Polarization characterizes the oscillations in time the electromagnetic field is doing in the plane perpendicular to the propagation direction of a wave

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How do color filters placed in front of a light source,change the color of light that passes through?

For instance, placing a blue transparent folder in front of a desk lamp, makes the light that shines through it appear blue. From what I understand some red car lights do not have red light sources, ...
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1answer
55 views

Does a Polarizing Beam Splitter Cause Wave Function Collapse?

For a single photon, its polarization can be a superposition of two orthogonal bases (e.g. horizontal or vertical). However, as I understand, once it has been measured, it must collapse into one of ...
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19 views

Field due to bound charges in matter [on hold]

What is the field due to a long cylinder that carries uniform polarization perpendicular to the axis? I am not able to get the answer using the expressions for the surface bound charge density and ...
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28 views

Measured Polarization for a Single Photon

I understand that for a given beam of light, it can exist in any number of polarizations. However, I have been told that given a single photon, it can only exist as horizontally or vertically ...
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1answer
17 views

Ionic polarisation: wave-vector of photon ~ 0

While discussing ionic polarization due to electromagnetic waves we discuss interaction of photons and ions of crystal. Now, the next step is to take conservation of momentum under consideration. ...
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46 views

Measuring polarization - problem with understanding

Let's assume that we have 2 polarizing filters. First with vertical (1) orientation and second with horizontal (0). I want to measure probability that photon passes through those 2 filters. I have: $...
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1answer
39 views

π , σ - atomic transitions with respect to a quantization axis

In the absence of a magnetic field, how does one physically (i.e perhaps in a thought expt) access delta_m = 0 or +-1 transitions since (as I understand it) the choice of quantization axis is ...
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0answers
15 views

Why do everyday plastic items interfere with light polarizers?

I recently bought a few pieces of linearly polarized film (the one intended for smartphone LCD screens). At first I was confused because I could not make the polarizers work as they should - no matter,...
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0answers
18 views

Helicity of photon as a symmetry group

I have troubles understanding how to derive E(2) representation of a photon symmetry group from the fundamental principles of Eelectrodynamics. I know that it has to do with the symmetries of ...
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0answers
44 views

Why does the polarization vector P depend on the net electric field and not the original one?

P= χε0E, where E is the net electric field from the effects of both free and bound charges. But E=(σfree-P)/ε0 So E itself depends on P. My concern is, isn't this circular? ...
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1answer
30 views

Intrinsic permutation in nonlinear susceptibilities and pulses

The nonlinear susceptibilities have an intrinsic permutation symmetry. This symmetry treats two frequency components that are equal differently than it treats two frequency components that are ...
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3answers
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Is it possible to have a photon with -1 spin?

Wikipedia states that a photon has a spin of value 1. What I want to know is this: are there two possible spins for photons, i.e. +1 and -1 (like electrons, which can have +1/2 or -1/2)? If the spin ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Can circular polarized light be cancelled?

I can cancel the light output from an LED screen by placing a linear polarizer at 90 degrees from the linear polarizer built into the LED display. OLED displays use circular polarizers instead of ...
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2answers
86 views

Why the reflection of randomly-polarized light is not random? [closed]

"Reflected light is polarized". The following photo demonstrates this: (source) When unpolarized light is incident at this angle, the light that is reflected from the surface is therefore ...
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0answers
36 views

definition of left and right circular polarization?

Which is the left and right circular polarization ? page 1 Wiki says this is right circular polarization ...
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1answer
32 views

How to better view LCD through polarized glasses

When I put on my polarized sunglasses and look at my LCD monitor, I found the best viewing angle to be at $45^\text{o}$ to the left. Obviously the ergonomics of tilting my head to view my screen ...
2
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2answers
54 views

Does a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave transfer angular momentum from the transmitter to a receiving antennae?

This question is about the rotation of macroscopic objects and looks at the magnetic vector of an electromagnetic wave. As basis for comparison, we consider an induction motor. The stator induces a ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Is it possible to create a pair of polarized, polarization-entangled photons?

