Particle physics is the study of the fundamental forces of nature as they are embodied in the interactions of elementary and composite particles at high energies and short time and distance scales.

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55 views

Is there a natural source of Antimatter in this universe?

I was just asking if there is an natural source of Antimatter in this universe capable of creating simple molecules/compounds? So, any good answers?
4
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1answer
58 views

Importance of CP violation

To explain the matter-antimatter assymmetry, CP should be violated according to Sakharov conditions. Charge conjugation is required as matter and antimatter have opposite charges but why Parity ...
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0answers
26 views

Explaining the Atemporal Dimension of Feynman Diagrams

In a Feynman diagram, I understand that one of the dimensions (horizontal, say) represents time. Could someone please rigorously explain why a second dimension (vertical) is necessary? In particular, ...
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1answer
39 views

Is light relative? [duplicate]

I was wondering, if two cars (A and B) are going at different velocities let's say A=90km/h, B=80km/h then if we add the two speeds we get 170km/h meaning they are relative to each other. But if one ...
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2answers
49 views

Is the video “How to Reveal Subatomic Particles at Home”'s explanation of its experiment misleading?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wN_DMMQEhfQ The video asserts that along the path of an electron or muon, a trail of condensation will appear. But from what I understand, if an electron or muon (both ...
3
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1answer
150 views

Singlet neutrinos decaying to Higgs bosons during leptogenesis

(i) The Lagrangian of electroweak model extended with right-chiral singlet neutrinos $N_{iR}$ contains the Yukawa coupling term+ the bare Majorana mass term $$f_{\alpha ...
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0answers
51 views

Undergraduate Physics Senior Research Topic (Theory/Mathematical Physics Based) [on hold]

This is most likely a question for those who have experience/knowledge of theoretical/mathematical physics at the graduate level and can provide recommendations following my criteria. Here is some ...
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2answers
76 views

Shouldn't atoms of the same element repel each other? [on hold]

Shouldn't the same type of atoms repel each other due to electrostatic charge?
4
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2answers
116 views

Do physical entities with one dimension equal to 0 exist?

Within mathematics, a lot of entities with one or more size equal to zero exist and are fluently manipulated. For example, within $\mathbb R^4$, the entity defined as $z=0, t=2$ is a plan, the one ...
7
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1answer
144 views

Textbook about the handiwork of a HEP analysis?

I'm wondering if there is a textbook that describes the handiwork of a particle physics analysis. There are a bunch of books about theory, about the experimental aspects like detectors, and about ...
3
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1answer
222 views

effect of a simultaneous local and a global $U(1)$ symmetry breaking

EDIT : I am trying to figure out the effect of symmetry breaking in a $U(1)_Y\times U(1)_Z$ invariant lagrangian where $U(1)_Y$ is local symmetry of the Lagrangian and $U(1)_Z$ is a global symmetry of ...
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0answers
25 views

How to determine likelihood of baryon decay

If I want to determine the probability of $\Sigma(1385)^+ \to \Lambda^0 + \pi^+$ how would i do this? I know I have to do something with the $J^P$ value of each part of the decay, but I'm not sure ...
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0answers
22 views

Decay of lepton into meson and neutrino using four-momentum

I'm learning about how to use four-momentums and am working through a problem involving the decay of a charged lepton into a charged meson and neutrino. The equation would be: $L^+ \to M^+ + \nu$ ...
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0answers
38 views

Is mass in the sub-atomic particles caused by their angular momentum? [on hold]

When they found the God Particle, they said it's responsible for creating mass in all other particles except photons and neutrinos. But how it creates mass is a mystery to me. My suspicion is that ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Why neutrinos are weakly interacting? [duplicate]

I recently attended a talk on neutrinos, where the speaker said there are billions of neutrinos passes through our body every second, but in our lifetime the probability of alteast one neutrino ...
15
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2answers
4k views

What is the significance of the QCD scale parameter $\Lambda$?

