Nuclear physics is the study of the composition, behavior and interaction of atomic nuclei and their constituent parts.

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Does quark color contribute to “spin degeneracy” for QGP calculations?

Like the title say, does quark color matter in counting contributions in a early universe plasma (QGP), as when adding up the total plasma energy density, or is it just spin? The book I have (Pathria) ...
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209 views

Integration & bremsstrahlung calculation

In this paper (relevant pdf section) that I'm reading, involving the calculation of bremsstrahlung in electron proton scattering (diagram below), the author calculates the integral over outgoing ...
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121 views

Can we excite a nucleus by means of very intense low energy gamma-photon irradiation?

The phenomenon of multi-photon ionization of atoms has been studied, both theoretically and experimentally, for several decades. Intense laser beam devices are the apparatuses used for the ...
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1k views

Nuclear/quantum physics simulation software

Is there any software which is able to simulate D-T interaction for example and get temperature-crosssection curve without referencing to any experimental data? Do we have quantum-level simulation ...
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67 views

Why does strong interaction increase with distance?

I read numerous times that strong interaction increases with distance. But how can one actually derive the force-distance relation from the lagrangian (quark field + gluon field + gauge coupling)? ...
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123 views

Is there a difference between “two photon absorption” and “double quantum transitions”?

Wikipedia has articles on two photon absorption. And a lot of NMR literature refers to double quantum transitions. But is there a difference? As far as I can tell, a double quantum transition is has ...
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44 views

how is feshbach resonance potential term physically produced?

In Feshbach resonance model, a 2*2 potential term with space dependent diagonal and non-diagonal terms is written $\left(\begin{array}{cc} V_{11}(\mathbf{r}) & V_{12}(\mathbf{r})\\ ...
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102 views

Geometric quantization AND nuclear physics

Classical mechanics has a natural mathematical setting in symplectic geometry and it may be asked if the same is true for quantum mechanics. Geometric quantization is one formalization of the notion ...
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132 views

Irradiation of electronic memory circuits

I am investigating the radiation hardness of electronic memory circuits (EEPROM). The following measurement has been performed: Beam set-up: Irradiation occurred perpendicular to the DUT (device ...
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72 views

What fraction of nuclear excited states are known?

I was reading a paper today claiming observation of a new $2^+$ state in $^{12}\mbox{C}$, which would correspond to a sort of rotationally excited Hoyle state. Looking at NuDat reveals that this ...
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2k views

Energy Levels of 3D Isotropic Harmonic Oscillator (Nuclear Shell Model)

One simple way of detailing the very basic structure of the nuclear shell model involves placing the nucleons in a 3D isotropic oscillator. It's easy to show that the energy eigenvalues are $E = ...
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84 views

Question on spin-orbit interaction

When you study the spin-orbit interaction in quantum mechanics, even for a simple hydrogen atom, you find only the electric field in the nucleus reference system, while in the electron reference ...
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95 views

Why is free neutron unstable but free proton is stable?

Aren't they basically made up of the same stuffs (quarks) in almost the same configuration?
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50 views

De-excitation and vibrational frequency

By utilising energetic beams of particles it is possible to set atomic nuclei into vibration. For a certain nucleus the subsequent de-excitation results in the emission of photons of energy $1$ $MeV$. ...
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55 views

Proton as superposition of hadrons: $\vert p\rangle = c_0\vert p_0\rangle+c_1\vert h\rangle+\cdots$

I have a question regarding hadron fluctuations. For instance on page 85 in Feynman's "Photon-Hadron Interactions" equation 15.2 reads: $$\tag1\vert \omega\rangle = \vert ...
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93 views

physical intuition behind quasi-bound state formation in feshbach resonance

In Feshbach resonance, by scattering theory formalism it is found that the resonance in cross-section happens when bound state energy of the closed channel is near to the scattering state energy of ...
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84 views

How to describe hadron-hadron strong interactions from QCD?

I'm trying to set up the problem of deriving the thermodynamics of hadronic matter. I know how to proceed in the case of an effective description such as mean field (Walecka/linear sigma model) but ...
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146 views

What forms are theoretically predicted for orbitals or quarks in hadrons and of hadrons in tritium?

We all know very illustrative spatial representations of predicted electron orbitals in atoms which are essentially spatial plots of the solutions of wave equations. In all atoms the electrons occupy ...
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83 views

How can I determine the feasibility of Pd(d,f) fission chains?

The conclusion of this paper (p. 6) discusses some hypothetical Pd(d,f) yields as a possible explanation for anomalous results that the author observed. Suspending disbelief in the data reported in ...
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35 views

How the Bloch sphere of a Hahn echo in NMR looks like? 90-t-90-t-echo

I have tried to find in the literature a proper nice and beautiful Bloch sphere to describe the trajectory of a nuclear spin, starting in z-axis, using a pulse sequence of an initial 90º pulse with ...
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39 views

Subnuclear physics vs wave function

This question is more a philosophical question than a physics one. When we appreciate particle physics we study that in order to explain some experimental results we have to introduce a new particle ...
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61 views

Can anyone outline the theory of plane wave Born approximation for direct nuclear reactions in detail?

Can anyone outline the theory of plane wave Born approximation for direct nuclear reactions in detail? Also What are the modification introduced in the distorted wave Born approximation? I was ...
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55 views

Can Bremsstrahlung radiation produced as a result of electron-electron interaction?

