The time rate of change of energy

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43 views

High resistance wire as a heating element

I'm redesigning one of the labs for our senior lab class at my university. It's a thermal conductivity experiment meant to measure aluminum's thermal conductivity in a thin (1.1 cm diameter) rod. I ...
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1answer
29 views

General relation between power density of any engine and dissiapation rate and temperature

Many years ago ( before my university studies ) I read that renewable resources are fundamentally limited by laws of thermodynamics to produce energy very slowly (low specific power or power density) ...
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1answer
103 views

Find the electric field of light due to an LED [closed]

This is a JEE mains question which neither me, nor any of my teachers can figure out. Help me here. "A red LED emits light at 0.1 watt uniformly around it. The amplitude of the electric field of the ...
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1answer
59 views

Power dissipation across resistors in series

Suppose we have a simple circuit with an input voltage source $V$ and two resistors. Now if we want to find the power dissipated by each resistor using the formula $V^2/R$, should the voltage be the ...
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0answers
30 views

Calculating power in fluid systems with $pQ.$

I was wondering: say we have a fan which is being used to provide lift to some mass, like in a simple air cushion device, where the air has to flow through a chamber beneath the fan. Let's say that ...
3
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4answers
9k views

What is the relationship and difference between BHP and Torque?

I've recently been looking into performance figures for various auto mobiles, and I see the terms BHP and Torque used quite often, but I can't say I really understand the terms, or how they relate to ...
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1answer
64 views

What does 400kW(e) mean?

I am trying to read a document and it says a power grid is 400kW(e) what does this mean?
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3answers
794 views

Is Ohm's law obeyed in power transmission?

We learnt in high school that according to Ohm's law $V/I=R$. We also learnt that during power transmission in an electric line $P=VI$ and that in order to minimize loss voltage is raised. As a ...
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1answer
31 views

How much power does it take to keep a massive particle suspended in a gravitational field?

For instance if I have a rocket of mass $m$ in a uniform gravitational field $g$, and I want to keep it floating in the air via thrust alone, then how much power in the form of (say) chemical energy ...
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1answer
148 views

Maximum power transfer proof

I have the following homework problem. Consider a power supply with fixed emf $ε$ and internal resistance $r$ causing current in a load resistance $R$. In this problem, $R$ is fixed and $r$ is a ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Energy consumption on resistance in AC circuit?

The electrical part of a PM machine is described as a symmetric three-phase Y-connected circuit with floating neutral point, $e=Ldi/dt+Ri+v$, where $e$, $i$ and $v$ are vectors of emf, current and ...
0
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1answer
120 views

Car Motion: Power and Distance: Air Drag [closed]

I need to workout the amount of Power required by a car, in order to overcome air drag forces. I have figured out that, Power = c(Velocity^3). But, I am unable to understand Power's relation with ...
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2answers
308 views

Human Muscle Energy - Increases or Decreases by doing work?

When Human does some work, he gets tired. I will think he looses some energy. If he really loses energy by doing work how does he gain more strength to do more work later. His muscles become strong ...
42
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9answers
17k views

What practical issues remain for the adoption of Thorium reactors?

From what I've read on thorium reactors, there's enormous benefit to them. Their fuel is abundant enough to power human civilization for centuries, their fission products are relatively short-lived, ...
5
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1answer
56 views

Does ambient day/night temperature change have significant energy generation potential

Is there significant energy to capture in daily day/night temperature change? For instance, I see from posts such as the following that there are materials with varying coefficients of linear thermal ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Negative power measurement of transformer short-circuit test. What happened?

I have a dissectible transformer, made up of two 120-turn coils. I connect a function generator to the primary side, set the AC voltage to be constantly 10V, and short circuit the secondary side. And ...
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2answers
76 views

Instead of a dynamo-meter, why can't we use $\tau=I\alpha$ to determine the power of a rotating shaft?

