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1answer
31 views

Convert pressure to energy [closed]

I read a little about electricity being created from pressure, Piezoelectricity. I'm still pretty newbie about it though. Let's say I want to charge a battery from that technique, using my hands to ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Why doesn't the air in a Standard Diving Dress crush you?

I recently watched a Mythbusters episode where they tested decompression in a tethered diving suit (which I believe is a Standard Diving Dress). When they removed the air pressure, the suit crumpled ...
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4answers
77 views

How does buoyancy work?

I realised, reading another Phys.SE question about balloons moving forwards in an accelerating car that I don't really understand how buoyancy works. Particularly concerning, for a SCUBA diver. The ...
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1answer
46 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
5
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3answers
75 views

Will a drop of liquid flow from from the wide opening to the narrow opening of a thin funnel by the effect of air pressure?

We have a funnel that is thin enough to keep a drop of liquid inside it as shown in this figure. Assuming that the funnel is placed on a horizontal table, will the drop flow from the left side to ...
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4answers
70 views

Basic buoyancy question

If I have a cup of water filled with air at the bottom of a pool, then when the cup is "upside down" the air doesn't leave because the water pressure is pushing it up against the top of the container. ...
6
votes
1answer
60 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
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1answer
41 views

(air pressure and displacement) Isn't this image wrong?

Isn't this figure wrong? P(x,t) = -B(dy/dx) . If the derivative of air displacement has a maximum, then this is where the pressure is minimum, not maximum as this figure suggests. Could someone ...
5
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3answers
157 views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
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1answer
30 views

wall thickness for a very large, low-pressure vessel?

I'm working on a space colony simulation, and I'm at the point where I need to calculate the thickness of the habitat walls, as a function of air pressure and geometry (and assuming some common ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Where does the steam pressure go?

Lets say you build a steam boiler and then you connect several turbines to the boiler in series. What limits the number of turbines that you can connect to the boiler in this way? In my mind, it ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Normal Reaction and Punctures

I'm curious on how, if every object creates a normal contact force equal to the force being put on it, seemingly preventing deformation or snapping of an object, how do objects break or how are they ...
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3answers
81 views

Does the pressure inside a tire equal to its average ground pressure?

On one hand, I think they should be equal since the external force and internal force are equal in equilibrium. On the other hand, I don't see anything related between them, the inside pressure is ...
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1answer
15 views

Decompression speed (rate)

I've heard that decompression speed or rate in which the gas will leave the greater pressured container is equal to the speed of sound. For example, if the spacecraft gets damaged the air cannot exit ...
0
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1answer
22 views

What is the purpose of sensors and pumps with less than 1 ATM pressure?

This question is not directly a physics questions, though related a little. Previously for sensors, and currently for air pumps, I am doing some research. I have found a digital pressure sensor on ...
4
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1answer
543 views

Does the pressure increase under an upturned glass?

During my children's bath time we were playing with an upturned plastic jug filled with water and making some plastic divers float up inside the jug - see image. If one of the divers swam from A to ...
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2answers
321 views

What will happen if we put balloon in water tank in space

Imagine this. You have some object (let say barrel) and fill it with water. The water remains rather calm so it doesnt' spills out. Then we take a balloon filled with air and push it in that tank. ...
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1answer
52 views

Water Pressure Calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Help with vacuums?

Okay, here is my understanding. Please correct me if anything here is incorrect. Suppose I have a cube with a side length of ten inches. It has a surface area of 600 square inches, and at an ...
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1answer
57 views

Quick question on ideal gas law

I know that the ideal gas law is: $$P = nkT$$ So Pressure = Number of Particles per unit volume * kT Why is the number of particles per unit volume = $\frac{\rho}{\mu M_H}$? Shouldn't it simply ...
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0answers
77 views

Bernoulli's equation

So there's a pipe filled with water that has 4 other pipes with same radii connected to it. The question is to arrange heights from the smallest to the biggest level in it. $A_1$ and $A_2$ are ...
0
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2answers
75 views

Pressure $p$ in the Bernoulli equation

I know the Bernoulli equation that states that the energy along a streamline is constant: $$ \frac{v^{2}}{2}+gh+\frac{p}{\rho}=C $$ However I can't seem to figure out what exactly $p$ is in this ...
2
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4answers
239 views

Why does sound need air in order to travel?

I know that in space, because of vacuum that we can't hear voices or sound to be specific, why is that? Why does sound need a medium to go through?
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Why is the pressure on top of a slab of water greater than the pressure on the bottom?

In the image below, my book seems to be saying that if you have a cup of water in complete equilibrium, then if you have a small cube of water inside the cup given by $dm=ρAdy$ there is a downward ...
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1answer
41 views

Pressure and Volume (SQA 2011 Higher Physics Q23) [closed]

On this question Part bi, the equation to be used is P₁V₁=P₂V₂, so it states that the technician removes 50ml of air from the jar, so I had: P₁=1.01x10⁵ Pa V₁=200ml P₂=? V₂=150ml (since he removes ...
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1answer
29 views

maintaining atmosperic pressure on mars

how would mankind be able to maintain an earth like atmospheric pressure on mars since mars only has 1/3rd the mass? I am not, nor have i ever attended college, but am very curious.
6
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1answer
79 views

Why are popcorn seeds soft after popping?

When a seed of popcorn is heated up in oil, it pops like this: You can take one of these popped pieces and eat it with little to no problem. However, if you get an un-popped seed and sink your ...
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2answers
70 views

Temperature of ideal gas after volume increases in piston

A three part question, all related Part 1. My question is about an ideal gas in a rigid container with two (equal volume) compartments separated by a rigid wall. One compartment has an ideal gas at ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Magdeburg Hemispheres

The Magdeburg Hemisphere experiment was the experiment that showed the effect of pressure differences on a vacuumed sphere. We know that the Force caused by pressure is $\Delta p A$ and so you can ...
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1answer
52 views

Could you blow up a barrel (closed container) using a straw and water?

Imagine you fill up a barrel with water (or any other liquid) dig a small hole at the top and place a sufficiently large straw in it, so that there is no pressure loss or anything. Then you start to ...
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3answers
50 views

Upward bouyant forces?

When an object is submerged in a fluid (e.g., water), there is a pressure on the object due to weight of water by p=mgh, but why is there an upward buoyant force?