Particle physics is the study of the fundamental forces of nature as they are embodied in the interactions of elementary and composite particles at high energies and short time and distance scales.

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413 views

What process could produce two neutral pions only?

Any examples? $$? \rightarrow \pi^0 \pi^0$$ If such a process exist, could there be nonzero total orbital angular momentum in the final states of the two neutral pions? But then how to understand ...
7
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1answer
381 views

Parton showering in Pythia 6 Monte Carlo generator

I have Pythia Monte Carlo (MC) samples where I can't understand the parton showering model. If I print out full decay chains from the events, each event contains multiple string objects with pdgId 92. ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Testing covariance of an expression?

This is something I've been unsure of for a while but still don't quite get. How does one tell whether an expression (e.g. the Dirac equation) is covariant or not? I get it for a single tensor, but ...
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2answers
733 views

Basic question on experimental plots

On the following Higgs $\rightarrow$ Tau Tau plot, since we are plotting the ratio of $\frac{\sigma}{\sigma_{SM}}$ on the y axis, shouldn't the expected for this be 1? i.e., shouldn't the expected 68% ...
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1answer
269 views

$sss$ decay and violation of strangeness

Why can the hyperon $\Omega^{-}$ not decay by strong interaction? It seems that strangeness must be violated, but why is it the only way?
8
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1answer
761 views

Weinberg angle measurement methods

I was reading up on the history of $W/Z$ bosons today and I got a little puzzled. I always assumed that people measured $M_Z$ and $M_W$ and then derived the Weinberg angle. But it appears that they ...
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1answer
2k views

Do atoms have lifespans?

From A Short History of Nearly Everything by Bill Bryson: Atoms, however, go on practically forever. Nobody actually knows how long an atom can survive, but according to Martin Rees it is ...
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2answers
155 views

Compactness of spacetime: experiment and math

It is common to find models built on a compact spacetime. In mathematics, compactness is a very nice property $-$ and lot of powerful results depend on it. But how safe is assuming compactness of ...
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7answers
2k views

Why do physicists believe that particles are pointlike?

String theory gives physicists reason to believe that particles are 1-dimensional strings because the theory has a purpose - unifying gravity with the gauge theories. So why is it that it's popular ...
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1answer
553 views

Why doesn't my particle simulation end in a flat disc?

I've made a 3d particle simulator where particles are attracted to each other by the inverse of the square radius. The purpose of my experiment is to see if this alone would create a flat disk (like ...
3
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2answers
892 views

Missing transverse energy, exact definition

This might seem basic, but it is a bit confusing. You hear about missing transverse energy a lot in SUSY searches due to the LSP which cannot be detected. Let's say I have the 4-vector for the LSP. ...
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2answers
212 views

how do we know that the base of entire universe is the proton (hydrogen) and not the antiproton?

It may be that the base of a part of the world is anti-proton, We've always been on the planet Earth and the Milky Way. how do we know that the base of entire universe is proton (hydrogen atom)?
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1answer
129 views

Inverting an anisotropic distribution

I have come across a research problem where I need to solve an integral equation of the form $\int A^{-1}(x,y) \nabla_z\cdot\left[\nabla_y\cdot\left(v(y) G(y-z) \right) v(z)\right]dy = \delta(x-z)$, ...
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2answers
1k views

Was the Higgs mass correctly predicted by asymptotic safety of gravity?

This paper was published in Phys Lett B in 2009, and predicted the Higgs mass to be 126 GeV based on the asymptotic safety of gravity. Is this prediction taken seriously by the theory community, or is ...
2
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1answer
627 views

Particle production channels [s,t] in HEP?

In high energy physics there are different channels of particle production: t-channel, s-channel. What do they mean? And are there any other channels besides "t" and "s"?
3
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2answers
321 views

Understanding a Physics Paper on Quantum Teleportation of Continuous variables

The paper I am trying to understand is here: http://pra.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v49/i2/p1473_1 The paper describes the quantum teleportation protocol in a general case with continuous dynamical ...
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1answer
138 views

Is the LEP B meson asymmetry evidence for higher dimensions and/or string theory?

According to this blog, new standard model calculations have changed the 3 sigma B meson forward and backward production asymmetry observed at LEP into two anomolies: A 2.5 sigma B meson production ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do physicists think that the electron is an elementary particle?

When we first discovered the proton and neutron, I'm sure scientists didn't think that it was made up of quark arrangements, but then we figured they could be and experiments proved that they were. ...
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1answer
424 views

Matrix and exponential term problem

We know the Schrodinger equation for free Hamiltonian is : $$ i\hbar\frac{\partial\psi}{\partial t} = H_f \psi $$ the wave function could be written as $$ \psi(x,t)=\hat{S}(t) \psi(x,0) $$ $$ \hat{...
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3answers
5k views

Would a spin-2 particle necessarily have to be a graviton?

I'm reading often that a possible reason to explain why the Nobel committee is coping out from making the physics Nobel related to the higgs could be among other things the fact that the spin of the ...
2
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1answer
258 views

Is this a good explanation of the Higgs mechanism? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there an accepted analogy/conceptual aid for the Higgs field? A video I watched explains the Higgs mechanism as follows. Take massless particles. These can only ever ...
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1answer
172 views

Problem in Hamiltonian

I need to elaborate the equation ,and need to know what is the physical significance and how matrices will manipulate in the equation $$ \hat{H} = (\hat{\tau_3}+i\hat{\tau_2})\frac{\hat{p}^2}{2m_0}+ \...
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1answer
115 views

Is Hyperbolic Space $H3$ the best representation space for momenta, in momentum-scale invariant theories?

