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2answers
63 views

Meaning of Proper time

Sorry for a bit of a basic question, but want to clarify things in my head. Is proper time quantified by the amount of physical process that an object, or physical system undergoes, for example the ...
-1
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2answers
60 views

Does special relativity happen in reverse when you freeze?

As you travel faster and faster you experience time at a slower rate, so if you travel slower and slower you should experience it at a faster rate right? My thinking is that even if you are ...
3
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1answer
63 views

How fast do you have to be traveling in order to travel one light year in one year due to relativistic effects?

My apologies if my understanding is incorrect, but I believe that as you approach relativistic speeds you experience time dilation as compared to an outside observer. So taking into account this ...
2
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2answers
90 views

If you fall in a black hole, when do you go past the event horizon? [duplicate]

Say I fall into the event horizon of a black hole. As I cross the black hole, I would appear to outside onlookers to freeze in time, and would never move from that point again. In my perspective, time ...
3
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3answers
152 views

Is an event horizon absolute to all observers?

Recently I had discussion whether the event horizon of a black hole is absolute or relative to different (outside) observers. Does someone just 1m above the horizon (disregarding effects of tidal ...
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0answers
50 views

Speed of light, comparison of two light waves travelling side by side

okay so.here is setup of my question...say we have two observers A and A'..A is fixed to origin of coordinate axis x,y while A' is inside a hollow box (shown as rectangle MNRP) whose one side MN has ...
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1answer
50 views

Traveling near the speed of light

If I travel near the speed of light, form a stationary observer perspectives, I will take 1 year plus to travel 1 light year, but in my perspective, would I take less than 1 year to travel to that ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Frames of reference and why are they different

Here is a quote from "The Elegant Universe" by Brian Greene. Imagine two countries that have been at war are sitting down to sign a treaty ending hostilities while traveling aboard a train that is ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Symmetric Time Dilation in Uniform Relative Motion

I feel (and hope) this is an easily answerable question among physicists versed in GR. I promise that I searched for other answers on the forum. Here goes: Observer 1 starts at X distance from ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Will the Velocity of an object change if it moves fast,close to speed of light?

If an rocket moves with a speed of 0.5c. So, the speedometer in that rocket will show 0.5c. But there will be time dilation when someone sees it from the earth. Then it's Time dilation will be So, ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Is there a constant/baseline for how fast time passes?

Say we have an object completely unaffected by the effects of gravity/velocity. Is there a way to measure the passing of time for this object? Since time moves slightly slower for us on or near ...
23
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5answers
3k views

Paradox in special relativity

Yesterday we started relativity on our physics class, and my professor taught us a few concepts. We did some examples on how things changed by looking them from different reference systems, and a ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Does time really differs drastically?

As I heard/read time moves slower and slower for me as I speed up, but does it change drastically? Our current formulas say, If I go at a speed very close to light's, time almost stops. I've seen ...
6
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2answers
368 views

Double slit experiment with animals as observers

I was searching about the double slit experiment, reading and watching videos, etc. If I understood correctly, when they measure the photon it behaves like a particle. On the Youtube video Tom ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Is it possible to derive the Doppler effect formulas for sound using relative velocity?

Is it possible to derive the Doppler effect formulas for sound using relative velocity? If possible can anyone please explain it to me.
1
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2answers
71 views

Theory of relativity. Relative to what? [duplicate]

If I properly understand relativity, time ticks faster for an object sitting still than for an object passing by. So, in a universe with only two objects which have the same "age", object A is ...
0
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3answers
138 views

Formation of the event horizon seems impossible with singularity inside seems impossible [duplicate]

According to what I was reading, the formation of an event horizon appears if the mass becomes compact enough. Unfortunately, due to time dilation the time for mass to fall into the event horizon ...
-1
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2answers
55 views

Relativity asymmetry?

If you have two bodies that move towards each other at a constant velocity, each body will observe the other body experience time faster. This does not make sense to me because if you had a person ...
0
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0answers
66 views

How is a particle observed in the double slit experiment?

I'm having some trouble understanding what is causing so much confusion what this experiment is concerned. As I understand it it is thought that the wave interferes with itself when it's observed, ...
1
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1answer
163 views

Are the authors saying that the observer effect plays no role in Bohr's thought experiment of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle?

Here is an excerpt from Eisberg & Resnick's Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei, and Particles. Here is introducing Bohr's though experiment to establish a physical origin for the ...
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2answers
133 views

Speed of light constant for all observers [duplicate]

General relativity has been proven many times over to be correct. In my meager understanding of things, they are all premised on the fact that the speed of light is constant to all observers. I would ...
2
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4answers
422 views

What is the universal speed limit relative to? [duplicate]

If all speeds are relative, then what "governing" force is that speed limit relative to? Is there some sort of fixed or absolute grid with locations everything is compared to? Does this also mean ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to stop time? [duplicate]

Assuming the spacetime principle, if the space is modified the time does too. So if the velocity in the space is increase, does the time slow down? What happens if the speed is the speed of light, ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Special relativity: can the velocity of a free object be discontinuous relative to an accelerated observer who stops accelerating?

Suppose an observer ${\it {\mathcal O}}$ leaves point O*, origin of the Minkowski frame K*, in the $O^{*}x^{*} $ direction, with a uniform acceleration $a_{0} $ (as measured by himself) ...
3
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2answers
270 views

What is the essence of the Unruh-effect?

