The path a body takes while moving through space under the influence of the gravitational forces of other bodies

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
3answers
123 views

Shape of an inverse cube orbit?

If I have a particle orbiting a central force $$F=-k/r^3$$ what is the shape of the orbit (the radius as a function of the angle)?
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Does The Earth appear to orbit the ISS from its point of view?

Does the International Space Station orbit the Earth with one side constantly facing the Earth? Or does it look more like the Earth is orbiting the ISS from its perspective?
2
votes
2answers
339 views

Calculate Initial Velocity For Orbital (Gravity) Slingshot

I am trying to find the initial velocity to slingshot a planet around the sun and through a gap. The green ball is the planet, and the yellow ball is the sun. In this trial I need to get the ...
2
votes
2answers
736 views

Could two identical stars revolve around each other in a common orbit if we only account for Newtonian physics?

Both a parent star and its planet revolve around the center of mass of the system, the reason we see stellar wobble. But if we take this to be true, which it is, there can be a configuration in which ...
2
votes
4answers
13k views

How do electrons get the energy to jump from one orbital to the next when in stationary orbits the electron does not radiate energy

My Question is how do electrons get energy/lose energy to jump up or down an orbital as in a stationary orbit they do not gain energy and their energy is finite?
2
votes
3answers
595 views

Gravitational field has no curl? What about gas discs around stars, black holes, etc.?

So everybody says the gravitational field has no curl, and is not comparable to a liquid swirling around a drain. Observationally, of course, there are many examples of vector fields (which I think ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) to Kinetic Energy (KE) transfer in Satellite Orbits

I am stumped by a mundane A Level Physics question (teacher of physics here obviously a bit short of practice!). My colleagues and I are stumped and were wondering if any one could help us. It ...
2
votes
2answers
280 views

How do you travel in a circular orbit around a massive body?

I am trying to figure out how an object could achieve a perfectly circular orbit. Given a mass for the planet or other body the object is orbiting and a distance from the center of mass, how fast ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Does Planet revolution time is always greater the more it's getting away from the center?

The entire question is in the title . It's the case for the solar system but is it always the case ? Can a planet do a revolution faster than another that is closer to the center ? As far as I ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

What is geostationary orbit radius?

I'm asking this apparently "general reference" question for the simple reason: I was unable to find whether the quoted everywhere "35,786 kilometers (22,236 mi) above the Earth's equator" means ...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

The orbit of 2010 TK7

Having just heard about the asteroid 2010 TK7 in Trojan asteroid seen in Earth's orbit by Wise telescope, I want to know more about its orbit. The BBC article says it moves above and below the ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Center of mass chaotic in n-body gravitational interactions?

I wrote a gravitational particle simulation. To prevent the particles flinging off out of the screen, I added a bit of friction (it also makes the animation prettier as particles spiral into one ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Does spacetime have symmetric curvature around an object? If yes, then why do planets revolve around the Sun in elliptical orbits?

Does spacetime have symmetric curvature around an object? If yes, then why do planets revolve around the Sun in elliptical (as opposed to circular) orbits?
2
votes
4answers
328 views

Why does unequal mass distribution cause orbital decay?

It's well known that in low orbits around astronomical bodies with uneven mass distribution, orbits will shift around, and the orbiting object may crash into the surface. Why is this the case? ...
2
votes
3answers
503 views

How do scientists place satellites into orbit?

How do scientists place satellites into orbit? How do they calculate the gravity acting on the spacecraft in order to generate exact opposite force by means of Kinetic energy to keep the satellite ...
2
votes
2answers
385 views

Mathematical model for this graph of a simplified binary star system?

Unnecessary background for question: I had a school assignment asking us to relate a quadratic equation to a real life example relating to our future dream career, making sure to express the accuracy ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Why is the Pegasus launched from a subsonic airplane?

Considering that the reason typically given for launching spacecraft from sea-level as opposed to mountains is that the limiting factor is velocity, not altitude, then why isn't the Pegasus rocket ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

Motion of mercury [duplicate]

I studied that mercury motion around the sun slightly displace by a certain value in each year. But, this is not predicted by kepler until general theory of relativity. What does general theory does ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between a bounded orbit and a closed orbit?

Goldstein's Classical Mechanics has a puzzling few sentences in his discussion of orbits. Referring to the case of orbit where the energy is low enough for the orbit to be bounded, he says :"This ...
2
votes
1answer
913 views

How does Lunar Orbit Injection (LOI) work?

Just what the title states. I read that LOI was used by the Apollo program (and possibly others) to achieve escape velocity. How does it work? Is it merely a matter of centrifugal/centripetal force?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Do all planets rotate around the sun with the same acceleration?

I have this question in mind. suppose if by any chance, all planet around sun stopped rotating. then as per formula F= M * A. all planet should fall with same acceleration towards sun and ultimately ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

What are the temperatures of objects in Low Earth Orbit (LEO)?

What is the temperature of objects in Low Earth Orbit? Consider LEO to be 600km to 800km.
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Have there been studies on shapes of orbits or where the orbits would tend to around objects other than spheres?

I have looked on the internet and maybe I am not using the right search terms but I can not find anything concerning this topic. I am looking because I would think if a massive pole structure were ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Given an equation of an elliptical orbit, is it possible to find satellite´s speed at a certain point?

As the heading says: given an equation of an elliptical orbit, is it possible to find satellite´s speed at a certain point? I'm playing a bit with simulations of planets and satellites in the solar ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Planetary alignment of the gas giants?

