Polarization characterizes the oscillations in time the electromagnetic field is doing in the plane perpendicular to the propagation direction of a wave

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
85 views

How does a photon leave trace of its polarization state in a photon detector but not trace of which direction it came in?

Some quantum erasure experiments involve polarization of photons. In one such experiment with a double slit, a horizontal polarizer is used in front of one slit, and a vertical polarizer is used for ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Polarization vector identity in Minkowski space?

Playing around with numerical light-like momenta $p^\mu_1,p^\mu_2$ (light-like meaning ${p_1}^\mu {p_1}_\mu={p_2}^\mu {p_2}_\mu=0$) and corresponding polarization vectors ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

What is fundamentally happening that causes light to change its orientation when repeatedly polarized? (edited)

When light is passed through two polarizers successively, its intensity and orientation afterwards depends on the angle between the polarizers and the orientation of the most recent polarizer, ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How is polarization vector in QFT related to polarization in classical electrodynamics?

As i know in classical electrodynamics polarization shows the orientation of the electric vector in a plane perpendicular to the direction of propagation of light. But in quantum field theory ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Verdet Constant and optical pumping

While studying Faraday rotation (linear magneto-optic rotation) I came across a fact that faraday rotation can be enhanced. Verdet constant which depends on the wavelength can be enhanced as change in ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Combining wave plates?

In the context of classical electromagnetism, is it always possible to reproduce the action of a large number of half-wave plates and quarter wave-plates with that of a single half-wave plate and a ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Effect of temperature on optical rotation of sugar solution

How does temperature affect the specific optical rotation of sugar solution at constant concentration and why? If, for example, the temperature is increased, will the optical rotation for a given path ...
4
votes
0answers
23 views

3D glasses and reflection/polarisation [duplicate]

Hi all, Tonight I'm going to see a 3D film so I thought I'd check whether I had any old 3D glasses around the house. Found a pair of "RealD" glasses. Anyhow, I assume that the glasses use some ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Circularly polarized light and polarizing filter

Does circularly polarized light pass through a linear polarizing filter, regardless of the orientation of such filter?
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Polarization type/direction of $E$ field

I have an E field given as $E(z) = [xE_a - yjE_b]\exp(-jkz)$ and I know the answer is that the field is right-hand circularly/elliptically polarized depending on whether $E_a = E_b$. Can someone show ...
1
vote
2answers
606 views

Polarized sunglasses: should the axes in both lenses be parallel?

See the pictures below. A pair of sunglasses I recently purchased has the polarization axis in one lens offset about 20 degrees (by eyeball estimation) from the other. I don't have much experience ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Quantum theory of light

What's the scattering matrix for a PBS (polarization beam splitter)? Is it just unitary? If one polarization never couples into another polarization (then there's a lot of zeroes in that 4x4 matrix) - ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Use two polarizing filter without liquid crystal between them to render static image

I'm going to demonstrate the work of polarizing filter. I have a tablet for this purpose with disassembled LCD panel which is fine but it is bulky and overkill. Is there any other material that may ...
1
vote
3answers
117 views

Is the output of a laser pointer polarized or not?

How to verify it? Is a laser necessarily polarized? I have a laser pointer with wavelength 532nm in hand.
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Notation of polarization of light

Upon my research of polarization of light I stumbled upon the following formula: What do the three dots mean? I have never seen them before. Edit: Found this notation in the book "Nonlinear fiber ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

What polarizes a rainbow?

What polarizes the light from a rainbow. I already did some search and couldn't get a clear answer. All I could find was the light is polarized on the direction light is entering. What happens to the ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Electric polarization in terms of berry phase?

I was reading a text in which Electric polarization in terms of Berry phase was defined as $P=\frac{e}{2\pi}\sum_{n}\int A_n (k) dk$ under gauge transformation $P\rightarrow P+ne$ (which means ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the fraction of the incident intensity passing through polarized sheets?

Unpolarized light is incident on a set of three polarizing sheets as shown in the figure at right. The polarizing directions of the sheets make angles 10°, 55° and 85° to the vertical. What fraction ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Phase added on reflection at a beam splitter?

If we have light of a particular phase that is indecent on a beam splitter, I assume the transmitted beam undergo's no phase change. But I thought that the reflected beam would undergo a phase change ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Decoherence of a Coherent Beam

If retarding films (i.e. wave plates) can retard the electric components of light (based on the films thickness) without affecting it's direction, couldn't I use a retarding film of randomly varying ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Are the EM waves that result from each of these processes distinguishable? Phase of light upon emission

In case 1, you have a single source of light that you pass through a diagonally oriented linear polarizer and then a half waveplate, such that the horizontal and vertical components become $\pi$ out ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Polarization and Reflection [duplicate]

The polarization is a property of waves that can oscillate with more than one orientation. Given this, when the light is reflected from a surface, does the reflection change the property/orientation ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

3D movie optics mathematics

I get the idea that we use two polarized light sources and a parallax rendered film such that the objects seem to resemble true parallax in our eyes once it passes through the polarized glasses, but ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Polarization in LCDs why the light need to be polorized twice? [closed]

In Lcd Screens there is a prcess called polarization. Two question about it: 1. Why is it needed to pass the light through two polarizers ? 2. How des a pixel devide the light to three sub pixel and ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Polarisation by Reflection - oscillation direction

I'm currently studying polarisation by reflection, and have come across two pieces of information from the same source, which I can't seem to understand on how they differ. The oscillation direction ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Is true black possible?

