Polarization characterizes the oscillations in time the electromagnetic field is doing in the plane perpendicular to the propagation direction of a wave

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Why the reflection of randomly-polarized light is not random?

"Reflected light is polarized". The following photo demonstrates this: (source) When unpolarized light is incident at this angle, the light that is reflected from the surface is therefore ...
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492 views

double slit experiment with two opposite quarter waveplates

Consider the usual double slit experiment involving laser and a double slit and a screen. Now place in front of the left slit a quarter waveplate (let's call it QWP1) that changes a certain linear ...
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Polarization space, light singularities [closed]

Who knows something about polarization space? What is the definition? I know that to describe the polarization state of a beam we need to find eigen-polarization states. I also know that for the ...
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36 views

definition of left and right circular polarization?

Which is the left and right circular polarization ? page 1 Wiki says this is right circular polarization ...
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169 views

Is putting a charged balloon up to a neutral wall polarization AND temporary induction, or just polarization?

Is putting a balloon that is charged up against a wall and having it stick polarization AND charging by temporary induction, or just polarization?
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223 views

What is fundamentally happening that causes light to change its orientation when repeatedly polarized?

When light is passed through two polarizers successively, its intensity and orientation afterwards depends on the angle between the polarizers and the orientation of the most recent polarizer, ...
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1answer
29 views

How to better view LCD through polarized glasses

When I put on my polarized sunglasses and look at my LCD monitor, I found the best viewing angle to be at $45^\text{o}$ to the left. Obviously the ergonomics of tilting my head to view my screen ...
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Does a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave transfer angular momentum from the transmitter to a receiving antennae?

This question is about the rotation of macroscopic objects and looks at the magnetic vector of an electromagnetic wave. As basis for comparison, we consider an induction motor. The stator induces a ...
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what happens inside linear polarizer sheet (at microscopic level) when unpolarized light falls on it?

(1) What happens at microscopic level when unpolarized light falls on a linear polarizer sheet ? i.e. Due to what thing inside polarizer sheet, only those EM waves are passed whose plane of vibration ...
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28 views

selection rules and polarization in magneto-optical traps

I have got a question concerning selection rules and polarization. In a magneto-optical trap, lasers & a magnetic field are used to trap atoms. In order to be capable of using the lasers as a trap,...
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1answer
53 views

Is it possible to create a pair of polarized, polarization-entangled photons?

Is there a light source which emits (mostly) polarization-entangled pairs of photons that have a known polarization angle, e.g. a certain angle in relation to the orientation of the source? Applying ...
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Three polarizers, 45° apart

If light is passed through two polarizing filters before arriving at a target, and both of the filters are oriented at 90° to each other, then no light will be received at the target. If a third ...
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Field inside a dielectric spherical shell

I would like to find a detailed solution for the internal electric field of a polarized dielectric spherical shell in a uniform applied field.
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608 views

Formula for Rabi frequency

The Rabi frequency is an expression of the light-matter interaction (Hamiltonian) and gives a relation between field polarization and electric dipole. Reading the book of Cohen-Tannoudji (Complement $...
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38 views

Derivation of Specific Rotation formula?

This is sort of a weird question, so bear with me: I was reading about how chiral molecules rotate plane polarized light and decided to think of a "logical" formula for expressing the amount that ...
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5answers
113 views

How comes unpolarized light do not undergo destructive interference?

As far as I know, unpolarized light is defined as light which as no clear axis of polarization, but electric field vectors in all directions. However, I also know that electric fields can be ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the relation between polarization and wave front?

I'm reading about the angular momentum of light, in which wave fronts are like helix. When I checked for a circular polarization on the web, shapes look very similar to these helical structures, So I'...
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964 views

Photons with half integer angular momentum - what's happening?

I have just read this article - what is happening? Analysing these beams within the theory of quantum mechanics they predicted that the angular momentum of the photon would be half-integer, and ...
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1answer
24 views

Active light polarization filter

I want to realise a (fast) active light polarization filter. I just need two states: 0° and 90° rotation of the filtering plane. Is it possible to use a "normal" LC film like in displays and just put ...
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197 views

Polarisation definition

What is more correct and what is the difference? Polarised waves are waves with vibrations in one direction perpendicular to energy propagation "vibrations in one plane" "vibrations in one direction ...
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521 views

Polarization of the lowest mode of a Gaussian beam

Most introductory analyses of Gaussian beam optics work within Helmholtz scalar optics, and therefore they ignore the beam's polarisation. Because of that, I'm not clear on what are the possible ...
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0answers
9 views

What is the estimator that used to de-rotation of CMB polarization? [duplicate]

For de-rotation of CMB polarization we need to use of estimator for rotation angle. and used many estimator for this process.
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1answer
11k views

Intensity of unpolarized light through polarizer

When unpolarized light is polarized with two polarizers, the intensity becomes $I=I_ocos^2(θ)$ (Malus's law). But when unpolarized light is polarized with only one polarizer, the intensity is reduced ...
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1answer
16 views

What happens if polarized light passes through calcite or some other birefringent material?

every explanation of birefringence I find talks about unpolarized light entering Calcite, but what if I use a polarized light? Will that mean that as I rotate the crystal the light will disappear then ...
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1answer
65 views

Do gravitational waves radiate isotropically?

