Optics is the study of light, and its interaction with matter. It includes topics such as imaging systems, fiber optics, lasers, quantum optics, and more.

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Could laser speckle patterns be used in diagnosing vision defects?

At the London Science Museum some years back, I saw a device which projected a laser speckle pattern and had a sign explaining that it would appear stationary for people whose eyes were correctly ...
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87 views

When (or what is the meaning of) $I \propto E^2$?

For a monochromatic plane wave: $$\mathbf E = \mathbf E _0e^{i(\mathbf k \cdot \mathbf r -\omega t)},\qquad \mathbf H = \dfrac{\mathbf B}{\mu _0}= \mathbf H_0e^{i(\mathbf k \cdot \mathbf r-\omega ...
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20 views

Significance of colours in photoelasticity

I already checked similar question at Physics SE, but none gives me a clear answer, also it is a bit difficult for me to understand it from wikipedia as I couldn't find relating material to my ...
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14 views

What is the Index of Refraction of the Liquid Varied with wavelength listed in the question [on hold]

A point source of light sits 0.5m below the surface of a liquid. The source produces a mixture of equal intensity red and blue light. The index of refraction of this liquid varies with wavelength ...
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22 views

Refraction of light marching band analogy

When trying to understand the refraction of light when it hits a slower medium, lots of people seem to be enlightened by the 'marching band' or 'marching soldiers' analogy, which 'explains' that when ...
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Does the Abbe limit hold for a single lens?

Let us say I have a single (converging lens) could I use the Abbe diffraction limit (for a microscope) to find its resolution or do I have to use the Rayleigh criterion. (i.e. Is the Abbe diffraction ...
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34 views

Image formed by Refracting light

A jellyfish is floating in a water-filled aquarium 1.33 m behind a flat pane of glass 4.30 cm thick and having an index of refraction of 1.5. (The index of refraction of water is 1.33.) Where is ...
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Constant part of a photo taken [on hold]

(56th Polish Olympiad in Physics, II stage) A photographer has a camera with a lens of focal $f$ with can be set to a value from the interval $[f_{min}, f_{max}]$. The diameter of the diaphragm is ...
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26 views

Any suggestion of laser pointer for everyday life study of fluorescence?

I want to buy a laser pointer to study fluorescence in my kitchen. Any suggestion? What kind of laser pointer? What stuff for demonstration?
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2answers
48 views

What's the meaning of partial derivative for radiance?

The definition of radiance is: $$L\equiv\frac {\partial^2 \Phi}{\partial A\,\partial\omega\,\cos\theta}$$ where: $\Phi$ is the radiant flux $\omega$ is the solid angle $A\cos\theta$ is the ...
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1answer
67 views

Can a nuclear bomb be used as the power source for a laser beam

My previous post "Using nuclear bombs to detect near earth orbit objects" asked about using nuclear devices to detect Earth directed asteroids and low albedo comets. Now I want to explore a method of ...
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1answer
34 views

Light absorption according to “Beer-Lambert” law [on hold]

Beer-Lambert equation tells us the measure of absorption of light when it enters to a liquid and comes out from the other side. But I have a question there: Suppose a glass that filled with water. ...
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Beating the Diffraction Limit with NSOM

I am trying to understand exactly why we can beat the diffraction limit when using near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). For those who aren't familiar with NSOM, check out this article: ...
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47 views

A Circle of light

I'm working on a project that refers to optics. the question says when a laser beam is aimed to a wire ( perpendicular to the surface ), a circle of light then will be seen on a the surface. I ...
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1answer
55 views

What happens if light is trapped between two points?

The image can explain my question In the image light is clearly trapped.Even if the mirror absorbs energy the light is continously being added, will there be enough force to break the mirror?
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33 views

Light absorption for different liquid

when I was working on a cylindrical glassy bottle that filled with water, I found that the initial light intensity is less than the final light intensity. (It's clear but I experiment this) This is ...
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1answer
45 views
+50

Do off axis sources produces the same diffraction pattern as on axis sources?

Let's say I have a simple lens and I am viewing two sources of light A and B through this lens. A is on the axis and B is not as shown in the digram below. Will A and B produce exactly the same ...
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21 views

Fresnel coefficient

I dont think I have enough backgrounds for optics. I am sorry for asking this elementary question. I am reading a paper Phyc Rev A, Vol 59 # 6, 1999 they introduces discontinuity matrix ...
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1answer
58 views

James Bond and the invisible car [closed]

For a seminar paper with the topic "Illusion of Invisibility in the James Bond movies" I have to investigate, whether the invisible car from "die another day" is (at least from a theoretical point of ...
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1answer
20 views

Why does light reflected on water tends to 'smear' in the vertical direction? [duplicate]

I have noticed that in city lights reflected on the water are very often smeared more in the vertical direction (relative to the reflecting plane I presume), than in the horizontal direction. See, for ...
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27 views

F-Mount to C-Mount and vice versa [closed]

In the world of cameras and lenses there is a bunch of standards. For example, I have several cameras in my lab with C-Mount and (Nikon)F-Mount. For one of these cameras, I designed an optical pathway ...
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1answer
53 views
+200

Can the insertion of impurities (doping) influence optical properties of ZnS?

I am currently trying to simulate a scintillator system with silver doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Ag). To simulate the propagation of photons inside the crystal accurately, optical properties like index of ...
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Why does the chief ray not bend like other rays at the optical axis but goes straight?

1 pg In this picture the chief ray is not bending which is going through the optical axis. It passes straight while other rays from the same object are refracted because they change the medium.
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1answer
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Can virtual reality goggles have focal point 20 feet away?

Can virtual reality goggles have focal point 20 feet away? I read that eye strain from computer screens occurs if the eyes spend too much time looking at a screen that is too close. The 20-20-20 ...
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16 views

Resolving power of a diffraction grating?

