Particle physics is the study of the fundamental forces of nature as they are embodied in the interactions of elementary and composite particles at high energies and short time and distance scales.

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Confusion With Neutrino Oscillation

Neutrinos produced in the weak interaction are eigenstates of the weak interaction hamiltonian or flavor eigenstates. Right? If this is so, then $\nu_e,\nu_\mu,\nu_\tau$ should be the stationary ...
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51 views

Writing Dirac Mass Term For Massive Neutrinos

How does one write down the following Dirac mass term for a collection of "massive" neutrinos? \begin{equation} -[\overline{(\psi_R)}M_D\psi_L+\overline{(\psi_L})M^\dagger_D\psi_R] \end{equation} I ...
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38 views

Particle physics conservation law checking tool

I'm just starting out with simple particle physics, and I'm doing a ton of exercises where I have to check if a certain reaction is allowed, from the point of lepton/baryon/energy conservation and ...
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27 views

Preons as scalar-like fermions?

The symmetry of the standard model between the fermions and each generation of them is strongly suggestive of components as proposed in the Rishon model. Having discovered the Higgs boson, we know the ...
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76 views

Running chargino/neutralino masses in MSSM

Consider the plot below, showing the running of different masses due to renormalization for a certain point of the (c)MSSM. I am able to exactly reproduce the plot, including the running of M1, M2, ...
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137 views

Is total angular momentum conserved in particle interaction?

Imagine that two electrons interact by exchanging a virtual photon. I know that the total energy and linear momentum of the two electrons is conserved by the interaction. Is the total (orbital) ...
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76 views

Neutrino power plant

Suppose there is a material that interacts with 50% of high-energy neutrinos. To what temperature such material will heat up naturally here on Earth? What power can be extracted from it?
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42 views

Can TOTEM's T2 detector measure differential cross sections?

My current research involves making a prediction for data collected by the TOTEM experiment at the LHC. The experiment is primarily designed to measure the total inelastic and elastic scattering cross ...
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34 views

Limits on stable charged particles

Are there generic model-independent limits on massive stable charged particles (say 10-500GeV)? I mean SU(2)/color singlets with just a hypercharge. For example the LEP search (CERN-EP/99-075) was ...
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100 views

Matrix element approximation

In the formula for the decay width of $\Upsilon(4S)$ to B-mesons from $\text{e}^+\text{e}^-$ collisions: $$\Gamma_{\Upsilon(4S)\to B\bar{B}}=\frac{\left|\underline{P}_B \right|}{8\pi ...
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168 views

Mirror Matter Hypothesis?

What is the current state of the hypothesis of mirror matter today? Are there any experimental data or theoretical arguments that exclude it by now, or is it still considered viable among physicists? ...
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148 views

How is the hierarchy problem consistent with the decoupling theorem?

One the one hand we have the hierarchy problem in it's various forms, in my understanding in it's most serious form one could state it as the observation that if there is a heavy mass scale M in ...
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48 views

Conservation laws in mSUGRA model

Can somebody list all the quantum numbers (beside R-parity) that are conserved in vertex for SUSY particles in mSUGRA model?
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21 views

Hamiltonian of the charged current in SM (related to the lorentz invariance)

recently when I was studying the scatterings which involves a vector boson (like W boson) as an intermediate particle, I saw that the propagator is not Lorentz invariant, I read that there is another ...
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95 views

Kinematics algebra, pT, Peskin Eq.17.59

my question concerns the kinematics of 2 to 2 particle scattering. I refer to Peskin and Schroeder eq.17.59 going from this expression ...
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256 views

Newton's gravitational constant $G$, the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$, the speed of light $c$: the Dream Team of moderators?

The three great constants of Nature are well known: the speed of light $c$ (special relativity), the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$ (quantum mechanics), Newton's ...
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175 views

Describing the Higgs mechanism to non-particle physicists

I'm sure I'm not the only person with this problem at the moment. I have been asked to give a public (not quite public, scientists, just not physicists) about 'this Higgs boson thing'. I am trying to ...
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64 views

What is Higgs transition?

In recent publications there is a frequent mentioning of the so-called "Higgs transition" in connection with magnetic monoples. Can anybody please describe the phenomenon in simple terms? For ...
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408 views

What is the relationship between Luminosity, Intensity, and Flux?

I am always confused by the terminology: In high energy particle scattering, and in particular, in the context of collider physics, what is the relationship between luminosity, intensity and flux? ...
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135 views

What are the prerequisites to study CP violation?

If one would like to study CP violation, what would be the prerequisites for it? For example, until now I have not studied quantum field theory and have done very little classical field theory, but ...
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112 views

In what environments can a dipolariton form?

In what environments can a dipolariton form? The article in Science in which it is introduced discusses it in the context of an optical cavity in a semiconductor. Can this quasiparticle occur ...
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77 views

QCD corrections in W boson production

The book "Collider Physics", by barger and Phillips, deals with hadronic W and Z productions, and includes the $K$ factor which represents QCD corrections. However, when dealing with the hadronic ...
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107 views

Decay Amplitudes Notation

This question is mostly about how to interpret notation used in Particle Physics. I am given that at lowest order the rate of $b\rightarrow s\gamma$ is proportional to $\langle B_p|b^\dagger ...
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187 views

decay with initial velocity:

decay with initial velocity: All static particle decay to particles with momentum distribution in the same shape like that's implied by structure function and calculated by MG. but the decay of W ...
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44 views

Mathematical formalism to include wave and particle perspectives of light

Does the exist any mathematical formalism (model) describing the behavior of light and incorporating its particle character (divisibility, quantization) and wave character? (i.e. quantized wave model) ...
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10 views

in an organic semiconductor, what is the average distance travelled by an exciton?

