2
votes
0answers
57 views

“Good” States In Degenerate Perturbation Theory

During the section on Degenerate Perturbation Theory, Griffiths (Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 2ed) starts with a general linear combination of two orthogonal eigenfunctions of $H_0$. He walks ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to carry out the perturbation expansion of an anharmonic oscillator to high orders?

I think this is a standard problem in quantum mechanics. Consider the anharmonic oscillator $E \psi = \left(- \frac{1}{2} \frac{\partial^2}{\partial^2 x } + \frac{1}{2}x^2 + \epsilon x^4 \right) ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Splitting of degenerate energy levels with a perturbed particle in a box

Suppose you have a particle in a square box $[0,L]\times[0,L]$. As the box is a square, the (2,1) and (1,2) eigenfunctions will have the same energy. If you were to apply an oscillating electric field ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

When is Fermi golden rule exact?

My recent study Nonsmooth and level-resolved dynamics illustrated with a periodically driven tight binding model motivates me to ask this question: Is there any example in which the Fermi golden rule ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Is WKB really applicable for the ground state?

It is a long time question for me. For me, it seems that WKB is applicable for a given $E$ if and only if $\hbar$ is sufficiently small. Or in other words, WKB is applicable if and only if the ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Perturbation theory emitting high order powers

For my second-order energy correction for a harmonic oscillator in an electric field I have the following: $$q^2\varepsilon^2\sum_{m\neq n}\frac{|\langle m|x|n\rangle|^2}{E^{(0)}_n-E^{(0)}_m}+\text{ ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

What does it mean to expand a Hamiltonian using perturbation theory?

On UC Davis chemwiki website, the Hamiltonian for quadrupolar coupling in NMR is analyzed. (The details of this aren't important.) It is said in the analysis that: The expansion of the ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Does first quantization perturbation theory imply a large scale web of electron entanglement?

My question may seem quite esoteric given the title, but I think it's relatively straightforward when explained properly. Imagine a relatively simple situation of 2 hydrogen atoms (numbered 1 and 2), ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Why are the zeroth order terms in degenerate perturbation theory the eigenstates of the perturbing Hamiltonian?

I have for quite some time now tried to find a satisfactory answer to this, but I haven't yet. In perturbation theory, with small parameter $\lambda$, we expand the eigenstate as $$| E \rangle=| ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Vanishing diagonal matrix elements of pertubation

In time-dependent pertubation theory we can denote the Schrödinger equation by a set of two equations $$\dot{c_a} = -\frac{i}{\hbar}\Big[c_aH'_{aa}+c_bH'_{ab}e^{-i(E_b-E_a)t/\hbar}\Big] \\ \dot{c_b} ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Quick question on Perturbation theory - How do I evaluate this probability?

We know that hamiltonian for interaction between an electron and external field along $z$ is: $$\hat H = \frac{e\hbar B}{2m}\hat \sigma_z = \frac{\hbar \omega}{2} \hat \sigma_z $$ This has energy ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Quick question on perturbation theory

Suppose we have a particle in an infinite potential well, with $V(x) = 0,\space 0< x < a $ and infinity everywhere else. Now suppose we have a perturbation on the LHS of the well: $V_1(x) = v, ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Time-dependent perturbation - details in derivation

I get confused about two things when deriving the time-dependent perturbative approach. We have the Hamiltonian $$H = H_0 + \lambda H^{(1)}$$ and we have solved (from Schroedinger) $$\dot{C_f(t)} ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Effective Hamiltonian / Perturbation theory for non-degenerate case

Trying to wrap my head around the following situation. Consider first a case that I understand well: Let's assume a three level system where the lowest two levels are degenerate and individually ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Quasi-Degenerate Perturbation Theory

Is there any sort of objective rule on when to use quasi-degenerate perturbation theory vs degenerate vs non-degenerate?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Does the application of a magnetic field on degenerate spin states (zeeman effect) cause photon emission?

In zeeman effect, before applying any magnetic field, we have two spin states, up and down each of energy $E_0$. Apply a magnetic field, and get $E_+\neq E_- \neq E_0$. Now the question is the ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Perturbation Theory Problem [closed]

I am self studying for upcoming exams and I am stuck on the end of a problem related to perturbation theory. Here is the problem I can't manage to do the very last part -- showing the exact change ...
5
votes
1answer
221 views

Degenerate perturbation theory applied to topological degeneracy?

