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126 views

What the quantum spin refers to? How we calculate the angular momentum $\omega$ from the spin quantum number?

How we calculate the angular momentum $\omega$ from the spin quantum number, to know how fast a particle rotating on its own axis?
2
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1answer
213 views

Classical models with unbounded particle number

Is there any classical model which deals with the birth, life and death of particles? What application could it have? I am talking about a 'billiard-ball' kind of model, but the kind in which balls ...
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2answers
687 views

Particles and their charges [duplicate]

It is always known that electrons and protons have opposite charges but what gives electrons or protons the charges they have?
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0answers
2k views

Statics: particle mechanics versus rigid body mechanics

In particle mechanics where the notion of rotation does not apply, particles are said to be in static equilibrium when the sum of the external forces acting on the particle of interest in all ...
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1answer
107 views

Storing kinetic energy in bonds

Let's assume a setup with a static linear molecule with three identical atoms connected by bonds and a single atom, identical to the other three, being shot at the molecule. Let's also assume that ...
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1answer
303 views

Does the particle vibrate in 3D space? [closed]

As far as I know, particles vibrate with a frequency and wavelength determined by their energy level. Is this vibration in 3D space?
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0answers
67 views

Preons and 't Hooft condition

If some fundamental particles, like leptons or quarks are composite (e.g.in preonic models), or the same with gauge bosons or the higgs particles. How could it be possible that preons were more ...
5
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2answers
298 views

Is ch. 2, sect. 4 of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 1 still accurate?

The chapter 2 section 4 of volume 1 is on nuclei and particles. Here are a few things that trouble me. Dr. Feynman says that Another most interesting change in the ideas and philosophy of science ...
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1answer
184 views

Can we see light as it 'interferes' with itself and produces the characteristic double-slit pattern?

This TED talk suggests that we can now watch as a beam of light propagates through a bottle filled with water. My question is: can we use this new technology to perhaps 'see' the photon as it makes ...
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3answers
2k views

Writing wave functions with spin of a system of particles

Suppose I have 2 fermions in a potential $V(x)$. Both particles are moving in one dimension: the $x$ axis. Then, neglecting the interaction between the particles, the spatial wave function of the ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Magnetic force doesn't do work and therefore can't change the KE of a particle?

I am having a real hard time understanding the principles behind a question I've come across during test prep. Here is the question: Q: A proton and an electron are traveling in the uniform ...
3
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1answer
117 views

What is the $t\bar{t}$ production supposed to bring up

The $t\bar{t}$ production, I've read, that will somehow confirm the QCD and might bring up new physics. Why are we studying $t\bar{t}$ production from $p-p$ collisions at the LHC? What are we trying ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Uncertainty Principle on System of particles

I am new to Quantum Mechanics. I read the uncertainty principle - it says there are pairs of physical quantities which can't both be determined with certainty for a particle. My question is does the ...
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0answers
45 views

Acceleration by spherical particles (micron-scale) by an external force

I am looking for an expression for the velocity of a micron sized (1 - 10 micron diameter) sized particles under accelerating forces. I have aerosols in mind. This is what I have in mind The ...
3
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1answer
124 views

Convolving Parton Distribution Functions

I have the cross-sections as a function of $\sqrt{s}$ for a process with a $u$-quark and $u$-antiquark in the initial state (eg.: $u \bar{u} \to e^- e^+$). I have a standard parton distribution ...
5
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2answers
499 views

What if a faster-than-light particle is found?

What will be the consequence (severe ones) on laws of physics if a particle that travels faster than light is discovered? I am looking for a more general answer so that a high school student would be ...
1
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0answers
101 views

Do particles travel backward and forward in time? [duplicate]

All these classical ideas are pointless and obsolete today, because in quantum mechanics, the particles are completely different objects, defined by quantum motion of fields, not by the location of ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Estimate the difference between two sets of atoms

I've been working on amorphous structures derived from a crystalline one (using MD) containing $N$ atoms. I want to prove that these structures are different and to quantify their "differentness". One ...
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2answers
245 views

Why is electron presented in books, pictures as a sphere?

Why is electron presented in books, pictures as a sphere, when in fact it's not?
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2answers
235 views

Does the unpredictability in the “micro world” means that everything is if we can look at it close enough imperfect?

Does the unpredictability in the "micro world" means that everything is if we can look at it close enough imperfect? I mean, there is a saying "You will never stand in the same river again" or ...
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2answers
149 views

Can energy be defined as the most fundamental particle which exists in different forms as protons, electrons etc

What we see all the different forms of matter around is just a form of energy. Why can't this energy be the most fundamental particle. Given dust can turn into a star and then emit all sorts of ...
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2answers
9k views

Frequency of an Electron

My question is very simple. If frequency is defined as the cylces per unit time, Then what is meant by "Frequency of an Electron" ? If the rotation of electron around a nucleus is considered then, ...
2
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2answers
207 views

Is there a map of the particles in outer space?

Since outer space is not quite a vacuum, and the distribution of various heavenly bodies is locally inhomogeneous, it seems reasonable to expect that the density and variety of particles ...
2
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2answers
215 views

Why does the amplitude of a ripple tells us that it is a particle?

