Theory, experiments and calculations related the physics of plasmas, i.e., matter constituted by ionized atoms.

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Max temperature that can be obtained from radiation source when nonlinear interaction with matter is important?

Using a black body radiation as furnace it is usually said that the max achievable $T$ is limited to the T of the source. So a source of 3000K can not be used to heat a body above 3000K. A long ...
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3answers
479 views

Is a plasma a distinct phase of matter?

Long ago I learned that a plasma was a distinct state of matter after solid, liquid and gas, and also that it was achieved by imparting heat to a the matter. But most references describe a plasma as ...
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1answer
755 views

How to tell theoretically whether an electron behaves as wave or particle

I have seen many questions on SE on the dual nature of electrons behaving in certain circumstances as particles and as waves in some other circumstance. There is one thing I couldn't get a clear ...
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1answer
107 views

plasma frequency in non-neutral plasma

Is it possible to see the oscillations with plasma frequency in a gas of particles of the same charge (not mixture of positive and negative charges)?
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54 views

What state is fire? Solid, Liquid or Gas or Plasma? [duplicate]

What state is fire? Solid, Liquid or Gas or Plasma? I was just roaming around when this question popped out of my mind. In what state is FIRE?
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4answers
7k views

Transverse Magnetic (TM) and Transverse Electric (TE) modes

I'm reading and working my way through "Plasmonics Fundamentals" by Stefan Maier and I've come across a step in the workings that I'm struggling to understand when working out the electromagnetic ...
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185 views

Could I use an electron gun to make plasma?

Could I ionize a gas using an electron gun and knock off electrons in the gas to make plasma?
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77 views

Can be the ionosphere described as an elecro-magnetic field?

I read that the ionosphere can be defined as plasma. it has its plasma frequency it has its Debye length it is overall neutral As it is overall neutral it does not produce any electric field. ...
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46 views

Under what conditions is it possible to ionize atoms using an electron gun?

Using the electron bombardment method, if I wanted to ionize, for example, Xenon gas electrons with an electron gun, under what conditions is it possible to do so? (Heat, pressure?)
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186 views

$E\times B$ drift of a single particle in vacuum with unifiorm $E$ and $B$

The force on a charged particle in electric field $E$ and magnetic field $B$ is given by: \begin{equation} m \dot{v} = q ( E + v \times B) \end{equation} Then, the $E \times B$ drift velocity $v_E$ ...
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1answer
473 views

Would an octahedral magnet work as a magnetic bottle?

First, let me see if I understand all this: Charged particles are curved by magnetic fields, so if the magnetic field is strong enough, the particles "follow" the magnetic field lines, in N or S ...
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0answers
120 views

Intensive radiative heat transfer in very hot gas ( >5000K, gas core nuclear reactor related )

The question: At temperatures above ~5000K are not stable any solid or liquid materials or even more complex molecules (such as fullerenes and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) which emit/absorb ...
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78 views

Plasma Propulsion system - Maximum Velocity [closed]

What is the maximum velocity that can be achieved using plasma propulsion if we could make a propulsion system as powerful as lightning ?
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256 views

Apart from Alfvenic turbulence, what is the most important unsolved problems in plasma physics? [closed]

Apart from Alfvénic turbulence, what is the most important unsolved problems in plasma physics? Is there a review article describing some important unsolved problems in plasma physics, I repeat, ...
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1answer
453 views

What is electron density and its unit in plasma physics?

I can not find (through Google search engine) that what means electron density and what is its unit? and what is there relation between electron density and electrical conductivity?
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125 views

Jupiter radiation belt: where >MeV particles comes from?

When I read some discussion about exploration of Jupiter moons, or possibility of life there, a common argument is high dose of radiation in Jupiter's radiation belt (several orders of magnitude ...
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0answers
187 views

simple MHD simulation code for (self) education and play with [closed]

I would like some super simple computational code for solving magnetohydrodynamics problems. High accuracy nor performance is not my concern. I wan't it just to visually explore qualitative behavior ...
6
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1answer
103 views

Astronomical-wavelength radio (AWR) transmissions between cosmic plasmas?

My son asked me if electromagnetic waves longer than radio exist. I told him that even though physics permits such waves, there are no antennas long enough to radiate or detect them. However, on ...
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1answer
58 views

Does phase lead or lag in a plasma?

Plasmas have an index of refraction less than 1. So say you sent one beam of light through a plasma and another one along a path just as long but in free space. Is the plasma beam's phase lead or lag ...
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1answer
156 views

Application of plasma actuators for flow control of moving objects

I've recently been to a converence on plasma physics were, to my surprise, a lot of presentations were concerned with plasma actuator. Could someone, preferably in the field, tell me how long people ...
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2answers
5k views

What causes fluorescent light bulb to light up when it is near a plasma globe? Can this phenomenon be used to generate electricity in a circuit?

When a fluorescent light bulb is placed near a plasma globe, despite the fact there isn't a closed circuit, a part of the light blulb would light up. I tried measuring the voltage of the air ...
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3answers
122 views

Plasma Stability

Plasma consists of positive(ions) and negative(electrons) charges. Ions repel each other, so do the electrons, in the mean time ions attract electrons and vice versa, what will be the net result? Does ...
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2answers
966 views

Can low temperature plasma exist?