To measuring the power of a rotating shaft, dynamo-meters are used. Instead, why can't we find torque using Torque=Moment of Inertia times Angular Acceleration, $\tau=I\alpha$? And given that we know ...
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0answers
31 views

Non-linearity of energy conversion efficiency

I have a very general question to all of you. I am wondering if there is any basic physics principle that would state that energy conversion efficiency will be always non-linear (for the practical ...
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0answers
138 views

How efficient is the Crookes radiometer?

I remember many years ago, I think at 8th grade, seeing the teacher show us a Crookes radiometer. I remember it being very fascinating. Today I read the wiki article on it, after looking up what it ...
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1answer
57 views

What is one human power? [closed]

some time ago I was asked what the HP equivalent of a human was, looking into this apart from in the creation of steam engines the power definition 1 Horse power was set at the work of two of the best ...
2
votes
3answers
388 views

Car “oomph”: power or torque?

Two of the most important magnitudes that characterize a car's engine are maximum power and maximum torque. How are those two magnitudes related to the sensation that the car has "oomph" or is ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Which thermoelectric effect is better?

I am doing an experiment which requires the thermoelectric effect. I know about the Seebeck and the Peltier effects. Well, from what I have found till now on these topics is that they both can produce ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Electricity from effervescence, is it possible?

I've had this idea for quite some time (after having a cold and seeing Tabcin sparkling tablets), is there the possibility to generate electricity from effervescence? I envisioned something like the ...
2
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3answers
55 views

Solar plants and energy conservation

I'd like to apologise if this question is stupid or if it was asked ten thousand times - I haven't found an answer to it. Quite possibly due to mediocre English or abominable knowledge of physics. ...
0
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1answer
131 views

Can we make a “Gravity Mill” based on principle(s) of Newton's cradle?

DISCLAIMER: Newbie/Wannabe Physicist. What's to stop us from making a "Gravity Mill" which is a bar/rod attached with weights on both ends and pivoted at the ...
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2answers
191 views

Laser power consumption vs power output

I have a 5 mW laser pen powered by a 1000 mAh 3.7 volt battery that takes over 2 hours to recharge. It drains it in 15 minutes. Why is it only called 5 milliwatts output if it is consuming 14.8 W?
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3answers
358 views

Defining Reference Directions for Voltage and Power (sign convention)

My professor decided to use the above reference directions when calculating power in circuits. He says that when power > 0, power is consumed. When p < 0, power is generated. This definition is ...
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2answers
116 views

If a propane torch is rated at 200,000 BTUs, what does this translate to in terms of joules/second?

If a propane torch is rated at 200,000 BTUs, what does this translate to in terms of joules/second? Not exactly a physics question per say, but it falls in the realm. How do I convert/understand ...
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3answers
125 views

Electricity consumption in fan

Does regulation in a fan vary in Electricity consumption? i.e. I want to know exactly, is the energy consumption more when regulator is tuned to highest number or lowest number?
3
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2answers
2k views

How are the CPU power and temperature caculated/estimated?

From Wikipedia The power consumed by a CPU, is approximately proportional to CPU frequency, and to the square of the CPU voltage: $$ P = C V^2 f $$ (where C is capacitance, f is ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Would a thinner atmosphere (such as high altitude) yield better solar panel energy generation?

I am curious. If you were to put a solar panel up in high altitude or on the surface of the moon, both of which have much less atmosphere to reflect/refract light, would that solar panel produce more ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Is it true that a processor with a higher temperature uses inevitably more power in comparison with a processor with a lower temperature?

If a processor has a higher temperature, can you be sure it it consumes more power than a processor with a lower temperature? And is the reverse relationship true? A processorchip with a higher mean ...
0
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2answers
170 views

What's the intensity of a laser pointer?

The unit of intensity or the irradiance of the light is $\mathrm{W/m^2}$. So what's the intensity of a light pointer? Searching on the web, the laser pointer's power is about $5\mathrm{mW}$, imagine ...
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1answer
71 views

Why aren't (domestic) kettles insulated?

