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1answer
129 views

Partition functions in $\phi^{4}$ theory

The partition function in a $\phi^{4}$ theory is written \begin{equation}Z[J]=\int D\phi \, e^{-\int d^{4}x \left(\frac{1}{2}\left[(\nabla ...
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0answers
64 views

What is known about the statistical mechanics of systems with normally distributed energies?

Consider a system taking on N states with energies $\epsilon \sim \mathcal{N}(\mu,\sigma^2)$. Are such systems well-studied in any context? I ask because I'd like to be able to take certain ...
3
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2answers
722 views

Canonical partition of a boson gas

I have a 1D gas made of $N$ particles placed in a harmonic potential well, so the Hamiltonian is: $$ \mathcal H = \sum_{j=1}^N \left ( \frac{p_j^2}{2m} + \frac{1}{2}m\omega^2 x_j^2 \right )$$ The ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Can a distribution with sharper energy maximum than the exp-function give an equivalent theory?

Because for many particles the distribution $\varrho\sim\mathrm e^{-\beta\ H}$ has an extremely sharp maximum, the expectation values of the canonical ensemble agrees with that of the microcanonical ...
3
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1answer
2k views

How do you determine the value of the degeneracy factor in the partition function?

In the partition function, expressed as $$Z = \sum_j g_je^{-\beta E_j}$$ I'm wondering what determines the $g_j$ factor. I've been trying to look around the internet for an explanation of it but I ...
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2answers
281 views

Is there a physical motivation to study finite fields?

Clearly finite groups are of immense value in physics and these are also substructures of fields. However I never came across any computations involving finite fields at university and so I never ...
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2answers
316 views

Continuous phase transition only hold for infinite systems. Real systems are finite, hence, a paradox

Second-order or continuous transitions are usually identified with non-analyticies within the free energy (which is proportional to the logarithm of the sum of exponentials). Such singularities are ...
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0answers
121 views

How to understand the matrix behind a Hamiltonian?

thanks to the answers I received to my previous questions, I could derive correctly an elegant partition function for my problem which resembles a second quantized model taking the particles to be ...
3
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1answer
98 views

partition function for Wightman and Haag-Kastler QFT

From what I hear, some modern mathematical approach quantum field theory uses the following definition "A $d$-dimensional $S$-structured quantum field theory $Q$ is a mathematical object, ...
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0answers
47 views

Ascertaining a mathematical equality to derive a partition function

we have an equation like this: $$\mathcal N(x)=\sum_{q=1}^\infty (\psi(x,q) \log(q)) \qquad (1)$$ while $\psi(x)$ is the function for some oscillations (may contain complex part), $x\in \Bbb R$ and ...
2
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0answers
118 views

Number theoretical function applied in physics? [closed]

I have a series of number theoretic phenomena (mathematics) that I can describe exactly by the superpositions or linear combination of the below function (I know it is an inverse Fourier type). Does ...
2
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0answers
69 views

About deriving the multi-trace index in terms of the single-trace index

This question is in reference to this paper Combining their equations 5.2, 5.3, 5.6 and 5.7 one seems to be looking at the integral/partition function, $Z(x) = \prod_{n=1}^{n =\infty}\left [ \int ...
2
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1answer
578 views

Accessible microstates of harmonic oscillator in microcanonical enemble

While reading up on statistical physics, I am going through the calculation of the partition function of the harmonic oscillator in the microcanonical ensemble. The result for the partition function ...
3
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4answers
1k views

What does third law of thermodynamics tell us?