The motivation is the following: For each particle of mass m, we could write : $- (E/m)^2 + (p_x/m)^2 + (p_y/m)^2 + (p_z/m)^2 = -1$, which is nothing than a equation for a point in the ...
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0answers
348 views

Newton's gravitational constant $G$, the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$, the speed of light $c$: the Dream Team of moderators?

The three great constants of Nature are well known: the speed of light $c$ (special relativity), the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$ (quantum mechanics), Newton's ...
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1answer
222 views

Using Quantum Teleportation in a way to have the effect of matter teleportation

So, I understand that quantum teleportation is the transfer of a quantum state from one particle or system of particles and its correlations to another receiving system consisting of particle(s). Can'...
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1answer
195 views

Would synchronized dancing be a good way to describe entangled atoms to a laymen?

I was talking my professor about entanglement swapping between light and matter and it is briefly described here: You start out with a crystal capable of doing parametric down conversion of incoming ...
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1answer
536 views

Neutrino mass with Dirac and Majorana

Why both Dirac mass and Majorana mass terms are needed to explain the mass of a neutrino?
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2answers
310 views

Fermion Field of Standard Model

Why fermion field is treated as anti-commuting and boson field as truly classical in standard model?
6
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1answer
293 views

Weak isospin confinement?

According to the Wikipedia article on color confinement: The current theory is that confinement is due to the force-carrying gluons having color charge [...], i.e. because the gauge group is ...
2
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3answers
154 views

New physics at high energies, cosmic rays, particle-detectors in space

New physics is expected at high energies and cosmic rays have high energies, so have there been or are there any plans to put particle detectors in space to study cosmic rays for new physics ?
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1answer
779 views

Symmetry and conservation laws related to baryon number, lepton number and strangeness

According to Noether's theorem, Every continuous symmetry of the action leads to a conservation law. For example, conservation of linear momentum corresponds to translational symmetry, conservation ...
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1answer
1k views

Definition of elementary particle [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are atoms particles? According to wikipedia an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle not known to have substructure. Moreover, I've learned that ...
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0answers
114 views

Eternal clocks and 4D spacetime crystals

There was a recent article about the creation of 4D spacetime crystals based on recent theory proposed by Frank Wilczek. This theory is based on breaking time translational symmetry which basically ...
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1answer
97 views

Why is the lightness of particles remarkable?

Why is the lightness of particles unexpected? http://motls.blogspot.com/2012/09/experimenters-susy-frustrations-and.html
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4answers
2k views

Is the minimum radius of a positronium system of the order of compton wavelength or less than that?

Since from electron-positron annihilation energy and uncertainty principle,the minimum radius of positronium comes out as half of the compton radius.
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1answer
3k views

Proof of Yang's theorem

Yang's theorem states that a massive spin-1 particle cannot decay into a pair of identical massless spin-1 particles. The proof starts by going to the rest frame of the decaying particle, and relies ...
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1answer
93 views

Linear rising potential from a Gribov propagator

It is common wisdom that a gluon propagator (Gribov-)like $$ G(p^2)=\frac{a+bp^2}{cp^4+dp^2+e} $$ should give rise to a linear rising potential. So far, I have not seen a proof of this and I would ...
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2answers
890 views

Quark compositions in $\pi^+$ to $\pi^0$ pion decay

Pions can undergo a rare beta-like decay into leptons: Pion beta decay (with probability of about $10^{−8}$) into a neutral pion plus an electron and electron antineutrino (or for positive ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Explanation for self-rupture glass is needed

I witnessed a phenomenon that I couldn't conclude its cause. Please bear with me for the length of the recall, for I merely want to include any details that might help us to investigate. I had a ...
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1answer
783 views

What was the first discovery of the delta baryon $\Delta^{++}$?

The delta baryons (also called delta resonances) are a family of subatomic hadron particles which have the symbols $\Delta^{++}$, $\Delta^{+}$, $\Delta^{0}$, and $\Delta^{−}$ and electric charges +2, +...
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3answers
338 views

Can a single particle create a black hole?

Let us suppose a particle with so much energy $ E= h \frac{c}{\lambda} $ so $ \lambda $ is smaller than Planck's length ? Would it be possible? I mean if the particle has so much energy then its mass ...
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1answer
345 views

Electrical Resistance and chemistry

Can some one describe or explain what happens when too much current is passed through lets say a copper wire, I am looking for an explanation to do with physics and chemistry. For instance we have ...
3
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2answers
498 views

Can a neutron be created from pure energy

Is it possible to create a neutron out of pure energy, i.e. not by bringing a bunch of already-existing quarks together? (A quick calculation using E = mc2 shows the energy required would be about 1.5 ...
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0answers
194 views

Describing the Higgs mechanism to non-particle physicists

I'm sure I'm not the only person with this problem at the moment. I have been asked to give a public (not quite public, scientists, just not physicists) about 'this Higgs boson thing'. I am trying to ...
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2answers
233 views

Negatve mass inside a black hole

With Hawking radiation, one half of virtual pair falls into horizon and this particle has negative energy. What would an observer inside horizon observe when seeing negative particles ? How do these ...
4
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1answer
244 views

Why are electric charges allowed to be so light but magnetic monopoles have to be so heavy?

My question is in two parts. What is the origin of the electric field from an electric charge and why electron can have so small mass? While on the other hand for a magnetic monopole to create a ...
1
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1answer
688 views

Do atoms expand with universe? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why space expansion affects matter? Why does space expansion not expand matter? As we know, the universe is expanding, galaxies are away from each other. But what about ...