Black is the absence of light because it absorbs light, but when we create black paint or black objects, light is always reflected, either in all directions in matte or smoothly in shiny black ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

My glasses seem to be polarizing the light when they want. What is happening?

When I put the glasses on and I look at my computer monitor and I turn in a certain angle everything becomes black. When I do it on my laptop screen though I need a different angle. Finally when I ...
7
votes
1answer
143 views

Viewing computer screen through 3D glasses, why the asymmetry?

I have 3D glasses made up of plastic. First case: When I hold front side of the 3D glasses (by this I mean that side on which light falls) in front of a computer screen, light coming from screen is ...
4
votes
3answers
987 views

Three polarizers, 45° apart

If light is passed through two polarizing filters before arriving at a target, and both of the filters are oriented at 90° to each other, then no light will be received at the target. If a third ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How can three consecutive polarizing filters let any light through? [duplicate]

Say I have three sheets of Polaroid in series. I also have an unpolarized light source. Let the first sheet of Polaroid be set up vertically so that only waves oscillating in the vertical direction ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Polarization of light for a fast moving observer

For a fast moving observer the frequency of light becomes shifted due to the (relativistic) Doppler effect. But what about the polarization of the light? Could it be, that e.g. circular polarized ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the exact definition of Magneto-optical Polar Kerr angle?

As stated in the title. I would like to know the exact definition of the Magneto-optical Polar Kerr angle. Whether it is just the rotation angle of the polarized light or it is something else?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Entanglement of two particles with same values of the entangled parameters?

The question For an entangled state consisting of systems A and B, if A is measured when does the wavefunction at B collapse? contains next entangled state: If there are two systems A and B, with ...
7
votes
3answers
340 views

Is it possible to split a single light beam into two beams of opposite circular polarization?

A properly oriented calcite crystal will separate an unpolarized beam into two beams, one vertically polarized and one horizontally polarized. Other polarizers pass just one polarization and absorb ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Amplitude of eliptically polarised light

In elliptically polarized light, can one define something called amplitude of Electric field? If yes, how do we determine it?
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Polarized Filtering Frequency Shift?

A polarized filter is exposed to a unpolarized light source. The output of the filter should be of lower intensity, hence lower energy. Should not the filtered light be of a lower frequency to ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

What does electric field of unpolarized light look like when measured?

When we talk about fermions in mixed state, we say that their state can't be described by a wavefunction and just compute all the probabilities using density matrix. That's OK because the ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Why Does Light Not Become Polarized In A Magnetic and/or Electric Field?

I am familiar with the Faraday Effect, but I remain confused as to why the electric and/or magnetic components of light do not naturally align themselves with a magnetic or electric field (in a ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Polarization of light upon reflection

I was wondering (since I've looked pretty hard and haven't been able to find anything)- are there any models that explain the polarization of light upon reflection? Everywhere I've looked I've seen ...
19
votes
2answers
10k views

How do Optically Active Compounds Rotate Plane Polarized Light?

I am not sure if this is more of a Chemistry or a Physics question, but in my Organic Chem class we discussed that chiral molecules will rotate plane polarized light. However, my professor did not ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

What happens when both of Polarizing filter in LCD screen are Horizontal

What would be the result if we replace the vertical polarizing filter in LCD device (screen) with a horizontal filter, what could we see exactly? Would we see the same if we use only one horizontal ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Compact Disc Optics - Why use a linear polariser and a quarter wave plate?

I just came across this website about the application of a quarter wave plate. Link: Compact Disc Optics. My question is why does the beam need to be linearly and then circularly polarised before ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

What causes these rainbow effects using a polarizing filter on an airplane?

I know that light reflected from a surface at 45° is polarized and that for a similar reason skylight arriving from a direction orthogonal to the sun is polarized too. Photographers make use of this ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Does photon polarization take place without scattering processes?

Behind two perpendicular crossed polarisation filters (for visible light) the intensity of light will be zero. After installing a third filter between the two others non parallel to each of them some ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Significance of colours in photoelasticity

I already checked similar question at Physics SE, but none gives me a clear answer, also it is a bit difficult for me to understand it from wikipedia as I couldn't find relating material to my ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

How to count the number of modes/polarizations of a Gaussian field theory?

A Gaussian (free) field theory is described by a quadratic action of the field, e.g. $S=\int\psi^\dagger K\psi$ (or $S=\frac{1}{2}\int\phi^\intercal K\phi$ for real fields). Usually one just need to ...
5
votes
3answers
865 views

Why does the electric field dominate in light?

I read a book on the wave property of light where the author mentioned that the electric field, instead of magnetic field, dominates the light property. I don't understand why. In Maxwell's theory, a ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Effective aperture of an isotropic antenna; question on polarisation

In this answer to Effective aperture of isotropic antenna, a factor of 1/2 was included to account for polarisation, but the antenna was isotropic. How can this discriminate polarisation?
0
votes
0answers
54 views

General solution of the four-vector with each component satisfying the wave-equation

Maybe this is more appropriate for Math stackexchange, but this question regards the solution we use in order to find representation for massive / massless spin-1 particle. When $$(\Box + m^2)A_\mu = ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Negative Capacitance in Ferroelectrics

From the Devonshire theory of ferroelectrics we can obtain Polarization vs. Electric Field curve at a given temperature. From the graph it can be seen that a portion of the curve has negative slope ...