The observed behavior in which light falling on certain metals can eject electrons from the surface.

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How long does it take for an excited electron to return to ground state?

During a mock Cambridge interview, one of the questions was about how small a computer could theoretically be.The way I approached it was in terms of what something must be to be considered a ...
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1answer
50 views

Why isn't this calculation of the energy of a light wave correct? [closed]

I'm trying to calculate the energy $J(T)$ that monochromatic light wave with electric field strength $E(T)$ supplies to unit electric charge over period of time $T$: $J(T)=\int\limits ...
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1answer
34 views

what is the velocity distribution of photoelectrons in photoelectric effect?

I know that when light is incident on certain metallic surfaces, electrons are emitted from the surface. And I know that the maximum velocity can be calculated. But why does the textbooks use 'maximum ...
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0answers
12 views

Electrons in a gas discharge tube

I'm having some difficulty understanding regarding electrons in gas discharge tubes. My understanding is the following: In a gas discharge tube the gas must be at low pressure in order to be ...
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0answers
23 views

Does tracing paper over a solar panel count as hard shade or soft shade?

For my Physics IA I conducted an experiment to see how shade on solar panels affects the output power. I applied and secured one layer of tracing paper over the solar panels of my solar charger at a ...
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1answer
73 views

Photoelectric effect – Why does one electron absorb one photon?

When I read about the photoelectric effect, I came across this: "The electrons could not absorb more than one photon to escape from the surface, they could not therefore absorb one quanta and then ...
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6answers
40 views

Photoelectric effect and intensity [closed]

What changes occur to the maximum kinetic energy of an emitted electron from the surface of a metal if the intensity of a laser incident to the surface is reduced
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2answers
59 views

Photoelectric effect and light coming in chunks

I was watching a lecture on introduction to quantum mechanics.While explaining the photoelectric effect,the lecturer mentioned that we must think of light as coming in chunks with each chunk having ...
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0answers
34 views

Why do we get saturation current in photoelectric effect

So apparently if you increase the number of photons emitted per second to infinity, the photocurrent will approach a limiting value called the 'saturation current' I feel like we shouldn't get a ...
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2answers
31 views

Does the Photoelectric Effect cause any kind of decay?

From my understanding, the Photoelectric Effect knocks electrons off of some metal using photons. Since electrons are being thrown out of the metal, does this cause some kind of decay?
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3answers
77 views

Kinetic energy and Potential of a photon

How does the potential and kinetic energy of a photon relate? Do they mean the same thing? Also how does De broglie wavelength and Potential relate?
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1answer
27 views

Saturation current vs frequency

In the photocurrent experiment, if the intensity of light is kept constant, but the frequency is slightly increased, what's the effect on the saturation current? I think saturation current should ...
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1answer
53 views

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser?

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser? I know this question is unsual as we are using electricity powered laser to run a solar panel. Actually i am paricipating in the Google Science ...
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1answer
46 views

Can a solar panel work with heat?

As we know that a solar panels due to the energy of light, but can we run a solar panel with the same amount of energy provided as heat?
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1answer
62 views

Is the current vs. frequency graph hyperbolic for the photoelectric effect?

Concerning the photoelectric effect: When the intensity and applied voltage are both constant, then the current is inversely proportional to frequency $f$ (above threshold frequency). If we increase ...
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1answer
38 views

How does a photon drive out the electrons in a solar cell?

We know that solar cells work when a photon hits the n-type the photon's energy drives free the electrons in the n-type to generate a current. But we also know that when a photon hits the atoms it ...
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1answer
34 views

How can silicon have a capacity of 8 electrons in the outer shell?

I was reading an article on how solar cells work in this website- http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/solar-cell2.htm In that website I have a doubt in the first paragraph i.e.- ...
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0answers
29 views

How much energy does a PV cell need to work?

How much energy does a $1m^2$ photovolatic/solar cell need to work? Can it work using a bunch of Laser lights? Edit: Ok so this PV cell is $1m^2$ is dimesions. The N-type has silicon doped with ...
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1answer
89 views

How do solar panels generate infinite electricity?

We know that solar cells generate electricity utilizing the energy of the photon, but how can they generate electricity forever? In a n-type terminal we have the bond of silicon and phosphorous so ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the difference between the photoelectric effect and secondary emission?

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and secondary emission in photo multiplier tubes? In other words, why the difference between the energy of the incident photon and the work function ...
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2answers
123 views

Show that a photon cannot transmit its total energy to a free electron. Contradiction with Photoelectric effect?

This is a problem in my textbook and I've shown it this way: $E_{initial}=\frac{hc}{\lambda} + mc^2$ $p_{initial}=h/\lambda$ After collision with photon having zero energy we get ...
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2answers
37 views

Photoelectric effect and variation of current?

Say a photon of frequency $\nu_1$ strikes the metal, and we have certain kinetic energy which is stopped by $V_{stop1}$. Now for frequency $\nu_2$ for same metal it will have $V_{stop2}$. Now ...
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0answers
19 views

Energy-level choice for electron at photon emission [duplicate]

An electron absorb a photon and jumps to the last energy level.Now when it goes done,How does it choose which level it will step down to?.Also I've come to now that it can omit one step(e.g from 5th ...
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1answer
36 views

Photoelectric effect and work function relation

Let's consider the graph above for two metals $M_1$ and $M_2$ showing relation between photocurrent and potential. First question that I want to ask here is that how do you relate stopping ...
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2answers
40 views

Does a time-varying intensity contribute to the photoelectric effect?

