The time rate of change of energy

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576 views

Mechanics Question: Energy, Work and Power

I'm a pure mathematician by trade, and have been trying to teach myself A-level mechanics. (This is not homework, it is purely self-study.) I've been working through the exercises and have come up ...
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1answer
329 views

Mechanics Question: Work and Power

I'm a pure mathematician by trade, but have been teaching myself classical mechanics. I've got to the chapter on Work, Energy and Power and I've found an example that is causing me some problems. ...
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1answer
64 views

Sound intensity and space/things in the way

Suppose you have two stationary people, A and B, who are equally effective in terms of hearing ability, and A emits a sound that is heard by B at a certain intensity. If they remain stationary, and B ...
5
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2answers
503 views

Averaging decibels

Wikipedia: The decibel (dB) is a logarithmic unit that indicates the ratio of a physical quantity (usually power or intensity) relative to a specified or implied reference level. If I ...
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2answers
7k views

Confusion about P=VI and V=IR

If we look at $P=VI$, we see that if the current doubles then the potential difference is halved but this doesn't seem to make sense according to $V=IR$. If we look at that equation, since the ...
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6answers
1k views

Confused about unit of kilowatt hours

So I am a little confused on how to deal with the Kilowatt hours unit of power, I have only ever used Kilowatts and I have to design a residential fuel cell used as a backup generator for one day. ...
2
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1answer
127 views

What are the properties and impediments of a liquid air fueled engine?

I recently came across a very interesting article that suggested the possibility of using liquified gases like air, nitrogen, or oxygen as a power source for cars. It appears that this company is ...
2
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2answers
204 views

Why do we need more power to do a job fast?

Let's assume we have two identical electric trains. One has a big electric motor (high power) and the other has small motor (low power). Let us assume the electric motors are of the same brand and ...
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1answer
2k views

Calculate the UPS Capacity in amp-hours [closed]

I am trying to find out the UPS capacity in amp-hours for my HP UPS system. I've already done some calculations based on the UPS information from the HP Power Manager software. Bellow are my ...
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2answers
660 views

An Ideal Transformer

In a transformer assumed to be transformer, power in the primary is equal to power in the secondary. So in a sense, the power in the secondary is 'fixed'. Output voltage in the secondary is also fixed ...
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4answers
3k views

Do resistor-based fan regulators save no power at all?

I have heard that the traditional resistor-based fan speed regulators are inefficient. In fact, I have noticed that such regulators tend to get hot when the fan is set to low speed. However, does that ...
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1answer
273 views

Power, Force Velocity

In any case, if the force and power is constant , does velocity also need to be constant? If no, can you tell me a case. Further can this be extended for non-rigid bodies.
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2answers
2k views

What is the luminosity per square meter hitting the Earth's surface from the Sun?

So I know that the Sun's luminosity is $3.839 \cdot 10^{26}$. What I want is the luminosity per square meter at the Earth's surface. So this is what I have got so far: I know the distance to the ...
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3answers
2k views

why aren't there nuclear powered aircraft?

I know this might sound like more of an engineering question that about physics, and it probably is, but bear with me: i'm still not sure if the answer to my question lies in the physics or in the ...
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3answers
4k views

Average power dissipated by a resistor on AC current

So let's say we have an AC current of 120 V at 60 Hz. Then i's waveform would be $$f(t) = 120 \sqrt{2} \cos(2 \pi 60 t)$$ Or rather the amplitude times $\sqrt{2}$ times $\cos(2 \pi ...
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1answer
380 views

Which speed can an electric scooter reach on a given slope?

Electric scooters are always "given" as "working with slopes up to xx%", but what does it mean? Given motor torque and power, scooter+driver weight and wheels diameter, how can I determine at which ...
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2answers
2k views

Does the 'mAh' rating of a battery have something to do with its power?

I'm curious about the 'mAh' of a battery: how can this impact the power of the battery? I've done some research on the internet, and most of the articles I found explain about the 'amount of charge ...
3
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4answers
6k views

How does power consumption vary with the processor frequency in a typical computer?

I am looking for an estimate on the relationship between the rate of increase of power usage as the frequency of the processor is increased. Any references to findings on this would be helpful.
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2answers
353 views

Should the term Watt's Law be used?

I'm revising some electrical curriculum for a technical training program. In the curriculum students have to calculate values using Ohm's law and the equation Power = Current * Voltage (or P = IV). ...
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2answers
201 views

Inefficiency Comparison of Car Air Conditioning vs. Open Windows

On a recent long, hot journey in Spain, I was pondering which was the most efficient way of cooling the car. Which of these would be the most effective? Switching on the air conditioning, thereby ...
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3answers
301 views

How to imagine the following power and torque?

I can roughly feel a force of 10 newton only by considering the weight of 1 kilogram object. How to imagine the following measurements? Maximum horsepower 16 hp @ 9,500 RPM Maximum torque ...
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2answers
193 views

Can wireless power transfer harm organic life by anyway?

Now, humanity can beam 50-60 watts power through 10 centimeter-thick concrete block. Can such wireless power transfer harm us by anyways?
2
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2answers
368 views

Lorentz engine to run a car?

Could a Lorentz engine (like the ones that move the write head inside of hardrives) be used to run car ? Would it be possable to get it producing 60hp, and a decent amount of tourque, if so how large ...
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1answer
121 views

Do you think it’s possible to make a power plant of the described kind?

