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23 views

Dependence of Noise Tolerance of waves

Electromagnetic waves are used for transmission of any message. And different kinds of waves have different noise-tolerance. If my guess is right then the noise tolerance is a property of wave which ...
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0answers
22 views

Noise created due to change in Air Pressure

Background : My blower in one of the experiments is generating noise due the a short airflow path to atmosphere. The reason is due to a sudden change in pressure (high to low) the high noise is ...
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3answers
3k views

Is this thought experiment violating the the Second Law of Thermodynamics?

There is an adiabatic box, with a board in the middle, which is adiabatic too.The board separates the box into two parts and there is a small hole in it, which is close to a coil and the hole has a ...
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1answer
39 views

Outdoor noise 55dB, how loud will it be (on average) 10-12 feet away?

If an outdoor air conditioner component that makes 55dB maximum noise at high speed operation, how far away would a neighbor have to be to not hear it?
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0answers
16 views

Spherical Harmonic fitting excess polar magnitudes

I am trying to fit an expansion of spherical harmonic functions to a dataset distributed over the surface of a sphere using the least squares method. Each data point is in terms of ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is dark current on CCD devices pixel dependent

I'm reading about sources of noise in cameras while taking images - One of them is the dark current. That is, some electrons in the CCD device of a camera are set free due to thermal noise. Those free ...
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1answer
43 views

Finding the noise spectral density of a quantity made from different noisy components

I'm looking for the expression of the noise spectral density of the magnetic flux $\Phi$ generated by a noisy voltage signal $V$ applied to a resistor with Johnson-Nyquist noise $R$ which produces a ...
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1answer
225 views

How does LIGO remove the effects of environmental noise?

Since LIGO is dealing with readings at nanometers, events such as vehicles driving nearby, and constant (but extremely minor) tremors of the earth can cause movement with the mirrors at nanometers. ...
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0answers
52 views

LIGO detection statistic, SNR formula

According to B. P. Abbott paper published in Physical Review Letters, "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger" ...
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0answers
43 views

How can LIGO's measures be unequivocaly tied to gravitational waves? [duplicate]

I understand that there are 2 devices so that the signal cannot have a local stimulation as a source. But why couldn't it be seismic activity for instance? Given the accuracy of the devices couldn't ...
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0answers
16 views

Relating noise spectral densities of magnetic flux and voltage

My problem is as follows. I generate a voltage $V$. This voltage is applied to a resistor R, producing a current $I$. This current is then passed through a superconducting coil, producing a magnetic ...
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1answer
36 views

How can noise be used in physics simulations? [closed]

I have been studying chaotic dynamical systems and noise. What is the difference between chaos and noise? I have looked over the internet for a good definition of what noise is but I haven't managed ...
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0answers
24 views

Finding the dependence of dephasing time on flux noise in Transmon Qubits

Before introducing some relevant concepts I'll begin by stating my question. What I am looking for is the connection between the noise the flux through the SQUID in my transmon qubit (related to the ...
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0answers
32 views

Phase noise measurement with an IQ mixer

I have a question regarding a measurement scheme of phase noise that I'm trying to implement. The idea is that I have two identical signal generators (I actually do) that generate a sinusoidal voltage ...
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0answers
91 views

How does LIGO reduce noise below what it is detecting? [duplicate]

LIGO is designed to detect changes in length on the order of 10,000ths the scale of a proton. I know they are extremely well isolated from their surroundings, but how could we even approach isolation ...
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2answers
31 views

Meaning of 'inertial term'

I'm working through a textbook and it includes the equation $m \ddot{x} + m \gamma \dot{x} = \frac{-du}{dx}+\xi(t) $. It says that we can "neglect the inertial term" from this for the next step. ...
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1answer
58 views

Acoustical Design considerations for Active Noise Cancellation Project for Air vent [closed]

I am working on ''Active noise cancellation for air vent'' project. I am using NI myRIO1900, Audio Technica ATR 3350 omni directional microphones and Tevion Loudspeakers. I have done the programming ...
5
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1answer
71 views

Pink noise in low-dimensional systems

Pink noise (1/f) is often cited as a signature of complex or critical systems. Is it possible for a low-dimensional time-independent first-order system to generate pink noise? Intuitively it seems ...
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20 views

poisson noise - physical model

I have a small puzzle regarding a following physical model. There is a proton detector which can measure a noise caused by exposing it to flux of protons. From mathematical point of view I can ...
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3answers
353 views

What does a blackbody sound like?

