The observed behavior in which light falling on certain metals can eject electrons from the surface.

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Kinetic energy and Potential of a photon

How does the potential and kinetic energy of a photon relate? Do they mean the same thing? Also how does De broglie wavelength and Potential relate?
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1answer
16 views

Saturation current vs frequency

In the photocurrent experiment, if the intensity of light is kept constant, but the frequency is slightly increased, what's the effect on the saturation current? I think saturation current should ...
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1answer
45 views

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser?

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser? I know this question is unsual as we are using electricity powered laser to run a solar panel. Actually i am paricipating in the Google Science ...
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1answer
40 views

Can a solar panel work with heat?

As we know that a solar panels due to the energy of light, but can we run a solar panel with the same amount of energy provided as heat?
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1answer
42 views

Is the current vs. frequency graph hyperbolic for the photoelectric effect?

Concerning the photoelectric effect: When the intensity and applied voltage are both constant, then the current is inversely proportional to frequency $f$ (above threshold frequency). If we increase ...
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1answer
35 views

How does a photon drive out the electrons in a solar cell?

We know that solar cells work when a photon hits the n-type the photon's energy drives free the electrons in the n-type to generate a current. But we also know that when a photon hits the atoms it ...
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1answer
22 views

How can silicon have a capacity of 8 electrons in the outer shell?

I was reading an article on how solar cells work in this website- http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/solar-cell2.htm In that website I have a doubt in the first paragraph i.e.- ...
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0answers
24 views

How much energy does a PV cell need to work?

How much energy does a $1m^2$ photovolatic/solar cell need to work? Can it work using a bunch of Laser lights? Edit: Ok so this PV cell is $1m^2$ is dimesions. The N-type has silicon doped with ...
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1answer
80 views

How do solar panels generate infinite electricity?

We know that solar cells generate electricity utilizing the energy of the photon, but how can they generate electricity forever? In a n-type terminal we have the bond of silicon and phosphorous so ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the difference between the photoelectric effect and secondary emission?

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and secondary emission in photo multiplier tubes? In other words, why the difference between the energy of the incident photon and the work function ...
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2answers
105 views

Show that a photon cannot transmit its total energy to a free electron. Contradiction with Photoelectric effect?

This is a problem in my textbook and I've shown it this way: $E_{initial}=\frac{hc}{\lambda} + mc^2$ $p_{initial}=h/\lambda$ After collision with photon having zero energy we get ...
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2answers
29 views

Photoelectric effect and variation of current?

Say a photon of frequency $\nu_1$ strikes the metal, and we have certain kinetic energy which is stopped by $V_{stop1}$. Now for frequency $\nu_2$ for same metal it will have $V_{stop2}$. Now ...
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0answers
19 views

Energy-level choice for electron at photon emission [duplicate]

An electron absorb a photon and jumps to the last energy level.Now when it goes done,How does it choose which level it will step down to?.Also I've come to now that it can omit one step(e.g from 5th ...
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1answer
28 views

Photoelectric effect and work function relation

Let's consider the graph above for two metals $M_1$ and $M_2$ showing relation between photocurrent and potential. First question that I want to ask here is that how do you relate stopping ...
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2answers
37 views

Does a time-varying intensity contribute to the photoelectric effect?

I understand the photoelectric effect demonstrates that electrons are only dislodged from a metal if incident light meets a minimum threshold frequency. I wonder if a varying intensity might also ...
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1answer
69 views

Kmax problem of photo electric effect [closed]

Einstein has a theory in photo electric effect which is hf=hfo + Kmax.Why do some electrons have kinetic energy less than Kmax?
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2answers
80 views

Photo electron effect on free electron

Suppose there is light of high enough frequency so it causes photoelectric effect (in a piece of metal). Does such light cause photoelectric effect on free electrons as well?
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1answer
42 views

What is retardation effect?

I have in my book a passage which states: "We also remark that the dipole approximation (obtained by setting $\exp(i \textbf{k} \cdot \textbf{r}) = 1$ in the matrix element Eq. #) yields the leading ...
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1answer
26 views

Which of the following produces more current? [closed]

In (1) photoelectric effect, (2) Compton effect, and (3) pair production, a beam of electrons are released. Out of Three Which produces More current? And How?
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2answers
48 views

What happens to the photon if the frequency is lower than the threshold frequency?

An electron is ejected only if the frequency of light is greater than the threshold frequency. What happens to the photon if the frequency is lower than the threshold frequency?
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0answers
34 views

Continuum Wave Function for the electron

I'm trying to understand certain processes like the photoelectric effect and Bremsstrahlung. In Bremsstrahlung I need to use the wave function of an electron coming from the continuum, and there is ...
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2answers
314 views

Relation between frequency and intensity of light

I was going through a question in photoelectric effect and it was a true/false which says that the intensity of the incident light gets doubled on doubling the frequency. The answer is given as true ...
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1answer
61 views

Photoelectric effect: Why does monochromatic radiation produces photoelectron with a spread of velocities?

Recall that in photoelectric effect, $V = \frac{hf}{e} - \frac{Wo}{e}$. The incident photon with frequency f produces an electron with energy eV. This should result in a single velocity, why is there ...
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0answers
30 views

How to distinguish Shake-Up Satellites from Plasmons?

I am studying XPS spectra (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) at the moment. In XPS, different processes can influence the final state energy of detected electrons. One of these processes is the ...
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1answer
77 views

Calculating wavelength in photoelectric effect

How do I know what wavelength should radiate on a material with $W = 2.46 eV$ so that electrons are emitted with a maximum velocity of $1.0$x$10^{-6}$?
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0answers
34 views

Is my representation of $\varphi$ Work function correct?

