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34 views

Geometric frustration in power transmission networks

I read this article concerning the detection of Braess Paradox on power transmission networks: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-power-grid-blackouts-braess-paradox.html Here is a quote from the article: ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Exact Solution of Ising Model in Open Boundary condition

What will be the exact expression of the partition function for 1d Ising model, if we consider open boundary case (This implies that the last spin in the sequence does not interact with the first spin)...
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0answers
22 views

What is the physical significance of Curie-Weiss temperature?

From the Curie-Weiss law, the CW temperature is negative for antiferromagnet (afm). what is the significance of the negative value of CW temperature of a afm?
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0answers
48 views

Confusion on meaning of fugacity in scientific publication

in my research project in statistical mechanics, in the context of phase transition and condensation, I was reading the seminal paper of Yang and Lee titled: "Statistical theory of equations of state ...
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1answer
30 views

Help with understanding result from publication on phase transition

In my current research project in statistical mechanics, in the context of phase transition and condensation, I was reading the seminal paper of Yang and Lee titled: "Statistical theory of equations ...
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0answers
30 views

Why do the singularities of the thermodynamic functions expected to be non-negative powers?

I am going through the first chapter of Exactly Solved Models in Statistical Mechanics. On page 4, at the end of section 1.1 it is said that: I would like to know the basis of this expectation. ...
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0answers
17 views

2D slab model for LJ potential

I have a program implementing a LJ(Lennard-Jones) molecular Dynamics(MD) simulation with isokinetic thermostat. I want to modify that program to study the phase characteristics of LJ particlesin 2D ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Effectiveness of phase-change materials vs water for heat storage?

I'm trying to understand the benefit of specialized phase-change materials vs. water for absorbing heat in a home during the day. It's my understanding that selecting phase-change materials whose ...
0
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0answers
35 views

What is Hastatic order?

I've looked around for a proper definition and defining terms for this property. Can anyone explain Hastatic order? Is there a proper theory as to why it occurs? (Also, I don't have points to create a ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the vapour pressure of carbon at room temperature?

The vapour pressure of carbon at 3642°C is one atmosphere (this is the sublimation temperature given in Wikipedia). At lower temperatures, the vapour pressure will be less, but of course it will ...
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0answers
21 views

Master curve of the 3D Ising model

I am currently doing some grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations for LJ particles and my professor has asked me to map the normalized probability distribution of density on to a master curve of the ...
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0answers
28 views

Electroweak phase transition

Is it true that when the temperature of the universe was greater than ~200GeV the Higgs did not have any nonzero vacuum expectation value, hence all the particles were massless? So if one calculates ...
3
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0answers
33 views

What is the Kosterlitz -Thouless transition?

I couldn't find any simple texts explaining the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. More specifically can someone explain the role of vortices in the transition. edit: links explaining the transition in ...
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0answers
28 views

Susceptibility at a first-order phase transition

I have two questions about first-order phase transitions: 1) is the susceptibility divergent at a first-order phase transition? 2) if yes, does it diverge in a universal way as in continuous phase ...
5
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1answer
83 views

How to understand the idea of functional renormalization group?

I have been looking at how to use the functional RG method in many-body systems, but I don't quiet get the idea of it, it look different from Wilson's RG approach (eg. why shall we integrate out the ...
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1answer
29 views

Why do $C_p$, $\alpha$ and $\kappa_T$ all approach to infinity when two phases coexist at the mean time?

My textbook (writed by Chinese) says that when two phases of a system coexist at the same time, this system's isobaric thermal capacity $C_p=T(\frac{\partial S}{\partial T})_p$, coefficient of ...
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0answers
19 views

Role of heat flux on bubble size

This is sort of related to this question, in that the question was spawned from the same question on Worldbuilding. Say you have a relatively shallow open pool of water (a pot or pan). When the ...
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votes
1answer
44 views

What phase is water at 262C and 15bar? [closed]

what phase is water at 262C and 15bar? at which conditions and above can we be sure that the water is totally gaseous? can I see a water phase graph for 262C and 15bar?
6
votes
1answer
91 views

FCC-to-BCC phase transition in NaCl, Buckingham or Lennard-Jones potentials?

Background The transformation from B1 (face centered cubic (FCC) type) to B2 (body centered cubic (body centered cubic (BCC) type) structures is one of the best documented high pressure phase ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the source of the Curie point?

I'm seriously revisiting my knowledge on magnetism, and the Curie point has been both enlightening and mystifying. I understand what it does ((ferro)magnetism disappears above it), and have a faint ...
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0answers
38 views

How to deduce the modified Flory-Huggins equation in this form?

In the paper of "Solution Properties of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)" (M. Heskins and J. E. Guillet, Journal of Macromolecular Science: Part A - Chemistry, Vol. 2, Issue 8, pages 1441-1455, 1968), they ...
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0answers
21 views

What is Phase Transition in Cosmology and where does the energy of it comes from?

There are different theories on how our universe will end. The Big Crunch, The Big Rip, The Big Freeze but I also heard about Phase Transition on a space science program on a science channel, what ...
0
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0answers
32 views

The driving force for first order phase transition

The driving force for the solidfication is said to be the free energy difference, but phase transition actually happens due to change of temperature toward the critical temperature. It seems that ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Phase transition in mean field theory Ising model

For the Ising model mean field theory is supposed to give quantitatively correct answers in dimensions>=4. I have written code to compare the results of mean field theory to a 4D or 5D Ising model and ...
9
votes
1answer
904 views

What leads to the existence of critical temperature?

We know that $T_c$ is the temperature above which no amount of pressure could force a gas to liquefy. But why is this? Somehow I don't buy the point that the gas molecules exert too much pressure ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Melting ice: reversible or irreversible?

