Path integral formulation (Due to Feynman) is a major formulation of Quantum Mechanics along with Matrix mechanics (Due to Heisenberg and Pauli), Wave Mechanics (Due to Schrodinger), and Variational Mechanics (Due to Dirac). DO NOT USE THIS TAG for line/contour integrals.

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Equivariant cohomology formula

I'm studying equivariant cohomology on three references: Szabo's review about equivariant localization (S); Libine's note on equivariant cohomology (L); Berline, Getzler, Vigne's book "Heat Kernels ...
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174 views

How can I understand the tunneling problem by Euclidean path integral where the quadratic fluctuation has a negative eigenvalue?

I came across the S. Coleman's seminal papers 'Fate of the false vacuum' (http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.15.2929, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.16.1762) where he describes the tunneling ...
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44 views

recovering numerical wave function using path integral after Wick rotation

I have written two different path-integral codes, PATHINT and PATHTREE, to numerically solve some classical-physics problems in nonlinear systems, finance and neuroscience. They work just fine. My ...
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67 views

How should the path integral change under a dilation?

Let's say I have a two-point function of a scalar field in flat space: $$ \langle \phi(x)\phi(y)\rangle = \int \mathcal D \phi \, \phi(x)\phi(y)\,e^{iS[\phi]} $$ Then I dilate things: $$ \langle ...
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94 views

Does “sum over all paths” in the path integral imply “sum over all paths” in momentum space when one Fourier-transforms?

How is the Fourier-transformed-field path integral interpreted? Is it still a "sum of all paths" in momentum space? Just that with another action? Consider for instance the (Euclidean) partition ...
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153 views

Mathematical proof that $\exp(-1/|g|)$ is always related with formation of bound states through scales?

I know that this function ($g$ means coupling) is non-analytical in $g=0$, so this function is only appreciable under non-perturbative calculations, so is a non-perturbative phenomena. This function ...
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69 views

${\phi}^4$ description of Ising ferromagnet

Suppose the coupling between two spins is $C_{i,j}<0$, then the classical partition function is given by $$Z=\sum_{\{s_i\}}e^{\sum_{i,j}s_iK_{ij}s_j+h\sum_{i}s_i}$$ where $K_{ij}=-\beta C_{ij}$ and ...
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84 views

Bohmian trajectories vs. Feynman path integrals, continuous paths?

After reading some of the other posts online, I'm clear on the fact that Bohmian trajectories (of the de Broglie Bohm formulation) and the paths of the Feynman path integral formulation are very ...
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1answer
85 views

How to derive the vertex factor for the four-field interaction in scalar QED?

I tried to find the Feynman rules using path integral. For scalar QED, I have an interaction term $e^2\phi^{\star}A_{\mu}^2\phi$. Generating function then can be written as $$ ...
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100 views

How do instantons look in real time/spacetime?

Instantons, as I understand it, are mathematical constructions in Eucledean spacetime. Does it imply that instantons do not exist in real spacetime or instanton tunneling effects are does not have ...
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72 views

How to separate an exponential with a Hamiltonian with both momentum and position operators?

Statement of exercise On a page 11 of A.Zee's book QFT in a Nutshell, he derives Dirac's formulation of the path integral formulation of QM for a free particle. This starts with the free particle ...
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130 views

General formula for expanding wave function in terms of orthogonal states?

Given a wave function $\psi(x) = \langle \psi | x \rangle$. It can be expanded in terms of orthogonal states: $$ \langle \psi | x \rangle = \sum_n \langle \psi | n \rangle \langle n |x \rangle $$ ...
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64 views

What is Hawking Hartle vacuum state and why does the following Euclidean path integral gives the wave functional of it?

I am studying the wave function of black hole via the paper by Sergey Solodukhkin, Entanglement entropy of black holes,arXiv:hep-th: 1104.3712. In the paper, equation (53) is as follows: ...
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21 views

How to apply cutoff in path integral?

I am working on harmonic oscillator for quantum fluctuations (apart from clasical part), path may written as $$ S_q=\int_0^Tdt[(\partial_tq)^2+w^2q^2] $$ This may written as $$ S_q=\int dt(q\Delta q) ...
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98 views

Relation of field creation operators to path integral?

