# Tagged Questions

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### Equations involved in freezer burn

Assuming a sphere with a given percentage of moist uniformly distributed through the sphere. It's surrounded by air with no humidity. How could I model the sublimation of the sphere's moist into the ...
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### Kirchhoff's laws in phasor domain

While analysing AC circuits, we write voltage, current etc all with complex numbers namely "phasors". While studying the same, I wondered if Kirchhoff's laws held good with current and voltage in ...
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### Simple estimation of the critical temperature of water

I'm trying to develop fermi estimation skills and I came up with a question for which I don't even know where to start from. Here goes: Is it possible to estimate the critical temperature (say in ...
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### Phase diagram binary mixture

The Gibbs Phase Rule states: F = C - P + 2. From this it is possible to construct a phase diagram. In case of a 1-component system C=1 and where P denotes the number of phases in equilibrium. In case ...
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### Is thermal and electrical conductivity correlated for all phases of matter?

After reading this interesting post about why copper is a great heat conductor, I wondered if a plasma would conduct heat better than a gas. Or, are some properties like density more important for ...
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### Finding liquid/vapor phases of LJ system with Gibbs Ensemble

I've been trying to use the Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo method for finding the liquid and vapor phases for a given particle interaction. This method sets up two isothermal subsystems that exchange ...
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### What is the temperature change for the adiabatic compression of $^3$He?

Given a phase diagram of $^3$He, consider the adiabatic compression of liquid $^3$He until it becomes solid. If the temperature of the fluid is 0.1 K (where dP/dT < 0), will the temperature after ...
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### Is it possible to mix a drink with a non-standard phase of ice?

Would it be possible to safely cool and drink a glass of water with anything else than the Ih form of ice? Here and here you can see that some alternative forms of ice have a higher density than ...
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### Quenching of binary alloy: Concentration equilibrium

I'm currently reading "Models for phase separation and their mathematics" by Paul C. Fife and there is a paragraph which I don't understand because I lack the necessary background in ...
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### Phase diagram of gauge + matter theories

I am looking for some notes/reviews on confinement and Higgs phases suitable for Fermionic/Bosonic matter coupled to Abelian ($Z_2$ or $U(1)$ etc) gauge fields. The purpose is to understand issues ...
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### When is the phase space diagram an ellipse?

For a two dimensional dynamical system, when does the phase space diagram give an ellipse? I know about the examples for damped and undamped harmonic oscillators, but our instructor said that the ...
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### Is water steam in air a case of liquid in gas solution?

Thinking of this question, I thought that the phenomenon of water evaporation into the air is totally analogous to the solid (say, salt) that is dissolved into a liquid (water). Indeed, in this ...
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### Gibbs phase rule and degrees of freedom at the triple point / triple line

The Gibbs phase rule tells me that at a substance's triple point, where there are 3 phases in equilibrium, there should be 0 degrees of freedom. Based on my understanding, that means there should be 0 ...
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### 1st order phase transition, superheating/supercooling, metastable state

I read that superheating and supercooling characterize 1st order phase transitions in papers. Some of them also use the metastable state at the same time as the superheating/supercooling. Are ...
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### Can I plot a phase diagram (P against T) of a mixture if the mole compositions are known?

Is it possible? Or do I have to actually experiment it in a lab? If it's possible, what data would I need? I'm right now only given the mole percentages and the weight percentages. I do know I can ...
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### Database of compound phase diagrams

Is there any kind of database that contains information about the phase diagrams (temperature vs pressure) of different compounds? I'm interested mostly in basic compounds, such as N2, O2, H2, Si, Fe, ...
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### Where can I find phase diagrams for mag-thor alloys?

Where can I find phase diagrams for Mg Th alloys? Thanks!
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### If you dig a deep tunnel, will the rock sublimate?

If a tunnel is dug deep inside the crust (but before reaching places where the rock is liquid), how will the enormous downwards pressure manifest itself? Will the difference in pressure ...
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### intermetallics and solid solution

For some systems, discrete intermediate compounds rather than solid solutions may be found on the phase diagram, and these compounds have distinct chemical formulas; for metal–metal systems, they are ...
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### What algorithms can be used to compute the binodal in a ternary Flory-Huggins theory?

What are the most popular algorithms used to obtain a binodal curve for the ternary mixture (starting from Flory-Huggins theory)? I would like to obtain a plot similar to the one calculated here ...
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### Phase transition water

The water-gas phase transition is said to be similar to the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition (same set of critical exponents = same universality class). In the former case the order ...
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### Ground state Phase Diagram of Bose-Hubbard Model

The Hamiltonian of Bose-Hubbard model reads as $$H=-J\sum\limits_{<i,j>}b_i^{\dagger}b_j+h.c.+\frac{U}{2}\sum\limits_{i}n_i(n_i-1)-\mu\sum\limits_in_i~~~~~~~~~(1)$$ For this we plot phase ...
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### Why is supercritical fluid not considered a separate state of matter?

As given on this link, supercritical fluids are viewed more as a continuum which has both liquid and gas properties. This continuum is obtained when a gas is brought to a pressure and a temperature ...
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### Critical point vs Gibbs phase rule

Why is the critical point for the phase diagram of pure water degrees of freedom equal to 0? Maybe, you know what is the mathematical explanation for the fact that the number of degrees of freedom at ...
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### Flory-Huggins ternary phase diagram with a neutral component

I am searching the literature for the Flory-Huggins phase diagram with the following components : polymer, solvent, and a third component that does not interact with the other components (just entropy ...
510 views

### Phase Structure of (Quantum) Gauge Theory

Question: How to classify/characterize the phase structure of (quantum) gauge theory? Gauge Theory (say with a gauge group $G_g$) is a powerful quantum field theoretic(QFT) tool to describe ...
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### Whether Au-Ga-Bi ternary phase diagram be calculated theoretically

Currently, my experiment involves the three elements: Au, Ga, Bi, and I need Au-Ga-Bi ternary phase diagram to explore the ...
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### Can there be a phase transition without change in entropy and volume?

Context: I'm studying basic thermodynamics. My lecture notes pose a question, whether there can be a phase transition without a change in entropy or volume ? Do you have any hints on where to start ...
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### How to freeze the Niagara waterfalls?

Here is a picture of the usual vigorous Niagara Falls (in the winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in 1933 (in the very cold winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in ...
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### What's the relationship between concentration and refraction rate in a solution?

I am supposed to determine the concentration of a solution of ethyl alcohol and cyclohexane by measuring its refraction rate. Now I have some standard sample of the solution at concentrations 10%, ...
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### Pressure of sealed in liquid nitrogen

If you take a container of great strength, fill it to the brim with liquid nitrogen, seal the container, and heat it to room temperature. What will the pressure be inside? Bonus: The same with ...
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### Constant Pressure lines in evaporation diagram

Assume that there is the following $T-H$ phase diagram with the constant pressure lines. Which is greater preasure? The preasure drops as we move to lower temperatures (i.e. from top to bottom)? ...
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### Reference for phase diagrams of elements [duplicate]

I am trying to answer this question: What is the pressure inside a sealed container with liquid nitrogen at room temperature? Can you help me find a good online reference for phase diagrams. I am ...
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### Phase diagram of simplified QCD

Consider QCD with a single generation of massless quarks (u, d). This is probably the simplest variant of QCD which bears some relation to the real world. The theory has the following exact global ...