Can Bremsstrahlung radiation produced by the electron-electron interaction as e-e interaction can result acceleration due to coulomb repulsive force? If yes, how the energy of bremsstrahlung radiation ...
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28 views

Troubles with the Nucleon Bound Energies

I was reading my quantum mechanics text and I have a doubt. I have the energy levels well defined for the finite square well and the author suddenly compares (I believe) those levels with the levels ...
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85 views

Nucleon-nucleon collision density

Can someone help me derive expression for nucleon-nucleon collision density as a function of transverse plane coordinates (ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions) using Wood-Saxon nuclear densities( ...
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170 views

Hamiltonian Nuclear collective model

Let $\mathscr{I}_3$ and $\mathscr{I}$ are the moments of inertia for rotations about symmetry axis 3 and about an axis perpendicular to it , and I is the angular momentum operator with components ...
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47 views

Difference between $K_{\alpha}$, $K_{\beta}$ and binding energies

I'm having a small question regarding $K_{\alpha}$ and $K_{\beta}$ emissions. If I'm not mistaken this happens when there is a transition from the L shell to the K shell (Depending on the orbital), ...
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76 views

Properties of spilled spent nuclear fuel pellets

Can someone please explain to me the physics of a pile of spilled nuclear fuel pellets on the floor of a spent fuel pool? Specifically, what can we expect in terms of heat and radioactivity releases, ...
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114 views

In what environments can a dipolariton form?

In what environments can a dipolariton form? The article in Science in which it is introduced discusses it in the context of an optical cavity in a semiconductor. Can this quasiparticle occur ...
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19 views

Why does U-235 split into barium and krypton in nuclear reactors?

For my chemistry project I have found the typical fission reaction which occurs in nuclear power plants is when nuclear fuel rods are bombarded with neutrons, splitting U-235 into isotopes barium and ...
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16 views

Irreversibility of the nuclear decay process: is there a rigorous proof?

Consider an unstable nucleus that emits an alpha particle. For describing the process we solve the Schrodinger equation using a complex energy, and obtain a Gamow state. The mere fact that we use a ...
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18 views

The Form Factor in Nuclear physics

We know $$F(\vec{q})=\int e^{i\vec{q}.\vec{r}} \rho(r^\prime) dv^\prime$$ where $\vec{q}$ is the momentum change of scattering electron. But what is the physical meaning of it ?!
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33 views

Can the half-life of rubidium 87 be theoretically estimated?

Can the Fermi golden rule be applied to give an approximation of this half-life?
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11 views

Near field and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

Why does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) physics not concern itself with near field physics? All resonance wavelengths in NMR are much larger than bough sample, pick-up coil and excitation coil. ...
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20 views

deuteron repulsive channel

I have read some articles mentioning that the n-p interaction showed some repulsive channel. But since there exists a bound n-p state (the deuteron), I think that this repulsion has to be counteract ...
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35 views

Quadrupole moment of a valence proton

The state of an unpaired nucleon in the nuclear shell model is given by the quantum numbers $l$, $s$, $j$ and $m_j$ resulting from coupling $l$ and $s$ when we add spin-orbit interaction. In chapter 5 ...
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65 views

Nuclear fission difference in energy calculation?

If you have a uranium atom of radius $10^{-14}m$ that undergoes fission into two fragments each with 46 protons and radius $8\times10^{-15}m$. There are two ways you can calculate the electrostatic ...
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12 views

What is the difference between Linear and Non-Linear Magneto-optical effects?

Principle difference between Linear and Non-Linear Magneto-optical effects and how they affect the property of light passing through a Vapor medium.
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46 views

Nuclear Physics: Eigenvalues of nucleus angular moment

In the shell model of nuclei, when we talk about collective motions, we describe any nucleus deformation, expanding its radius on spherical harmonics base like this $R(\theta,\phi) = ...
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35 views

Why are quark up and down an isospin doublet?

I have some difficulties in understanding the isospin of quarks. As far as I am concerned, the isospin formalism is used to express the physical property of electric charge. I mean: what I know ...
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53 views

Polarizing virtual photons to make fusion easier?

So, this is probably incredibly foolish, outlandish, etc but I figure I'd post it anyways. Basically I was thinking about how the Deuterium nuclei repel each other and how they do this by exchanging ...
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30 views

Conversion from Curies to current of alpha particles

Is the following conversion correct from microCuries to Amperes? $\mu Ci=(1$x$10^{-6}Ci)$ x $(\frac{3.7x 10^{10}Bq}{Ci})$ x $(\frac{2e}{\alpha})$ x $(\frac{C}{e})$ Becquerels are $\frac{decays}{s}$ ...
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53 views

Difference between RPA and generalized RPA

The random phase approximation (RPA) is an approximation method in condensed matter physics and in nuclear physics. What is the difference between RPA and generalized RPA?
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73 views

Formulas for mass of nucleus and atom. Looking for clarification

I've been searching the internet for a formula for nuclear mass which accounts for various interactions present. I've encountered the following formulas: $$m = Zm_p + (A-Z)m_n - \frac{B}{c^2}$$ $$m ...
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31 views
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12 views

What are the coefficients of the Geiger-Nutall law dependent on?

The Geiger-Nutall law for alpha-particles predicts a linear relationship between the logarithm of the decay rate and the energy of the particle, and I've observed that in ln(decay rate) / (energy) ...
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25 views

Origin of the names for the decay chains

Is there any reason for the names of the decay chains? As shown in this chart (larger version here): only the Thorium chain starts on an isotope of the element it takes its name from, and it can ...
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52 views

Does the spinning of a nucleus alter its charge distribution?

I put a nucleus in a magnetic field. It spins. Does the electric charge distribution remain homogeneous or does the charge redistribute? Can this be measured? Will accept reference as answer.
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42 views

Does the plasma move in the tokamak?

I was reading about tokamaks, for usage in fusion, and it seems that the positive ions circle in one way in the toakmak, while the negative circles in another. That would make a lot of sense, as it ...
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43 views

How do you determine the energy of an isotope?

How do you determine the energy of an isotope? I there a calculation for it? Sorry for the confusion