There is this nice and new applet of the orbits of the planets around the sun: Solar System Orrery You can click and drag any planet and watch their relative orbits evolve in time. I was curious ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Black Hole surface area at Schwarzschild radius is half?

I have been interested in black holes for some time, and am still trying to wrap my head around some of their more obscure properties. Now I know that the Schwarzschild radius is $r= ...
2
votes
2answers
245 views

How to solve the inverse square law equation of motion

From $$m\boldsymbol{\ddot{r}}=\boldsymbol{\hat{r}} f(r)$$ I can get $$r''-r \theta '^2=-\frac{k}{m r^2}$$ $$2 r' \theta '+r \theta ''=0$$ Now it seems that all the books tells me the method to solve ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Air Drag in orbit

Artificial satellites don't orbit the earth forever. Eventually the Earth's atmosphere, thin as it may be up there, will bring them down. But did you know the linear speed of a satellite in a near ...
2
votes
1answer
484 views

Calculating the eccentricity of an exoplanet

I'm wondering how to calculate the eccentricity of an exoplanet by its radial velocity vs. phase graph. To clarify my question I will take an exoplanet called WASP-14b 2 as an example ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Is the orbit in Schwarzshild metric a path with maximal proper time?

In curved spacetime particles follow timelike geodesics, which should have maximal proper time (at least locally). I thought this path usually corresponds to a global maximum, and there are only ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Change in velocity of a circular orbit?

For a body in a circular orbit will any (i.e. however small) decrease in velocity mean it falls to earth or will it go into an elliptical orbit? I originally thought that it was the first (i.e. falls ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What happens as the stable orbital velocity approaches the speed of light?

Based on my understanding of the relationship between planetary mass, orbital radius and the velocity for stable orbit, a satellite orbiting a mass equivalent to Earth with an altitude of ~5mm would ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Is Moon really rotating about its axis?

Wikipedia says yes but on Newtonian arguments. From general relativistic point of view Moon is not rotating but moving along geodesic trajectory. And like parallel transport of a vector (pointing to ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why are the true variance of these orbits out by ~pi?

I have an object that is orbit around a point mass in a 2D environment with a known speed, radius and zenith. I calculate the following orbital parameters as such and can confirm that these values are ...
2
votes
1answer
307 views

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? [duplicate]

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? If it's because the gravity of Sun then why don't they just fall in and burn up?
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Determine orbital position after change in velocity

I am working on a satellite simulator for a project/game and I am stuck on this one bit of physics. So far I have a satellite that revolves around earth on a 2D plane following Keplerian motion using ...
2
votes
2answers
606 views

Gravity on the International Space Station - General Relativity perspective

My question is an extension to this one: Gravity on the International Space Station. If all the outside views of the ISS was sealed, then the crew inside would not be able to tell whether they were ...
2
votes
3answers
303 views

How closely may an artificial satellite orbit Earth without decaying appreciably each orbit?

Just what the title states. An artificial satellite will orbit Earth with some defined angular momentum. An aircraft,on the other hand, relies upon it's engines to provide continuous forward velocity ...
2
votes
1answer
286 views

Do Lagrangian points actually maintain a fixed distance?

I was reading on up Lagrangian points and the restricted three-body problem. From what I was able to tell, the Lagrangian points are 5 points in a two-body system such that a third body would be ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

Are orbiting planets an example of perpetual motion?

I understand that perpetual motion is impossible, but I became confused when a friend of mine told me that the orbits of the planets is an example of perpetual motion. Will earth's orbit ever end, and ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

The way planets rotate and revolve [duplicate]

Why is that the all planets move in the same plane?(correct me if I'm wrong) Why not some of them in anticlockwise direction and others in clockwise direction?
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Veterans Day Memorial in the U.S

For the ones who know about it: How many more times will the Veterans Day Memorial stones' holes "align" perfectly? Some info from this site: At precisely 11:11 a.m. each Veterans Day (Nov. ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Calculating mass of an orbiting body with force and acceleration

I'm new to physics, and it's a lot to take in- but there is a problem that I really can't seem to wrap my head around- finding the mass of an orbiting body, like an asteroid. I've looked around a lot ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Will the Earth's rotation someday be synchronized with its revolution around the Sun?

When will the earth act like the moon with regard to one side of the moon always facing the earth. Will the earth one day get locked in a rotational orbit that has one side of the planet facing the ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Solving the Kepler problem

I'm trying to solve the Kepler problem using the Lagrangian, $$L = \frac{1}{2} m (\dot{r}^2 + r^2 \dot{\phi}^2) - U(r) $$ which after quite a bit of fiddling with, by noting that the angular ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Non-geodesic circular orbit? [closed]

From N. Straumann, General Relativity Exercise 4.9: Calculate the radial acceleration for a non-geodesic circular orbit in the Schwarzschild spacetime. Show that this becomes positive for ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Can a general n-body system emit gravitational waves?

I know that (for example) binary neutron stars can emit radiation in the form of gravitational waves. This question got me thinking about the case of three or more objects. I wrote in my answer that ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Does the Earth gets closer to the Sun?

We know that the sun loses an amount of it's mass equivalent to the amount of energy it produces, according to the $E=mc^2$ equation. so the sun is losing mass every second. Does this affect the ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Synchronized rotation of the moon

Does the moon rotates? Yes. The rotation matches exactly the orbit of the Earth. Which means in 28 days the moon makes one rotation. Shouldn't this be also happening with the Earth rotation around the ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Energy/Momentum required to deflect earth from its orbit

This question occurred to me when thinking about the firepower people have on earth. How hard is it to change the characteristics of the orbit of the earth when an explosion happens on its surface, ...