I am a middle-school so my understanding of physics may not be as solid as you professional physicists but never the less thought its worth a try to learn more. I read about photo-electric effect by ...
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0answers
38 views

Definition Of Dark Current In PhotoDetectors

What is The Definition of Dark Current In PhotoDetectore. How Can I Eliminate This Effect. I Think When Electrons Near The Conduction Band Are Excited Into It By Thermal Effect Then Dark Current Is ...
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0answers
215 views

saturation current in photoelectric effect

While studying photoelectric in my school, my teacher drew a graph of current versus the potential difference across the two electrodes. I am not able to understand why do we get saturation current. I ...
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2answers
66 views

Photoelectric effect intensity

I understand the PE effect quite well but I'm failing to understand one thing. Intensity is the amount of energy per second incident to a given area. So can you can increase the intensity by either ...
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1answer
96 views

Photoelectric effect experiment: is charging time proportional to current?

I'm not really sure what tags to add to this question, but definitely this is just an introductory physics experiment. Let me refresh you first with the basics of the photoelectric effect. We all ...
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1answer
61 views

Why do electrons eject only if the frequency of incident ray is greater than the threshold frequency? [closed]

Why do the electrons start moving even if the dim light (less intense) of a specific frequency falls on the material ?
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1answer
50 views

Photoelectric Effect and Electromagnetism Voltage Problem

Whenever a book talks about the photoelectric effect, it talks about how we can use a battery to attain a $V_{stop}$. Basically, you are making the metal plate on which you don't shine light have a ...
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2answers
142 views

Photoelectric effect stopping potential

$q_eV_s = hf - \phi$ My question is... suppose we are testing the photoelectric effect. One plate is illuminated. We have applied the stopping potential. Suppose an electron leaves one plate with $KE ...
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0answers
160 views

Photoelectric effect Experiment - What's the voltage bias of the set up?

What's the bias of the setup? Forward / Reverse? I'm doing a photoelectric effect experiment.The experimental setup involves a photocell, which has an emitter (cathode) Potassium and a ...
3
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3answers
261 views

Is Photoelectric Effect continuous or discrete?

I don't understand how electrons and photon interact with each other when a metal surface is illuminated with light. I've read that below a certain threshold frequency or wavelength of light, no ...
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2answers
119 views

Does quantum mechanics contradict macroscopic determinism?

I am wondering whether it is true to ask whether determinism is still completely viable at macroscopic scales given that the constituent particles behave according to QM when the dimensions get small ...
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1answer
361 views

why stopping potential in the photoelectric effect is negative?

I am reading an introduction article for photoelectric effect. It is said that the variable potential was tuned until no single one photoelectron can reach the electron collection plate. But if we ...
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0answers
1k views

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and Compton scattering?

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and Compton scattering? These two effects explains interaction of photon with electron. Why in photoelectric effect whole energy of photon is used ...
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2answers
100 views

Does the photoelectric effect require a battery or a circuit?

This is how the professor showed us the photoelectric effect: Does the photoelectric effect require: a. a battery? what happens if the battery is replaced with a wire? b. a circuit? what happens ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Energy loss in the photoelectric effect

If a photon hits an electron with an energy that is less than the energy required to change the energy level of an electron, what happens to the energy of the photon (is it not absorbed and just pass ...
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1answer
156 views

How to calculate the photoelectric effect with photon efficiency?

I am not sure exactly where to go with this problem. The problem states: "A $1.3 \, \mathrm{mW}$ laser ($\lambda = 545 \, \mathrm{nm}$) shines on a cesium photocathode ($\phi = 1.95 \, \mathrm{eV}$). ...
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1answer
102 views

Is the photoelectric effect a type of nuclear decay?

If the frequency of light is $f$ and if $f \ge f_t$, where $f_t$ is the threshold frequency, electrons are emitted if light is shined on a metal surface. By my understanding, the light comes in and is ...
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2answers
57 views

Why photon has a wave nature? [duplicate]

Wave theory does not account for the photon model, which was developed only to explain quantum effects like photoelectric effect. Then why do we talk about a photon's reflection and rarefaction, as ...
2
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2answers
245 views

What happens to a metal plate in the photoelectric effect?

In the photoelectric effect the electrons are supposed to be removed from the plate if light of appropriate wavelength hits the plate. If electrons are removed, the plate should get ionized ...
3
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2answers
285 views

Is there a way to calculate the photoelectric effect in QED via a Feynman diagram?

The photoelectric effect is the historic origin of the quantum particle description of light. From it we learn that when light is shone onto a metal single photons interact with single electrons in ...
9
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1answer
226 views

How is the Photoelectric Effect affected by Blue-Shifting

I was thinking about the Photoelectric Effect and Blue-Shifting when I came up with a thought experiment that I couldn't think of an answer for. The thought experiment is as follows: A metal plate is ...
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1answer
110 views

Photoelectric Effect - How are the electrons regained?

When the photons with enough energy impinge on a photocathode, it emits electrons. Does this mean that the solid will lose all its electron at one point? If not, how are electrons restored?
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3answers
155 views

What if all the electrons leave a metal?

I was studying photoelectric effect. Then I thought that what will happen if all the electrons from a metal piece come out as photoelectrons by using a light source of particular frequency? Will the ...
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1answer
38 views

Is photoelectric emission same as ionization or are they different?

According to my book the mechanism of ionization is: "If an atom absorbs enough energy so that an electron is raised to the highest energy level the electron becomes free of the atom i.e. ionization ...
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1answer
137 views

Is a vacuum needed in photoelectric effect?

This question was asked to me. My first thought was that electrons may ionise the air and potential difference that was applied may increase or decrease the current which should have been observed. ...