Consider a quantum system described by a gapped Hamiltonian $H_0$ with degenerate ground states (GS), adding a perturbation term $V$ to $H_0$, then the low-energy physics can be described by an ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

First Order Correction to wave function in ground state

I am looking at a spin 1/2 particle in a magnetic field. This has Hamiltonian $$H=-\mu s\cdot B_0$$ For simplicity, assume $B_0=B_0\hat z$ so $H=-\mu B_0$. I then apply a perturbative magnetic field ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Perturbation of coupled spin

I am given a system with Hamiltonian (all 1/2 spins) $$H_0=\alpha(S_1\cdot S_2)$$ I broke it down and found that there were four eigenstates: $|1,[0,\pm1]\rangle$ and $|0,0\rangle$. Each has an ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Adiabatic approximation and time-dependent problems

I am an undergraduate physics student. I have a question in approximation methods for time-dependent problems in quantum mechanics. I read the proof of the adiabatic theorem but I didn't understand ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Perturbation theory in quantum mechanics

In perturbation theory perturbed eigenstates expanded by unperturbed eigenstates, but we know when the system perturbed its Hilbert space altered and hence its basis changed, then we can't state this ...
5
votes
4answers
398 views

Perturbative Quantum Mechanics

I am, in full generality, confused about perturbation theory in quantum mechanics. My textbook and Wikipedia have the same general approach to explaining it: given some Hamiltonian $H=H^{(0)} + ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Why cannot we apply perturbation theory in Born-Oppenheimer approximation

In Weinberg's Lectures on Quantum Mechanics, he mentions Unfortunately, we cannot simply use first-order perturbation theory, with $T_{nuc}$ taken as the perturbation and the state vectors ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

How do I properly express adding perturbed states to unperturbed states?

I have a problem set due tomorrow, and the last problem is driving me nuts. Been combing through griffiths trying to find similar examples to no avail, so it'd be greatly appreciated if stackexchange ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Why do some terms vanish in first-order perturbation theory?

In first order perturbation theory, we usually express the first order perturbation in the eigenket of the perturbed Hamiltonian in the basis of the unperturbed Hamiltonian $H_{0}$: ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What is the physical meaning of the “decay rate” in Fermis golden rule? [duplicate]

As far as I understood, Fermi's golden rule gives a prediction of the transition rate in a perturbed quantum system $H_0+V$ between two eigenstates of the unperturbed system $H_0$, say from $\left| ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Perturbation of a Hydrogen Atom in a Quadrupole Field

Question: A hydrogen atom is located in a quadrupole field, which gives it a perturbation $$H_1=A(x^2-y^2)$$ where $A$ is some constant. Calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Clarify formula in quantum perturbation theory

I'm studying perturbation theory in the context of quantum mechanics. My lecture notes say that in order to calculate the first-order correction of eigenfunction $\psi_n$, that is $\psi_n^{(1)}$, I ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

The expansion of a function in powers of a parameter

In the perturbation theory for non-degenerate levels, the energy $E_n(\lambda)$ of an eigenstate $|\psi_n(\lambda)\rangle$ of the hamiltonian $\mathcal{H}=\mathcal{H}_0+\lambda \mathcal{H}_1$ (where ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

QM : Perturbation theory with multiple operators

When doing perturbation theory in quantum mechanics, if the perturbation hamiltonian is made of three terms : $$W = W_1 +W_2 + W_3,$$ can I treat each term separately and performing perturbation ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

QM perturbation theory : When do I have to use degenerate/non-degenerate perturbation theory?

I am considering a perturbation theory problem in quantum mechanics. The unperturbed hamiltonian is $$H_0 = A_1 \boldsymbol{B} S_{1z} + A_2 \boldsymbol{B} S_{2z}.$$ The eigenstates of the unperturbed ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Perturbations in arbitrary dimensions

In general is it acceptable to say that if a perturbation is in only one spatial direction then the energy eigenvalue to second order is only changed in that spatial direction? For example 3D ...
4
votes
0answers
899 views

How does one actually compute the amplituhedron?

