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6
votes
3answers
182 views

Can all laws of physics derived by a single or lists of more general laws?

(This is actually my first question - please understand my lack of knowledge and bad English..) I have always been curious about deriving thousands of laws from more general ones.. Can general laws ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why are physical “constants” constant?

I am really sorry if this question is inappropriate or wrong. But this is something that I can never perfectly agree with, it just keeps on striking my mind when I am studying something new in ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Experimentally finding units of physical quantity?

Say you had a new physical quantity you wanted to determine the units for. How do you go about this? For the strength of an electromagnet for example, you could carry out a simple experiment like the ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Physical Significance of the Planck Density

The Planck density is the Planck mass devided by the Planck volume, approximately 1093 g/cm3. Does this quantity have any known physical relevance? The Planck mass is believed to be the smallest ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Experimental determination of $\Lambda_{QCD}$

I have a question about $\Lambda_{QCD}$, the energy scale at which there is a transition from the regime of perturbative QCD to quark confinement. How it is measured experimentally?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Deriving (dimensionless) physical constants from theory

The Wikipedia entry on Physical Constants says: With the development of quantum chemistry in the 20th century, however, a vast number of previously inexplicable dimensionless physical constants ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Light speed after the Big Bang

We know that immediately after the Big Bang space was opaque to light. As space expanded, light could travel. However I would think that as space expanded at some de sites the light would be much ...
-3
votes
1answer
179 views

Gravitational constant, $G$, What if it is not Constant?

The question is on title; What if Gravitational Constant, $G$, is not constant? Let's skip all the local consequences if it would suddenly change, like asked here; Can gravitational constant be ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Physics of Anathem

Disclaimer: I am not asking whether or not the events that occur in Anathem are possible. I understand that this book is a work of speculative science fiction and this site has no interest in it as ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Experiment measuring vacuum permittivity and permeability in high speed

Suppose that we do NOT know anything of constancy of speed of light, to say nothing of special relativity. It is that we acquired a constant speed of light from Maxwell's Equations that we finally ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Is there a relation between $G$ and the age of the universe?

Here is a recording of Paul Dirac, talking about dimensionless constants and their significance. He gives some examples of such constants(ratio of the masses of an electron to a proton, the ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Are the fundamental constants of nature independent?

Background: I am a layman and I just watched the video "Infinite Worlds: A Journey through Parallel Universes" (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OO4uzgiRHkE) featuring a discussion with Andrei Linde, ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

What is the constant appearing in the low energy action?

Usually one finds this expression for the low energy action $$S = \frac{1}{2\kappa_0^2}\int d^D X\; \sqrt{-G}\; \mathrm{e}^{-2\Phi}\,(R-\frac{1}{12}H_{\mu\nu\lambda}H^{\mu\nu\lambda}+4 ...
2
votes
0answers
456 views

What prediction led to the vacuum catastrophe?

The disagreement between predicted and measured energy density of the vacuum is one of the great unsolved problems of science. According to this book the predicted energy density was obtained as ...
2
votes
0answers
353 views

Dimensional analysis to estimate order of magnitude of quantities

In the Coursera course From the Big Bang to Dark Energy on several occasions dimensional analysis was used to estimate the scale of quantities. This almost seems like a contradiction in terms to me, ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Geometrised Units

I am curious as to how to express a area units in geometrised ones. I was reading on wikipedia and saw that when angular momentum is converted into geometrised units, it is expressed as a dimension of ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Has unnaturalness motivated new ideas in physics?

The cosmological constant problem arises because the natural scale of the cosmological constant is $10^{120}$ times larger than what we observe. This implies that the dimensionless constant is much ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Does rest mass increase in the FRW metric?

The flat FRW metric can be written in conformal co-ordinates: $$ds^2=a^2(\eta)(d\eta^2-dx^2-dy^2-dz^2)$$ where $\eta$ is conformal time. Let us assume that $a(\eta_0)=1$ when $\eta_0$ is the present ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What are some ways to measure variations in the speed of light in vacuum?

To avoid confusion, I am not talking about measuring differences in the speed of light in vacuum as a result of a particular Lorentz boost. What I mean is, suppose the "constant speed of light" were ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Is there a list of (the solid state version of) electron affinities?

I'm doing some energy band diagram analysis for a few scenarios, and I need the Electron affinity as defined in solid state physics for a few materials. Note that this is different than the one taught ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Is there a Planck uncertainty?

There are theories which place lower limits on length, time and temperature. Is there a corresponding one for the lower limit for uncertainty? Is there a probability so small it cannot exist in this ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Variable parameters in cosmology

Mainstream theories in cosmology assume that parameters like the speed of light $c$, and the gravitational constant $G$ are time-independent. Is there any evidence suggesting that this assumption is ...
0
votes
0answers
221 views

Why there can't be infinitely small existing?

Why there can't be infinitely small existing? I am not suggesting it can or cannot. I am asking can there be an absolute or reasonable answer to that question.