Particle physics is the study of the fundamental forces of nature as they are embodied in the interactions of elementary and composite particles at high energies and short time and distance scales.

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339 views

Did CDMS identify dark matter?

A recent paper by the CDMS collaboration (PRL here and free text here) makes this statement in the abstract: This blind analysis of 140.2 kg day of data taken between July 2007 and September 2008 ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Range Of An Interaction

Why is the Compton wavelength $\lambda_c=\frac{\hbar}{mc}$ used as a sensible measure for the range of an interaction, where m is the mass of the corresponding mediator?
2
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0answers
41 views

Isospin and weak Isospin

What is the difference between isospin and weak Isospin? What is the difference between hypercharge and weak hypercharge?
4
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2answers
157 views

If nature exhibits symmetry, why don't up and down quarks have equal magnitude of electric charge?

I always hear people saying symmetry is beautiful, nature is symmetric intrinsically, physics and math show the inherent symmetry in nature et cetera, et cetera. Today I learned that half of the ...
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0answers
36 views

Calculating the Neutron Stopping Power of complex materials

Is there a fast and convenient way of calculating the neutron stopping power of materials, consisting of multiple elements (e.g. doped crystals) without the need for Monte Carlo Simulation, that is ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Seesaws and Dark Energy

Lawrence Krauss and James Dent recently proposed a mechanism for producing the observed scale of dark energy. This proposal was inspired by the see-saw mechanism that produces light yet non-zero ...
5
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1answer
133 views

Orbital angular momentum of photon

People talk about orbital angular momentum (OAM) of photons. Is there some physical example that cannot be explained without assuming that photons have non-zero OAM? Does different photons have ...
4
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1answer
102 views

$\tau$ pair production question

There's a question on my homework about the process $e^{-} e^{+} \rightarrow \tau^{+} \tau^{-}$. Specifically, it is claimed that the minimum energy required of the colliding positron and electron ...
2
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1answer
99 views

What is the difference between QFT and elementary particle physics?

I'm a little unclear as to how QFT differs from Elementary particle physics. They both use pictorials of Feynman graphs, is it that Elementary particle physics assumes the point particle perspective, ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Looking For The Derivation Of Gellmann-Nishijima Relation

How is the Gellmann-Nishijima relation $Q=I_3+\frac{Y}{2}$ derived? Either a derivation or a link will be helpful.
0
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2answers
164 views

Why is electric charge conserved?

We have long been taught that electric charges are neither created nor destroyed. But somehow it is okay to destroy two oppositely charged particles at once ! Why is that so? Let's just take a look ...
4
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2answers
149 views

Why absence of electron is called hole?

I am having hard time in understanding the concept of holes: If there is no electron than how can it be a hole? For a moment lets assume absence of electron is termed as hole but how can this absent ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Why did it take a long time to discover top quark?

In high school physics, I learned that it took a long time before the top quark was discovered. One of the reasons that was given in my book was that the top quark has a large mass, much larger than ...
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0answers
17 views

Accelerating cavity in synchotron- how does it actually work? [duplicate]

I wanted to know how a radio frequency accelerating cavity actually works. I know that an electric field is used to accelerate the charged particles. However, is this done by using metal plates with ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Same U(1) charge for the SU(2) doublet

Consider the symmetry $SU_L(2)\otimes U_Y(1)$. The entries of $SU_L(2)$ doublet will have same U(1)-charge. How can this be shown mathematically?
1
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1answer
103 views

Massless neutrinos and Chirality

The massless neutrinos can be represented by two component Weyl spinors. Then how does one say that it is an eigenstate of the chirality operator $\gamma^5$, which is a $4\times 4$ matrix and can act ...
2
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1answer
97 views

No valid Feynman diagram for processes

This will likely be easy for anyone experienced in particle physics, but I'm not. I'm asked to explain why it is impossible to construct a valid Feynman diagram using Standard Model vertices for the ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Neglecting mass at asymptotic spacelike momenta

What is the rational/reason for neglecting masses at asymptotic non-exceptional space-like momenta. I have come across this as a first fix for being able to extract information from the ...
9
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4answers
133 views

Observed composition of UHE cosmic rays

How much is known about the composition of ultra high energy cosmic rays (say $E>10^{20}\text{ eV}$)? I get the impression that the particles are often assumed to be protons or other heavier ...
0
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1answer
109 views

Photons and proper time

Why is there no proper time without inertial frame? In question n°95054 I learned that there is no proper time zero and no proper distance zero for photons because they are no inertial frames. That ...
6
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2answers
179 views

How come the universe is made of matter and not antimatter?

Antimatter is like matter on opposite day: it has the same properties as the stuff that makes up planets, stars and galaxies, but one vital piece is different—its charge. The universe supposedly ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Multi-Fermion interactions induced by integrating-out Yukawa-Higgs terms?

Suppose one considers a multi-component free fermions field theory with field $\psi_{q_i}$ with a give global symmetry (such as U(1)). We can say that every component of fermions carry some U(1) ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Interesting identity on $SU(3)$

In arXiv:hep-ph/1307.5414 Grabovsky use an interesting identity which is not derived in the paper: ...
1
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2answers
184 views

Oil drop experiment and quantization of charge

How to systematically show that the resulting charges in oil drop experiment are integers multiplied by $e$ in other word how to extract $e$ from the data?
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2answers
145 views

Does the fact that protons and neutrons have larger mass than electrons mean they're bigger in size?

and so if a proton is so larger than an electron doesn't that mean it has a shape? What would be the shape of a subatomic particle? are they spherical?
3
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2answers
94 views

Wavefunction of a Baryon

How to write the total wavefunction of a Baryon including space part, spin part, isospin part and color part such that the net wavefunction is anti-symmetric? What is the difference in wavefunctions ...
0
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1answer
127 views

Can gravity be reversed?

