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47 views

Fixing time in Feynman phase space path integral

The phase space version of Feynman's path integral expression for the free particle propagator involves a (formal) sum over paths in phase space with fixed $q$ endpoints and (as far as I'm aware) ...
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1answer
43 views

Differential cross section $d\sigma/dp^{\gamma}_{T}$?

Why we care about $d\sigma/dp^{\gamma}_{T}$? What the physical meaning of it? Why not plot $\sigma$ follow $p^{\gamma}_{T}$?. As in this picture.
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37 views

Volume of highdimensional Sphere vs volume of spheres shell

When calculating the phase space volume $\Omega$ in the microcanoncial ensemble with fixed energy $E$, one integrates over a shell that includes all energies in between $E$ and $E+\delta E$: ...
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84 views

What is the relation between phase space formulation with Wigner quasi-probability distributions and path integral formulation of quantum mechanics?

I am trying to conceptually connect the two formulations of quantum mechanics. The phase space formulation deals with Wigner quasi-probability distributions on the phase space and the path integral ...
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62 views

How to check whether a given $W(x,p)$ represents a Wigner function of a physical state?

For simplicity let us consider one-dimensional quantum-mechanical systems only. Given any state $\rho\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ and its Wigner function $W_\rho(x,p)$, there are several properties it ...
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37 views

What is the effect of squeezing on the Husimi phase space representation or Q-function?

The effect of the squeezing operator \begin{equation} S = e^{- r (a^2 + a^{\dagger 2}) / 2} \end{equation} on a Wigner phase space representation or W-function of a system with density matrix $\rho$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Time responses (position and speed) of system

This is a basic question regarding state space representation and differential equations. I want to find the time response of states $x_{1} = x$ and $x_{2} = \dot{x}$ of the following system: $$ ...
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117 views

A question on Lagrangian dynamics an the velocity phase space

I've struggled in the past with understanding why we can treat position and velocity as independent variables in the Lagrangian, but I think I may have finally become a bit more enlightened on the ...
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89 views

Group of translations in two dimensions - A weird treatment

Again, as usual Schwinger leaves me startled as he writes, the Hermitian displacement operator in 2D is $$ G = p_1\delta x_1 +p_2 \delta x_2 $$ Now, we know clearly that this group is an Abelian ...
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0answers
29 views

Planck's constant and phase space in quantum mechanics

During my undergrad physics classes, I've come across several seemingly related phenomena dealing with $h$ and phase space in quantum mechanics. Let $T_x$ be a translation operator by $x$ in ...
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0answers
34 views

Time evolution of the density of phase points for an ensemble

I want to calculate the time evolution of the density of phase points for an ensemble of N harmonic oscillators. However, I intended to do so without using the Liouville equation. Sure, I want to ...
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0answers
54 views

Are the Wigner and Husimi transforms injective?

I am wondering if the Wigner function is injective. By injective I mean, that, for every density matrix $\rho$, there is a different Wigner distribution. The same question applies to the Husimi ...
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0answers
28 views

What are resonant tori?

What is the definition of a resonant/invariant torus (in the phase space of a Hamiltonian system)? Are there non-resonant tori?
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94 views

Reduced phase space density

I have a dimensional problem with the single particle phase space density The partition function in the microcanonical ensemble is of course dimensionless Thus $$ \rho ( q, p ) = ...
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0answers
110 views

Meaning of phase space density

I am trying to understand Liouville's theorem physically. It says that $\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t} + \{\rho,H\} = 0$. Thus, we have $\frac{d \rho(q(t),p(t),t)}{dt}=0$. I would like to ...
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0answers
68 views

Deriving probability distributions from the Wigner distribution

I know that I can calculate the probability distributions of $x$ and $p$ from the Wigner quasiprobability distribution, and I can calculate the probability distributions of other operators by ...
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0answers
216 views

What does it mean for a phase space trajectory to be “long” and “stable”?

What does it mean for a phase space trajectory to be "long" and "stable"? I understand the concept of a trajectory in phase space but not how these adjectives can be applied to one. Thanks.
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12 views

Poisson bracket in 4d phase space

In phase space determined by $(q_i,p_i)$ the Poisson bracket of two functions f and g is $$\{f,g\}=\sum_{i=1}^N\frac{\partial f}{\partial q_i}\frac{\partial g}{\partial p_i}-\frac{\partial g}{\partial ...
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62 views

Bopp operators and Wigner-Weyl representation

I am learning about the Wigner-Weyl transformations to move a c-number Lindblad operator A(x,p) back into operator form. As far as I know, to move back and forth normally requires a four variable ...
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45 views

Confusion about the use of the term “Phase Space” in Strogatz text

I've just started learning about Hamiltonian mechanics, and from the definition given in Taylor's classical mechanics, phase space must always have an even dimension. However, I recall from reading ...
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52 views

Can statistical mechanics be formulated generally in terms of phase space?

In many statistical mechanics books, notably Landau and Lifschitz' volume in the course on theoretical physics, the quantities central to statistical mechanics such as entropy are defined in terms of ...
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31 views

Section of Phase space

Suppose $\mathfrak{X}$ is the configuration space of some system on a Riemannian manifold $\mathcal{M}$. Then, the phase space is $\mathrm{T}^{*}(\mathfrak{X})$. What is a section of ...
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83 views

Current density in phase space

I have a question which arises from looking at the impact free Boltzmann equation. Let $(\vec{x},\vec{v})$ be a vector in our phase space $\Gamma^N = \mathbb{R}^{6N}$. The dynamics of a state are ...