Nuclear physics is the study of the composition, behavior and interaction of atomic nuclei and their constituent parts.

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Does Rydberg's formula work for different orbitals?

Rydberg's formula is given as $\frac { 1 }{ \lambda } =R\left( \frac { 1 }{ { { n }_{ 1 }^{ 2 } } } -\frac { 1 }{ { { n }_{ 2 }^{ 2 } } } \right) $ where ${ n }_{ 2 }$ and ${ n }_{ 1 }$ are the ...
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28 views

Collectivity in nuclei

Why do inelastic scattering of nuclei as well as their electric multipole radiative transition (via say Coulomb excitation) show similar collective enhancement, even though electromagnetic field ...
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36 views

What is the relation between Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)? [duplicate]

It seems to me that the basic principles are exactly the same, right? Then I am puzzled that the former was awarded a nobel prize while the later not. I noticed a similar question here What's the ...
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110 views

Can energy be weighed?

The binding energy of nucleus is calculated as- Mass defect = (Total mass of nucleons-Mass of the nucleus) And after that $E=mc^2$ is used for calculating the binding energy. Hot water is heavier ...
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203 views

Does the rest mass energy include the potential energy of the particle?

The potential energy (as far as I have studied - that is, mainly classical physics) depends on the reference level, since its absolute value cannot be calculated. It can therefore be negative as well. ...
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How the number of binary collisions increases with centrality faster than the number of participant in heavy ion collisions?

How the number of binary collisions increases with centrality faster than the number of participant in heavy ion collisions at different particle colliders?
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147 views

Why isn't spent nuclear fuel used as a heat source? [closed]

We all know spent fuel rods taken out from a reactor core keeps generating tremendous amount of heat and needs to be kept cool by running cool water. It is also known that if cooling system fails ...
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42 views

Will ionization energy be affected by screening effect?

It would be logical to think that the more electrons are ejected from an atom, the harder it is to eject more. I just learned about photoelectric effect experiment. The book is kinda telling me the ...
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155 views

Does the mass of a nucleus increase when it is excited to higher energy levels

If we consider an atomic nucleus that is excited to a higher energy level. This maybe due to absorption of gamma for example or as a result of some other decay or interaction. Would the mass of that ...
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182 views

Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
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317 views

Spin, isospin, parity etc. in nuclear physics

I have one question regarding these quantum numbers. When I read through my textbook, it sometimes just says something like: "And this atoms ground state has $J^{\pi} = 0^+$ and isospin $+1$" - as an ...
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80 views

Origin of internuclear forces

I just recently read about the existence of internuclear forces as the reason for the nucleus to remain 'stable' as in it doesn't separate out into protons and neutrons even though there is electronic ...
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79 views

What are “correlations”?

When working with realistic two-body hamiltonians, a direct diagonalization is almost always imposible. Thus one usually takes a procedure which yields an approximate solution. A well known approach ...
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Resultant half life of sample which contain more than one type of radioctive element.

If a sample is mixed with more than one radioactive elements - for example Ra-226, Po - 210 and Cs -137, then how to estimate the resultant half life of the sample? Is there any general formula to ...
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61 views

Protons and Neutrons Overshoot Actual Mass? [duplicate]

When I add up the mass of 6 protons and 6 neutrons in amu, I get a mass that is greater than the mass of carbon. I thought that it should be the other way around, because I have not including binding ...
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148 views

What is the difference between zero background radiation and field background radiation in Nuclear Physics measurements?

Can someone please explain the difference between these two terms (Zero Background Radiation and Field Background Radiation) used in radiometric prospecting measurements?
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196 views

Deuteron wave function

The deuteron wave function is given by $$|\psi _d\rangle = a|^3S_1\rangle+b|^3D_1\rangle$$ where all states are normalized. How do we find $b^2$ s.t. the wave function reproduces the magnetic moment ...
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126 views

Why ingoing and outgoing impact parameters equal in elastic scattering?

Take the Rutherford scattering, as for example in this picture: What is the easiest way to show that the impact parameter "b" (see picture) is the same for the ingoing and outgoing trajectories? ...
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769 views

How hot is Plutonium-238 in Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs)?

As I understand it, Plutonium-238 is used to provide power through heat generation in radioisotope thermoelectric generators. My question is... how hot is a pellet of Plutonium-238? Does the heat ...
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110 views

Chemical potential for nucleons

Do you know if the concept of chemical potential can be properly defined for nucleons in the nuclei? I mean, if I can picture the nuclei like an interacting gas of nucleons, then may I think of a ...
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399 views

Isospin quantum number for light nuclei

Does anyone know where I can find the Isospin values for light nuclei (H, C,N, O, S, Cl, ..) in their ground state?
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419 views

How to calculate scalar neutron flux

I am really confused about the difference between flux and scalar flux. I have a specific question: If we have a parallel neutron beam of strength $\phi_0$ given in neutrons/cm$^2$s, incident on a ...
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91 views

Dual and Multiple scattering of protons in light elements

I was wondering whether dual large angle scattering and multiple small angle scattering is of great significance in proton colision with light nuclei in comparison to heavy nuclei. For instance given ...
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64 views

Blazars and nuclear physics!