I was watching Nima's very popular talk (download if you're using chrome) (also mirrored at youtube here) about the "Amplituhedron", which has suddenly become very popular recently. He talks all ...
0
votes
1answer
323 views

Perturbation theory

I am puzzled with perturbation theory when studying quantum mechanics and solid theory. What I learn about perturbation is, from my ignorant point of view, just mathematics, or even simpler, matrix ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Coupled Oscillators

This is an exercise of my last exam. Since I couldn't find anybody who solved it or knows how to, it would be really nice if somebody could tell me if my thoughts on it go into the right direction. ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Adiabatic theorem in the regime of quantum optics

I am wondering whether there is a version of adiabatic theorem in the regime of quantum optics. My understanding of quantum optics involves with the interaction between photon and atom. This ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Spin degeneracy in perturbation theory

In pag. 270 of Griffith's "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" a perturbative method for finding relativist correction to the energy levels of the Hydrogen athom is exposed. It is asserted, if I ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Nature of Perturbed state in Perturbation Theory?

I'm interested in the Nature of Perturbed state in Perturbation Theory. The first order perturbed state is given by $$\psi^{(1)}_{n}=\Sigma_{m}a_{m}\psi^{(0)}_{m}.$$ Where ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What can be the smallest chaotic system?

As I am talking about 'smallest' can I expect that it should be a quantum system? I understand that we use quantum chaos theory instead of perturbation theory when the perturbation is not small. For ...
2
votes
0answers
357 views

Prove that the first order perturbation theory overestimates fundamental state [closed]

This was a question on my exam and I don't know how to solve it. Use the variational principle to prove that the first order perturbation theory always overestimates the energy of the fundamental ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Energy levels in perturbation theory

Hi guys I have a quick question about perturbation theory in quantum mechanics, particularly about energy shifts. We write: $E_n = E_n^{(0)} + \delta E_n$ where $E_n^{(0)}$ is the unperturbed ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Fermi's Golden Rule and Density of States

I know Fermi's Golden Rule in the form $$\Gamma_{fi} ~=~ \sum_{f}\frac{2\pi}{\hbar}\delta (E_f - E_i)|M_{fi}|^2$$ where $\Gamma_{fi}$ is the probability transition rate, $M_{fi}$ are the transition ...
5
votes
2answers
687 views

Expectation value of time-dependent Hamiltonian

I'm trying to solve a problem in QM with a forced quantum oscillator. In this problem I have a quantum oscillator, which is in the ground state initially. At $t=0$, the force $F(t)=F_0 \sin(\Omega t)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

Naive question about time-dependent perturbation theory

In time-dependent perturbation theory where $H=H_0+V$ and $V$ is considered small and has no explicit time dependence, the standard text-book treatment of the leading order probability amplitude for ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Scattering states of Hydrogen atom in non-relativistic perturbation theory

In doing second order time-independent perturbation theory in non-relativistic quantum mechanics one has to calculate the overlap between states $$E^{(2)}_n ~=~ \sum_{m \neq n}\frac{|\langle m | H' ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Perturbation method & eigenvalues

I have a problem but I don't understand the question. It says: "Show that, to first order in energy, the eigenvalues ​​are unchanged." What does it mean? It means that if the Hamiltonian has the ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Symmetry and overlapping of ground states

In a quantum mechanics, there is the following formula to derive the zero energy $E_0$ of a perturbed Hamiltonian $$H = H_0 + V$$ knowing the zero energy $W_0$ of the free Hamiltonian $H_0$: $$E_0 = ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Diagram-like perturbation theory in quantum mechanics

There seems to be a formalism of quantum mechanics perturbation that involve something like Feynman diagrams. The advantage is that contrary to the complicated formulas in standard texts, this ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Why can one equate the the zeroth order coefficient with the initial state in time-dependent perturbation theory in quantum mechanics?

Setup In the typical treatment of time-dependent perturbation theory in quantum mechanics, one arrives at the set of equations $$ i \dot{a}^{(r + 1)}_m(t) = \sum_n \langle m |H_1(t)|n \rangle e^{i ...