Given an atom with 4 allowed states corresponding to the energy levels $E_1 = 0$, $E_2 = E$, and $E_3 = 2E$ with degeneracies 1, 1, and 2 respectively. How do I find the expressions for the ...
How do I calculate the probability that the oscillator is in a certain state using partition function?
So let's say I have a single ($N=1$) quantum harmonic oscillator and the energy is determined by $E_n = (n + 1/2) \cdot \hbar \omega$ (where $n$ is the quantum number and $n$ = $0, 1, 2, \ldots$) ...
I just have a question concerning the third law of thermodynamics. The third law describes that the entropy should be a well defined constant if the system reaches the ground state which depends ...