Optics is the study of light, and its interaction with matter. It includes topics such as imaging systems, fiber optics, lasers, quantum optics, and more.

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How can colors from heat tinting depend on temperature only?

Colors caused by heat tinting of a material can be listed by temperature. For example, for carbon steel: ...
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48 views

Caustic airy equation and divergent series [closed]

How is the behaviour or creation or mathematical explanation of a caustic related to the divergent power asymptotic series in the limit $ x \to \infty $?
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98 views

Reflectance and Wavelength

I want to create a graph of reflectance versus wavelength (reflectance spectrum- for example http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distributed_Bragg_reflector#mediaviewer/File:DBRREFL.JPG) for a mirror but I ...
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46 views

Explanation of fringe pattern of thin film interference

Recently i went through calculations for finding the path difference between the first 2 reflected rays for a oil film with air on other 2 sides .But i could not understand how the fringes will be ...
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158 views

Conceptual question on helmholtz equation

Given the homogeneous Helmholtz Equation $[\triangledown ^2 + \kappa^2] E= 0$, I understand $\kappa$ represents the wavenumber $\omega_0 / c$. In light of this, what physical meaning can be taken from ...
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15 views

What are the factors affecting transparency and color of a substance [duplicate]

What is the reason behind visual properties like color and transparency of different substances? I have always heard that the structure of the substance is responsible for these properties. I always ...
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22 views

Ellipsometry measurments

Why it is good to measure on a wavelength range in ellipsometry instead of using a single wavelength. I understand this that the measured data (ψ and ∆ ) plotted against wavelength and if we have ...
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51 views

Silicon/silicon dioxide interface

Suppose we have an interface of silicon/silicondioxide. If we shine light on the top surface electron-hole pairs are generated in silicon. since there is always a field directing from surface to bulk ...
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141 views

Sum of 2 Light sources

When we have 2 sinusoidal waves with slightly different wavelengths and the same amplitude, the resulting wave has a changing amplitude (amplitude = intensity) which varies from 2*Amplitude to 0 ...
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43 views

What are the current size limitations of NIR spectroscopes? [closed]

So few days ago I came across this new tool for smart phones http://www.consumerphysics.com/myscio/. It says it uses NIR spectroscopy, which I don't know lot about. My question is: Is it possible for ...
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2answers
81 views

How is photon time of flight/range over sub-millimeter distances measured?

I was reading a paper that described how the force a low-thrust torsion pendulum was measured. In it, the paper states a laser is bounced off a mirror and the displacement is "...based upon the beam ...
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28 views

How can a semi-transparent object appear white? [duplicate]

Can an object appear opaque white to the eye and be transparent ; i.e. pass light through; In other words, is there any other way for an object to appear white, other then by scattering all the ...
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25 views

Optics - Derivation of Linear Magnification of Lens without Sign Convention [duplicate]

In some posts in this forum I've read that sign convention in optics is useful for making formula memorizing easier, and that we have to use sign convention again while applying the formulae to ...
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69 views

Absorption Spectrum

I just learnt what absorption and emission spectrum are. And our teacher introduced us to what Quantum Dots are. And showed us their absorption and emission spectra. And they look something like this ...
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171 views

Cut angle for BBO type I SPDC

I am using an old BBO crystal, which is not designed for spontaneous parametric down conversion, to see whether I can generate converted photons of 800nm from 400nm. I used a photon avalanche detector ...
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32 views

What are the characteristics of fluorescence microscope that allow detection of living cells?

How can we see living cells underneath it?
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480 views

Young's Double slit Experiment [closed]

In a Young’s double slit experiment 10 fringes are observed in a given segment of the screen when light of wavelength 500.0 nm is used. When the experiment is performed in a medium of refractive index ...
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19 views

Conjugated-Phase Matching

I am working on imaging applications of phase-conjugation in optics, in particular phase-conjugation imaging from recorded holograms. I have found several useful sources, but I cannot find a book ...
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30 views

How to isolate and verify the source of optical absorption/effects?

This is similar to my other question, but not the same -- that one was about the energy ranges of various absorption mechanisms, and this one is more about experimental techniques to find them. Let's ...
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235 views

Fabry Perot Etalon - changing wavelength and plate distance

Given reflectivity $R = 0.75$, an etalon is used as an interference filter, transmitting light of wavelength $4.3\mu m$ at normal incidence. The full width half maximum is about $\Delta \lambda = 0.2 ...
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104 views

Quick question on convolution - Diffraction through a pair of slits

We know that the fourier transform of the amplitude function (in terms of $y$) gives you the amplitude function (in terms of $\theta$) Consider a pair of triangular slits: Fourier transform of ...
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148 views

How to specify BRDF measurement

As a person who will be using the scattering measurement results (in Zemax), I was asked to prepare the specs for the BRDF measurement. However I've never done it until now, so help would be greatly ...
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77 views

What happens when a polarized light get reflected by a rough dielectric material?

I have a polarized light (lets say p polarized) which happens to undergo scattering when it is obstructed by a rough opaque dielectric material. What will happen to polarization? Will some part of it ...
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38 views

Do plasmons depend on the ambient EM field?

Imagine a situation: There's an illuminated metal slab in vacuum. Normally, there are some plasmons created running all over the slab. What would happen if we had turned a giant magnet near the slab? ...
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68 views

Beamsplitter and Dielectric Mirror

Among two optical components. One is a Nd:YAG Laser 50/50 Beamsplitter and the second one is a Dielectric Mirror see pictures. Both of them almost looks like the same. If the specification is not ...
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Can a $TEM_{00}$ beam incident on a confocal cavity along its optical axis excite modes other than $TEM_{00}$ in the cavity?