Applying two field creation operators to a vacuum I get: $$\hat{\psi}^\dagger(x)\hat{\psi}^\dagger(y)|0\rangle = (\hat{\phi}(x)\hat{\phi}(y) - s^{-1}(x-y)) |0\rangle$$ where the quantum field ...
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146 views

Work done against gravity comes out positive

Given two points in 3-space, $A = (9, 1, 5)$ and $B=(2,8,7)$, the work done by the gravitational field $\bf{F}$ when an object is moved from point $A$ to point $B$ comes out positive, even though it ...
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666 views

A quantum particle moving from A to B will take every possible path from A to B at the same time

If a quantum particle can take an unlimited number of paths to get from point A to point B wouldn't a quantum particle never get from point A to point B? A quantum particle takes every path at the ...
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30 views

What is the interpretation of coefficients in path integral

Say we want the amplitude for particles starting at x,y with distribution f(x,y) and ending up at w,z with distribution w,z. Given a functionals: $F[\phi] = \int f(x,y)\phi(x,t)\phi(y,t) dx^3 dy^3$ ...
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242 views

What is the connection between Hilbert Space and path integrals?

Given a space of states $|\rangle$, $|x\rangle$, $|x,y\rangle$, with the creation operators such as $\hat{\phi}(x)|y,z\rangle=|x,y,z\rangle$ for creating a particle at position $x$ and so on. How ...
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96 views

Gaussian path integrals and convergence

The Hamiltonian path integral in quantum mechanics, for a particle with coordinate $q$ and momentum $p$ and Hamiltonian $H=p^2/2m+V(q)$, is $\int ...
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140 views

Boundary conditions in holomorphic path integral

Consider the holomorphic representation of the path integral (for a single degree of freedom): $$ U(a^{*}, a, t'', t') = \int e^{\alpha^{*}(t'') \alpha(t'')} \exp\left\{\intop_{t'}^{t''} dt \left( ...
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55 views

Chern-Simons function

The Chern-Simons function on the space of connections, mod the gauge transformations, on a 3-manifold can be defined by an integral. I study mathematics as profession, so I want to know what is the ...
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101 views

Regularization of the 1-dimensional Laplacian

Disclaimer: this is a technical question about regularization of functional determinants which comes from a person with (relatively) strong background in QFT, string theory and path integrals, who ...
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75 views

Probability amplitude for motion from $x_i$ to $x_f$ in Heisenberg picture

In M. Nakahara's book Geometry, Topology and Physics on page 19, the probability amplitude for a particle to move from $x_i$ at time $t_i$ to $x_f$ at time $t_f$ is given as $$ \tag{1} \langle x_f, ...
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1answer
154 views

Harmonic Oscillator propagator

I'm reading the book on Quantum Field Theory by Anthony Duncan, and I'm a little lost with something of propagators. He first define the propagator $K(q_f,T;q_i,0)$ as the amplitude of detecting a ...
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88 views

Path Integral Simulation

I am trying to do a simulation with path integrals. I previously simulated with a step potential by time evolving the eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian. See code and video. Notice is is a bit weird, ...
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33 views

Lattice propagator computation

I am reading this lecture on random surface theory by Thordur Jonsson. I feel like I should describe the problem a little for those who don't want to read the lecture. We are ultimately interested in ...
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1answer
34 views

Why integrate of metrics and not inverse metrics?

In quantum gravity it is generally said that the partition function is written as: $$ Z[J] = \int e^{ i S[g] +J.g } D[g] $$ My question is why do we functionally integrate over all possible metrics ...
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1answer
145 views

Conceptual questions on the path integral formulation of QFT

I'm currently trying to teach myself the path integral formulation of QFT (having studied the canonical approach previously), but I'm having some conceptual difficulties that I hope I can clear up ...
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1answer
139 views

Completeness relations of eigenstates in the Heisenberg picture

I've been reading Srednicki's introduction to path integrals and I'm slightly unsure of the notation that he uses for the completeness relation of position eigenstates in the Heisenberg picture. In ...
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64 views

constructing string path integral through Markov chain procedure

We all know the textbook way of constructing the path integral for a point particle. It goes approximately like this (if relativistic). Say we want the propagator $\Delta(x_\text{in},x_\text{out}) = ...
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128 views

Lagrangian from Path Integral

Suppose I somehow know propagator for a given quantum mechanical system but I don't happen to know either the Lagrangian or Hamiltonian. (For simplicity, assume that this is non-relativistic.) Is ...
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113 views

Path integral for boson vs fermion (soft derivation + use )

I have been looking around for a soft derivation with a bit of detail for boson and fermion path integrals that I could understand. I have a passing knowledge generally of what a path integral is in ...
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48 views

How to arrive on the diffraction pattern for the double slit experiment using path integrals for the Gaussian slit case?

