Study of macroscopic and microscopic phenomena in chemical systems in terms of physical laws and concepts [thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, kinetic theory, quantum mechanics...].

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(Chemistry) Dimensionless heat transfer coefficient

I'm trying to reproduce in Matlab the model of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) that I've gotten for a project. The model is written in the state space and uses some dimensionless values, ...
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67 views

Milk-First School

I have always been struck by the huge amount of different arguments about the issue: When you make a cup of tea, the milk should be poured first or added to the cup after the tea? Wikipedia, ...
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54 views

On Thermodynamics of Spontaneity of the Reduction-Oxidation Chemical Reactions

According to the first and second law for a closed system containing different chemicals we have \begin{align} &\delta Q - \delta W = dU = T dS - p dV +\sum_i \mu_i d N_i\\ ...
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73 views

Melting and Boiling Points of Odd Materials

In Chemistry, I was taught that there are three main states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas, and that heat and pressure determine that state. For some substances, the line is blurry between them. ...
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55 views

In what sense can an object in outer space be “on fire”?

The famous "Tears in rain" soliloquy in Blade Runner goes like this: I've... seen things you people wouldn't believe... [contemptuous laugh] Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion. I ...
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57 views

Saddle point and transition state of a molecule

During a transition of a molecule from one state to another, it pass through a transition state. This transition state, mathematically speaking, is a saddle point. That means, the second derivative ...
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72 views

What happens to gas molecules after ionization?

I know that gas molecules conduct electricity after they get ionized but what will happen if we keep increasing the voltage even after ionization? Will it explode? If it will then how much energy ...
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24 views

Specific Gravity vs. Pore Space in Chromatography Column

Wondering if we can apply molecular specific gravity to elucidate average time required to pass through a column given porespace, distance and viscosity? This would eliminate the need for special ...
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93 views

Calculating molal depression constant from latent heat of fusion

Calculate molal depression constant of water if latent heat of fusion of ice at $0^\circ \text C$ is $80 \text{ cal/g}$. All I could find was the equation $K_f=\frac{0.002T^2}{L_f(\text{in ...
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60 views

reactions in molecular dynamics simulations

EDIT: Apparently this is called reactive molecular dynamics. It seems that the ReaxFF potential function is used for some reactions like this. I am interested in adding support for reactions to a ...
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64 views

What is the physical property of metal nanoparticles?

I am a Math student but now I have to deal with gold nanoparticles in aqueous solution. Now I was wondering whether the physical properties of gold nanoparticles are the same as the properties of gold ...
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237 views

Difference between Non-Polar and Dipole moment $\vec\mu$=0

Is there any difference between a molecule having $\vec\mu=0$ and being Non-Polar?
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138 views

How to measure electrical resistance?

Is it possible to theoretically measure the resistance of passing of electrical current through liquid electrolyte (distilled water + NaOH) ?
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147 views

Which bonds are the cross-links and which are secondary bonds (in elastomers)? [closed]

Elastomeres are "defined" as: "linear-chain polymers with widely spaced cross-links attaching each molecule to its neighbours" Now I found sentences (talking about glass transition): "This means ...
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315 views

Carbon in the form of graphite a conductor?

Well, it happens a I have a glucose test strip (One Touch Ultra) which has three electrodes (Counter, Working and Reference) and I'm guessing this electrodes are made from graphite mixed with a ...
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2k views

what is the density of natural gas at 293K and 700 kPa? [closed]

I am trying to calculate the density of natural gas to define the amount of natural gas flow through an orifice. I am coming up with 5.45 kg/m3 Is this correct?
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43 views

Is there any scientific instrument right now to monitor complicated chemical reaction between atom? [closed]

What is some differnt way to use any scientific instrument right now to monitor complicated chemical reaction between atom??
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98 views

How fast will I get if I burn a comet? [closed]

Assuming I have a spacecraft which is $30,000\,\mathrm{kg}$ (roughly the size of the Apollo spacecraft). If I take a comet and (theoretically) electrolize it perfectly to hydrogen and oxygen. I know ...