Tagged Questions

Optics is the study of light, and its interaction with matter. It includes topics such as imaging systems, fiber optics, lasers, quantum optics, and more.

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Ames Room, how to construct properly?

I have been assigned to create an Ame's Room for a physics project. However, the teacher told us very little about it, and wanted us to figure it out through trial and error. Today I spend 6 ...
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2answers
16 views

How to determine the difference between object distance and image distance? [on hold]

How do we derrive the last equation? Whatever I tried it didn't work...
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0answers
36 views

Geometric optics question

This question appeared on this site Q17: here A concave mirror is broken into two parts and these parts are separated by a distance if 1 cm. The focal length of the mirror is 10 cm. Find the ...
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3answers
31 views

Why we see more diverging light rays than converging light rays?

While the apparent fact that there's more diverging light rays than convergings ones seems to be intuitive, mathematically I can't find a reason to be so. More specifically, given a vector field of ...
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1answer
54 views

Diffraction and $k$-space

Regarding diffraction I am a little bit lost reading about reciprocal space and the space of $k$'s. As I understand it the Fourier relationship between a wavepacket $\Psi(\vec r,t)$ and the complex ...
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2answers
52 views

Why human and most of vertebrates cannot see Near-Infrared light (720nm-1500nm)? [on hold]

On daytime, the surface of Earth is illuminated abundantly by light of spectrum from 250nm-1500nm, that includes near-ultraviolet spectrum (250nm-380nm), visible spectrum (380nm-720nm) and ...
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1answer
54 views

What is causing the separation of light in this image?

Reflection of keychain LED light on Macbook Pro (2014) screen I have also observed this phenomenon on my mobile phone and on a tablet. I assume this means it is somehow related to backlit ...
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0answers
22 views

how to calibrate Free Spectral Range of Fabry-Perot Interferometer?

the crude value of FSR is given by c/(2*L) where L is the length of the interferometer. I want to know how to find FSR exactly. To calibrate, i have got hene transmission peaks and from the ...
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14 views

Reason behind formation of doublets in diffraction spectrum

like if you see is Sodium (and also in Mercury), there are two discrete lines of Yellow color.. What's the reason behind formation of doublets?
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15 views

Fraunhofer Diffraction: Two slit experiment [closed]

An opaque screen with two slits is illuminated by a plane wave of wavelength lambda incident perpendicular to the screen's orientation. The slits have size a and their centers are spaced by d. A glass ...
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1answer
28 views

Luminance from multiple light sources

I have a LED diode: Given Luminance intensity [I] of $1.85$ cd. I want to have Luminance [B] from the light source of $75 \ {\rm cd/m^2}$. From $B=I/S$, where S is light source plane area, I get ...
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0answers
17 views

Can the granular quantum nature of light be used to engineer a maroscopic optical phenomena?

Today we have optical metamaterials and metasurfaces: materials and surfaces that are made of unit cells with an approximate size of tens of nanometers, that can that interact with light and can have ...
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1answer
17 views

Two layers of glass reflection related to wave interference [closed]

A highly reflective mirror can be made for a particular wavelength at normal incidence by using two thin layers of transparent materials of indices of refraction $n1$ and $n2 (1 < n1<n2 ) $on ...
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2answers
36 views

How to chose right lens for concentrating IR signal? [closed]

I am looking for the right acrylic lens. Since will be buying at least 1000 pieces I don't want to make any mistake. I want to concentrate the signal from IR LED in a 1cm diameter tube at one point ...
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0answers
34 views

What is the relation of scattering, extinction and absorption cross sctions with scattering parameters?

In optics and electromagnetics, they frequently calculate the extinction, scattering or absorption cross sections of a single particle (e.g. a sphere). Scattering cross section which is the ratio of ...
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0answers
16 views

What is the minimum bend radius of a square optical fiber on a microfluidic chip interface?

I want to make a microfluidic chip with colorimetry cuvettes with 100um square optical fibers coupled to the side of them. They should bend at a 90 degree angle to exit the side of the chip in a ...
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0answers
45 views

Please help me understand the definition of light intensity

The light field can be written as $E=A cos\theta$. What we measure or see is the intensity which is the square of the light field $\ I=E^2=A^2 cos^2\theta$. Can anyone explain that why most of the ...
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1answer
28 views

Good resource for geometric optics

I'm looking for a good resource (preferably a book) on geometric optics. I am thorough with the basics (the mirror formula, lensmaker's formula, thin lens formula, etc). What I want is something that ...
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1answer
43 views

Describing a single photon with creation and annihilation operators

Since I am not fully aware of the creation and annihilation operator formalism for single photons, I want to ask, if the following is correct: I am considering a photon in the vacuum which travel ...
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1answer
17 views

if you're wearing goggles, will the light beam appear to travel straight?

if person A is outside a pool and person B is inside a pool with goggles, won't the light beam travel closer to the normal inside the pool but then away from the normal when it enters the goggles (due ...
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0answers
30 views

Why isn't Zemax showing a tilt on the wavefront on my telescope design?

Attached is a Zemax file Zemax File for an afocal telescope system. When i tilt the field by an angle of 2 degrees (In green) I would expect a wavefront tilt at the "Image " plane, however when I ...
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3answers
251 views

How noisy are photon detectors?

I have a single photon detector and $N$ photons per second arrive at the detector. Then something happens and the number of incoming photons per second changes by the factor of $\alpha$. So now ...
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1answer
38 views

Why does sea colour differ from place to place?

If you notice the colour of sea changes from place to place. At some places it is of blue or green and even different in beach. What must be the reason?
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1answer
25 views

Do TN and IPS displays are subject to diffraction?