Is there a light source which emits (mostly) polarization-entangled pairs of photons that have a known polarization angle, e.g. a certain angle in relation to the orientation of the source? Applying ...
0
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1answer
29 views

selection rules and polarization in magneto-optical traps

I have got a question concerning selection rules and polarization. In a magneto-optical trap, lasers & a magnetic field are used to trap atoms. In order to be capable of using the lasers as a trap,...
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2answers
39 views

Derivation of Specific Rotation formula?

This is sort of a weird question, so bear with me: I was reading about how chiral molecules rotate plane polarized light and decided to think of a "logical" formula for expressing the amount that ...
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5answers
116 views

How comes unpolarized light do not undergo destructive interference?

As far as I know, unpolarized light is defined as light which as no clear axis of polarization, but electric field vectors in all directions. However, I also know that electric fields can be ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the relation between polarization and wave front?

I'm reading about the angular momentum of light, in which wave fronts are like helix. When I checked for a circular polarization on the web, shapes look very similar to these helical structures, So I'...
0
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1answer
26 views

Active light polarization filter

I want to realise a (fast) active light polarization filter. I just need two states: 0° and 90° rotation of the filtering plane. Is it possible to use a "normal" LC film like in displays and just put ...
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0answers
9 views

What is the estimator that used to de-rotation of CMB polarization? [duplicate]

For de-rotation of CMB polarization we need to use of estimator for rotation angle. and used many estimator for this process.
0
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1answer
16 views

What happens if polarized light passes through calcite or some other birefringent material?

every explanation of birefringence I find talks about unpolarized light entering Calcite, but what if I use a polarized light? Will that mean that as I rotate the crystal the light will disappear then ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Do gravitational waves radiate isotropically?

Do gravitational waves radiate equally in all directions? If so, is this an inherent property of all gravitational waves or is it just due to how they are normally produced? In other words, in a ...
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2answers
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Photons with half integer angular momentum - what's happening?

I have just read this article - what is happening? Analysing these beams within the theory of quantum mechanics they predicted that the angular momentum of the photon would be half-integer, and ...
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1answer
54 views

Unpolarized wave, $\Delta\varphi =\Delta \varphi(t)$?

I have seen a unpolarized wave defined in a number of places (e.g. here) as a wave such that: \begin{align} E_x&=E_0 \cos(kz-\omega t) \\ E_y&=E_0 \cos(kz-\omega t+\varphi) \end{align} Where $\...
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1answer
55 views

Integrating by parts [closed]

I am having little trouble with my professor's note. $$F=-\int{(dr)}{(\vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{P}) \vec{E} }=\int{(dr)}{(\vec{P} \cdot \vec{\nabla} ) \vec{E} }$$ where F is force, P is polarization, ...
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0answers
12 views

Why long range ordering and higher order rotational symmetry leads to dense K-space ?

In case of Quasicrystals Why long range ordering and higher-order rotational symmetry leads to dense K-space ? And high rotational symmetry include modification in discrete spectral feature to ...
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0answers
8 views

Having trouble with linearly varying potential values (semiconductor band modeling)

One way to model an electric field-induced potential along a 1D semiconductor is: $$\phi(z) = eE_\mathrm{field}z\quad [\mathrm{eV}]$$ I'm troubled with the values, however. A typical electric ...
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2answers
49 views

Proportion of photons passing through three polarizers

I've started recently reading book "Quantum Computing, A Gentle Introduction". After each chapter there are exercises for self study. For some of them there are answers, for some not. So far I've been ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Is it correct that the polarized scatter of a polarized light source is max. orthogonal to the light source?