The quote below is from Matt Strassler's blog: a particle is a ripple with many crests and troughs; its amplitude, relative to its overall length, is what tells you that it is a single ...
1
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1answer
260 views

Lifetimes of stable particles

What are possible lifetimes of up/down quarks, electronic/muonic/tau neutrinos, photon, gluon? I understand they are said to be stable, but, as I saw on wikipedia, the lower bound for the "stable" ...
0
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1answer
155 views

Is the idea of dividing the universe into particles anything more than an untrue convenience? [closed]

In theory, we speak of a particle as having properties. In reality, the measurement of any property is just an interaction between the target to be measured, and the measuring apparatus, where the ...
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3answers
383 views

Do particle pairs avoid each other? Please end my musings

Can you explain what happens when a particle and its antiparticle are created. Do they whiz away from each other at the speed of light or what? I suppose that they don't because otherwise they would ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Can you tell if a particle is in superposition?

This may be an easy answer for anybody. Is it possible to detect if a particle A is still in a superposition via the sending a group of particles B through a box containing particle A?
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2answers
203 views

How can Sub-Atomic Particles be Visualized?

Can you see or accurately visualise sub atomic particles or are they known only by maths and/or inference?
4
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1answer
239 views

Temporal part of Quantum Wavefunction

I was hoping that someone could give me the more fundamental reason that we take as the temporal part of a quantum wavefunction the function $e^{-i\omega t}$ and not $e^{+i\omega t}$? Clearly ...
2
votes
3answers
19k views

How to deduce E=(3/2)kT?

It says in my course notes that a particle has so-called "kinetic energy" $E=\frac{3}{2}kT=\frac{1}{2}mv^²$ Where does this formula come from? What is k?
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6answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the word “particle” in particle physics?

I want to use Matt Strassler's definition of the word "particle" as a specific example: Matt Strassler writes: (1) "...all the elementary “particles” (i.e. quanta) of nature are quanta of waves ...
0
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3answers
260 views

Center Of Mass Troubles

I understand the concept of Center Of Mass(com), but I am having a difficult time interpreting the equation of the simplified case of one-dimension. The book I am reading defines the position of the ...
3
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2answers
699 views

Particles vs Waves

As I remember long ago, in my physics classes, I always had a great trouble understanding the concept of waves. Our professor used to explain, as if everything in this world is made up of waves. ...
2
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1answer
186 views

$sss$ decay and violation of strangeness

Why can the hyperon $\Omega^{-}$ not decay by strong interaction? It seems that strangeness must be violated, but why is it the only way?
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1answer
401 views

Why doesn't my particle simulation end in a flat disc?

I've made a 3d particle simulator where particles are attracted to each other by the inverse of the square radius. The purpose of my experiment is to see if this alone would create a flat disk (like ...
3
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2answers
220 views

Understanding a Physics Paper on Quantum Teleportation of Continuous variables

The paper I am trying to understand is here: http://pra.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v49/i2/p1473_1 The paper describes the quantum teleportation protocol in a general case with continuous dynamical ...
0
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1answer
172 views

Would synchronized dancing be a good way to describe entangled atoms to a laymen?

I was talking my professor about entanglement swapping between light and matter and it is briefly described here: You start out with a crystal capable of doing parametric down conversion of incoming ...
1
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1answer
604 views

Definition of elementary particle [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are atoms particles? According to wikipedia an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle not known to have substructure. Moreover, I've learned ...
1
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1answer
508 views

What was the first discovery of the delta baryon $\Delta^{++}$?

The delta baryons (also called delta resonances) are a family of subatomic hadron particles which have the symbols $\Delta^{++}$, $\Delta^{+}$, $\Delta^{0}$, and $\Delta^{−}$ and electric charges +2, ...
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2answers
277 views

Why are atoms particles?

The Oxford English Dictionary definition of particle is as follows: "A component of the physical world smaller than the atom." I read an article in NewScientist and it said "...all particles from ...
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5answers
714 views

The observation of a non-SM resonance at 38 MeV

Was reported here. Of course if this is real it is very exciting. It leads me to the question: given that it took so long to find this resonance at a meager 38 MeV, is it possible that all SUSY ...
2
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0answers
846 views

Why is it that protons and electrons have exactly the same but opposite charge? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do electron and proton have the same but opposite electric charge? Doesn't it seem very curious that one is an elementary particle and the other a subatomic particle ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
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5answers
201 views

Photoelectric effect without light rays

For electromagnetic waves we have the photon association, one imagines light as particles "flying around". What is the analogy for a constant electrical field, one which doesn't change in time ...
3
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3answers
626 views

Existence of creation and annihilation operators

In a multiple particle Hilbert space (any space of any multi-particle system), is it sufficient to define creation and annihilation operators by their action (e.g. mapping an n-particle state to an ...
2
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2answers
267 views

Very basic question on spin

Can anyone give a simple explanation for what the fractions and integers mean in particle physics when describing spin? I've seen on another forum (the naked scientist) that it should not be thought ...
2
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2answers
369 views

Some very basic questions on the Higgs Boson

What exactly is a boson? Is the Higgs boson the cause of gravity or a result of it? Does the collision of particles at the LHC create a gravity field or waves or somehow interact with the gravity ...
7
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3answers
322 views

Is particle number a problem for formulating statistical physics in a mathematically rigorous manner?

Quantities like the chemical potential can be expressed as something like $$\mu=-T\left(\tfrac{\partial S}{\partial N}\right)_{E,V}.$$ Now the entropy is the log some volume, which depends on the ...
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3answers
1k views

What entities create a gravitational field?

It is well known that masses create a gravitational field. Photons are affected by gravitation, but do they generate a gravitational field as well? What about the other gauge bosons? Do gravitons ...