The time rate of change of energy

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45
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9answers
18k views

What practical issues remain for the adoption of Thorium reactors?

From what I've read on thorium reactors, there's enormous benefit to them. Their fuel is abundant enough to power human civilization for centuries, their fission products are relatively short-lived, ...
5
votes
2answers
516 views

How do you calculate power at the focal point of a mirror?

I'm a Mechanical Engineering student and I'm working on my senior project, so I need help. My project is about designing a solar dish having a diameter of 1.5 meters and a focal length of 60cm. so at ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

How do I calculate the power consumed by a lightbulb?

I'm studying a lightbulb and its variable resistance, given by the expression: $R(T) = Ro[1 + α(T-T_0)]$, where $R_0$ is the resistance of the lamp at $T_0$. In this case, $R$ is not given by Ohm's ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

High Voltage Powerlines - clarification of energy loss

I've been having a bit of trouble understanding the High-Voltage powerlines. If I was sending power from $A \rightarrow B$, we have: Ohm's law $V = IR$ Power lost in the form of heat $P = I^2 R$ ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does it take so long to make a nuclear bomb?

So as I know nuclear bombs are derived from fission reactions: By providing the nucleus with enough power to trigger a chain reaction. If uranium was present why does it take so much to make a nuclear ...
3
votes
5answers
60k views

Charging 12V 150Ah battery

I want to charge a 12V battery of 150Ah with a solar panel. The solar panel specs is 12V, 25 Watt. Can anyone please provide me how to calculate that how much time it will take to charge the battery? ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Estimating the battery capacity using current power consumption and battery percentage

I want to estimate the current maximum capacity (in kWh) having the current power consumption (in kWh) and the state of charge of the battery (in %) available in a time series. I do not have a full ...
25
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it possible to build a thermoelectric nuclear power plant?

Current nuclear power plants are essentially an enhanced version of a kettle, which seems like a stupidity caused by a lack of other options. We heat the water which turns to steam which rotates the ...
7
votes
4answers
704 views

Optimal speed for the water wheel

The hydroelectricity plants extract the potential energy of highly deployed massive object (water) as it falls down. Without turbine, all that energy would be converted into speed (kinetic energy) at ...
3
votes
4answers
531 views

Should we forget fusion and focus on geothermal power? [closed]

Firstly I can say that I would love us to come up with a sustainable fusion solution. However with the latest estimates being 2050 at the earliest for an effective fusion solution and the planets ...
5
votes
6answers
3k views

Intuitively, Why is Power Proportional to $I^2R$

As the resistance of a circuit goes down, the power increases because the current increases, assuming constant voltage. Why is this? I feel like resistance and current are inversely proportional, so ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Trying to understand jet engine [closed]

I'm trying to understand at a high level how a jet engine works. I want to know if the following summary I wrote is more or less accurate: The jet compresses regular air into a combustion chamber. ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Does the 'mAh' rating of a battery have something to do with its power?

I'm curious about the 'mAh' of a battery: how can this impact the power of the battery? I've done some research on the internet, and most of the articles I found explain about the 'amount of charge ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Quantum Computing Power Advantages

Currently, the world's fastest supercomputer runs at 17.59 Petaflops, which consumes 9 megawatts of electricity. A qubit-based quantum computer has the potential to operate much more quickly for some ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Why isn't the product rule used in the definition of mechanical work?

Mechanical power is normally defined as $P = \mathrm{d}W/\mathrm{d}t$, and work is normally defined as $W = \vec F \cdot \vec x$. Today an undergrad pointed out a confusion he had from Griffiths' E&...
4
votes
2answers
733 views

What is a single word that describes the idea of the second time derivative of energy?

I think about position, its time derivative speed, and its second time derivative, acceleration. I would like to identify a single word that can be used as a handle for the second time derivative of ...
3
votes
4answers
601 views

Car “oomph”: power or torque?

Two of the most important magnitudes that characterize a car's engine are maximum power and maximum torque. How are those two magnitudes related to the sensation that the car has "oomph" or is "...
3
votes
3answers
830 views

Power to suspend a mass in air

How much power is needed to suspend a mass in the air? The four parts below deal with the same problem. I post them all here, should there be some subtle things I didn't see. The textbook problem A ...
2
votes
3answers
548 views

Nuclear physics problem, Why do we use high weight atomic elements?

So as far as I know, nuclear fission uses high weight atomic elements to manufacture power. If the risk of runaway reactions are a major reason for not expanding this technology, why don't we use ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

Does a 27 hp engine output the same amount of energy as lifting a 1 ton stone block almost 3 meters per second?

I’m trying to get a sense of how much energy a 27 horsepower engine outputs. 27 hp $=$ 20 133 watts (joules/second). Potential energy can be calculated as $E = mgh$ where $g = ~9.8\ m/s^2$ on earth. ...
1
vote
2answers
21k views

Confusion about P=VI and V=IR

If we look at $P=VI$, we see that if the current doubles then the potential difference is halved but this doesn't seem to make sense according to $V=IR$. If we look at that equation, since the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Power dissipated on internal resistance of short-circuited voltage source

Suppose we have a voltage source with an EMF of $\mathcal{E}$ and an internal resistance $R$. If we connect to it a perfect wire with zero resistance, we get a short circuit. The value of the current ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

Why is power dissipated in a circuit maximum when external resistance is equal to the internal resistance in the circuit? [closed]

[![question 24][1]][1]Suppose in a circuit the battery has emf 6V and internal resistance 3ohm. It is connected to an external resistance = R ohm. According to my ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Minimum Power Required to Maintain a Population Inversion

According to many sources, the minimum power required to maintain a population N in the upper level of a two level laser system is $$P_{min}=fA_{21}Nh\nu$$ where $f$ accounts for the lack of 100% ...
1
vote
2answers
861 views

What's the intensity of a laser pointer?

The unit of intensity or the irradiance of the light is $\mathrm{W/m^2}$. So what's the intensity of a light pointer? Searching on the web, the laser pointer's power is about $5\mathrm{mW}$, imagine ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Is Ohm's law obeyed in power transmission?

We learnt in high school that according to Ohm's law $V/I=R$. We also learnt that during power transmission in an electric line $P=VI$ and that in order to minimize loss voltage is raised. As a ...
-1
votes
2answers
220 views

Transformers: relation between their current, voltage and resistance

My current understanding Transformers are used to step up and down voltage keeping power constant. Hence, for example, if I step up some voltage, the current will decrease in the secondary circuit. ...
-1
votes
3answers
132 views

Power dissipation in AC RC circuit [closed]

Can anyone help me with this question? A 20 A peak-to-peak 60 Hz current passes through a 0.01 µF capacitor which is in series with a 33 Ω resistor. What is the power dissipation? I have ...
-1
votes
1answer
742 views

Average Power and Instantaneous Power

I am confused between the usage of the terms average power and instantaneous power. What is the main difference between the two?