Update: According to this wikipedia article, blackbody radiation is just thermal noise (Johnson–Nyquist noise); if that's what I'm looking for, what does it sound like? If a blackbody has a ...
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1answer
95 views

Is there $\frac{1}{f^{0.5}}$ noise?

I've heard of $\frac{1}{f^0}$ noise (white noise), $\frac{1}{f}$ (pink, or sometimes tan noise), and $\frac{1}{f^2}$ (brown noise). But why no $\frac{1}{f^{0.5}}$ or $\frac{1}{f^{\pi-2}}$ noise. Do ...
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2answers
43 views

Are white noises always Markovian?

Are white noises always Markovian? I am a bit confused about it. As white noise always has a constant power spectrum, its auto correlation function must contain a delta function of time. Thus the ...
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2answers
35 views

Does background noise while strumming a string affect the frequency recorded?

Does the interference of the waves cause instances of destructive interference where there is no amplitude. Technically the wave is still there although its amplitude is 'cancelled' out but those ...
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1answer
31 views

Vibrational noise for scientific apparatus on a satellite

Say we're running an experiment on a satellite in some earth orbit. For example, maybe we're imaging something with transmission electron microscope or we're catching atoms in ion traps --- really ...
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3answers
179 views

What does “an average over noise” mean in Zwanzig's book

This is a very specific question about Robert Zwanzig's book Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics. Specifically, what is he talking about in equation 1.25 on page 10 that he calls "an average over ...
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1answer
395 views

White Noise Generator Through Low Pass Filter - Autocorrelation of normalized data dropping below 0 (showing negative correlation)

I am doing the following experiment: http://physlab.lums.edu.pk/images/a/ab/Correlation.pdf It is basically a white noise generator running through a low pass filter. Sample voltages are taken and ...
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1answer
358 views

Determine fan sound (dB) based on its rotational speed (RPM)

I am trying to find the sound amplitude or level produced by a fan, knowing its RPM. Is there a simple formula for it? What other parameters does it depend on? Assume I have all the fan properties, ...
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1answer
156 views

Does the skin effect, eddy current / hysteresis losses contribute to Johnson noise in an inductor?

Based on my very basic understanding of the Johnson noise, it's not just a DC phenomena, but should change with frequency in a system, where there is a frequency dependent, real component to the ...
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1answer
219 views

Why is Johnson noise a Gaussian process?

Noise processes in engineering and physics are frequently assumed to be Gaussian processes. This allows use of convenient analytical techniques. The question then arises as to why natural processes ...
5
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2answers
347 views

Modeling stochastic process with frequency-dependent power spectrum

I'm trying to model of Johnson-Nyquist noise propagation in a nonlinear circuit. An ideal (linear) resistor can be modeled very nicely by the Fokker-Planck equation (equivalently, the drift-diffusion ...
3
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1answer
216 views

Autocorrelation of noise - negative correlation

I am investigating autocorrelation of electrical noise as part of an undergraduate experiment (as detailed in http://physlab.lums.edu.pk/images/a/ab/Correlation.pdf). I sampled noise voltages using an ...
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1answer
90 views

What is meant by shot noise?

Question In the context of quantum mechanics and more specifically photon counting, what is meant by shot noise? Additional information Here is what I already know. The number of photons hitting ...
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2answers
396 views

Sound source not in a straight line with the sound receiver - does that make a difference?

Hope the graphics will help me explaining my question better. Let's say the box would be a room in the fourth floor, and the sound source would come from cars in the street. It is clear that in ...
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1answer
2k views

What does 'zero-mean random noise with standard deviation equal to 1' mean?

