The path a body takes while moving through space under the influence of the gravitational forces of other bodies

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
2answers
35 views

Difference between circular motion and rotational motion

Are rotational motion and circular motion different or the same? If different then when can we say that a body is in circular motion, and when it's in rotational motion? I find several answers where ...
12
votes
2answers
279 views

Was Leverrier-Adams prediction of Neptune a lucky coincidence?

According to historians both Adams and Leverrier used Bode's law to guess the distance to Neptune, which led to a vast overestimation of its orbital period (Adams - 227 years, Le Verrier - 218 years, ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Can 4 collinear planets exist?

Imagine 4 planets, A has moon a and B has moon b. A and B are binary planets. Is it possible that a and b and A + B all have same the period, so that the 4 planets are collinear?
7
votes
1answer
738 views

Can you tell just from its gravity whether the Moon is above or below you?

If you are on a place of Earth where the Moon is currently directly above or directly below you, you experience a slightly reduced gravitational acceleration because of Moon's gravity. This is what ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

What is the angular distance between Ptolemaic perigees of Mercury?

In his excellent treatment of the history of the science of astronomical distances and sizes, Albert van Helden says (p.29) that The complicated [Ptolemaic] model of Mercury has the curious ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Clarification of the physics involved of an orbiting body in a circular orbit

I am writing a physics simulation program to simulate a body orbiting a planet but I am a little confused about the physics involved and would like some clarification. To simulate gravity I am using ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Is it possible to determine the velocity of electron in its orbit? [on hold]

I read here that the orbital speed of an electron around a proton can be calculated as: $$\frac{m_ev^2}{r} = F_G+F_E$$ where $F_E$ is the proton-electron electromagnetic force, $F_G$ is the ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Can an atoms energy levels be changed by changing the de Broglie wavelength of electrons?

So an electron can only orbit a nucleus where its wavelength makes a standing wave, leading to discrete energy levels in atoms. But the de Broglie wavelength of an electron = h/mv. So the wavelength ...
1
vote
2answers
244 views

Kepler's Laws to Determine Radius of Circular Orbit

"In nonrelativistic limit of general relativity there is a correction to the Newtonian gravitational potential energy $−h/r^3$ with $h = αL^2/(mc)^2$, where $c$ is the speed of light, $α = GMm$ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Does the mass change for a body with eccentric orbit?

I am a student with a programming and electronics background attempting to recap on orbital mechanics. I would appreciate anyone with a physics specialisation helping me understand where my ignorance ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Eccentricity of planetary orbits: What information is contained?

I'm having a little trouble understanding what makes a planetary orbit explicitly elliptical. Is it simply that the initial velocity was different from the circular orbit case for a given starting ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Can a roller coaster accelerate solely due to its weight on the top of a vertical loop?

If it were a string connected to an spinning object, I would have a second thought, because for string there doesn't exist any normal force. But for roller coaster placed on a rail, the rail acts as ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

How “large” is a Lagrange point?

When placing an object at a L-point, the natural assumption, as with all things gravity, is that you needn't place it in an exact spot to achieve a stable configuration. How much room do you have to ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Guidelines for $n$-body problem inital conditions

I'm trying to solve a 5-body problem (for the sake of the argument it can be any given $n$) numerically, yet every initial condition I choose seems to eventually drive the bodies apart to infinity or ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Rocket thrust over time [closed]

I have calculated the thrust of a rocket, and it's burn time for an orbital manoeuvre. I need to know how much force is applied on the rocket every half-second. How would I go about doing this? ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Orbital Velocity and Tangential Velocity

The tangential velocity of an object is directly proportional to the radius of the circular motion. How come orbital velocity is inversely proportional to the radius?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Which ellipse does the Earth's semi-major axis refer to?

In Wikipedia the semimajor axis of the earth is reported to nine digits of accuracy (nearest kilometer), and the eccentricity to eight. But to which ellipse exactly does that apply? Sun-at-the-focus? ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Why doesn't the moon crash into the Earth?

I was searching about 'why do not moon crash to earth due to its gravity?'Then by reading physics stake exchange existing questions I came to know that its the sideways motion of the moon that keeps ...
-2
votes
3answers
157 views

Infinite acceleration

Let's say we have two planets at a stand still within reasonable distance of each other. They will accelerate towards each other and subsequently collide. If instead we give them a sufficient (but ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Advent of our solar system

When the solar system was born why did Sun not consume all the planets by its immense gravity, as the planets were all gases, so it would have been very easy?
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Finding sphere of influence in multibody system

I would like to draw a boundary illustrating the sphere of influence of each body in a 3 body system. What is the best way to find such a boundary? My understanding is at the edge an SoI is the ...
0
votes
2answers
225 views

Orbital mechanics: hyperbolic trajectory: periapsis

The question is formulated as follows: A satellite is some distance, r, from the centre of the earth, traveling at a speed $2v_e$, where $v_e$ is the escape velocity. The angle between the velocity ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Acceleration orthogonal to movement direction

I've been told that acceleration orthogonal to an objects movement direction doesn't require energy. Thus when a satellite goes around the earth, the change in direction caused by gravity doesn't use ...
2
votes
3answers
95 views

Solving the two body problem numerically

I'm trying to solve the two body problem numerically, setting up $G$, $m1$ and $m2$ to be equal to 1. then I located each mass on positions -5 and 5 respectively along the $x$ axis and gave them both ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Determing Velocity of Moons

I have a question that I believe is relatively easy to answer, I am working on an $N$-body simulation of a fictional star system and am having trouble finding the velocity of moons so that they will ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

How long will it take before the orbit of the earth is 365 days exactly?