First of all, is the statement above correct? And if so, is there a constant gradient, with no polarized scatter parallel to the polarized source up to fully polarized at 90 degrees?
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1answer
50 views

What happens when two polarized lights of the same wavelength interfere at 90 degrees with each other?

am I right in assuming that if I cross two polarized lights of the same wavelength the result would be destructive interference? I don't mean 90 degrees as in 'orthogonal polarization', but the two ...
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24 views

Why does some peoples' hair look blue when I look out the train window while wearing sunglasses?

Specifically, when I look through the window, black hair looks blue when people pass the window outside, and black shiny benches look like somebody painted them blue. Pretty sure my sunglasses are ...
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40 views

Amplitude of unpolarized EM wave after a polarizer

The amplitude of a linearly polarized wave after a polarizer is $$E_1 = E_0\cos(\theta)$$ and the intensity is $$I_1 = I_0\cos^2(\theta)$$ Now for unpolarized light, the time averaged amplitude is ...
3
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2answers
55 views

Electric field inside a material

I was thinking about the polarisation, and how the electric field behaves inside the material of permittivity greater than one. I think to have understood what happens to D and P, but is not clear ...
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3answers
80 views

Why don't E&M fields change orientation after hitting a surface?

In essentially every derivation of the Fresnel equations, the general problem of radiation hitting a surface at a certain angle is broken into two parts (out of which we hope the solution any general ...
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0answers
16 views

Easiest way to levitate a ferromagnetic material that is not a permanent magnet?

I want to levitate an iron cube that is not a polarized permanent magnet. What is the easiest way to do this?
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0answers
19 views

How do particles entangle and how does polarization work? [closed]

I am trying to learn about how particles get entangled and when I searched it up I did not understand how polarization worked. I am still in elementary school so if please make the definition simple! ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Application of Snell's law for an extraordinary wave?

I have read [1] that when the light enters a birefringent material with optical axis perpendicular to the plane of incidence that the angle of refraction of the extraordinary wave can be found by ...
0
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0answers
8 views

What is the relationship between the E mode polarisation of the CMB and the velocity of the primordial plasma precisely?

I understand that the CMB is polarised into E and B modes due to Thompson scattering in the primordial plasma of the early universe. Also, I understand that this polarisation is directly related to ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Is it scientifically possible to stop a screens polarization by adding a layer? [closed]

Back story: At work we deal with confidential data, however our desk layout does not allow for screen privacy. We do not a privacy screens and are not allowed to take apart our screens. In searching ...
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0answers
19 views

Polarized Coherent Beam Hits a Polarizer Off-Polarization Angle While Varying Distance?

Just wondering about an experiment that should be easy to perform on an optical bench: A coherent beam is polarized. It then hits another polarizer which is set to permit a polarization angle off ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Why must the plane of polarization be the same for two waves to interfere?

While solving a problem that involved both the concepts, I stumbled upon the following fact, but I cannot somehow visualize the idea. Could anyone please give me some intuition as to why the above ...
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2answers
55 views

Double slit with opposite circular polarizers

Let's say I'll send linearly polarized light onto double slit but in front of one slit I'll have quarter wave plate and before the other I'll have 3/4th wave plate (half+quarter? minus quarter?) ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Could you use polarization filters to make a privacy screen?

I remember seeing that brusspup video where the polarization filter on the monitor was removed and put it in his glasses, causing only the wearer to see the screen. (, and) I was thinking, would ...
15
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5answers
734 views

Why can a solution show optical rotation?

Why can a solution show optical rotation? A solution, as a liquid, is rotationally isotropic, right? So, even if the molecules are chiral, because of the random orientation of the molecules, shouldn't ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Mueller matrix and Lorentz group

I have just learned about Stokes vectors and Mueller matrices for description of polarized light. In the text I studied there is clear restriction for the Stokes vector $\vec S$ that $S^2_0=S^2_1+S^...
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2answers
119 views

Jones matrices of a mystery device

When considering a Jones matrix $$J=\ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} \cos\phi & -\sin\phi \\ \sin\phi & \cos\phi \\ \end{array} \right) $$ I understand that the effect of a device described by ...