Sometimes displays with the same resolution, diagonal and aspect ratio appear to have different level of sharpness . In optics there is this concept of diffraction and if you can lower your ...
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0answers
6 views

Autocollimator independence from lens to measuring object distance

i have been reading about metrology for a while, however in the angle measuring section, when introducing the autocollimator it says the distance from the lens to the object doesn't introduce error, ...
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1answer
30 views

Solving Optics problem with and without differentiation result in different results

In a recent class of physics-calculus, I and my friends were discussing about a certain problem about optical lens. The problem was: "I a certain laboratory setup, there are a lens of focus $f$, an ...
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2answers
39 views

Why does electromagnetic refraction happen?

Why does refraction happen? In high school textbooks, it is stated that it happens because the speed that electromagnetic waves propagate in the media change. But why cant they continue propagating in ...
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0answers
20 views

Particle collision: relationship of incident and reflected particles [duplicate]

A photon traveling through a curved fiber optic cable advances by reflection, yes? If each reflection is the product of a collision between the incident photon and, say, a wall particle that ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Could a lens be used to melt sand into glass

Could I melt sand, like that inside a sand dune, into glass using a focused lens? What factors would affect a lens melting sand? I was thinking you could use a lens to melt sand, to gather sand ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Single photon pulse and its electromagnet field

I describe the temporal distribution of a single photon pulse in an interferometer experiment in vacuum via the Gaussian function $\psi$: $$ \psi(t) = \tfrac{1}{(2\pi\sigma^2)^{1/4}} \text ...
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2answers
36 views

Lowest detectable power of a laser?

What is the lowest power of a laser beam which is still detectable? More precise: If the intensity of my laser beam is reduced by a factor of $10^{-8}$, can I still detect it? Of course this depends ...
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4answers
560 views

Why is an opaque body opaque?

When does a body qualify to be called an opaque body? Is it anybody which cannot let visible light through it or is there any other definition? And when and how does a body allow radiations through ...
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0answers
30 views

Increasing the volume of a object in a photograph

I have two images which look like this --- These images are two views of a calibration object --- the white die that you see hanging in the middle. The problem is that, the die is too small and ...
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22 views

Third-order dispersion of glass

When working with short laser pulses, it is important to compensate the dispersion of a pulse passing through a material because it changes the pulse's shape. The effect of dispersion can be described ...
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36 views

Reflectivity of gases

According to the principle of the conservation of energy, the following is true for an object: emissivity+reflectivity+transmittance=1; where emissivity=absorbtivity according to Kirchoff. When ...
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1answer
18 views

How to construct matrix to apply U(2) beam splitter to a N dimentional Beam

So I am trying to read this paper (no paywall here). In this the formal construction of a matrix $T$ is given as The product of matrices is equivalent to setting up experimental devices in ...
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0answers
16 views

Circular diffraction onto uneven surface

I'm trying to figure out how to solve for a surface using a circular diffraction. I have a pinhole diffraction that I'm projecting into a surface and I'm trying to figure out how to derive the shape ...
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0answers
31 views

Two thin lenses in contact [closed]

Two thin lenses with same focal length are in contact. what is the resultant focal length? Options a) f b) 2f c) f/4 d) 4f My Answer By both plotting the light ...
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1answer
42 views

How does Huygens Principle explain interference?

How exactly does Huygens theory about the propagation of wavefronts account for interference?
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0answers
8 views

How can an interference pattern encode both the angle of incidence and relative phase in a hologram?

For example - there are two "object" beams, both 180-degrees out of phase with the reference beam, which hit the recording plate at angles of incidence of 30-degrees and 90-degrees respectively. ...
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0answers
27 views

How can Young's double slit experiment explain the wave nature of light?

I've been reading about wave theory of light and the famous experiment performed by Thomas Young. But how does this experiment prove that light is a wave ?
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1answer
30 views

Optics simulation software for iypt #12 question thick lens

(As I'm writing these I viewed previous posts about optics simulation) me and some of my friends are working in iypt problems. one of the problem is named "thick lens" which says: A bottle filled ...
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1answer
26 views

Construct classical computer using classical light

Quantum light (i.e. photons), linear optics, adaptive measurements and feed forward can be used to build an efficient universal quantum computer. ref: Knill et. al. 2001. Clearly the above resources ...
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0answers
37 views

Fluctuation Dissipation Theorem [closed]

I take this course at university called Waves and Optics, and a few lectures ago our teacher talked about the Fluctuation Dissipation theorem but I didn't really understand it. The math behind it is a ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Why Does Thin-Film Interference Manifest Visibly Only on Thin Films? [duplicate]

We know that thin-film interference creates colors by constructive and destructive interference of different wavelengths. One of the better images I refer to is this: Though the example only traces ...
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1answer
40 views

Wavefront sensor specifications Shack-Hartmann

Why is the dynamic range of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensors (As seen in the first image below) quoted in wavelengths and not in angles? I thought that one of the most important aspects of the ...
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2answers
254 views

Is reflection instantaneous?

I was wondering while reading "On the Electrodynamics of moving bodies" by Albert Einstein (1905) (Translated to English). In the paper, he describes the time as being: by definition that the ...
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0answers
28 views

Can multiple lasers be concentrated in a circular area using some optical arrangements?

Can multiple lasers be concentrated in a circular area using some optical arrangements such as using a paraboloid surface? If yes, why do in high laser power systems do they use only 2D arrays of ...
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2answers
30 views

What are some examples of non-Lambertian light scatters/radiators in everyday life?

What are some examples of non-Lambertian light scatters/radiators in everyday life? How to easily demonstrate their difference from Lambertian ones?
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49 views

Changing light beam direction

I'm using a rotating mirror to reflect a beam of light like that: where A is the beam source, B is the projection of the reflected beam on a surface at a distance y from the mirror, x is the ...