How are studies on blazars related to the field of nuclear physics? Should these not purely belong to Astrophysics? Just inquisitive.
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Totally antisymetric wavefunction: clarification about terminology

Pauli's Principle says: "The wavefunction of two identical fermions must be totally antisymmetric". I know that, for a antisymmetric wavefunction, $(-1)^L*(-1)^{S+1}*(-1)^{I+1}=-1$ "totally ...
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266 views

Parity of a system composed of 2 particles

I have read that for a system of 2 particles, the total parity is given by: $P=P_1 P_2 (-1)^L$ where $ P_1, P_2$= insisec parity of particle 1, 2 $L$ = relative angular moment what's the meaning ...
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95 views

Which nucleus is the most resilient against gamma-induced fission?

To state the title question perhaps more precisely: What is the largest photon energy $E_{\gamma}$ and the corresponding mass number $A$ and atomic number $Z$ of a suitable nucleus ${}^A_ZX$ (...
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101 views

Nuclear fission mechanism: neutron capture

Consider this nuclear fission reaction: $\mathrm{^{235}U+{}^1n\to{}^{236}U \text{ (excited)}\to{} ^{92}Kr+{}^{141}Ba+3{}^1n}$ I have not understand why a thermal neutron ($^1$n with $E\simeq 0.025$ ...
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42 views

Original Paper on Slow Neutron Capture by Fermi?

I was wondering what the title of his original publication on Neutron capture was. I've found his Nobel lecture but I want to read his initial publication. A title would be most appreciated. It's ...
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400 views

Determining if a decay is due to strong or weak interaction

How do we determine if a decay is due to weak or strong interaction. Is it true that as long as any one of the 6 flavour numbers are not conserved, then it must be due to weak interaction? Is there a ...
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112 views

State of constant motion

Why does an object remains in its state of constant motion if there are no forces acting on that object? My understanding is that all the energy of the motion will be kept inside and a change in the ...
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386 views

Neutron-Antineutron creation/annihilation data

What is the most precise data for neutron-antineutron production by one photon (hitting a target in the laboratory system)? and/or What is the most precise data for neutron-antineutron annihilation ...
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840 views

correct formula for Mass Defect / Binding Energy? [closed]

I'm a web developer and I have to change an online course. The course teaches Advanced Nuclear Theory. In the 'Mass Defect and Binding Energy' chapter, it has this formula: $ \Delta M = Z(m_p) + N(...
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81 views

Why does Se-82 undergo double beta decay?

Looking at the decay chain, I saw it undergoes double beta decay. How is it feasible for something to undergo a simultaneous double decay?
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saturation property of nuclear forces ? and its relation binding energy per nucleon constantcy?

Please explain why binding energy per nucleon is constant(pratically) for atomic number, A, larger than 30 and less than 170, and explain the saturation property of nuclear forces with analogy that ...
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101 views

Nuclear forces and Chiral Effective field Theory

I am new to this field "nuclear forces and Chiral Effective field Theory". while reading this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0006014 . I have got few question: How many different version of CD-...
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278 views

Coupling of open and closed channels in Feshbach resonance model

Feshbach resonance is described with coupling of 2 systems differing in the form of potentials :- one is said to produce a bound state (in 'closed' channel) and other is to produce scattering states (...
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Different kinds of the same isotope

I apologize if this is an obvious question, but I can't find the answer anywhere. In this page: http://ie.lbl.gov/education/parent/U_iso.htm are listed the isotopes of Uranium. Some of them, for ...
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242 views

Wave Function of Particle in Nuclear Reaction

I was thinking and came up with the question of what happens to the wave function of a particle that decays into energy, say a neutron in a nuclear reaction. I know that conservation of probability ...
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462 views

Why is the binding energy per nucleon of helium-3 less than that of helium-4?

I'd guess it has to do with the structure of helium-3 allowing for greater Coulomb repulsion between the protons, but I'm unsure.
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nuclear physics- Energetics and Mechanics of Nuclear Reaction Homework [closed]

A sample of $^{24}_{12}\mathrm{Mg}$ is bombarded by a monoenergetic proton. If the resulting nucleus in a $^{24}_{12}\mathrm{Mg}(p,\gamma)$ reaction; $^{24}_{12}\mathrm{Mg}(p,\gamma)$ has its first ...
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61 views

How does one define “Nuclear Harmonicity”?

How does one define Nuclear Harmonicity? Although the title is pretty much the entire case, the main question is, what exactly is "harmonicity" in terms of nuclear physics? What does it mean for a ...
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286 views

Are multipole fields, multipole expansion, and multipole radiation the same thing?

Interaction between electromagnetic radiation and nuclei can be written in terms of multipole radiation. Are multipole fields, multipole expansion and multipole radiation the same thing? I have found ...
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257 views

A strange particle, $X$, decays in the following way: $X → π^– + p$. State what interaction is involved in this decay

A strange particle, $X$, decays in the following way: $X → π^– + p$. State what interaction is involved in this decay. I know the answer to be weak interaction, but why is it weak interaction? What ...
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457 views

Does the strong (nuclear) force ever contribute to decay?

Does the strong (nuclear) force ever contribute to decay ? Or is the weak nuclear force the only decaying force ?
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682 views

Where does the “borrowed energy” come from in Alpha decay?

I was also thinking about the uncertainty principle in regards with energy & time. The question of something like: Alpha tunneling out of the nucleus is where this can be invoked, but having an ...
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67 views

References for nuclear masses, mass deficits, decay rates and modes

Where can I find the base data for computing the energy release of nuclear decays and the spectra of the decay products? My immediate need is to find the energy release by the beta decay of Thorium ...