I just have a question concerning the third law of thermodynamics. The third law describes that the entropy should be a well defined constant if the system reaches the ground state which depends ...
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0answers
166 views

Measure of Lee-Yang zeros

Consider a statistical mechanical system (say the 1D Ising model) on a finite lattice of size $N$, and call the corresponding partition function (as a function of, say, real temperature and real ...
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1answer
1k views

Helmholtz Free Energy, Partition Function

I'm trying to develop some basic intuition here, so this comes mostly as a jumble of commentary/questions. Hope its acceptable. Helmholtz Free Energy: $A = -{\beta ^{-1}}lnZ$. I find this statement ...
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270 views

Partition Functions in (A)dS/CFT

I'm trying to understand some aspects of dS/CFT, and I'm running into a little trouble. Any help would be much appreciated. In arXix:1104.2621, Harlow and Stanford showed that the late-time ...
4
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1answer
919 views

How do I calculate the probability that the oscillator is in a certain state using partition function?

So let's say I have a single ($N=1$) quantum harmonic oscillator and the energy is determined by $E_n = (n + 1/2) \cdot \hbar \omega$ (where $n$ is the quantum number and $n$ = $0, 1, 2, \ldots$) ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Calculating partition function of ultra-relativistic 1D gas

This is a problem (Problem 3.16) from the book Statistical Mechanics 2nd Ed. by Pathria. In the problem I have to calculate the partition function of an ultra-relativistic 1D gas ($E_i=cp_i$) ...
5
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1answer
359 views

Taking the continuum limit of $U(N)$ gauge theories

I would like to draw your attention to appendix $C$ on page 38 of this paper. The equation $C.2$ there seems to be evaluating the sum $\sum_R \chi _R (U^m)$ in equation 3.16 of this paper. I ...
4
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1answer
486 views

Integration of partition-function over many momentum variables

My integral looks like $$Z(\beta) = \frac{1}{h^3}\int d^3p\ \exp{\left(-\frac{\beta}{2m}\sum^{3N}_{i=1}p_i^2\right)}.$$ I'm confused about how to integrate over seemingly 3N variables in only a ...
2
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1answer
276 views

Partition function of an interacting gas

By reading an article, I found a partition function that, according to the author, describes an interacting with random variables as coupling constant. $$Z =\int \mathrm{d} \lambda_i ...
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2answers
82 views

What is the minimal set of expectation values I need in a statistical model?

At least if $\vec v$ is really only a one dimensional parameter, measuring all the moments $\langle v^n \rangle_f$ seems to give me all the information to compute $\langle A \rangle_f$ with $A(v)$ ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Voros onde dimensional zeta function

in the paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/math-ph/0005029v2.pdf formula 23 Voros evaluate and get the following spectral theta /(semiclassical) function $ \sum (E_{n}+\lambda )^{-s}= \frac{\Gamma ...
5
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2answers
469 views

Branch-point twist fields and operator insertions on a Riemann manifold

I am having trouble understanding how Eq (2.6) in this paper (PDF) $$Z[\mathcal{L},\mathcal{M}_{n}]\propto\langle\Phi(u,0)\tilde{\Phi}(v,0)\rangle_{\mathcal{L}^{(n)},\mathbb{R}^{2}}$$ generalizes to ...
1
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1answer
78 views

semiclassical exact expression (in one dimension only)

let be $ N(x)= \sum_{n} H(x-E_{n}) $ the eingenvalue 'staircase' function and let be a system so $ V(x)=V(-x)$ and $ V^{-1}(x)=\sqrt \pi \frac{d^{1/2}}{dx^{1/2}} N(x) $ then would it be true that ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Quantum Stat-Mech Proof of an Inequality for the Partition Function

I have the following problem that I was unable to solve for class, but I had a couple first steps that I started with that I am unable to finish. I know I can't get this since it's already been ...
2
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1answer
277 views

Negative energies and a partition function

I'm writing down the partition function for a system, for which I know the dispersion relation $$E \left( \mathbf{k} \right) = \sqrt{ \left| \mathbf{k} \right|^2 + m^2 + \cdots }$$ The exact form is ...
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1answer
72 views
3
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1answer
253 views

From spectrum/dispersion relation to the partition function

I know the spectrum/dispersion relation for a bosonic system. $$E \left( \mathbf{k} \right) = \cdots$$ Is there a general method for writing down the partition function when the spectrum of the ...