I am looking into whether the melting of ice (or any substance for that matter) at constant pressure and temperature is reversible or irreversible. Different sources say different things, and it may ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Temperature dependence of phase transition in Quantum Hall Effect

Most phase transitions have a distinct critical temperature, depending on the parameters of the system. For example, the critical temperature of Bose-Einstein condensation depends on the particle ...
15
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2answers
469 views

What is “Dynamical phase transition”?

What is "Dynamical phase transition"? It is a fancy notion now. But what exactly does it mean? What is the difference between it and the conventional phase transition?
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0answers
23 views

Kerr-Newman Black Holes' Phase Transitions in De Sitter Space

At $J=km^2$ Kerr black holes' specific heat shows infinite discontinuity. Therefore as Kerr black holes' angular momentum gets close to $km^2$ where $k$ is determined by Kerr-Newman metric and $m$ is ...
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0answers
15 views

Example of a system that becomes anisotropic

I'm trying to find examples of physical systems that go through some type of phase transition in which they go from being isotropic to anisotropic. Perhaps some system that become more anisotropic as ...
77
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9answers
14k views

Why does matter exist in 3 states (liquids, solid, gas)?

Why does matter on the earth exist in three states? Why cannot all matter exist in only one state (i.e. solid/liquid/gas)?
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vote
1answer
48 views

Adiabatic transition from superfluid to Mott insulator?

I have a question about the dynamical passage from superfluid to Mott insulator state in the Bose-Hubbard model. Is it possible to go from superfluid region to the Mott insulator by changing the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate the critical temperatures of noble gases such as He, Ne, and Ar?

It seems like Lennard-Jones potential should be used to calculate the critical temperatures of such noble gases. But I'm not sure how to actually do it. Could anyone give me some ideas or suggestions ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

What is special about many-body localization as opposed to Mott insulator

What is the difference between localization in a many-body localization system and localization in a Mott insulator? Is the difference that many-body localization is driven by disorder while Mott ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Why does a Heisenberg magnet break the O(3) symmetry in stead of SU(2)?

As stated in the question, why does a Heisenberg magnet break the $O(3)$ symmetry while degrees of freedom of the underlying spins are $SU(2)$?
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2answers
74 views

Are there alternatives to steam in thermal power stations?

'A thermal power station is a power plant in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the world the prime mover is steam driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam ...
2
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2answers
271 views

Why does Triple point exist?

In thermodynamics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Is the ...
6
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0answers
79 views

Understanding the $\phi^4$ phase diagram

I'm having trouble making sense of this phase diagram. The model is a $V(\phi)=g_2 \phi^2+g_4\phi^4$ scalar field theory. Here's what I think I understand: the capital letters represent different ...
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1answer
80 views

Understanding this metaphor involving e-mails, chaos and phase transitions [closed]

I asked this question on the English Stack Exchange and people advised to try get the answer here. I can’t get the idea of metaphor in the last sentence of the following quote: Instead, email ...
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0answers
17 views

What is our most complete microscopic theory for the elastic-plastic transition point?

I suppose its all stated in the title. What is our most successful description of the microscopic behavior of material at the elastic-plastic transition point. My condensed matter physics prof was ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Nature of phase transitions in Kitaev honeycomb model

Short version of my question is this : what is the nature of the phase transition in the Kitaev honeycomb model ? Longer version: Kitaev honeycomb model undergoes a phase transition from a gapped to ...
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0answers
13 views

Fermi estimate for ice nucleation timescale

My friends in a Cryo-EM lab freeze their very samples quickly, a process they call vitrification. The timescale for this process is milliseconds (from wikipedia): The production of amorphous ice ...
3
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3answers
63 views

The temperature a liquid would boil: question incorrectly formulated or not?

I have met a question in a high school physics book which I think is incorrectly formulated. The question is this: In order to reach boiling temperature, a certain liquid requires twice the amount of ...
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0answers
28 views

The question about codimension of fixed point and about irrelevant operators

Recently I've read about Wilsonian renormalization group (WRG) in context of condensed matter phase transitions. The important concepts of WRG are fixed points and type of operators (eigenvalue, ...
9
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4answers
275 views

What is the real cause of the boiling (forming of bubbles) of water?

I've got a question about the boiling of water. I'm a first year physics student and from the Netherlands. I've searched alot about the boiling of water and this confused me. Everyone said something ...
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1answer
29 views

Heat capacity across a phase transition-inconsistency?

In the books I have seen two descriptions of what the heat capacity does across a first-order phase transition. The diagram in this question First Order Phase Transition - Heat Capacity seems to ...
2
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2answers
183 views

What actually makes boiling happen?

Boiling can be breezed over easily with a few rudimentary diagrams and a couple equations, but I seek a deeper explanation. The definition of boiling is that the vapor pressure in the liquid is ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Liquid/solid to plasma?

During a phase change we can go from solid to gas via the process of sublimation. The diagram given below indicates that there is no analogous process for the transition from solid (or liquid) to ...
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0answers
45 views

Derivation of a equation in closed, phases coexisting system

I'm trying to show that for a closed system consisting of two phases coexisting in equilibrium at a temperature $T$ and under a pressure $P$. $$(\frac{\partial P}{\partial V})_S=-\frac{T}{C_v}(\frac{...
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3answers
76 views

If an Ising model is in contact with two thermal reservoirs, would it still experience a phase transition if one of the reservoirs is below Tc?

For example; Two reservoirs are at each end of a one dimensional or even two dimensional lattice. One of the reservoirs has the temperature T < Tc. Would the lattice site have a phase transition ...