I was working thru a derivation of the resolving power of a diffraction grating at the $n$th order. Here is that derivation: Let us say we have a diffraction grating width $W$ and are looking at ...
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1answer
32 views

Non resonant modes in cavity

I have a simple question. Suppose we have a laser with a cavity such that the frequency of the light that the laser emits does not match with any longitudinal modes allowed by the cavity. In ...
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27 views

Is it possible to implement the reversed dispersion of a white light beam and how?

The dispersion of white light beam while passing through a triangular prism is well known. Considering the reversibility of optical path, it should be possible to reverse the experiment. How can ...
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52 views

How reflective are typical mirrors in the visible part of the spectrum?

I was wanting to perhaps grow some plants using grow lights. For the sake of efficiency, however, I would like to use some mirrors to reflect this light, ie, keep less of it from uselessly ...
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Can a cylindrical lens focus sunlight sufficiently to scorch a surface?

Can a bottle of water, be used to scorch a surface, or is it unable to focus the sunlight enough?
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1answer
46 views

Michelson interferometry - is a compensator plate necessary?

I am studying the Michelson interferometer shown in figure 2 (similar design shown below) of the AMRITA vlabs tutorial. There it is stated that Since the reflecting surface of the beam splitter ...
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1answer
34 views

What will happen if I transmit 850nm signal through a 1300nm optical fiber? [closed]

We prefer 1300nm optical fiber over 850nm optical fiber because later one is more efficient. So am selecting 1300nm optical fiber. But I want to know the possibility of using same cable to transmit ...
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1answer
33 views

Textbook Problem: Fiber Coupling Spheres

I am reading the book Fundamentals of Photonics. I try to solve problems at the end of chapter 1, but I got stuck on two problems. Tiny glass ball are often used as lenses to couple light into and ...
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1answer
24 views

Black holes in a denser media

In Crown Glass, the speed of light is 1.52 times the speed of light in vacuum. Consider the following hypothetical situation: Hypothetical Situation If a black hole is surrounded by a giant crown ...
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1answer
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Understanding Braggs x-ray diffraction and why light is treated as a single “ray/line”

I'm not familiar with optics. So my knowledge of treating light as single lines is almost completely foreign to me. Although I do know something about EM waves and Maxwells equations, so you can ...
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How to calculate desired light path in continuous medium with gradient refraction index

See the Figure below. $O:(0,0)$ is the disk center of light source $\odot{O}$ with radius $3$. Then the profile light rays of disk $O$ from the view point $B:(-14,0)$ is defined by segments $DB$ ...
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Interpreting Seidel Aberration coefficients

I am trying to model a simple system in Zemax (though I think the question is general and is not limited to Zemax app), but the ray-tracing does not seem to be consistent with the analysis of the ...
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43 views

Far-sightedness problem

Let's consider BOB and HENA have far-sightedness problems, and they uses lenses to correct their vision. Somehow, they exchange their glasses; how then can we determine the closest object distance ...
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21 views

Radius of an image not in the image plane due to diffraction?

When viewing an image in the image plane the radius of the image (assuming it is circular) is given by the radius of the Airy disc. But let's say we are not viewing it in the image plane, but in ...
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2answers
125 views

Resolving power of a microscope?

I was reading up on the resolution of a microscope. I read (in some lecture notes) that the size of the limiting spot size is $1.22 \lambda f/W$. But that the smallest resolvable feature has a size ...
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1answer
27 views

Why is there no fluorescence background in CARS?

In CARS (coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering), the detected signal is blue-shifted with respect to the excitation - how does this mean that there is no fluorescence or that the fluorescence can be ...
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2answers
28 views

On unfocused images, their information content and possible restoration

So, when an image is out of focus the light of any given point of the object does not refocus exactly at one point on the screen, but is spread out around a region, such that the light of the image at ...
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Scattering of strong non-resonant light by cesium vapor

can anybody provide good references (research papers, books,,reviews, recent...) about a VERY strong NON-resonant light scattering from a cesium atomic cloud/vapor? (The light should be capable of ...
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52 views

Higher order multipolar second harmonic generation in centrosymmetric materials

As is pointed in this question, second harmonic generation is forbidden in the bulk of the materials possessing centrosymmetry. In some papers it is said that in the dipolar approximation the SHG ...
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38 views

Why can one see the outline of a white sheet of paper kept on another white sheet of paper?

Why can you see the outline of an object of a color that is in front of another object of the same color.
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1answer
28 views

Resonant vs. Non-resonant Raman

What does it mean to say that the conventional Raman effect is non-resonant? And, how/why does resonant Raman give a stronger signal than the non-resonant type?
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1answer
40 views

How to calculate the colour a human eye sees when looking at a light spectrum?

I have to do a presentation about colourants in Chemistry class (grade 12, advanced) and want to write a program that calculates and visualizes the colours of some simple molecules. What I need is ...
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17 views

Diffraction from a single slit experiment and Heisenberg's uncertainty principle [duplicate]

Practically how to separated between Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction? Do all diffraction fringes from single slit have same peaks? Why?
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2answers
40 views

Intuitive picture of diffraction without fictitious secondary wavelet

This question has been asked in a similar way but no satisfactory answers came up. Huygen's principle relies on the fact that if we consider an aperture, every element dS on the surface of the ...
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1answer
154 views

Solution of the wave equation [closed]

I am dealing with the solution of the wave equation in two different cases represented in figure by Case A and Case B. The two figures were obtained by shining a slab with an incident wave coming from ...
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Microscopy: aperture matching and Huygen's principle

I have repeatedly read that the maximum spatial resolution of a microscope occurs when the aperture of the objective and condenser are the same. However, I don't understand why. The resolution is ...