Plasma is ionized gas which as far as I know only occurs at high temperatures. When plasma cools down it tends to recombine with the electrons present and turn back into gas. But what if the ...
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185 views

What are the problems in quark-gluon plasma? [closed]

Someone (T.D.Lee?) said that quark-gluon plasma would (after 1980?) be very important to understand high-energy physics experiments. I read some description of this new state in wikipedia ...
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317 views

Why not an Electric Theory of Everything? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to debunk ‘The Electric Universe’? I am just wondering why there exists such a strong feeling within the physics community against theories such as Plasma Physics ...
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1answer
273 views

Effect of electric field of plasma sheaths

How will an electric fields affect the formation of plasma sheaths?
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38 views

Are the ions in a fluorescent lamps concentrated near the electrodes?

Are the ions in a fluorescent lamps concentrated near the electrodes , and just the electrons move to the other electrode or the positive mercury ions move too?
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Is Keshe's technology for real?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=UrN99RELqwo They clain they can create free energy using plasma reactors. Is this fake? M.T. Keshe said that several entities, ...
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276 views

What causes the structure visible in first few milliseconds of a nuclear explosion?

Following on from this question, here is a high-speed photograph of a nuclear explosion, taken about 1 ms after detonation: (source) As anna v pointed out, several similar images can be seen in a ...
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1answer
190 views

Would it be possible to have an electron-less solid?

We can create plasmas quite easily, indeed you can buy a plasma cutter and generate it all day long for less than $500. Would it be possible to trap a plasma, say magnetically, and cool it so much ...
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74 views

Voyager 1 cosmic ray strips

In the last months Voyager 1 has experienced a dramatic drop in the cosmic ray radiation, which was been exceptionally uniform for the last 10 years, except for the past july 28 and august 14 events, ...
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2answers
4k views

Does Fire Conduct Electricity? Why?

Recently, I have stumbled upon a YouTube video by Veritasium describing the conductivity of fire. My question is: how exactly does fire conduct electricity? I am a high school student; therefore ...
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Possible colors of fire?

I have learnt that depending on the various gases those are involved in the reaction that produces fire, different colors (yellow, red or blue) of flames become visible. I have a question .. what are ...
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4answers
283 views

what is the basic form of the 'fire'? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is fire matter or energy? What is the basic form of fire? physics defines every entity by a basic form either solid or liquid or as a gas, example: water is liquid, ice ...
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308 views

Why doesn't a neon sign seem that hot?

I heard that neon signs contain plasma, why aren't they hot? is it because the electrons and ions do not hit the lamp's wall? Is it because it is non thermal plasma and electrons and ions are not in ...
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1answer
193 views

What velocity must an aircraft achieve for its shock wave to transform to plasma?

A follow-up to After what speed air friction starts to heat up an object? I understand there may be technological limitations at present ... but, is it theoretically possible for a body to travel ...
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1answer
573 views

What is non-thermal plasma?

I read about non-thermal plasma, but I still have some questions: The ions and neutral particles are not in thermal equilibrium with the electron, does that mean that the overall temperature is low ...
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2answers
530 views

Will ideal gas law apply to plasma?

I have read that plasma is a state of matter that resembles gas but it consists of ions and electrons coexisting. So my question is : If plasma is just ionized gas, will ideal gas law apply for it ?
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2answers
269 views

Is NaCl vapour plasma?

Yesterday I asked a question at Chemistry SE, which is if the molten NaCl molecules have enough energy to break into free moving ions, won't be the Na Cl vapor contain free moving ions? So, I've got ...
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1answer
92 views

Does (will) wind affect plasma (electical spark passing through a gap)?

Does (will) wind affect plasma (electical spark passing through a gap) in a way such as it affects fire? My guess is no because it's like light, but still thought its worth asking. Thanks
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6answers
5k views

Where on Earth can you find plasma?

Ok, so not that 'where on earth', like literally - 'Where on Earth'. Where on Earth, can you find matter in the 4th state, i.e. the plasma state?
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Can Gases conduct Electricity?

Liquid electrolytes ionize and hence a current can pass through them. So if a gas can ionize, can it conduct electricity too? If so, what are a few such gases?
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312 views

Plasma and Plasma Globes

Plasma is the fourth state of matter. Wikipedia says, that all the gaseous atoms will be ionized into positive ions and free electrons at extremely high temperatures. But, what does this explain in a ...
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96 views

After quantization of electron vibrations, do we need electrons anyway?

The title question is not ment in a general context, but one in which goes to the plasmon theory. In that case, how is are the statistics (boson vs. fermions) of plasmons determined? And is there an ...
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211 views

Pressures Necessary for Carbon Detonation

Carbon detonation is a characteristic event of Type 1a Supernova (EDIT: where an accreting white dwarf near the Chandrashankar limit of 1.4 solar masses explodes), an extremely important standard ...
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0answers
29 views

Richtmyer Meshkov instability in MHD [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Richtmyer Meshkov instability in MHD The Richtmyer Meshkov instability in Hydrodynamics:- 1) When shock wave interacts with the contact discontinuity, it accumulates the ...
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2answers
417 views

How large can you make a tokamak?

I've seen questions on how small you can make a tokamak. But I haven't yet seen any "physical" upper limit on the tokamak design. If you take a wind turbine for example, doubling the linear ...
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5answers
8k views

Is fire plasma?

Is Fire a Plasma? If not, what is it then? If yes why, don't we teach kids this basic example? UPDATE: I probably meant a regular commonplace fire of the usual temperature. That should simplify ...
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2answers
566 views

What shape is needed to contain a blade made of plasma?

Although this may stray into the subject of fiction, this question requires physics expertise. If one were able to create a strong enough magnetic field to contain a blade of plasma, what shape would ...
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Reference request for the terminology and usage of different types of plasmas

I'm looking into discharge models, specifically for combustion prcesses, and I'm swamped by the number of different types of plasmas and their respective treatments (thermal plasmas, non-thermal ...