I see that it appears as a constant in the relation for the running of the strong coupling constant. What is its significance? Does it have to be established by experiment? Is it somehow a scale for ...
1
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2answers
107 views

What physics does the Super Proton Proton Collider intend to explore in the $\lesssim 100\:\mathrm{TeV}$ range?

Chinese scientists have completed an initial conceptual design of a super giant particle collider which will be bigger and more powerful than any particle accelerator on Earth. With a circumference of ...
2
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2answers
977 views

Difference between weak and strong interactions?

This was a statement given in my class: "Strangeness is conserved in the strong and electromagnetic interactions, but not in a weak interaction " But could someone please tell me how we ...
29
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1answer
1k views

How close does a particle-antiparticle pair need to be for annihilation to happen?

I've most often seen the statement that the annihilation of a particle and its antiparticle occurs when they 'collide' with one another. So in other words when they get very close to one another ...
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33 views

Can we generate artificial electrostatic energy? [closed]

Can we generate artificial electrostatic energy for electrostatic attraction?And can it be controlled to get element specific electrostatic attraction?
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2answers
7k views

How do alpha and beta particles ionise surrounding particles?

I've been wondering about this question for a while. If you have alpha and beta particles released from a radioactive core, how do they ionise surrounding particles?
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0answers
38 views

What will happen if we collide electron with any quark? [closed]

What will happen if we collide electron with any of the quark at very high velocities? Is this collision possible? Edit: for e.g. consider down quark.
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0answers
34 views

Normalisation of the $\gamma$-matrices

I'm having a little difficulty with understanding the normalisation process of the $\gamma$-matrices. In Thomson Modern Particle Physics 2013, the normalisation of the $\gamma$-matrices are quoted ...
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33 views

Is it possible that Haïm Harari´s rishon theory can solve the explanation of mass in a ``non Higgs`` way? [closed]

In Harari´s rishon theory there are only (less is impossible) really elementary particles, of wich all quarks and leptons and other particles are made of: The V- en de T-rishon. All known particle ...
0
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1answer
16 views

What is the best software to simulate the tracks of muons in matter?

What is the best (free) software to simulate the tracks of muons in matter? I have done some simulations using SRIM/TRIM (www.srim.org) by modifying their proton model to have the mass of a muon, but ...
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1answer
29 views

What is the physical intuition behind the Bragg peak?

The wikipedia page says: Energy lost by charged particles is inversely proportional to the square of their velocity, which explains the peak occurring just before the particle comes to a ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Photons Disappear and Reappear from Atoms?

Where does photons come from and disappear to? Can photons be destroyed and created? Without atoms would photons exist?
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1answer
2k views

Particle physics getting started

I know classical physics, quantum mechanics, special relativity, basic nuclear physics. I would like to get into some particle physics. I want to get into that higgs boson, lepton, quark things :D ...
6
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1answer
776 views

Quantum Field Theory cross sections integrals

Where can I find some examples of cross sections calculations in QFT done step-by-step? Those integrals are a little horror. For example - a simple scalar+scalar -> scalar+scalar at the tree level in ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Could there exist (and if not: why?) non-elementary particles composed of gravitons?

I read about glueballs, which should be particles made purely out of gluons. This is a quite theoretical thing but its existence has at least been theorized. Now, I don't know so much about ...
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53 views

If there are long-lived elements in the Island of stability, why are they not present in Nature?

To my understanding, some (but not many) physicists speculate that the Island of stability may contain long-lived elements, as in a billion or so years. But couldn't we rule that out just by the ...
3
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2answers
92 views

Feynman diagram, which virtual particle?

Hi I have been asked to produce the lowest order Feynman diagram for the following scattering process: $$a.~~~ \mu^-+\mu^-\rightarrow \mu^-+\mu^-$$ $$b.~~~ \mu^-+\mu^+\rightarrow \mu^-+\mu^+$$ The ...
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0answers
33 views

What are the lowest level properties of matter [closed]

I am not a physicist but I am interested in philosophical implications of theoretical physics. My understanding is that many physical properties like mass, volume, temperature etc. - are emergent ...
2
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24 views

Energy dependency of the total cross section for different species

Comparing the plots for the total (inelastic) cross sections as a function of the centre of mass energy for $pp$ and $e^+e^-$ collisions: one notes that the trend at high energy is opposite: the ...
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1answer
28 views

Does the Higgs Field positive value correlate with “giving mass”?

