Perpetual motion describes "Motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy; impossible in practice because of friction." It can also be described as "the motion of a hypothetical machine which, once activated, would run forever unless subject to an external force or to wear"...

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What's wrong with this idea for recover energy from pressure?

In this case : It's a theoretical study, just for find my error. No gravity. No buoyancy. All volumes are constant. I suppose no friction. Outside the pressure from air is constant at $P$ (atmospheric ...
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Is a convergent-divergent nozzle a perpetual motion machine of the second kind?

As answered in this question, a convergent-divergent nozzle (de Laval nozzle) accelerates a gas flow by converting its heat energy into kinetic energy. My intuition says that this violates the second ...
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Magnetic field of solenoid in cone shape

I have done some drawings of the magnetic fields of cone shaped solenoid electromagnets. I based this on the work of Tesla and some explanations of Bashar, known as the Bashar Cones. I found very ...
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“This is not a perpetual motion machine, because reservoir temperatures are changing.” Is it a valid argument?

I've already faced this situation several times: given a statement (in area of thermodynamics) I used it to provide an example of some perpetual motion machine (of first or second kind). Therefore, I ...
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Pseudo-Perpetual Motion Machine

Clearly, the Second Law of Thermodynamics precludes the existence of any theoretical device that would continue running throughout the lifetime of the universe. However, is it possible to construct a ...
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Was the impossibility of the second degree perpetuum mobile in the General Relativity ever proven?

Somewhere I've heard, that gravity often likes to work against the entropy. For example, the surprisingly low temperature of the black holes. Or see the gravitational separation of different elements ...
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Brownian Ratchet Plausibility

Alright I'm going to throw whatever reputation I have on the line here. And yes this is a serious question. Apologies for the shoddy imagery. I had a couple ideas to get the Brownian Ratchet to ...