The essence of the Unruh effect is basically that coordinate-transformations lead to different excitations/occupation numbers of the quantum fields. Is that statement correct? So in QFT, while an ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Laws of physics for a point in cyclical 2D motion

A follow up question to the question in What does the statement "the laws of physics are invariant" mean? and Formal definition of an observer? Which laws of physics are they talking about ...
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0answers
21 views

So far, what has been proven about the definition of an observer? [duplicate]

I've seen people reason that nearly any particle could be an observer, causing electrons in the double-slit experiment to have definite locations. The idea of what exactly the universe/quantum physics ...
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1answer
79 views

Can photons “stop time”?

If traveling past the speed of light causes time to reverse than does traveling in time make time "stop"? If not then how do photons/mass-less particles experience time, if at all.
0
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2answers
62 views

Times at relativistic speeds

Consider an observer $A$ moving in a spaceship at a speed close to $c$, relative to an observer $B$. The $B$ knows that the time on $A$ runs slower, but in the inertial frame of $A$, $B$ is moving ...
0
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2answers
103 views

Why do objects seem to move faster (relatively) when they move tangential to the observer?

I've observed this loads of times while travelling, in cars, trains,etc.I can't quite put it in words and therefore I've roughly made a diagram to assist my question. Assume an observer is travelling ...
4
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3answers
212 views

If nothing ever falls into a black hole, why is there a puzzle about information?

From an outside perspective, nothing can ever pass the event horizon. It just scooches asymptotically close to the event horizon. So (from our perspective on earth), when a black hole reduces in ...
1
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1answer
175 views

Possible Answer To The Double-Slit Experiment [closed]

I think I might have figured the double-slit experiment out. I am not going to explain it here, Google it if you don't know it. If I am wrong please tell me why: Matter are relative to observers ...
0
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0answers
30 views

How does a frame of reference work in relativity? [duplicate]

I am struggling to understand what frame of reference means in relativity. Imagine the twin scenario. Twin A is at rest, while twin B travels somewhere and back at near the speed of light. If one ...
3
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5answers
334 views

Does coordinate time have physical meaning?

I have always been a little confused by the meaning of the "$t$" which appears in spacetime intervals or metrics in general relativity. I concluded that $t$ was just a mathematical thing which allow ...
1
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4answers
106 views

Special Relativity - travelling close to light speed

When we say something travels close to the speed of light, what is its speed relative to? For example, we have 4 highly advanced spacecraft at rest beside each other, labelled A, B, C and D. We ...
4
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3answers
398 views

A sees B's clock running slow and B sees A's clock running slow? [duplicate]

This paradox is very common it seems, in which A sees B's clock running slow and B sees A's clock running slow. Here is the question a little more concretely. Let's say B flies by A's spaceship. If ...
6
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3answers
267 views

Is energy content of a system different dependending on the observer?

For the sake of simplicity, let's imagine that the entire Universe is empty except for a single lump of (classical) matter with mass $m$. In its center of momentum frame, it is clear that the total ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Turning off point for 1g acceleration

Let's say I am on a ship accelerating with 1g. I want to keep the engine running for half a year ( to an observer from my point of origin ) but due to time dilation it would have to be sooner than ...
4
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4answers
782 views

What does observation mean in two-slit electron diffraction experiment? [duplicate]

My question is clear, that I ask: What do we mean by "observation" in 2-slit experiment for electrons (or any other wave-particle)? You know, we say that :"if we observe the electron, it shows a ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Time dilation - Earth & Jupiter [duplicate]

I have this doubt after watching Interstellar movie :) Lets assume I am in Jupiter. (I know it is a gas planet, full of hydrogen and helium, has extreme pressure etc. Lets please ignore those facts ...
0
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2answers
109 views

Consistent answers in special relativity [closed]

I was doing a question about if a train fits in a tunnel. From the train frame it does not and from the tunnel frame it does. Then the question asked are these two answers consistent? What does this ...
2
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1answer
103 views

About the relativistic wagon simultaneity problem [closed]

I'm getting utterly confused with this problem. The situation is basically to know what events to take in one frame in order to see them synchronized in another. I sketched the situation as this: ...
0
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0answers
37 views

How does an observer in arbitrary state of motion assign numbers to events in a flat spacetime?

In a flat spacetime, there is an inertial observer, who assigns events coordinates in a usual fashion: Placing a clock everywhere and synchronize them. From his POV, the other observer is moving in ...
0
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1answer
81 views

How does “observation” affect physics?

I watched this video which very very comprehensively demonstrates concept that sometimes particles behave differently based on whether or not they're being observed. The idea that observing something ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does time slow down when traveling at high speeds [duplicate]

One of the effects of traveling at high speeds is slowing down of clocks. I can understand gravity time dilation effect but not how would velocity affect clock speeds. How correct it is, if I say ...
0
votes
2answers
312 views

If a photon is exists in 'timeless' state, how can objects around it move? [duplicate]

My understanding is that light does not experience time. In attempting to understand what the universe would be like from the perspective of a photon, the answer I get is that the universe would be ...
1
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2answers
115 views

Does inbound light slow down (for an external observer) as it approaches the event horizon?

As I understand, for an external observer nothing even enters a black hole because it takes infinite time in his frame of reference for something to actually reach the event horizon. I also read that ...
5
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5answers
442 views

Formal definition of an observer?

What is the formal definition of an observer in special relativity? I have seen a few: The actual coordinate system. The collection of synchronised clocks that cover the coordinate system. A well ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it a postulate or a well proven fact that speed of light remains constant w.r.t any observer?

We usually heard that speed of light in vacuum $c$ remains same no matter how observer is moving? I am wondering whether is it taken as a postulate or a proven phenomenon that $c$ is constant ...
1
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0answers
34 views

In Quantum Physics would a camera count an observer that causes wave collapse? [duplicate]

Would the observation from a camera have the same effect on wave function as the observation from a living being?