I understand that the Higgs Field has a positive average value, while the average strength of (almost?) all of the other particle fields is zero. Does that positive value relates specifically to the ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Effective collision energy at LHC

The proton is not a fundamental particle, so in high energy proton-proton collision we actually collide proton's sub-constituents: quark-quark and (mostly) gluon-gluon. LHC operates now at 13 TeV ...
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2answers
408 views

Possible implications of Quark Quartet

Today on Nature's website appeared a news about the discovery of a quark quartet (formed from two quarks and two antiquarks). They say that this particle containing four quarks is confirmed. This is ...
10
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2answers
743 views

Why couldn't the decay $\pi^- \to e^- + \bar\nu_e$ occur if electrons were massless?

If we assume that electrons (just like neutrinos) are massless, why can’t the decay $\pi^- \rightarrow e^- + \bar{\nu}_e$ occur under the weak interaction?
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16 views

Cold dark matter from creation in external gravitational field

Suppose we have massive (pseudo)scalar field action in FRLW spacetime: $$ S = \int d^{4}x\sqrt{-g}\left( \frac{1}{2}\partial_{\mu}\varphi \partial_{\nu}\varphi g^{\mu \nu} - ...
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0answers
11 views

Order of the life time of the K± mesons [duplicate]

It is not a homework. I've just wanted to find the order of the life time of the K± mesons. I had some suggestions like Starting from Fermi’s model and dimensional analysis ,Considered decays like K ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Open-source code for computing response functions

Summing Feynman diagrams to compute the response functions of a microscopic model is common in many areas of physics. While conceptually straightforward, the task can be computationally intensive. ...
4
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72 views

Second order Fermi mechanism. Is there a mistake in the Claus Grupen book?

The second order Fermi mechanism describes the interaction of charged particles with magnetic clouds. This model leads to a collision-less acceleration of cosmic rays up to ultra high energies. A ...
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1answer
40 views

Are the leptons in $\beta^-$ decay already present in the nucleus in some form?

In beta minus decay, beta-minus particle and anti-neutrino are ejected, leaving behind daughter nucleus. $\beta^-$ and anti-neutrino both are leptons. Were the leptons already present in the ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Showing the annihilation of an electron-positron pair [duplicate]

How to show that the annihilation of an electron-positron pair under emission of one real photon (mass zero) is forbidden by energy-momentum conservation, the emission of two photons is allowed?
3
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1answer
4k views

Relativistic speed/energy relation. Is this correct?

The relativistic energy-momentum equation is: $$E^2 = (pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2.$$ Also, we have $pc = Ev/c$, so we get: $$E = mc^2/(1-v^2/c^2)^{1/2}.$$ Now, accelerating a proton to near the speed if ...
2
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0answers
73 views

Is muon muon annihilation already realised?

As muon colliders do not yet exist, has muon-muon annihilation already been realized experimentally?
2
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1answer
60 views

Penning Trap Simulation

I'm currently working on a particle tracker and I would like to implement a Penning trap. I think I might have a problem with the field of the electrical quadrupole. My idea was to place 2 dipoles and ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Does the electromagnetic force “split” at lower than normal energies?

Since we have working models for forces "combining" or being describable via a single framework at higher energies (such as the "electroweak" force and the aim of GUTs), does electromagnetism split ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Hierarchy problem and quadratic corrections in the Standard Model

In this paper, the third paragraph of the “Introduction” says that the Standard Model by itself is a natural theory. As I understand, they say there is no quadratic divergence in the Standard Model ...
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1answer
35 views

Internal energy + energy of electron

Internal energy of a system composed of molecules or atoms is the mean energy of all these particles in the system (energy as kinetic energy, potential energy etc..). But what I am seeing that we are ...