Can a $TEM_{00}$ beam incident on a confocal cavity along its optical axis excite modes other than $TEM_{00}$ in the cavity? If not, is the FSR of the confocal cavity $\frac{c}{2L}$ in this case, ...
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456 views

What is the effect of total internal reflection on polarized light [closed]

Total Internal Reflection causes phase change of a light beam. I searched for effect on a polarized light beam by Total Internal Reflection but could not find much. I am assuming polarization does not ...
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88 views

Fraunhofer Diffraction [closed]

A 1-dimensional aperture is illuminated by a parallel beam of light of wavelength $\lambda$ and the diffraction pattern is viewed on a distance screen. Show that the amplitude of the diffraction ...
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37 views

Optical brightener in plastics? [closed]

Is there any way to add some type of 'optical brightener' to a PC+ABS molded part? I'm looking for something that will not affect the color / gloss. Ideally it will be a material that can be added ...
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63 views

What is the difference between dispersion and differential mode group delay?

I want to know what exactly is the differential mode group delay in optical fibers, is it the same thing as dispersion?
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18 views

Non-uniform lens flares [duplicate]

I assume -- and maybe wrong -- that lens flares, in photography, are caused by light getting "trapped" inside the curved lens and bouncing around (due to refraction and non-perfect total internal ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the difference in application for near infrared camera data capture as opposed to infrared data capture?

I am trying to understand why I would use a near infrared as opposed to an infrared camera for data capture of vegetation health monitoring.
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1answer
593 views

How to calculate loss due to Gaussian beam divergence of a laser going through multiple lenses?

To better explain my question, I will need to give a brief description of the configuration used in 2D MEMS switches. So, the next figure shows a configuration of a 2D MEMS switch, a light beam ...
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1answer
428 views

Is there an equation to calculate efficiency of an optical fiber to transmit sunlight for length of 4 m

I want to transmit sunlight over a distance of approx 4 m via optical fiber. Ideally I want to light up the whole house with sunlight. I was reading that the largest diameter for an optical fiber may ...
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152 views

Need to use lasers,mirrors and prisms for a project.How to make the light visible and presentable at the same time? [closed]

Alright so I really want to put some art into science for my project.project. I'm thinking of creating a beautiful image,preferably in air.I read about the visible lime-green lasers but i still want ...
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1answer
443 views

Apparent depth and the viewing angle [closed]

Does the viewing angle of a person observing a coin placed in a bucket of water affect the apparent depth in any way?
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1answer
32 views

Equivalent temperature: laser and cell containing Rb

What's the meaning of "equivalent temperature" related to a cell containing rubidium and crossed by laser?
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1answer
55 views

Practical hardware question regarding optical source for an array of fiber bragg gratings [closed]

I have a single 1 meter array of 5 fiber bragg gratings that has FC/APC connectors on both ends. I will be embedding the array in a material and want to be able to do a quick check that the array is ...
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1answer
412 views

Why is the angle of a triangular prism equal to the result of the following 2 calculations? (Experiment with optical goniometer)

I know there are two ways of measuring the angle of a prism with a goniometer: let the collimator shine (monochromatic) light on 2 sides of the prism and measure the angle between the 2 reflected ...
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62 views

How does a liquid crystal on Silicon affect the phase of incident light?

When a polarized light beam is directed to a phase-only LCoS system how is the phase modulated ? What is the physical effect behind ? Does voltage modulation has an impact on birefringence ?
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1answer
245 views

Why is an exciton only observed when we excite to the conduction band and not to other electronic level inside the bandgap?

Excitons can be observed when we excite electrons to the conduction band. I don't know about excitons being observed when we excite the electrons to an electronic level that would eventually be in ...
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1answer
3k views

holographic projection in thin air? [duplicate]

from where I come from ,they taught us in high school that it is possible to project holograms in thin air simply by illuminating the hologram with the "correct light" , and having a semi transparent ...
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34 views

Are “phase-specific” masks ever used in the context of double exposure lithography? Can these sorts of things exist?

I was recently reading an 08' paper on double exposure lithography: and I was wondering if there existed some material that could be used to create a mask for e.g. a 193 nm light source that was only ...
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87 views

Improvement of microscope resolution with Oil [closed]

Why and when do we need to place oil over the sample to achieve higher optical resolution ? Is this idea is valid for the enhancement of all optical microscopy techniques and magnification scales ?
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29 views

Resource about Supercontinuum Generation in Fibers

I would like to consult a nice reference that explains the theoretical background of SC generation in optical fibers in detail but more or less self-contained. I would also like to have your opinions ...
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92 views

Boundary Condition for Generating Evanescent Waves

I'm reading through Novotny and Hecht's book on Nano-Optics (Principles of Nano-Optics), and I've come across a subtlety in the boundary conditions for evanescent wave generation (via total internal ...
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1answer
391 views

Fresnel Zones-How are they Formed?

How are Fresnel Zones formed? What phenomena of light allow ellipsoid areas to be in phase? I've tried reading articles, but they more or less introduce me to characteristics of light, and then tell ...
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38 views

Why do 3D holograms need curved lines?

I'm making a scratched hologram and I'm interested in we have to make curved lines to get a 3D image.
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514 views

How would you make 360 degree vision glasses? [closed]

Animals that have an eye on each side of their head have 360 degree vision so just like with the inverted vision glasses you can buy I'm wondering how you make 360 degre e glasses? I'm thinking of a ...