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2
votes
2answers
67 views

Why is the speed of light exactly $299,792.458$ m/s and not faster or slower? [duplicate]

Why is the speed of light $299,792,458$ metres per second, and not faster or slower. Why not $500$ trillion kilometers per second or $120$ miles per hour? This has been 'bothering' me for a while. ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Why are physical “constants” constant?

I am really sorry if this question is inappropriate or wrong. But this is something that I can never perfectly agree with, it just keeps on striking my mind when I am studying something new in ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What's the unit of fine-structure constant? [closed]

What's the unit of fine-structure constant? I mean in SI units.
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Can we alter/engineer natural “constants”? [closed]

There are numerous constants that define the physical universe, from the fine structure constant to Planck to the speed of light etc. Can any of these be altered locally? For example, it seems that ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Is there an equivalent of the Planck length for time?

Is there an equivalent of the Planck length for time? I'd just like a term I may use (high-level) for a similar "unit of time"? I am not looking for a debate on how discrete time might be, but if ...
14
votes
5answers
427 views

Is the Boltzmann constant really that important?

I read a book in which one chapter gave a speech about the fundamental constants of the Universe, and I remember it stated this: If the mass of an electron, the Planck constant, the speed of ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

Constancy of speed of light in vacuum? [closed]

Have scientists tried their best to calculate speed of light in vacuum? It seems very absurd to me that light of all frequencies have same velocity in space. Can someone find in future if this speed ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

if there is Ideal Gas constant, then do we have real gas constant?

We have Ideal gas constant for ideal gases. But ideal gas is very hard to make or to be found. So we have real gases in nature. Now there is 'real gas equation' (also called 'Van Der Waal's equation') ...
1
vote
5answers
112 views

What in nature causes Newton's gravitation constant to have it's given value?

Does the value of Newton's universal gravitational constant $G$ remain a mystery? Why does it have the value that it has?
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Does rest mass increase in the FRW metric?

The flat FRW metric can be written in conformal co-ordinates: $$ds^2=a^2(\eta)(d\eta^2-dx^2-dy^2-dz^2)$$ where $\eta$ is conformal time. Let us assume that $a(\eta_0)=1$ when $\eta_0$ is the present ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there a relationship between the Cosmological constant and the Hubble constant?

I looked around to see if this precise question was asked before and it appears not to be. So is it just me or has anyone else noticed that, no matter what consistent set of units you use, $$ ...
1
vote
3answers
269 views

Why do we obtain classical physics by taking the limit of Planck's constant to zero?

Why if we specifically set Planck's constant equal to zero (the limit of it) do we sometimes get classical physics? I mean, what does it mean physically to set the constant equal to zero? Or to say it ...
-3
votes
1answer
180 views

Gravitational constant, $G$, What if it is not Constant?

The question is on title; What if Gravitational Constant, $G$, is not constant? Let's skip all the local consequences if it would suddenly change, like asked here; Can gravitational constant be ...
44
votes
3answers
6k views

Why should the Planck constant be a constant throughout all space?

Our value for the Planck constant $h$ can be found on experiments on Earth, but how do we know that the Planck constant doesn't change throughout space, for instance it depends weakly upon the ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Why is the speed of light a limit? and why is it just $3×10^8\,\text{m/s}$? [duplicate]

Why does light travel with speed $3×10^8\,\text{m/s}$? and why not more?
0
votes
4answers
175 views

Why is the speed of light in vacuum what it is?

Three-pronged question on the speed of light. One: simply, do we know why the speed of light in a vacuum is what it is and why nothing is allowed to go faster? Two: if we knew why the speed of ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

What are the roles of physical constants in a relation expression?

To describe the properties of a system for which we have designed mathematical symbols and in relating these properties in an expression, we often introduce some proportionality constant. What is the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Speed of light in vacuum - definition and Constancy [duplicate]

This question has been nagging me for sometimes now, and even after studying all those relativity still cannot find an appreciable answer. The speed of light is $c$ defined and measured as constant ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Gravity Relative to Mass?

Why is it that, in basic physics, it is taught that the acceleration of gravity is the same for objects of any mass (at a constant distance from earth)? Why then is the acceleration of gravity ...
-1
votes
2answers
573 views

Dimensional or dimensionless constant

While deriving new equations , how do theoretical physicists know whether the proportionality constant in their equation will be dimensional or dimensionless? I mean, say for example, we consider ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

What does the kilogram-hertz relationship stand for?

The value of the kilogram-hertz relationship [$(1kg)c^2/h]$ physics constant is 1.356 392 608 $\times 10^{50}\,\mathrm{Hz}$. What does this constant stand for?
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Experiment measuring vacuum permittivity and permeability in high speed

Suppose that we do NOT know anything of constancy of speed of light, to say nothing of special relativity. It is that we acquired a constant speed of light from Maxwell's Equations that we finally ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Would a Theory of Everything allow us to calculate the constants of physics?

I have heard several times in the past that a Theory of Everything would allow us to calculate (as opposed to measure) the fundamental dimensionless physical constants. What I mean is, e.g., the fine ...
-1
votes
2answers
108 views

Can anyone tell me the name of this constant?

I was watching a TV program about cosmology (I can't remember which or how old it was). In it, it mentioned a fundamental number (which I'm assuming is a constant, but that's not necessarily true). ...
-3
votes
3answers
176 views

Given the Newton constant $G$, the speed of light $c$ and the Planck constant $h$, construct an energy of the system [closed]

How do I use dimensional analysis to construct an energy for the system given the Newton constant $G$, the speed of light $c$ and the Planck constant $h$? I don't know of any energy formulas ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What are some ways to measure variations in the speed of light in vacuum?