In an organic semiconductor, what is the average distance travelled by an exciton up to recombination? How is this value related to the morfology / structure of the organic semiconductor?
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13 views

Can we say that nanomaterials have higher cohesive energies compared to coarse-grained counterparts?

Can we say that nanomaterials have higher cohesive energies compared to coarse-grained counterparts?
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22 views

Is there a finite frequency of physical interactions?

If particles use gauge bosons to convey information about various forces then is there something like a finite "refresh rate" at which they update information about themselves?
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23 views

How to find particle number fluctuation under given condition?

So we know the particle number fluctuation of a one room. Let it be equal to ФN, and we have to find the particle number fluctuation of a big room, which is just n times bigger, than a smaller one. ...
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27 views

Nilsson Hamiltonian - looking for problem and answers

I have been looking, unsuccessfully, online for academic problems involving the Nilsson nuclear hamiltonian. I understand the nature of the terms in the equation, but have never seen actual ...
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33 views

Quantum Hall Effect Dark Matter Detector?

Has anyone used a Quantum Hall effect detector to detect dark matter? I was looking at the following animation on wikipedia: ...
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63 views

What is the most fundamental peice of matter? What is it that thing which can no more be sub-divided?

I know that there is theory that strings are the most fundamental particles. But if it is a string, then it can be 'cut' into pieces, and if it can be 'cut', then it can be cut at infinitely many ...
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70 views

Oscillations and Majorana Neutrino

In neutrino oscillations, neutrinos can convert from one flavor to another. This implies individual lepton number is not conserved. Doesn't it also imply that, if the neutrinos have mass, the mass ...
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34 views

Quantum distance ladder

There is a lecture on how facts about the cosmos can be derived form rather simple observation. Is there an analogy for the small scale? Is there a technically simple observation that would imply, ...
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11 views

multiple frequency trapped power signal

is there any possibility to generate a waveform that consists of multiple power signals with different frequencies such that these signals travel together like they constitute [to form a ...
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53 views

Calculating the Neutron Stopping Power of complex materials

Is there a fast and convenient way of calculating the neutron stopping power of materials, consisting of multiple elements (e.g. doped crystals) without the need for Monte Carlo Simulation, that is ...
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67 views

Born rule and Feynman propagators

Let us assume that we want to describe the full process of photon emission by electron A and absorption by electron B. Therefore electron B must be on the forward lightcone of electron A. In the ...
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34 views

References on the LHC experiments

I'm looking for a references / short book which discusses what is going on LHC collider - specific experiments, collision processes, analysis of data, how exactly the facility is operating (not ...
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59 views

Lorentz force helix

I have a few questions about the Lorentz force. Is it possible to create a Lorentz force helix in a cloud chamber and if so how would this be achieved? How would the pressure inside the helix be ...
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54 views

What will happen to matter if there is a Higgs metastability decay?

Previously, on Save us from swallowing baby universes, please!, I pointed out the dangers associated with false vacuum decay. I wish to be more specific here. Suppose the Standard Model remains a ...
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35 views

Yan - Drell process

I'm looking for more information about Yan - Drell process but didn't manage to find a good place to learn from (still looking for one). I understood that this process can help us to understand the ...
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28 views

Lower bound bound on the mass of scalar bosons

Is there any lower bound bound on the mass of scalar bosons in nature. I know that a massless scalar boson would lead to a fifth force which would violate the equivalence principle. But is there any ...
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38 views

Fermi's weak interaction theory

In Fermi's theory, we have energy squared in the numerator of the cross-section which makes it diverge as energy increases. But isn't that the Fermi constant suppresses it with increasing order?
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Is it practical to slow down a plasma to with a spiral confinment to inrease direct plasma converter efficiency?

Instead of using tokomak/torus shaped tubing to confine plasma and slow it down to "useable" speeds. Is it practical to slow down plasma (with a magnetic field) over a long path using a spiral shaped ...
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54 views

Limit on the maximum mass

Is there a particular limit on the maximum amount of mass (matter and antimatter) that can be considered to be formed in free space simultaneously. I believe that for the phenomenon to occur the ...
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56 views

Reduced graphs and pinch-singular surfaces

I am reading a book on perturbative QCD by John Collins. In Chapter 5, the terms reduced graph and pinch-singular surface are used for the analysis of mass singularities. However, their meanings are ...
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105 views

Will the absorption of high energy gamma rays end up heating the absorping material?

By high energy I mean 100+ MeV gamma rays. I think that at this energy of photons, pair production is the dominating absorption process. So, as known, in pair production an electron and a positron ...
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74 views

Neutrons in nucleus

When I asked here why neutrons in nucleus (with protons) don't decay I was told that it would require energy for the neutron to decay, it wouldn't give energy. And since that wasn't really what I ...
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185 views

Pair annihilation - how to generaly solve these types of problems?

Simple question regarding pair production: Can a collision of an electron with a positron result in two photons? I have this problem to solve and I doubt this is even possible. Please provide some ...
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60 views

Preons and 't Hooft condition

If some fundamental particles, like leptons or quarks are composite (e.g.in preonic models), or the same with gauge bosons or the higgs particles. How could it be possible that preons were more ...