# Tagged Questions

Scalar and vector potentials in electromagnetism. The scalar potential is potential energy per unit charge. For potential energy, use the potential-energy tag.

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### Need of vector potential in quantum mechanics

I need your opinions. Why is the vector potential of a magnetic field important (or even necessary) to quantum mechanics? Why it has to be defined everywhere? Is there any fundamental reason you can ...
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### Allowed energies for semi-harmonic oscillator

Question: If a particle is attached to a semi-harmonic oscillator (that is, for example, the spring is stretchable but not compressible) such that the potential $V(x)$ is infinity for $x\leq0$ and ...
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### Capacitance per unit charge of three long rods, two of which are connected

Suppose we have three very long rods, each with diameter $a$, placed so that their "centers" form an equilateral triangle, with sided of length $d$. Two of the wires are connected with a thin wire ( ...
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### Introducing cut-off in a renormalisation procedure for quantum mechanics

I've been reading a paper on renormalisation theory as applied to a simple one-particle Coulombic system with a short-range potential. In the process of renormalisation, the authors introduce an ...
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### Low-momentum behaviour of a short-range potential

I've read the follow sentence in a journal article (arXiv preprint) which constitutes part of my coursework. As discussed in the previous section, the low-momentum behavior of any short-range ...
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### Scattering from a potential, matrix elements of momentum eigenstates, and the Fourier transform [closed]

I am working on my last quantum homework and don't know where to begin with part (i) in this question 4. Do I need to use a product rule in the FT and use convolution? Not sure how to go about the ...
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### Gibbs free energy intuition

What is Gibbs free energy? As my book explains: Gibbs energy is the energy of a system available for work. So, what does it want to tell? Why is it free? Energy means ability to do work. What is ...
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### Estimate of the second shallowest bound state?

Suppose we have a 1D potential $V(x)$ of finite range, i.e., $$V(x) ~=~0$$ for $|x| > b$. The potential is assume to support at least two bound states, but might have more, say $n\geq 2$. ...
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### Finding the potential between two spherical shells [closed]

How to find the potential in region $a<r<b$ I know that the general solution for Laplace's equation is $$V(r,\theta)=\sum_{l=0} \left[A_l r^l +\frac{B_l}{r^{l+1}} \right]P_l(\cos{\theta}).$$ ...
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### 1D Finite potential well: solutions with $\sinh$ and $\cosh$?

So I am studying the (one dimensional) quantum mechanical finite potential well defined by: $$V(x) = \cases{0, &|x|>a\cr -V_0, &|x|<a}$$ where $V_0>0$ is a real number. I know ...
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### Electric Potential-can anyone give the concept behind this?

Three points A, B and C lie in a uniform electric field (E) of 5 x 103 NC-1 as shown in the figure. Find the potential difference between A and C. I think there is some trick? How can the pd ...
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### Why are the dineutron and diproton unbound?

It is known that there is no diproton and dineutron nuclei. Does this mean that two protons or neutrons are not actually attracted to each other? Even if the attraction was weak, wouldn't it cause ...
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### Potential Difference of a wire?

Imagine a circuit with only a 12 Volts battery and a wire connecting the ends of the battery. Point A and point B lies on the wire. What is then the potential difference between point A and B if the ...
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### Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization for different potentials

Let's have Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization for one-dimensional case: $$\int \limits_{a}^{b} p(x)dx ~=~ \pi \hbar (n + \nu ).$$ Here $p(x) = \sqrt{2m(E - U)}$, $a, b$ are turning points, and the area ...
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### Bound states in 1D & 2D [duplicate]

Why does Mother Nature allow bound states in arbitrarily weak attractive potential in 2D but not in 3D? See, for example, this article, arXiv:math-ph/0208011.
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### What does raising voltage do?

If I raise the voltage of a wire from 0V to 1000V and then to 5000V, am I merely packing it with more and more electrons (with those electrons being trapped there until they find a path off the wire)? ...
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### Potential difference between point on surface and point on axis of uniformly charged cylinder

Question: Charge is uniformly distributed with charge density $ρ$ inside a very long cylinder of radius $R$. Find the potential difference between the surface and the axis of the cylinder. Express ...