In my experience of buying and using kettles, I have come across none which are insulated. The obvious reasons as to why it would be beneficial being that heating time would be reduced, similarly, ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the 'mAh' rating of a battery have something to do with its power?

I'm curious about the 'mAh' of a battery: how can this impact the power of the battery? I've done some research on the internet, and most of the articles I found explain about the 'amount of charge ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What does 1714 mean in hydraulics?

After reading this answer: http://www.answers.com/Q/What_does_1714_mean_in_hydraulics, I still do not have a good idea of what 1714 represents. In fact, in the equasions I was working with I saw a ...
0
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1answer
47 views

What is the equivalent of the “amount of fuel” for a battery?

I am trying to make a performance diagram of an electrical powered device vs range, speed, etc. I want to compare it using the equivalent of fuel for a battery? I am not sure if it is just voltage... ...
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1answer
54 views

Energy stored in hard disk [closed]

What is the type of energy stored in hard disk when data is stored? And Can we use it for electric power production?
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1answer
237 views

Calculating estimated HP from velocity, auto weight, and constant acceleration

I am working on a simulation program that runs theoretical performances of different cars and was wondering if there is a way to estimate the HP at any running RPM? the problem is (and this may be me ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Power spectral density of noise: what is $\mathcal{N_0}$ in $S_X(f)=\mathcal{N_0}/2$?

My question is regarding power spectral density of white gaussian noise. It is known that the power spectral density of white gaussian noise is $$S_X(f)= \frac{\mathcal{N_0}}{2}$$ My question is does ...
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3answers
354 views

Why can't unequal current sources be connected in series?

Imagine two power sources: PS-1 that can supply $5A$ at $100V$, and PS-2 can supply $10A$ at $40V$. Due to conservation of charge and Kirchoff's current law (KCL), this is incorrect, and would lead ...
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1answer
68 views

What is a watt? [closed]

So in class I have learned that a watt is volt * amperre. In America they have 120 volts in the switch, while in Europe we have 220-240. I have seen the same powersupplies in the Us and the Eu, which ...
0
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2answers
41 views

Does the effect change if a continuing and constant force acts upon a mass?

If a continuing and constant force $F$ acts upon a body with the mass $m$, does the power (work per unit time) increase over time? It would mean that the converted energy per time unit increases. Is ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Too many antennas around a single energy transmitting antenna?

I am not a physicist. So I am not even sure, if I am phrasing this question properly. Lets say there is a wireless transmitter transmitting energy. Let us say I place $N$ number of antennas around it ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How big would a Dyson swarm have to be to supply the whole earth's human population with power?

If human energy consumption per year is 150,000 Terrawatt-hours, and the energy output of the sun is about 380 Yottawatts, how much area would you need at a distance of 0.5 Astronomical unit, in order ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Would the ionic wind power fence actually work?

Described here and in the references (patent, patent), the idea is to use a large fence as a grid electrode. Spray water droplets near a high voltage to charge them, and then the wind blows them ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Quadrupling Power in a Circuit

If I have a heating wire with resistance $R$ to be connected across a constant potential difference $V$, it would seem like cutting the wire into two (thus each having half the resistance) and ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Sound power radiation of two monopole sources

For a fixed given electrical power to two monopole sources, producing the same frequency. Which mode, either in-phase or out of phase, will radiate the most sound power into the far-field?
0
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1answer
51 views

Out of phase AC transmission lines in parallel

I've been reading up on power transmission networks and came across this thing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadrature_booster Basically it balances the load between two parallel power lines by ...
1
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2answers
1k views

How much electricity can be produced by my thermoelectric generator?

I am using a thermoelectric cooler from a pc's heatsink to produce electricity. Its size is 30mm by 30mm. I will cool it on one side at -10 degree Celsius and the other at 24 degree Celsius. Can ...