This is a very specific question about Robert Zwanzig's book Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics. Specifically, what is he talking about in equation 1.25 on page 10 that he calls "an average over ...
I have few conceptual questions related to application of chaos in communications. Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy1 , Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy2 and Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy3 KS is an entropy metric for ...
By the fluctuation-dissipation theorem (detailed-balance for Langevin equation), $$\sigma^2 = 2 \gamma k_B T$$ where $\sigma$ is the variance of noise, $\gamma$ is a friction coefficient, $k_B$ is ...