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Calculating voltage in piezoelectric material

The piezoelectric constitutive law is defined by the two equations: $$S=s T+dE\\ D=d T+\epsilon E$$ $S$: Strain. $T$: Stress. $E$: Electric field. $D$: electric charge-density displacement. ...
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Piezoelectric slab (cantilever) with voltage

I am studying this specific piezoelectric slab with voltage applied The piezoelectric equation is $$ \left[ \begin{array}{c} \sigma_{1}\\ \sigma_{2}\\ \sigma_{3}\\ \sigma_{4}\\ \sigma_{5}\\ ...
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Having trouble with linearly varying potential values (semiconductor band modeling)

One way to model an electric field-induced potential along a 1D semiconductor is: $$\phi(z) = eE_\mathrm{field}z\quad [\mathrm{eV}]$$ I'm troubled with the values, however. A typical electric ...
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Effects of doping in Piezoelectric properties

Good day! i'm little bit confuse, about effects of doping in piezoelectric properties, so basically as you increased the donor concentration (meaning as you enhance the p-type property or make it more ...
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17 views

Effects of thickness in piezoelectric properties

Good day! i just want a clear and direct relation (what phenomenon?) about the effects of film thickness on the piezoelectric coefficient. Base on my research as you increased the thickness the ...
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Standing waves and acoustic levitation

i am doing a new personnal project about acoustic levitation with standing waves into ambiant air using a piezo ultrasonic tranceiver and a reflective pannel. I modelised both of the emission and the ...
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25 views

Can a piezoelectric material only vibrate at one frequency?

Given a material X with piezoelectric properties which is used in a ultrasonic transducer, what determines the working frequency of said transducer? If hypothetically such a transducer is specified ...
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Piezoelectricity from high pressure

Is it possible to convert 10Mp vapor or hydraulic pressure to electricity using piezo crystals? What would be the energy output in watts or the theoretical maximum conversion efficiency?
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Crystals in piezoelectricity

I was reading about piezoelectricity and crystals and found such a statement (on Wikipedia) : For example, a 1 cm3 cube of quartz with 2 kN (500 lbf) of correctly applied force can produce a voltage ...
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33 views

Electrical energy in a piezoelectric material

How do we define the electrical energy stored in a piezoelectric material? I'm confused about both the naming and the meaning. Are "electrostatic energy density", "dielectric energy density" and ...
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15 views

Would a previously poled piezoelectric material experience a force aligning it with an external electric field?

I'm wondering if it would possible to crush a poled PZT object, disperse the powder into a thermoplastic (with a melt temperature below the Curie temperature of PZT) and align the 'crystal shards' ...
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9 views

Electrode configuration when radially poling piezoelectric material?

All the information on the web I have come across WRT poling piezoelectric material usually assumes a uniform field (such as between two plates). I would like to pole a cylinder so that the reverse ...
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131 views

Vortex shedding

So I was reading about vortex shedding, and got to know that it causes the building to resonate. Is there any way to use this resonance to generate electricity (maybe use quartz?) I am trying to make ...
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308 views

Piezoelectric water flow detection

Can a piezoelectric sensor detect constant water flow, or just the moment when the water is turned on and off?
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127 views

Piezoelectric effects of naturally shaped quartz crystal for maximium Q?

Background Based on helpful comments and links here and also from my question on the electronics stackexchange, I have learned that the quartz crystals are nature's transducers of energy, allowing ...
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91 views

where does electricity come from in piezoelectric?

I have some questions here. BaTiO3 is a material which exhibit piezoelectric effect when we give external pressure on it. It contain Ba2+, Ti4+, and O2- ion in its crystal unit. The Ti4+ ion will move ...
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117 views

Piezoelectric polarity

After a few days, I cannot find an answer to this question: Besides mechanical stress, is there another way to induce a negative charged surface on quartz? Note: several scholarly articles kept ...
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Piezo transducer face movement

I have an ultrasonic piezo transducer that I am running with a 60Vpp signal. The material is probably PZT or similar. Can anyone supply a ballpark figure for the likely peak to peak mechanical ...
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86 views

piezoelectric in quartz

Does any one know if it is possible to find the relation between the ac current frequency applied to a piezoelectric and the change in the crystal lattice due to this current BY USE OF HAMILTONIAN (in ...
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133 views

How does a piezoelectric drop generator work?

In a piezoelectric drop generator used for generating a single droplet which is 0.5 mm in diameter, there is a piezo-actuated brass diaphragm to generate droplets (for example here or here). What is ...
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71 views

Electrical charge equilibrium and the piezoelectric effect

About the piezoelectric effect: if I press a crystal the electrical charges segregate and an electrical voltage appears on the other two faces of the crystal. See this link for example: ...
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93 views

Can a piezo actuator have infinite resolution?

See here: http://www.omega.com/googlebase/product.html?pn=LD400-1&gclid=CjwKEAjw77OhBRCJ7Onfp_HNtwYSJACZqHAWVTfW1BO4RSfSVjz9P3Q4FoPTvZ2r3NIc2W1uEthVhBoCgUHw_wcB I don't think so. Do they just ...
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25 views

Can expansion of space create energy? [duplicate]

In this question, expansion of space is considered, and it is explained that gravity and electomagnetic forces prevent matter from expanding. The idea I get in my head is something like a weight ...
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65 views

Using piezoelectiricty to produce electricity

What if piezoelectric materials could be placed under a runway to then produce electricity to power (street) lights - I don't know what voltage certain piezoelectric compounds can produce, but would ...
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39 views

Anyone know of a piezoelectric polymer that reacts to light or electron bombardment?

In other words, a very small amount of light would make it rapidly expand 1/2 mm or more-- (1/1000th candlepower)--or the amount of electrons that a standard (non-lcd) TV monitor shoots at one pixel? ...
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1answer
173 views

Is it possible to levitate an object with piezoelectricity?

The delay for transmit pressure depend of speed of sound in the material. A lot of piezo slip-stick actuator can generate an asymetric wave. Like the differential pressure is not the same the force to ...
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270 views

What happens when a piezo crystal is exposed to a vacuum?

Application of mechanical stress to a piezo crystal generates a charge. Quoting from wikipedia, a 1 cm3 cube of quartz with 2 kN (500 lbf) of correctly applied force can produce a voltage of 12500 ...
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47 views

pressure required for displacing a single electron off a crystal

I need to know this for my project- "power generation using the pressure applied on a keypad of a mobile electronic device". How much pressure does it take to displace a single electron off its ...
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1answer
162 views

Piezoelectricity in GaAs

I am studying the piezoelectricity in Gallium arsenide (GaAs), $[110]$ and $[\bar{1}10]$ oriented. Piezoelectricity is usually described microscopically by a 3 index tensor, $d_{ijk}$ where i,j and k ...
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53 views

Looking for a reference book, or book chapter to learn about piezoelectricity

I'm looking for an introduction to the treatment of piezoelectricity, specially in semiconductors emphasizing the dependence on the orientation of the unit cell and the interactive effects with the ...