We are working on a science project and try to engineer a power plant of a new kind. It is called Air HES (air hydroelectric station). The idea is described on our website. Do you think it is ...
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3answers
4k views

Two 60W-lightbulbs are connected on 220 V AC-voltage - how much electric power is spent by each lightbulb? [closed]

Two 60W-lightbulbs are connected on 220 V AC-voltage - how much electric power is spent by each lightbulb? There are two scenarios: In one, these two lighbulbs are connected serially, and in the ...
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2answers
409 views

Calculate power $P=V \times I$

I have an adapter which mentions like this... Input: 100-240V~1.8A 50-60hZ So how much power does it really consume? I just knew ...
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1answer
1k views

How are the CPU power and temperature caculated/estimated?

From Wikipedia The power consumed by a CPU, is approximately proportional to CPU frequency, and to the square of the CPU voltage: $$ P = C V^2 f $$ (where C is capacitance, f is ...
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1answer
9k views

Is there any significance to 1.21 GW?

In connection with a related question on Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange page: does this number 1.21 GW make any sense? What is 1.21 GWatts? With what can you compare it? Can the ...
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1answer
74 views

is it possible to gain from charging cold battery

Is it possible to get higher load of energy into a battery if you charge it when its cold eg. +9C? the battery is emptier, but does it let the power in? Is it safe?
3
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1answer
126 views

What are some ways that humans could have influence over what sequence a star was in?

How would a society go about either preventing our sun in its primary sequence from going into a Red Giant a billion years from now? Or perhaps, accelerating the process of going from main sequence ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Boiling water reactor

What are the typical power densities in conventional boiling water nuclear reactor per cubic centimeter of fission material?
2
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1answer
1k views

Finding electric power generated using heat transfer

I'm working through an example I have been given to study. Suppose I have a 2m X 4m photovoltaic panel on my roof that is irradiated with a solar flux of $G_s = 700W/m^2$. Given: $\alpha_s = 0.83$ ...
2
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4answers
421 views

Should we forget fusion and focus on geothermal power? [closed]

Firstly I can say that I would love us to come up with a sustainable fusion solution. However with the latest estimates being 2050 at the earliest for an effective fusion solution and the planets ...
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1answer
41 views

Have Sterling Engines Been Used In Outer Space?

I was reading about Stirling Generators having potential applications for power generation in outer space. Have Stirling engines ever been sent into space?
3
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3answers
806 views

Would a thinner atmosphere (such as high altitude) yield better solar panel energy generation?

I am curious. If you were to put a solar panel up in high altitude or on the surface of the moon, both of which have much less atmosphere to reflect/refract light, would that solar panel produce more ...
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8answers
13k views

What practical issues remain for the adoption of Thorium reactors?

From what I've read on thorium reactors, there's enormous benefit to them. Their fuel is abundant enough to power human civilization for centuries, their fission products are relatively short-lived, ...
3
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1answer
228 views

Lifetime of battery

If I directly connect two terminals of 3V battery (negative to positive) using copper wire, would it lose all its charge faster compared to another 3V battery that is used to lighten a 1.5V bulb?
3
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1answer
131 views

Can a solar thermal collector designed for use in homes ever power a stirling engine designed for use in homes?

Can a solar thermal collector common on private roofs today designed for collecting heat for the household ever collect enough heat to power a stirling engine of say this model: ...
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5answers
344 views

How do electrical devices suck electricity?

If the electric potential is 220V and some device needs 1500watts then how does it suck exactly that amount of electrical energy from outlet?
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3answers
837 views

How can AC source with different voltage provide same power

As some of us maybe aware, USA mains connection is 110 V while those in Asian countries are 220 V. How is it still possible for the Adapter to provide the necessary power to the device, say a laptop, ...
3
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2answers
416 views

What is a single word that describes the idea of the second time derivative of energy?

I think about position, its time derivative speed, and its second time derivative, acceleration. I would like to identify a single word that can be used as a handle for the second time derivative of ...
3
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1answer
243 views

How much power can be drawn from stray electromagnetism in the atmosphere?

I know this probably varies quite a bit from place to place on earth. But just some rough estimates: if I were to pull power via multiple antennae tuned to a variety of different frequencies, how much ...
2
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5answers
20k views

Charging 12V 150Ah battery

I want to charge a 12V battery of 150Ah with a solar panel. The solar panel specs is 12V, 25 Watt. Can anyone please provide me how to calculate that how much time it will take to charge the battery? ...
6
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2answers
919 views

Would the ionic wind power fence actually work?

Described here and in the references (patent, patent), the idea is to use a large fence as a grid electrode. Spray water droplets near a high voltage to charge them, and then the wind blows them ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Total power consumption of electric device

For some electric devices, like a fan or air conditioner, I read about their power consumption in watts on their specification guide. Does it tell about the power at normal or full speed? or Does the ...
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2answers
2k views

How do I calculate the power consumed by a lightbulb?

I'm studying a lightbulb and its variable resistance, given by the expression: $R(T) = Ro[1 + α(T-T_0)]$, where $R_0$ is the resistance of the lamp at $T_0$. In this case, $R$ is not given by Ohm's ...
5
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1answer
357 views

What type of solar energy technology has the most future potential?

In terms of dollars per watt, using theoretical efficiency limits, what technology holds the most promise to become the primary solar energy capture technology? My hunch is carbon-based modules, ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Loss of Power at high frequencies

One of my work colleagues told me that a cable he is sending a signal through is losing power at high frequencies. So he recommends the signal should be amplified before being sent. The explanation ...
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8answers
4k views

Why don't modern spacecraft use nuclear power?

The Voyager 1 & 2 spacecraft launched in 1977 with Plutonium as their source of electricity. 34 years later they claim these two spacecraft have enough power to last them until at least 2020. That ...
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2answers
384 views

Why doesn't a phone charge faster, rather than slower when it is in use

In Physics class, we were building parallel circuits, and as more lights were attached in parallel, they got brighter (as more power was being provided to the lights, and the resistance decreases). ...