I wish to take the path integral route to derive the diffraction pattern for the double slit experiment using the Gaussian slits as the nature of the slits. The kernel looks like: \begin{equation} ...
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54 views

In path integrals, why is phase defined the way it is? [duplicate]

In reading from the book, there's a peculiar definition of the phase, stating: \begin{align} K[a,b] &= \sum_{\text{All paths from $a$ to $b$}} \phi [x(t)]\\ \phi [x(t)] &= \text{const} ...
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27 views

What is the kernel for a double slit experiment? [duplicate]

In the book path integrals by Feynman and Hibbs, the author has established the kernel for a single slit in the Gaussian form. How can I find the kernel for a double slit in a similar fashion as ...
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1answer
67 views

Fixing time in Feynman phase space path integral

The phase space version of Feynman's path integral expression for the free particle propagator involves a (formal) sum over paths in phase space with fixed $q$ endpoints and (as far as I'm aware) ...
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116 views

Vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude confusion

I keep seeing this for the vacuum to vacuum transition amplitude: $\langle 0,\infty|0,-\infty\rangle_J\,.$ What is $|0,-\infty\rangle_J?$ Am I to take the Hamiltonian with the source present, ie. ...
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34 views

Decoupling of Weyl factor in critical dimension

In his paper called "Quantum geometry of bosonic strings", A.M.Polyakov quantizes a bosonic string using path integrals over the space of all metrics on the worldsheet. A critical dimension renders $D ...
2
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1answer
157 views

The definition of the vacuum state of quantum field by path-integral

In the review Entanglement entropy of black holes by Sergey Solodukhin (arXiv:1104.3712, equation 13), I see a definition of vacuum state of quantum field by path integral over half of the total ...
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211 views

How to calculate the functional derivative of the functional integral?

I study by myself with the QFT, in the page 197 of book of Lewis H. Ryder (2nd edition), The author wrote that he take the functional derivative of equation 6.69: $$\frac ...
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52 views

Help me calculate the Euclidean action of a gravitating system!

I recently read Gibbons and Hawking's paper Action integrals and partition functions in quantum gravity, Phys. Rev. D 15 (1977) 2752. I am interested in repeating their calculations. It is fairly ...
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1answer
142 views

Textbook on QFT in curved space-time via path integrals

I am looking for an introductory textbook on QFT in curved space-time via the path integral method. I want to understand the following: How to build a generic perturbative QFT in curved space-time ...
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106 views

Discontinuity of paths in phase space path integrals

Berezin's famous paper "Feynman path integrals in a phase space" discusses the space of paths on which the phase space path integral is concentrated. In particular, these paths are known to be ...
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How to evaluate this odd path integral?

Is there any analytical solution on this path integral? \begin{align} &P(\theta_{N} t_{N}| \theta_{0} ...
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1answer
520 views

Why can't quantum field theory be quaternion instead of complex?

So, the definition of QFT in terms of path integrals is that the partition function is: $$Z[J] \propto \int e^{iS[\phi]+J.\phi} D[\phi]$$ But does it have any meaning if instead of this $U(1)$ ...
3
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1answer
140 views

All of Physics! [duplicate]

In several of Neil Turok's talks, he talks about this equation that encompasses all of physics. Here it is: How much of it is true? If it isn't, then is it possible to put all of our knowledge of ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Loopwise expansion of effective action $\Gamma[\phi]$

My question is about the loopwise expansion of the effective action $\Gamma(\varphi)$ up to 1-loop contributions. I've understood well the results for both $Z[J]$ and $W[J]$ functionals loopwise ...
2
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1answer
184 views

Obtaining quantum Hamiltonian for charged particle from path integral formulation

I was working on Shankar 8.6.4, which is about obtaining in one dimension the Hamiltonian operator of a charged particle from the path integral formulation. First, I get the propagator over a time ...
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257 views

What type of non-differentiable continuous paths contribute for the path integral in quantum mechanics

Consider the path integral for a 1D particle subjected to a potential $V(x)$ in imaginary time $$ \int_{x(0)=x_0}^{x(T)=x_T} [dx] \, e^{- \int_0^T d\tau \left[\frac{1}{2}\dot{x}^2 + ...