Can anyone tell me what the meaning is of the phrase: "zero-mean random noise with standard deviation equal to 1"? Also, I want to know why not except zero-mean random noise and standard deviation ...
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1answer
2k views

Signal-to-noise ratio of the difference between two signals

Something tells me this must be a fairly simple question, but I have somehow been unable to find an answer to it. In short: I need to calculate the difference between two signals, A and B, each one of ...
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2answers
245 views

Detailed balance condition for coupled Langevin equation

Suppose $a$ and $m$ are real variables and they satisfy the following two coupled Langevin equations: $$ \dot{a}=F_a(a,m)+\eta_a(t);\quad\dot{m}=F_m(a,m)+\eta_m(t); $$ where $\eta_a$ and $\eta_m$ are ...
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0answers
108 views

Transition rate of two level system subjected to noise

(this question is simpler than its length implies. I did this on purpose to provide a nice complete development for future readers) The setup Suppose we have a two-level quantum system with ...
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3answers
827 views

What information is contained in the quantum spectral density?

Consider a harmonic oscillator system with Hamiltonian $$\hat{H} = \frac{1}{2} A \hat{u}^2 + \frac{1}{2} B \hat{v}^2 \qquad [\hat{u}, \hat{v}]=i \gamma $$ where $A$, $B$, and $\gamma$ are all real. ...
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3answers
706 views

Will a damped harmonic oscillator, with no initial amplitude, oscillate if there was background “noise”?

Suppose I have a damped harmonic oscillator which is at rest, sitting comfortably with no initial amplitude, obeying the equation $$\ddot{x} + \frac{1}{Q}\dot{x} + x = 0$$ where x is the vertical ...
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2answers
6k views

Why does noise affect FM radio less than AM?

Frequency modulated waves are less susceptible to noise compared to amplitude modulated signal. This is because the information in an FM signal is transmitted through varying the frequency, and not ...
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1answer
51 views

Power spectral density of noise: what is $\mathcal{N_0}$ in $S_X(f)=\mathcal{N_0}/2$?

My question is regarding power spectral density of white gaussian noise. It is known that the power spectral density of white gaussian noise is $$S_X(f)= \frac{\mathcal{N_0}}{2}$$ My question is does ...
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2answers
346 views

Shot noise at high frequencies (can it really be ideal white noise?)

Quantum shot noise (either optical intensity noise or electrical current noise) described by the noise spectral density of $2 e I$ (electrically) or $2 h \nu P$ (optically). So it is white noise. I ...
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0answers
56 views

Rationale for definition of input/output operators in quantum langevin equations

I am going through Gardiner & Zoller's 'Quantum Noise', and following the derivation of the Langevin equations in terms of input/output operators. Let the bath Hamiltonian be: ...
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1answer
226 views

How to create a barrier for sound waves?

Is there a way to create a barrier so that sound waves cannot pass through? Does laser light have this ability to act as a barrier or bounce sound waves back? This came to my mind when I was ...
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1answer
195 views

Johnson-Nyquist noise for resistive element with temperature gradient

In Nyquist's 1928 paper, Thermal agitation of electric charge in conductors, the voltage noise for a resistor is derived assuming a circuit in thermal equilibrium and one temperature. How does the ...
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0answers
65 views

Noise of a fiber optic gyro

I have not much experience with noise handling or calculations, furthermore in my researches couldn't find a similar problem, so here is my attempt: Having a fiber optic gyro that is rated with a ...
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2answers
195 views

Derivation of the Thermal Noise Spectrum

The thermal noise spectrum is given by: $$\mathcal{S}(f) = \frac{\hbar f}{2(e^{\frac{\hbar f}{kT}} - 1)}$$ This equation seems really similar to the Dirac-Fermi distribution but where does it come ...
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0answers
23 views

Help to find nature of noise gotten from digital oscilloscope [closed]

I've got strange noise while using digital oscilloscope (Auris B-424). Spectrogram of this signal presented on this image: (X time in seconds, Y frequency in Hertz, in this image case from 0 to 50 ...
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1answer
923 views

Frequency spectrum and histogram of white noise

I haven't been able to find any images with, so here goes: In the frequency/Fourier spectrum, how does white noise look like ? Is that just random dots all over the place, making it very hard to ...
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0answers
109 views

On the relationship between entropy and chaotic noise

I have few conceptual questions related to application of chaos in communications. Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy1 , Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy2 and Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy3 KS is an entropy metric for ...