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2
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1answer
68 views

Local translations in curved spacetime

A global Poincare transformation on a scalar field induces $$\delta(a, \lambda)\phi(x) = [a^{\mu}+\lambda^{\mu\nu}x_{\nu}]\partial_{\mu}\phi(x). \tag{11.46}$$ In curved spacetime we replace $a^{\mu} ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Does the spatial momentum of the ground state of a Poincare symmetric QFT vanish?

Consider a flat space QFT, the Lagrangian (in general interacting) has Poincare symmetry, and $\lvert\Omega\rangle$ is the ground state (or just merely no insertion at the far boundaries, from ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Space-time translations and Propagator

Let us assume to have the following scalar field theory $$ {\cal A}=\int d^4x\left[\frac{1}{2}(\partial\phi)^2-\frac{\lambda}{4}\phi^4\right] $$ where I used a quartic potential to fix the ideas. ...
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81 views

Five-component field

Recently I was reading about 5-component field $(\varphi , \psi_{\mu})$, for which $$ \hat {p}^{\mu} \varphi = mc\psi^{\mu}, \quad \hat {p}_{\mu}\psi^{\mu} = mc\varphi . $$ This field refers to the ...
4
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0answers
176 views

Reducing massive representation of the Poincare group to the massless one

I want to ask about the connection for massive and massless representation of the Poincare group. Sorry for the awkwardness. First I must to represent the formalism for both of cases. Massive ...
3
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0answers
112 views

How to show that higher derivative theories (mostly) breaks unitarity

How to show that higher derivative theories (mostly) breaks unitarity? Spinor field $\psi_{a_{1}...a_{n}\dot {b}_{1}..\dot {b}_{m}} $, which refer to the $\left( \frac{n}{2}, \frac{m}{2} \right)$ ...
3
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0answers
83 views

Spectrum of a quantum relativistic “distance squared” operator

This question disusses the same concepts as that question (this time in quantum context). Consider a relativistic system in spacetime dimension $D$. Poincare symmetry yields the conserved charges $M$ ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Finding Casimir operators for the Poincare group $ISO(1,2)$

I was asked to write the generators for translations and Lorentz-transforms in 1+2 dimensions and then to find the Casimir operators. For the generators I can take the same ones as in 1+3 case ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Irreducible representation for the massless particle with helicity 2 and the Weyl tensor

As it can be shown, the equations for the irrep with zero mass and helicity 2, -2 respectively can be given in a form $$ \tag 1 \partial^{\dot {b}a}C_{abcd} = 0, \quad ...
2
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0answers
81 views

One question about Weinberg's derivation of arbitrary spin fields expressions

In his book "QFT" (vol. 1) Weinberg writes the expression for an arbitrary spin massive field: $$ \hat {\Psi}_{a}(x) = \sum_{\sigma = -s}^{s} \int \frac{d^{3}\mathbf p}{\sqrt{(2 \pi)^{3}2 ...
2
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0answers
71 views

General covariance and global Poincaré algebras

Reading an article (page 7) I read this: Just as ordinary general covariance may be regarded as the local gauge symmetry corresponding to the global Poincare algebra and local gauge invariance ...
2
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0answers
326 views

Unitary Lorentz transformation on quantized Dirac spinor

I am stuck again on page 59 of Peskin and Schroeder. In particular, I do not know how they get equation (3.110). Let me first give some background in the way that I understand it (but I might be ...
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0answers
267 views

How does spin appear in QFT?

In QFT, as I read, it appears naturally. It is connected with Poincare algebra, doesn't it? __ As explanation of the main part of the question. Operator of relativistic orbital angular momentum ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Spin tensor from Noether theorem and spin tensor from Pauli-Lubanski vector

Spin 3-vector directly from Noether theorem Let's have one of applications of Noether theorem: the invariance of action under Lorentz group transformations leads to conservation of tensor $$ \tag 1 ...
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0answers
96 views

Two pairs of projection operators of the Dirac equation

The Dirac equation may be interpreted as the action of projection operator $\frac{1 - \Delta}{2}\Psi = 0$, where $$ \Delta = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & \Delta_{b \dot {a}} \\ \Delta^{\dot {b}a} & 0 ...
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0answers
183 views

Relations between fields transforming by Lorentz and Poincare groups

We can analyze fields transforming by the Lorentz group as $(m, n)$ representations, where $m,n$ are the max eigenvalues of two SU(2) operators, which generate the irreducible representation of the ...
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0answers
25 views

Casimir operators of the Poincare Group

Say, $P^2$ and $W^2$ are the Casimir operators of the Poincare Group. Should the commutator of these Casimir operators be zero, because then they would be independent of each other and form a unique ...