I am trying to understand intuitively what a phonon is, but for the moment I find it quite difficult (having a limited background in quantum mechanics, an undergraduate course in non-relativistic QM). ...
The effective mass is proportional to the second derivative of the dispersion relation d2k/dE2. Do we say that phonon have effective mass through it ? Spin wave have.
photons and phonons both have polarization, we attribute spin 1 for photons but spin 0 for phonons. Why?
What is a good resource for studying phonon-polaritons?