Do gravitational waves radiate equally in all directions? If so, is this an inherent property of all gravitational waves or is it just due to how they are normally produced? In other words, in a ...
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Polarisation by Reflection - oscillation direction

I'm currently studying polarisation by reflection, and have come across two pieces of information from the same source, which I can't seem to understand on how they differ. The oscillation direction ...
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1answer
53 views

Unpolarized wave, $\Delta\varphi =\Delta \varphi(t)$?

I have seen a unpolarized wave defined in a number of places (e.g. here) as a wave such that: \begin{align} E_x&=E_0 \cos(kz-\omega t) \\ E_y&=E_0 \cos(kz-\omega t+\varphi) \end{align} Where $\...
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Integrating by parts [closed]

I am having little trouble with my professor's note. $$F=-\int{(dr)}{(\vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{P}) \vec{E} }=\int{(dr)}{(\vec{P} \cdot \vec{\nabla} ) \vec{E} }$$ where F is force, P is polarization, ...
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Why long range ordering and higher order rotational symmetry leads to dense K-space ?

In case of Quasicrystals Why long range ordering and higher-order rotational symmetry leads to dense K-space ? And high rotational symmetry include modification in discrete spectral feature to ...
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Having trouble with linearly varying potential values (semiconductor band modeling)

One way to model an electric field-induced potential along a 1D semiconductor is: $$\phi(z) = eE_\mathrm{field}z\quad [\mathrm{eV}]$$ I'm troubled with the values, however. A typical electric ...
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48 views

Proportion of photons passing through three polarizers

I've started recently reading book "Quantum Computing, A Gentle Introduction". After each chapter there are exercises for self study. For some of them there are answers, for some not. So far I've been ...
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41 views

Polarized light from any suface?

From a textbook I read something like this: "When sunlight is reflected from a horizontal surface, the plane of incidence is vertical, and the reflected light contains a preponderance of light that is ...
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14 views

Is it correct that the polarized scatter of a polarized light source is max. orthogonal to the light source?

First of all, is the statement above correct? And if so, is there a constant gradient, with no polarized scatter parallel to the polarized source up to fully polarized at 90 degrees?
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46 views

What happens when two polarized lights of the same wavelength interfere at 90 degrees with each other?

am I right in assuming that if I cross two polarized lights of the same wavelength the result would be destructive interference? I don't mean 90 degrees as in 'orthogonal polarization', but the two ...
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65 views

Do gravitational waves have field components like electromagnetic waves?

One way I've been led to understand electromagnetic waves (and I accept that this might be a misconception I have) is that they 'self propagate' through empty space by virtue of the wave consisting of ...
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Why does some peoples' hair look blue when I look out the train window while wearing sunglasses?

Specifically, when I look through the window, black hair looks blue when people pass the window outside, and black shiny benches look like somebody painted them blue. Pretty sure my sunglasses are ...
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Is true black possible?

Black is the absence of light because it absorbs light, but when we create black paint or black objects, light is always reflected, either in all directions in matte or smoothly in shiny black objects,...
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39 views

Amplitude of unpolarized EM wave after a polarizer

The amplitude of a linearly polarized wave after a polarizer is $$E_1 = E_0\cos(\theta)$$ and the intensity is $$I_1 = I_0\cos^2(\theta)$$ Now for unpolarized light, the time averaged amplitude is ...
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Electric field inside a material

I was thinking about the polarisation, and how the electric field behaves inside the material of permittivity greater than one. I think to have understood what happens to D and P, but is not clear ...
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Why don't E&M fields change orientation after hitting a surface?

In essentially every derivation of the Fresnel equations, the general problem of radiation hitting a surface at a certain angle is broken into two parts (out of which we hope the solution any general ...
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How do particles entangle and how does polarization work? [closed]

I am trying to learn about how particles get entangled and when I searched it up I did not understand how polarization worked. I am still in elementary school so if please make the definition simple! ...
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16 views

Easiest way to levitate a ferromagnetic material that is not a permanent magnet?

I want to levitate an iron cube that is not a polarized permanent magnet. What is the easiest way to do this?
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Does unpolarized light means that photon is in superposition state?

I read that a polaroid filter is made of many long chain of molecules aligned in one direction and will only allow the vibration of light with the same alignment as the filter to be absorbed. I ...
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1answer
45 views

Application of Snell's law for an extraordinary wave?

I have read [1] that when the light enters a birefringent material with optical axis perpendicular to the plane of incidence that the angle of refraction of the extraordinary wave can be found by ...
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8 views

What is the relationship between the E mode polarisation of the CMB and the velocity of the primordial plasma precisely?

I understand that the CMB is polarised into E and B modes due to Thompson scattering in the primordial plasma of the early universe. Also, I understand that this polarisation is directly related to ...
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Half wave plate and angular momentum

Given: A half wave plate freely floating in space. Circularly polarized light, falling perpendicularly to it. The plate changes polarisation of the beam to the opposite one. Therefore it ...
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1answer
44 views

Is it scientifically possible to stop a screens polarization by adding a layer? [closed]

Back story: At work we deal with confidential data, however our desk layout does not allow for screen privacy. We do not a privacy screens and are not allowed to take apart our screens. In searching ...
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Why does the electric polarisation (polarisation density) have this direction?

It can be inferred that the amount polarisation $ P $ is dependent upon and proportional to the magnitude of the electric field $ E $ applied: \begin{equation} P \propto E. \end{equation} This ...
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Polarized Coherent Beam Hits a Polarizer Off-Polarization Angle While Varying Distance?

Just wondering about an experiment that should be easy to perform on an optical bench: A coherent beam is polarized. It then hits another polarizer which is set to permit a polarization angle off ...