I'm wondering if any set of hypothetical conditions could result in us gravitating in a different direction. Specifically a reversal of gravity on the surface of Earth (or at least part of it), so ...
5
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2answers
114 views

Why does the spiral of a positron have a larger radius than that of an electron in this picture in a bubble chamber?

The smaller spiral is caused by an electron The bigger spiral is caused by a positron However, they have the same mass and magnitude of charge. So, during this pair production, why does the positron ...
4
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0answers
57 views

Could sphaleron-induced proton decay also cause vacuum decay?

I will say right away that I don't mean standard-model sphalerons, I mean the sphalerons of some extension of the standard model. The reason to even think about this is last year's paper by Frampton ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Sign of mass of an anti-particle

When deriving the Lagrangian for Spin $\frac{1}{2}$ particles we are naturally led to using $\Psi$ and $\bar{\Psi}$. The Euler-Lagrange equations lead us to two wave equations: \begin{equation} ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Why is the charge on protons == to charge on electrons? [duplicate]

I am not a expert on physics, just another high schooler, so sorry if the question is obvious. This is something I've been wondering about for a while. Why is the charge on a proton equal but ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the smallest distance measured that the muon is considered pointlike?

What is the smallest distance measured that the muon is considered pointlike. I know for the electron it is clost to 0.001 of a femtometer. It seems to be assumed that this is the same for the muon. ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Why positronium can annihilate in vacuum?

I thought that the annihilation process of positronium cannot take place without a third-party particle. This can be directly derived from energy & momentum conservation: energy conservation: ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Interaction muons with Iron

I would like to know why $\mu^+$ muons can easily penetrate a solid metal such as Fe with negligible interactions while $\pi^+$ mesons lose their energy a lot faster when traveling through the metal. ...
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1answer
80 views

Can a positron beam cut through metal?

Can a positron beam be used to cut through metal?
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0answers
27 views

flavor splitting of quark masses

It seems pretty clear that flavor symmetry splits the quark masses. It seems extremely odd that a global gauge symmetry of the Standard Model fields could or would produce such extreme splitting as ...
9
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3answers
520 views

Do particle accelerators produce (dangerous) radiation?

I was under the impression that particle accelerators were pretty harmless, but some article said that they produce harmful radiation when you're in the tunnel. Given that the Internet... isn't always ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Quantum corrections to massless fermionic field

in QED the corrections to electron propagator change the bare electron mass from $m_0$ to $m=m_0+δm=m_0+∑(\not{p}=m)$ (Peskin, formula 7.27). This is the consequence of the fact, that the quantum ...
0
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2answers
122 views

Electron recoil after emitting virtual photon

Assume that a stationary electron $A$ emits a virtual photon with $4$-momentum $k$ and a stationary electron $B$ absorbs it. Let us assume a description in which time is moving forwards. At the ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Dirac adjoint of a matrix

The Dirac adjoint for Dirac spinors is defined as, $$ \bar{u} = u^{\dagger} \gamma^{0} \, . $$ However I have come across this, $$ \overline{\gamma^{\mu}} = \gamma^{\mu} \, , \tag{1} $$ (where ...
0
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1answer
109 views

If an electron can't go faster than light, how is energy conserved here?

I came across a physics question recently about accelerating electrons with potential differences and it got me wondering. Here is the question that brought the concept to mind. First off, imagine ...
1
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1answer
141 views

Electron and photon collision

So electron moving left ($v_{initial}=0.8c$) collides into photon going right. After the collision electron is moving to right ($v_{after}=0.6c$) and the photon is moving to left. What is the ...
1
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1answer
98 views

Higgs field in space around us?

Is the higgs field in space around us? I understand it as that the higgs field has a constant value on every space time point, is that right? And this value is the vacuum expectation value. This ...
0
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1answer
41 views

absorption length of thermal neutrons in a medium

My book states that $$N(x)=N_0\cdot e^{n\cdot \sigma \cdot x}$$ for $n$ absorbing particles per volume element with a cross section $\sigma$. Can somebody explain where this comes from?
8
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2answers
195 views

The life of proton

I have two questions regarding protons 1) Wikipedia says Mean lifetime of a proton $>2.1×10^{29}$ years (stable) Obviously this means practically nothing happens to a proton, but what does ...
0
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3answers
57 views

Radiation at plate of vacuum tube

Say you have a vacuum tube, such as the kind used in old amplifiers, wherein electrons are accelerated from the cathode to the anode through an electric field. Presuming, for the sake of argument, ...
6
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1answer
49 views

How to find SUSY with near-degenerate masses?

In SUSY models, you can have the case that sparticles and their decay products have near-degenerate masses. For example $$ m(\tilde \chi^\pm_1) - m(\tilde \chi^0_1) < 1\,\mathrm{GeV}$$ Then in ...
3
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1answer
72 views

How to measure (missing) transverse energy

There is traditionally a bit of confusion between missing transverse energy, and missing transverse momentum. I've seen both used interchangably, and sometimes even things like "$\not E_T = -|\sum ...
2
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2answers
98 views

How do you measure proton's spin?

I've probably read it somewhere in Sakurai but I cannot recall it at the moment. So how does one really measure the proton's spin? I mean the proton's spin and not its constituents. Do you measure ...
6
votes
3answers
141 views

Are there any Meson colliders?

There are no stable mesons as far as I know. Are there any meson-colliders analogous to for example proton-proton colliders?