I understand the photoelectric effect demonstrates that electrons are only dislodged from a metal if incident light meets a minimum threshold frequency. I wonder if a varying intensity might also ...
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1answer
79 views

Kmax problem of photo electric effect [closed]

Einstein has a theory in photo electric effect which is hf=hfo + Kmax.Why do some electrons have kinetic energy less than Kmax?
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2answers
97 views

Photo electron effect on free electron

Suppose there is light of high enough frequency so it causes photoelectric effect (in a piece of metal). Does such light cause photoelectric effect on free electrons as well?
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1answer
82 views

What is retardation effect?

I have in my book a passage which states: "We also remark that the dipole approximation (obtained by setting $\exp(i \textbf{k} \cdot \textbf{r}) = 1$ in the matrix element Eq. #) yields the leading ...
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1answer
31 views

Which of the following produces more current? [closed]

In (1) photoelectric effect, (2) Compton effect, and (3) pair production, a beam of electrons are released. Out of Three Which produces More current? And How?
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2answers
55 views

What happens to the photon if the frequency is lower than the threshold frequency?

An electron is ejected only if the frequency of light is greater than the threshold frequency. What happens to the photon if the frequency is lower than the threshold frequency?
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0answers
39 views

Continuum Wave Function for the electron

I'm trying to understand certain processes like the photoelectric effect and Bremsstrahlung. In Bremsstrahlung I need to use the wave function of an electron coming from the continuum, and there is ...
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2answers
630 views

Relation between frequency and intensity of light

I was going through a question in photoelectric effect and it was a true/false which says that the intensity of the incident light gets doubled on doubling the frequency. The answer is given as true ...
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1answer
65 views

Photoelectric effect: Why does monochromatic radiation produces photoelectron with a spread of velocities?

Recall that in photoelectric effect, $V = \frac{hf}{e} - \frac{Wo}{e}$. The incident photon with frequency f produces an electron with energy eV. This should result in a single velocity, why is there ...
2
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0answers
37 views

How to distinguish Shake-Up Satellites from Plasmons?

I am studying XPS spectra (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) at the moment. In XPS, different processes can influence the final state energy of detected electrons. One of these processes is the ...
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1answer
85 views

Calculating wavelength in photoelectric effect

How do I know what wavelength should radiate on a material with $W = 2.46 eV$ so that electrons are emitted with a maximum velocity of $1.0$x$10^{-6}$?
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0answers
35 views

Is my representation of $\varphi$ Work function correct?

I am a middle-school so my understanding of physics may not be as solid as you professional physicists but never the less thought its worth a try to learn more. I read about photo-electric effect by ...
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0answers
45 views

Definition Of Dark Current In PhotoDetectors

What is The Definition of Dark Current In PhotoDetectore. How Can I Eliminate This Effect. I Think When Electrons Near The Conduction Band Are Excited Into It By Thermal Effect Then Dark Current Is ...
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0answers
243 views

saturation current in photoelectric effect

While studying photoelectric in my school, my teacher drew a graph of current versus the potential difference across the two electrodes. I am not able to understand why do we get saturation current. I ...
0
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2answers
73 views

Photoelectric effect intensity

I understand the PE effect quite well but I'm failing to understand one thing. Intensity is the amount of energy per second incident to a given area. So can you can increase the intensity by either ...
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1answer
106 views

Photoelectric effect experiment: is charging time proportional to current?

I'm not really sure what tags to add to this question, but definitely this is just an introductory physics experiment. Let me refresh you first with the basics of the photoelectric effect. We all ...
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1answer
62 views

Why do electrons eject only if the frequency of incident ray is greater than the threshold frequency? [closed]

Why do the electrons start moving even if the dim light (less intense) of a specific frequency falls on the material ?
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1answer
54 views

Photoelectric Effect and Electromagnetism Voltage Problem

Whenever a book talks about the photoelectric effect, it talks about how we can use a battery to attain a $V_{stop}$. Basically, you are making the metal plate on which you don't shine light have a ...
2
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2answers
154 views

Photoelectric effect stopping potential

$q_eV_s = hf - \phi$ My question is... suppose we are testing the photoelectric effect. One plate is illuminated. We have applied the stopping potential. Suppose an electron leaves one plate with $KE ...
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0answers
175 views

Photoelectric effect Experiment - What's the voltage bias of the set up?

What's the bias of the setup? Forward / Reverse? I'm doing a photoelectric effect experiment.The experimental setup involves a photocell, which has an emitter (cathode) Potassium and a ...
3
votes
3answers
272 views

Is Photoelectric Effect continuous or discrete?

I don't understand how electrons and photon interact with each other when a metal surface is illuminated with light. I've read that below a certain threshold frequency or wavelength of light, no ...
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2answers
129 views

Does quantum mechanics contradict macroscopic determinism?

I am wondering whether it is true to ask whether determinism is still completely viable at macroscopic scales given that the constituent particles behave according to QM when the dimensions get small ...
0
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1answer
426 views

why stopping potential in the photoelectric effect is negative?

I am reading an introduction article for photoelectric effect. It is said that the variable potential was tuned until no single one photoelectron can reach the electron collection plate. But if we ...
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0answers
1k views

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and Compton scattering?

What is the difference between photoelectric effect and Compton scattering? These two effects explains interaction of photon with electron. Why in photoelectric effect whole energy of photon is used ...
0
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2answers
124 views

Does the photoelectric effect require a battery or a circuit?

This is how the professor showed us the photoelectric effect: Does the photoelectric effect require: a. a battery? what happens if the battery is replaced with a wire? b. a circuit? what happens ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Energy loss in the photoelectric effect

If a photon hits an electron with an energy that is less than the energy required to change the energy level of an electron, what happens to the energy of the photon (is it not absorbed and just pass ...