I understand that the number of days per year has changed throughout the history of the Earth. Apparently there were once over 400 days per trip around the sun. How long will it take approximately ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Planetary alignment of the gas giants?

There is this nice and new applet of the orbits of the planets around the sun: Solar System Orrery You can click and drag any planet and watch their relative orbits evolve in time. I was curious ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

How can contact binaries persist?

This answer discusses contact binaries, which I did not even know existed. I can understand how they could exist for a short time (maybe) as gravitational waves carry off energy that causes the stars' ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Are magnetic orbits possible?

I have a small ball with lots of magnets embedded in it with all the north poles facing out and I have a big sphere with lots magnets embeded in it with all the south poles facing out. I set the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What kind of orbit would be needed to map the surface of a nonrotating planet?

I am not a mathematician and it may even take me weeks to understand the math involved but I have an odd question on orbital mechanics that I hope will be worth the experts' time. I am a hobbyist ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Do we know what event caused the Sun and Solar System to form?

Some stellar formation theories suggest that stars are formed by shock waves from trigger events such as supernovae. This excerpt from Star Formation basically gives the background to my question: ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Calculating initial velocity to achieve orbital motion using verlet integration

I'm attempting to build a simple computer programme which models bodies orbiting other bodies. I've implemented a Verlet integrator (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verlet_integration) and I can ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why we don't see time dilation in stars orbiting black hole?

We have images of stars orbiting black holes or black holes destroying near stars, but why do we see the stars moving normally? I mean, if time dilation does exist, shouldn't we see that stars slow ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

How does the Pluto-Charon orbital 'dance' affect Pluto's elliptical orbit around the Sun?

Like many Scientists (and people in general), I have been watching the New Horizons mission results with great interest. One aspect in particular caught my attention - the Pluto-Charon orbital ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Can stable non-circular orbits exist in 2 or 3 dimensional hyperbolic space

I know that stable non-circular orbits in euclidean space exist only in 3 spatial dimensions but what about if the spatial dimensions are hyperbolic instead? Are there any stable non-circular orbits ...
1
vote
4answers
6k views

How do electrons get the energy to jump from one orbital to the next when in stationary orbits the electron does not radiate energy

My Question is how do electrons get energy/lose energy to jump up or down an orbital as in a stationary orbit they do not gain energy and their energy is finite?
22
votes
5answers
6k views

Build a ring around Earth, then remove the supports

What would happen if we decided to build a giant ring that managed to wrap around the whole world, end to end that was supported with pillars all along the ring and then the supports all suddenly ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Earth “satellite” breadcrumb: Have we ever placed an object orbiting our Sun and the Sun only?

Have we ever placed an object orbiting our Sun and the Sun only? like a breadcrumb of our orbit... I was reading about VLA for satellites and wouldn't this breadcrumb be a viable solution to create a ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

What velocity do I need to get the moons orbit perfectly aligned with the earths center [closed]

I have a simulation for universal gravity with two objects. How can I calculate the velocity or instantaneous force I would need to apply to object 2 (the moon) to get it to orbit so that the origin ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Central Force Scattering in Goldstein

On page 108 in Goldstein 3rd edition in the paragraph after equation (3.94) he says that $\psi$` can be obtained from the orbit equation (3.36) using the limits as $r_0=\infty$ $r=r_m$ which the ...
1
vote
3answers
124 views

General Relativity 2-Body Closed Form

Is there a closed form solution in general relativity to the 2-body orbit problem?
2
votes
2answers
495 views

Gravity on the International Space Station - General Relativity perspective

My question is an extension to this one: Gravity on the International Space Station. If all the outside views of the ISS was sealed, then the crew inside would not be able to tell whether they were ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How do spacecraft gain kinetic energy by passing near planets? [duplicate]

When a a spacecraft like Voyager travels close to Jupiter, it somehow gains kinetic energy. I'm not sure how this energy isn't simply lost again as it moves away from Jupiter. I'm also hoping this ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Black Hole surface area at Schwarzschild radius is half?

I have been interested in black holes for some time, and am still trying to wrap my head around some of their more obscure properties. Now I know that the Schwarzschild radius is $r= ...
4
votes
4answers
134 views

Calculating how fast a mass needs to travel in order to launch itself from a hill

Today I was driving on a hill side and on the opposite lane this very careless gentleman was traveling at a very high speed on a large truck that I surely thought his truck would of lifted off the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Drag in low earth orbit

So I'm looking at the following problem; Arrow type configuration in orbit. Each end of the arrow has a mass and a cross sectional area (we can assume the head and tail are connected by a ...
-1
votes
1answer
181 views

Calculate orbit height from tangential velocity

Is it possible to calculate the altitude of a satellite orbiting a planet, just from the planet's mass and the satellite's velocity, assuming that the satellite is in a perfect circular orbit? If so, ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Can a Space tether be made from AmSteel (Samson Rope’s Dynameen)?

AmSteel is a high strength poly-ethylene fiber. Its strength passes that of stainless 316/8 and is considerably less mass per foot. A 4 inch piece could support a length of 160 miles if the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

If we were to observe a cluster of planets from a star's magnetic north, which direction would they appear to orbit? Clockwise or counter clockwise?

I have a question, and it's been a topic of great discussion amongst my peers. If we look at galaxies or clusters of planets around stars, they appear to be moving both clockwise and counter ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What is the velocity of Sun due to Earth alone?

If Earth and Sun were in a isolated system, will the Earth's motion around Sun will be similar? What will be Sun's and Earth's velocity when Earth is at its aphelion? Please note that it's not a ...