To avoid confusion, I am not talking about measuring differences in the speed of light in vacuum as a result of a particular Lorentz boost. What I mean is, suppose the "constant speed of light" were ...
-2
votes
2answers
437 views

Why is the speed of light limited to (only) 299.792.458 m/s? [closed]

The speed of light (in a vacuum) is limited to 299.792.458 m/s. This sounds very fast, and it is on a global scale. But if you look at the Universe on a larger scale than it sounds quite slow, For ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

Does the accelerated rate of expansion of the Universe have any effect on the speed of light in vacuum?

So I was just wondering about this as I finished reading about Michelson-Morley's experiment which disproved the ether theory. My question is since the Universe is constantly expanding and that too ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Do we regularly measure and update our physical constants (By using the LHC)?

This question is motivated by sheer curiosity. I certainly do not expect that the free parameters we use in the standard model have changed in value since we started measuring them with a "modern" ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Question about Planck's constant

How did Dirac or whoever came up with it know that the momentum operator in quantum mechanics is $-i\hbar\frac{d}{dx}$? How did he know the $\hbar$ was in there? How did all these physicists know ...
5
votes
3answers
208 views

Is the speed of light in vacuum constant or does the math just happen to work out?

My apologies if my question is really idiotic, but I ask sincerely because I want to learn. Based on this question and lots of other places on the web, this topic seems to be really confusing. Let's ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Is the speed of light in vacuum always the same value?

The escape velocity of different planets and stars vary. If they vary, the velocities of bodies escaping from the respective stars or planets should also vary. Like, if I want a ball to reach 10 ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

How do we know that fundamental constants don't slowly change in time? [duplicate]

Let me get one thing straight first. I am not saying that fundamental constants like the speed of light don't have the value that we know they have today. What I am asking is whether the value of a ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Is there a relation between $G$ and the age of the universe?

Here is a recording of Paul Dirac, talking about dimensionless constants and their significance. He gives some examples of such constants(ratio of the masses of an electron to a proton, the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Algebraic properties of fundamental physical constants

A few weeks ago I started wondering if there's any reason for a given fundamental physical constant, like Boltzmann's one, to enjoy some algebraic properties, for example being rational/irrational or ...
-2
votes
1answer
150 views

Why $c$ is $3$ x $10^8$ times faster than a $1$ $m/sec$ car? [duplicate]

The value of of a dimensional constant like $c$ is often regarded as unimportant since it can be arbitrarily changed to any desired value by changing our units. For example, $c$=$3$x$10^8$ in $m/sec$, ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

What happens as you approach/cross the Planck temperature?

According to IFLScience, above the Planck Temperature (absolute hot) conventional physics break down. My question is what happens as you approach this temperature, and, if it is possible, what ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

If you have two Planck lengths extended from one point forming a right angle, whats the length of the hypotenuse? [duplicate]

Can we do measurements at this scale seeing that the length of the hypotenuse would have a value at a length that cant exist (1.4 Planck lengths)? Or is my interpretation of the Planck length ...
0
votes
5answers
642 views

Explain why quantum behavior is not observed in daily life

People always ask: How come we don't see any "Wave" attached to a classical object such as a car? You always see the object in the same place without any uncertainty. I am sure there are answers, ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

What is the significance of Planck charge?

It seems for me that Planck units are somehow connected to limits where our current knowledge breaks down because of (quantum) gravitational effects. Please correct me if I'm wrong. For example ...
4
votes
1answer
285 views

How is “little $h$” measured in cosmology? The dimensionless parameter from the Hubble constant, $H_0$

Hubble's law has been well-know for close to a century now. It is written as $v = H_0 d$ where the Hubble constant $H_0$ is the constant of proportionality between recession speed $v$ and distance ...
38
votes
3answers
8k views

Is the Planck length the smallest length that exists in the universe or is it the smallest length that can be observed?

I have heard both that Planck length is the smallest length that there is in the universe (whatever this means) and that it is the smallest thing that can be observed because if we wanted to observe ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Planck length paradox [closed]

This is a paradox I thought of a few days ago, and I wanted to ask whether it makes any sense and where the mistake is. We know that the nothing but light can move faster than light itself. So in a ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Experimentally finding units of physical quantity?

Say you had a new physical quantity you wanted to determine the units for. How do you go about this? For the strength of an electromagnet for example, you could carry out a simple experiment like the ...
-4
votes
1answer
107 views

What areas of research question the existence of the Planck length?

As a follow up to What are the structures that exist at roughly the scale of the Planck length?, what areas of research question the idea of a Planck length (or Planck scale)? Or if there are no areas ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Are the fundamental constants of nature independent?

Background: I am a layman and I just watched the video "Infinite Worlds: A Journey through Parallel Universes" (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OO4uzgiRHkE) featuring a discussion with Andrei Linde, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How did scientists even count the mole? It is an enormous number [duplicate]

Or did they estimate the number? After all, it is impossible to locate and contain precisely that much atoms. Or was it arbitrary?
0
votes
4answers
348 views

How to measure the mass of Earth?

I was wondering how you can measure the mass of Earth. From what I find on the internet, people are using Newton's Laws. But how can you do that ? Newton's Laws are assumed to work because you know a ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Is every aspect (fundamental forces, periodic table) of an antimatter universe exactly the same, except the fact that it's all antimatter?

Are all the constants (Boltzmann's, gravitational, $c$) the same? Would elements react differently? Would it look the same?
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Physical Significance of the Planck Density

The Planck density is the Planck mass devided by the Planck volume, approximately 1093 g/cm3. Does this quantity have any known physical relevance? The Planck mass is believed to be the smallest ...